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Title: INDIA DECADE OF INNOVATIONS 2010-2020 ROADMAP


1
INDIA DECADE OF INNOVATIONS 2010-2020 ROADMAP
  • January 2011

2
INTRODUCTION
3
Innovation Defined
  • Involves thinking differently, creatively and
    insightfully
  • Enables solutions/ inventions that have an impact
    on social and economic value
  • Fulfills unmet needs, not met by conventional
    products/processes/ institutional forms
  • Moving beyond RD to mean new applications of old
    technologies, new processes structures,
    organisational creativity more

4
Innovation Defined
  • Products
  • Services
  • Processes
  • Organization
  • Governance
  • Social sector
  • Urban/Rural
  • Public
  • National
  • International
  • Private Sector/ NGO
  • Individual
  • Institution
  • Big/ Small

Innovations redefine everything
5
Innovations
  • People, Culture, Diversity, Ecosystem
    Opportunities drive Innovations
  • Innovations are required to develop new Products,
    Services, Markets, reduce Costs, improve
    Efficiency, Productivity, Performance, Quality,
    etc
  • Innovations are the key to Growth, Prosperity
    Problem solving world over

6
Innovation Pillars
7
Web adds new dimension
  • Web/Internet offers unprecedented opportunities
  • Related to openness, accessibility,
    networking
  • connectivity, democratization,
    decentralization
  • Power of 1 billion connected people vs. 1 billion
    unconnected people
  • Wireless adds Mobility Flexibility
  • Web provides Video presence Virtual reality
  • Search engines, OSP, OCW, Vlabs, etc. are new
    tools
  • to train engage the young

8
BACKGROUND
9
Last 50 Years of Innovations
  • In the last 50 years Innovations have played a
    significant role in improving
  • Health, Education, Transport, Communication,
  • Infrastructure, Energy, Governance, Wealth..
  • At the same time there are serious global
    challenges related to Poverty, Hunger,
    Environment, Violence, War, Security, etc.

10
The US Innovations Paradigm
  • In the last 50 years several major scalable
    innovations originated in the US
  • Transistor, Laser, Fiber optics, Micro
    Processor, Windows, DNA, Genetics
  • US provided the ecosystem to breed ideas
  • Large talent pool, Young diverse talent,
  • Risk capital, Government Funding, Autonomy,
    Markets,
  • Flexibility, Rule of law, IP framework etc.
  • Silicon Valley has been the source of many
    innovations

11
Innovations for the Rich
  • Most breakthrough innovations have roots in
    defense related funding
  • Best brains in the world are busy solving
    problems of the rich who do not have problems to
    solve
  • As a result complex problems of the poor do not
    get the right talent
  • It is time to change this paradigm
  • It is also an opportunity for creating an
    Indian model of Development

12
Innovations in India
  • Indian diversity has been a fertile ground for
    Innovations
  • India has a Long Rich History Heritage
  • Invention of Zero and Decimal system,
  • Home to one of the three ancient civilisations
    (Indus Valley Civilisation)
  • Place of origin of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism
  • Pioneering Universities like Nalanda and
    Takshshila,
  • Architectural and Engineering Marvels such the
    Iron Pillar in Delhi
  • Temples, Taj Mahal, Qutab Minar, works such as
    Arthshastra, Rigveda, Upanishads
  • Traditional Knowledge Systems in Medicine,
    Mathematics, Astronomy, Dance, Music, etc

13
Innovations in India
  • After independence in 1947 Indian innovations
    have facilitated Agriculture Revolution, Milk
    Revolution, Telecom growth, ICT Export, Space
    exploration, Atomic Energy, Defense, Pharma,
    Biotech, etc.
  • Indian Government has invested a great deal in
    building institutions Infrastructures to
    facilitate innovations.
  • Simultaneously appropriate policies programmes
    have been introduced to help foster innovations

14
Current Efforts
  • Many players on Multiple fronts
  • National Innovation Foundation
  • Honey Bee Network
  • Society for Research and Initiatives for
    Sustainable Technologies and Institutions
    (SRISTI)
  • Council for Scientific Industrial Research
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
  • Education Institutions like IISc, IITs, IIMs, etc
  • Technology and Business Incubators
  • New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership
    Initiative
  • Department of Science and Technology (DST) and
    more .

15
Current Efforts
  • Techno Entrepreneurs Promotion Program
  • Technology Development Board (TDB)
  • Home Grown Technology Program (HGT)
  • AYUSH Ayurveda Yoga Naturopathy Unani Siddha and
    Homeopathy
  • GIAN Grassroots Innovation Augmentation Network
  • FRLHT Foundation for Revitalization of Local
    Health Traditions
  • TERI The Energy and Research Institute
  • CII,FICCI, AIMA and others
  • And many more at national state levels in
    Government private sector

16
Some Challenges
  • The researchers in RD per million people in
    2006
  • India (119), China (715), South Korea (3723),
    US (4628) and Japan (5300)
  • RD expenditure - 0.8 per cent of GDP
  • Education , skill infrastructure need new
    investments
  • Need more productivity from the existing
    institutions
  • Linkages between academia, research and industry
    need to be Strengthened
  • Innovations in Design need to be expedited
    Indias output in new designs 39 vs. 53,000 in
    China in 2002

17
Challenges Science Technology
  • India Ranked 119 of 149 countries in the 2004
    Science Citation Index
  • India produces only 6,000 PhDs a year in science
    and 1,000 in engineering
  • Less than 20 of public support for RD is for
    civilian applications
  • Indian Institute of Technology was granted 3-6
    patents a year compared with 64 for the Stanford
    and 102 for the Massachusetts Institute of
    Technology (McKinsey)
  • According to WIPO statistics (2009) India was
    granted 7,539 patents while the equivalent number
    for Japan was 1,64,954, the US was 1,57,283, the
    Republic of Korea was 1,23,705, and China was
    67,948
  • In 2006, India had 119 researchers in RD per
    million people, while China had 715, South Korea
    had 3723, US had 4628 and Japan had 5300

18
Global Competitiveness ST
Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index Global competitiveness Innovation Capacity Components Index
Innovation Capacity Index Innovation Capacity Index Quality of scientific research institutions Quality of scientific research institutions University-industry research collaboration University-industry research collaboration Availability of scientists engineers Availability of scientists engineers Utility patents (per million of people) Utility patents (per million of people) Public procurement of advanced technology Public procurement of advanced technology
Country Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score Rank Score
Brazil 27 4.0 43 5.13 50 3.6 57 4.4 58 0.5 84 3.4
China 25 4.2 37 5.12 23 4.5 52 4.5 54 0.6 20 4.2
India 35 3.8 27 5.1 45 3.6 3 5.7 57 0.5 88 3.4
Japan 2 5.9 15 5.4 21 4.6 2 5.9 3 260 42 3.9
South Korea 9 5.3 14 5.5 12 5.1 19 5.1 7 131 2 5.1
United Kingdom 14 14.0 7 5.7 9 5.1 32 4.8 18 55 32 4.0
United States 6 5.5 1 6.3 1 5.8 6 5.5 1 262 4 4.9
Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people. Note Rank refers to the economys global rank on each indicator among 134 economies. Scores range from 1, low, to 7 highest, except for utility patents, where the score shows the number of patents per million people.
Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008. Source WEF 2008.
19
Some Opportunities
  • Organisational flexibility
  • Increased collaborations
  • Patent protection
  • Young talent pool
  • Diaspora talent pool
  • Traditional knowledge based Products Services
  • Low cost robust Broadband ICT infrastructure
  • Grassroots/low cost innovations
  • Inclusive/BOP/Scalable innovations
  • Global markets

20
Opportunities in ICT
  • ICT has been a major success story for India
  • India leads the world in the Out sourcing
    business
  • IT-BPO industry revenue is around US 7o
    billion/Yr
  • India has around 500 million phones now is
    projected to have over 750 million in 2012
  • India has only 7 million broadband connections
    needs 100 million
  • The next ICT benefits will come from Broadband,
  • Government, applications public delivery
    systems

21
ICT Telecom
Table 1.1 Telecom Network Status in India in 2010 Table 1.1 Telecom Network Status in India in 2010
Third largest telecom subscribers in the world Third largest telecom subscribers in the world
Number of telephones 7063.85 lakh
PCOs 17.18 lakh
Teledensity 59.63
Connections added every month in current fiscal yr 150 lakh
No. of Wireless Telephones 6706.20 lakh
No. of Wire line Telephones 357.65 lakh
Village public telephones 567432
Rural Teledensity 27.76
Urban Teledensity 134.08
Switching Capacity 1295.03 lakhs
Internet Connections 16.18 million
Wireless Internet Connections (GSM CDMA) 117.87 million
Broadband subscribers 8.77 million
Optical fiber route length (Public) 667336 Route Km
22
Inclusive Innovation The Indian Model
  • Innovation paradigm to focus on inclusive
    innovation for/of by the people at the BoP
  • Focus on frugal innovation that produces
    products and services that are affordable by more
    people at low levels of income, without
    compromising quality
  • Need innovation processes that are frugal in
    terms of the resources required have a frugal
    impact on the earths resources

23
From Jugaad to Frugal Engineering
  • Existing culture of improvisational innovation or
    jugaad driven by scarce resources customers
    needs
  • Informal improvisation needs to be scaled up to a
    system based on frugal engineering geared towards
    Indian needs
  • Would drive disruptive innovations in sectors
    such as health, education, housing etc. to meet
    the needs of many. For example the 2000 Tata
    Nano or the 2000 open-heart surgery at Narayana
    Hrudayalaya

24
STRATEGY
25
Innovation Pentagon
26
Strategy
  • Provide broader PLATFORM for Innovations
    everywhere to include
  • Products
  • Services
  • Organisations Institutions
  • Processes
  • Research and Development
  • Science Technology
  • Governance
  • Social and Cultural
  • Mindset
  • National/ State/ Sectoral Councils

27
Strategy
  • Encourage Innovations for INCLUSION aimed at the
    Bottom Of the Pyramid
  • Awareness
  • Access
  • Affordability
  • Availability
  • Scalability
  • Sustainability
  • Quality
  • Pervasive Growth
  • Innovations for/by the people
  • Innovations for the BOP

28
Strategy
  • Foster necessary ECO SYSTEM
  • Incentives Awards
  • Innovation clusters at universities
  • Innovative business clusters
  • Innovation in MSMEs
  • Organisational Autonomy Flexibility
  • Policies Programmes
  • New Institutions
  • Risk/ Venture Capital
  • IPR/ Patents
  • Web ICT as tools

29
Strategy
  • Focus on DRIVERS
  • Multidisciplinary
  • Collaborative
  • Disruptive
  • Generational Change vs. Incremental Change
  • Durable vs. Disposable
  • Need vs. Demand
  • Nature as Nurture
  • Locally Relevant
  • Globally Connected and Competitive
  • Focus at the Edge

30
Strategy
  • Expand Space for Discourse on Innovation in the
    country by
  • Discussions
  • Debates
  • Seminars
  • Conferences
  • Best Practices
  • Subversive Dialogue
  • Irreverent Dialogue
  • New Ideas
  • Media
  • Innovation Portal

31
Strategy impact
  • The five-pronged focus will foster innovations
    by
  • Democratising Information
  • Identifying and empowering domain experts at
    National, State District levels
  • Ensuring institutional autonomy, freedom,
    flexibility, accountability and transparency
  • Increasing community and public participation at
    all levels
  • Improving Governance Planning

32
  • Disparity
  • - Rich Poor
  • - Urban rural
  • - Educated
  • Uneducated
  • Demography
  • - 550 million below 25
  • years
  • - Health, Nutrition
  • - Education, Jobs

Development - Expedite the process create
new methods new models
33
Multiple demands
  • Female literacy
  • Infant mortality
  • Water Sanitation
  • Food Nutrition
  • Health for all
  • Education for all
  • Alternate energy
  • Droughts Floods
  • Security Safety

34
Multiple demands
  • Scientific Temper
  • Implementation
  • Improved services
  • Better Governance
  • District level Development
  • Maintenance
  • Dignity of Labor
  • Process Re-engineering
  • And More..

35
Role of Technology
Role of Technology
  • Technology as a tool for problem solving
  • Technology an entry point to increase

36
Role of Government
  • Government can
  • Drive innovation through education policy and
    skill development
  • Improve governance and re-engineer public service
    delivery by innovating within its own structures
  • Create a roadmap for Inclusive Innovation
  • Facilitate connections between universities,
    manufacturers, users and regulators
  • Drive high quality research, basic research
    Business Innovations
  • Bring appropriate Defense research to consumer
    market
  • Promote Innovative Policies Places
  • Provide appropriate infrastructures
  • Facilitate exchange of innovations between public
    and private sectors
  • Initiate Nation wide innovation movement

37
Some Innovative Initiatives by Government
Need improved processes, coordination,
collaboration, communication implementation
38
NEW INITIATIVES
39
New Initiatives
  • National Knowledge Network
  • Education
  • Health
  • Panchayats
  • Judiciary
  • E-Office
  • Railways
  • E-Governance
  • National Advisory Council
  • Others

40
National Knowledge Network
  • Government building IP Network with gigabit
    capabilities to connect 1500 plus nodes across
    the country for Education and Research to expand,
    excel collaborate
  • All universities will be included in this
  • First phase of NKN is operational with 2.5
    gigabits for
  • 57 institutions, 43 virtual classrooms, 95
    crores allocated
  • In Final phase 550 institutions to be connected
    by March 2011
  • NKN to consolidate multiple networks in the
    country
  • NKN to provide new virtual network facilities
  • NKN to be the backbone for the Education, health,
    Research and multiple applications for the future

41
Education
  • Expansion, Excellence, Equity Access
  • Higher Education Council for Regulatory Reforms
  • National Mission on Vocational Education
  • More IITs, IIMs, Colleges, Schools investments
  • 16 New National Universities Multidisciplinary
    Ed
  • 14 New Innovation Universities
  • More students in Maths ,Science PhD
  • Distance learning Technology in Education
  • Open course ware , Corse wise credit, New models
  • Private Foreign partnerships

42
Health
  • Rural Health Mission
  • National Health Portal
  • Health Literacy
  • National Health Information Network vault to
    connect all health institutions and care centres
  • Electronic Health Record
  • Nationwide Emergency Medical Services
  • Public Health/PHC Traditional Systems
  • Low cost medicine, facilities care
  • Research in Health Systems ,Biotech, Genetics,
    etc

43
Panchayats
  • To facilitate inclusive growth for Aam Aadmi
    devolve greater power autonomy to panchayats
    for selection, approvals and execution of social
    sector schemes
  • Connect 250,000 Panchayats to National Broadband
    Infrastructure
  • Create Information Infrastructure at Panchayat
    level for capacity building, productivity,
    efficiency, transparency, training, social audit,
    etc
  • Improve processes and procedures to reflect local
    needs decentralization

44
E-Legal
  • Use ICT to reduce time to justice from 15 years
    to 3
  • Create National Arrears Grid/ database
  • Identify solve current lags bottlenecks
  • Reengineer legal/ Judiciary processes
  • Define new policies and procedures
  • Focus on Human Resource development
  • Develop Infrastructure to enhance efficiency
  • Leverage ICT technology tools

45
E-Office
  • Under the aegis of the Department of IT, the
    National Informatics Centre has designed a
    e-office software to replace paper files in the
    Government of India with a virtual filing system.
  • For smooth transition the software has been
    created with a user friendly design interface
  • This innovative system will create paperless
    government, efficiency and transparency in the
    system
  • The project is currently at the pilot stage in
    certain Government departments

46
Railways
  • Implement real time System to monitor Train
    Schedules
  • Implement Modern Electronic Signaling System
  • Implement real time Freight Management System
  • Provide paperless ticketing incentives on
    Mobile Phones
  • Use Railways Fiber (OFN) to connect 50K to 70K
    Panchayats Consumers to Broadband
    functionalities
  • Launch dedicated TV channel Satellite
  • Launch program to modernize Toilet Systems
  • Identify Public Private Partnership to Modernize
    Stations
  • Provide Health delivery and Diagnostic centers at
    Stations
  • Provide Vocational Education facilities at
    stations

47
E-Governance
  • Enhance Access Quality of Public services
  • Reduce Transaction time cost
  • Increase Transparency
  • Reengineer Government processes
  • Standardize Platforms for service delivery
  • Use Web to scale, secure minimize data centers
  • Link UID to public services
  • Implement e-office for paperless files
    documentation
  • Empower all citizens

48
Global Experiences

49
UK Innovations
  • Central organization to coordinate innovation
    strategy
  • Higher Education Innovation Fund for knowledge
    transfer from HE to business and public sector
  • National Skills Academy in crucial sectors of the
    economy
  • Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) to deliver
    tailored business support products at a regional
    level
  • UK Governments Venture Capital Fund of 150
    million pounds (246 million) to kick start
    British technology investment and the ailing
    business sector
  • The Public Service Innovation Laboratory -NESTA
    to form the centre of an open and collaborative
    approach to develop the radical innovations that
    will transform public services

50
Lessons from UK
  • Strategy driven by the Department of Innovation,
    Universities and Skills (DIUS)
  • Other strategic organisations driving innovation
    and coordinating government effort
  • Technology Strategy Board (TSB)
  • Regional Development Agencies (RDA)
  • Devolved Administrations (DAs)
  • UK Intellectual Property Office (UK-IPO)
  • Energy Technologies Institute (ETI)
  • National Endowment for Science, Technology and
    the Arts (NESTA)

51
US Innovations
  • Bayh Dole Act 1980 allowed universities to patent
    innovations that grew out of government-funded
    basic research
  • Small Business Innovation Development Act in
    1982established the rule for federal agencies to
    commit 2.5 percent of their extramural research
    budgets to the Small Business Innovation Research
    program
  • Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
    is tasked with maintaining U.S. technological
    superiority, and has a history of creating new
    industries in information technology and advanced
    manufacturing
  • Three key science agencies coordinate ST and
    innovation the National Science Foundation, the
    Department of Energy's Office of Science, and the
    National Institutes of Standards and Technology
  • New Innovation Strategy underlined in the
    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)
  • In the Recovery Act the President has committed
    over 100 billion to support groundbreaking
    innovation with investments in energy, basic
    research, education and training, infrastructure,
    advanced vehicle technology, innovative programs,
    health IT and health research, high speed rail,
    smart grid, and information technology .

52
Lessons from US
  • Patent Reform and Legal Framework
  • RD Funding Government aims to invest 18.3
    billion in research funding, the largest annual
    increase in research and development in Americas
    history
  • Education and Skills
  • Investment of 200 billion over the next decade
    for scholarships and tax credits to help students
    complete college
  • Using the 4 billion Race to the Top in Americas
    Schools fund to encourage states to put STEM at
    the center of their reform efforts
  • Proposed investment of up to 500 million over
    the next 10 years to create world-class online
    courses available at community colleges
  • Creation of Regional innovation Clusters
  • White House Office of Social Innovation and Civic
    Participation to grow the marketplace for
    community innovations
  • First Social Innovation Fund to identify
    results-oriented non-profit programs and provide
    the capital needed to replicate their success in
    communities
  • The Recovery Act provides over 19 billion in
    investments to modernize health information
    technology
  • Support for SMEs Defense innovations

53
China Innovations
  • Chinas National Medium- and Long-Term Science
    and Development Plan (MLP) 2006-2020 aims to make
    it an innovation nation and create a National
    Innovation System
  • The Plan aims to raise the ratio of RD to GDP to
    2 by 2010 and to 2.5 or more by 2020
  • The plan calls for Chinas overall reliance on
    foreign technology to decline below 30 percent
    from an estimated 60 percent in 2006.
  • The MLP also directs that the number of patents
    and leading academic papers from Chinese
    nationals will rank among the top five in the
    world by 2020
  • Innovation Drivers Ministry of Science and
    Technology, Ministry of Education, State Council
    and NDRC (National Development and Reform
    Commission) departments, National Natural Science
    Foundation of China (NSFC), Chinese Academy of
    Sciences
  • Key Players
  • Government Research Institutes
  • Higher Education
  • Business Sector

54
Lessons from China
  • RD spending has increased at a stunning annual
    rate of almost 19 since 1995 and reached USD 30
    billion in 2005, the sixth largest worldwide
  • Government funding for government research
    institutes and the higher education sector to
    support basic and applied research has driven
    innovation
  • Role of Higher Education sector in establishing
    academia-industry linkages
  • Role of Business sector as largest RD performer
    in terms of inputs, outputs and patent
    applications
  • Government to focus on building up innovation
    capability and creating more IPR on the basis of
    extensive utilization of resources worldwide
  • Technological support and tax incentives to small
    and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
  • Move towards Indigenous Innovation
  • Technology Markets to facilitate Industry-Science
    relationship. These are physical entities set up
    to facilitate technology transactions between
    sellers and buyers of technology and
    technological services

55
China Indigenous Innovation
  • MLP defined indigenous innovation as enhancing
    original innovation through co-innovation and
    re-innovation based on the assimilation of
    imported technologies
  • Focus on replacing foreign technology in such
    core infrastructure as banking and
    telecommunications systems. That means products
    like integrated circuits, operating software,
    switches and routers, database management and
    encryption systems.
  • Patent rules now make it easier for domestic
    retaliation by Chinese companies which face
    overseas Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
    lawsuits from foreign competitors incentivise
    filing of patents by Chinese companies
  • Product testing and approval regimes are geared
    to delay the introduction of foreign imports into
    China, and to study foreign designs and
    production processes before the products cross
    the border
  • A refocus on state-industry monopolies and
    controlled competition privileges accompanied the
    enactment of an anti-monopoly law that aims to
    protect domestic companies
  • Preferential Government procurement policies and
    industrial and technology standards serve to
    promote products designed and produced in China

56
China Indigenous Innovation
  • MLP detailed preferences for domestic goods and
    service providers.
  • A September 2006 tax bureau Circular on
    Preferential Tax Policies for Innovation
    Enterprises offered two year exemption of
    enterprise income tax.
  • The December 2006 Administrative Measures on the
    Accreditation of National Indigenous Innovation
    Products outlined the plans for creating
    national indigenous innovation product catalogues
  • The May 2007 Measures for Administration of
    Government Procurement Budgets for Indigenous
    Innovation Products warned government at all
    levels to develop specific indigenous innovation
    procurement plans or they would lose procurement
    funds.
  • In May 2007, Measures for Assessment of
    Government Procurement of Indigenous Innovation
    Products lowered government procurement supplier
    qualification standards for companies doing
    indigenous innovation.

57
China Indigenous Innovation
  • In December 2007, MOF issued Measures for the
    Administration of Government Procurement of
    Imported Products which directed that approval
    by a board of experts is necessary for government
    entities to purchase imported goods. It called
    for favouring foreign suppliers that provide the
    domestic industry with technology transfers and
    training services.
  • A January 2008 Enterprise Income Tax Law
    offered a preferential rate of 15 percent to
    high-tech enterprises designated by the
    government as indigenous innovation companies
    because they developed and owned their
    intellectual property.
  • On November 15, 2009 with the release of the
    public draft of the Circular on Carrying Out the
    Work on Accreditation of National Indigenous
    Innovation Products, known as Circular 618,
    MOST, the NDRC and MOF issued the joint circular
    announcing the creation of a new national-level
    catalogue of products that will receive
    preferential treatment in government procurement.

58
Lessons from Israel
  • Eco-system for innovation created through
    government policies, private initiative start
    up culture
  • Government push for developing the domestic
    venture capital industry through schemes such as
    Yozma
  • High level of investment in RD
  • Room for failure

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Other countries
Korea Move from imitation to innovation while leapfrogging in strategic areas
Finland, Ireland, US Use ICTs as a springboard for innovation-led growth
Canada, Ireland Embed knowledge intensive foreign investment in the national innovation system
Japan, Korea Give more depth to the research system by expanding fundamental research
EU, Spain Promote an innovation-led growth while reducing regional imbalances
Switzerland, UK Promote innovation in services
Denmark, US Foster innovation-oriented entrepreneurship
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Global Lessons
  • In 2003, the worlds largest companies spent
    70.6 billion in RD outside their home
    countries, up from 33.9 billion in 1995
  • Around 2.5 million students were studying outside
    their home country in 2004, up from 1.75 million
    in 1999
  • Global Exchanges develop Absorptive capacities
    which help places channel global flows into their
    local economies and become even more connected to
    the global economy in return
  • New hotspots of innovation being created beyond
    the US and Europe Sao Paolo in Brazil, Shanghai
    in China and Bangalore in India
  • Global research and faculty linkages UK-India
    Science and Innovation Council UK-India
    Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI),
    US-India Business Council, proposed US-India
    Education Council
  • Global Research and Innovation Forum for
    coordination
  • Global Grassroots Innovation Platforms

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KEY INITIATIVES
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1. Innovation Councils
  • To help Implement National Strategy Prepare
    Roadmap for the Decade 2010-2020

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National Innovation Council (NInC)
  • Formulate a Roadmap for Innovation for 2010-2020
  • Create a Framework for
  • Evolving an Indian model of innovation with focus
    on inclusive growth
  • Delineating policy initiatives within the
    Government, required to spur innovation
  • Developing and championing innovation attitudes
    and approaches
  • Creating appropriate eco-systems and environment
    to foster inclusive innovation
  • Exploring new strategies and alternatives for
    innovations collaborations
  • Identifying ways and means to scale and sustain
    innovations
  • Encouraging Central and State Governments to
    innovate
  • Encouraging universities and RD institutions to
    innovate
  • Facilitating innovations by SMEs
  • Encouraging all important sectors of the economy
    to innovate
  • Encouraging innovation in public service delivery
  • Encouraging multidisciplinary and globally
    competitive approaches for innovations
  • Promote setting up of State and Sector Innovation
    Councils to help implement strategies for
    innovation in states and specific sectors

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NInC List of Members
  • Shri Sam Pitroda, Adviser to the Prime Minister,
    PIII
  • Shri Arun Maira, Member, Planning Commission
  • Dr. K. Kasturirangan, Member, Planning Commission
  • Dr. Ramesh Mashelkar, Former DG, CSIR
  • Shri Kiran Karnik, former
    President, NASSCOM
  • Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty, Founder, Narayana
    Hrudayalaya
  • Shri R. Gopalakrishnan, Executive Director, Tata
    Sons
  • Ms. Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, Chairman and MD, Biocon
  • Shri Shekhar Kapur, Film Director and Producer
  • Shri Saurabh Srivastava, Chairman, CA
    Technologies
  • Dr. Anil K. Gupta, Executive Vice Chair, National
    Innovation Foundation
  • Dr. Sujatha Ramadorai, Professor, TIFR
  • Shri Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, Cll
  • Dr. Amit Mitra, Secretary General, FICCI
  • Dr. Samir Brahmachari, DG, CSIR
  • Dr. Sanjay Dhande, Director, IIT Kanpur
  • Shri R. Gopalakrishnan, Additional
    Secretary, PMO (Member-Secretary)

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www.innovationcouncil.gov.in
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State Innovation Councils
  • SICs will do at the State level mostly what NInC
    will do at the national level
  • Support the State Government to promote
    innovation in the State
  • Encourage young talent and local universities,
    colleges, Medium and Small Scale Industries
    (MSME), RD Institutes
  • Map opportunities for innovation in the State
  • Identify, Promote and Reward talent in innovation
    disseminate success stories
  • Organize seminars, lectures, workshops on
    innovation to educate
  • Help build Innovation Eco-Systems
  • Organise Risk capital
  • Prepare Innovation Roadmaps 2010-2020 for the
    State

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Sectoral Innovation Councils
  • Map opportunities for innovation in the sector
  • Help create innovation eco-systems
  • Encourage young talent and local universities,
    colleges, industries, RD institutes
  • Identify and reward talent in innovation and
    disseminate success stories
  • Organise seminars, lectures, workshops on
    innovation
  • Provide support to promote innovation in your
    sector
  • Encourage innovations in public service delivery
  • Prepare a Sectoral Roadmap for Innovation
    2010-2020 for the sector in the country

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Proposed Areas Sectoral Innovation CouncilS
  • Education
  • Health
  • Energy
  • Water
  • Food
  • Environment
  • Agriculture
  • Transport
  • ICT
  • Service Delivery (Govt, NGO, Private)
  • Design
  • Creative Industries/Entertainment/Media
  • Science and Technology
  • Manufacturing
  • Rural Development

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Proposed Areas Sectoral Innovation CouncilS
  • Transport (Aviation, Railways, Water, Road)
  • Defence
  • Quality Testing, Certification and Assurance
  • Patents and Commercialisation of innovations
  • Exports
  • Traditional Knowledge
  • North East
  • Automobile
  • Gems and Jewellery
  • Chemicals
  • Agro Foods
  • Natural resources
  • Waste Management
  • Sanitation
  • Urbanisation
  • Disaster Management
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Tourism Hospitality
  • Biotech
  • Nanotech
  • Genetics
  • Robotics and AI
  • GIS
  • Sensors
  • Materials
  • Space
  • Ocean
  • Construction
  • Textiles

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2. National Innovation Portal
  • Information related to innovations and innovators
    in a single repository for prospective innovators
    and policy makers
  • Platform for idea exchange
  • Platform for fostering industry-academia
    partnerships, and national and global
    collaborations
  • Dissemination of information on innovations
    across sectors and in states
  • Outreach medium to publicise and announce Awards
    and Challenges
  • Similar portals on core sectors such as water,
    energy, environment, biodiversity have been
    successfully facilitated by the National
    Knowledge Commission

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www.innovation.gov.in
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3. Innovation Eco-system
  • Innovation is the result of a complex interplay
    of dynamics among various players such as
  • Government
  • Firms
  • Schools/ Education and Research Institutions
  • Finance
  • Individual Innovators
  • Customers/users
  • NGOs / Civil Society/ Grassroots organisations
  • Media
  • Policies and activities in these domains, as well
    as the interaction among these players influence
    the innovation eco-system
  • NInC can act as a catalyst for stimulating the
    innovation eco-system by
  • Empowering people to innovate
  • Providing Policy Direction
  • Identifying knowledge/ innovation flows and gaps
  • Providing a collaborative platform for existing
    innovators
  • Applying innovation to address social and
    development challenges
  • Stimulating innovation at National/ State and
    Sectoral levels

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4. Inclusive Innovation Fund
  • Establish an autonomous Rs. 5000 crore (US 1
    Billion) Inclusive Innovation Fund
  • To encourage commercialisation efforts for
    generating inclusive growth
  • To encourage VCs and angel investors for
    designing solutions for BoP with a focus on
  • Livelihood opportunities
  • Skills and sustainable services
  • To be structured as a Fund of Funds with seed
    capital from Government and built up by
    investment from private/public sector
    enterprises, banks, FIIs, HNIs and overseas
    investors
  • Will primarily operate as a fund of funds,
    investing in intermediate funds / institutions
    which will make the end investment in the chosen
    areas and also invest directly in ventures
  • To be based on a PPP model, structured to achieve
    a 10 to 20 fold multiplier on government
    investment

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The Inclusive Innovation Fund Model
Venture B
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5. Innovation Clusters
  • Driving the innovation agenda nationally would
    require strengthening regional capacity for
    innovation
  • It is proposed to identify 20 innovation clusters
    across the country to develop and support
    innovation, especially inclusive innovation
  • These will enable interconnections between
    intellectual, financial, human and creative
    capital as well as unleash latent potential
  • This requires an Innovation Roadmap that focuses
    federal and state, public and private funding on
    creating and sustaining regional anchors
    throughout the innovation economy

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6. Innovation Centres in Universities
  • Industry-academia linkages are critical for a
    thriving innovation eco-system
  • To enable this NInC will identify and facilitate
    the development of 20 innovation hubs at
    Universities in India
  • The idea would be to go beyond IITs and
    established institutions
  • This would spur the young innovators in the
    country

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7. Collaboration, Training Research
  • Fostering a culture of innovations requires
    mechanisms for collaboration, training and
    research
  • The Councils will bring key stakeholders together
    to analyse problems and recommend solutions
  • The clusters physical and virtual will create
    support systems and infrastructure for innovators
  • The Innovation Fund would provide the right
    resources and incentives
  • The Innovation Portal would provide a platform
    for collaboration, sharing and support by
    creating right synergies
  • These linkages, knowledge exchanges and support
    mechanisms in the system will enable ideas to be
    transformed into innovative outputs

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8. Multiple Roadmaps
  • The core ideas, strategies and recommendations
    devised at the national, state and sectoral
    levels will be crystalised in the form of
    Roadmaps
  • These will provide action points and policy
    inputs to the government for innovation focused
    on inclusive growth at the National level, State
    levels and in each identified domain and sector
  • These roadmaps will be created at the national
    level by the National Innovation Council, at the
    state level by the State councils and in each
    sector by the Sectoral Councils or sub groups
    identified by the Sectoral Councils

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9. Outreach
  • National Innovation Portal
  • Papers, Reports, Books, DVDs
  • Conferences, Seminars, Workshops
  • University, College, Business Interactions
  • Innovation Funds Venture capital
  • Awards Competitions
  • Collaboration with Industry Associations
  • Public Broadcasting Platforms DD radio/TV
  • Social networks/ Mobile/Web

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10. International Collaborations
  • NInC will develop platforms for collaboration and
    engagement with other countries to understand
    their views, ideas and strategies for
    strengthening the innovation eco-system
  • These cross-cultural exchanges will stimulate and
    add value to our views on innovation
  • These collaborations could be in the form of
    inter-ministerial exchanges, bilateral exchange
    forums or through facilitating linkages at the
    grassroots level.

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Consultations
  • Government
  • Political Parties
  • Ministry of ST
  • Science Advisory Council to the PM
  • HRD
  • Ministry of Information and Communications
    Technology
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  • Ministry of Railways
  • Ministry of Law and Justice
  • NIC
  • Planning Commission
  • PMO
  • State Governments
  • Professionals
  • Indian Science Community and associations
  • Indian Industry Associations CII, FICCI, AIMA,
    etc.
  • Think Tanks and Innovation Organizations
  • NGOs
  • Multilateral Agencies
  • Regional/ National/ International Consultations

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Unique Window of Opportunity
  • Redefine Innovation Paradigm beyond RD
  • Focus on Inclusive Innovations
  • Create innovation roadmaps across sectors
  • Create necessary ecosystem, talent funding
  • Use ICT/Web as entry point for delivery
  • Build scalable and sustainable Indian model

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Websites
  • Official website www.iii.gov.in
  • National Innovation Council www.innovationcouncil
    .gov.in
  • National Knowledge Commission www.knowledgecommis
    sion.gov.in
  • National Knowledge Network http//www.nkn.in/
  • Portals
  • National Innovation Portal www.innovation.gov.in
  • India Biodiversity Portal www.indiabiodiversity.o
    rg
  • Teachers of India www.teachersofindia.org
  • India Environment Portal www.indiaenvironmentport
    al.org.in
  • India Energy Portal www.indiaenergyportal.org
  • India Water Portal www.indiawaterportal.org
  • Social Media
  • Facebook http//www.facebook.com/pages/New-Delhi-
    India/Adviser-to-the-PM-on-Public-Information-Infr
    astructure-and-Innovations/100738043327407?vwall
  • Youtube http//www.youtube.com/iii

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