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Missouri Division of Fire Safety

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Candles. Candle fires account for an estimated 4% of all reported home fires. ... ( candle fires often involve combustible seasonal decorations not present at other ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Missouri Division of Fire Safety


1
Missouri DivisionofFire Safety
Fire Safety at Home
2
The Basics
  • In the United States, a home fire is reported to
    a fire department roughly every 75 seconds.
  • In 2006, fire departments responded to 396,000
    home fires. These fires caused 2,580 civilian
    deaths, 12,500 civilian injuries and 6.8 billion
    in direct damage.
  • Eighty percent of all U.S. fire deaths occur in
    the home.

3
The Basics
  • On the average, someone is killed in a home fire
    in the United States every 3 hours.
  • December and January were the peak months for
    reported home fires and home fire deaths.
  • Home fires, fire deaths and fire injuries are
    more common on Saturday and Sunday.
  • Smoke alarms are the most effective early warning
    device available. Having a smoke alarm in your
    home cuts your chance of dying in a fire nearly
    in half! 

4
Smoke Detectors
  • A 2004 survey found that 96 of all households
    had at least one smoke detector.
  • The death rate per 100 reported fires is twice as
    high in homes without working smoke alarms (1.13)
    compared to homes with working smoke alarms
    (0.55).

5
Smoke Detectors
  • When smoke detectors fail, it is most often the
    result of missing, disconnected or dead
    batteries.
  • Sixty-five percent of reported home fire deaths
    in 2000-2004 resulted from fires in homes with no
    smoke alarms or no working smoke alarms.
  • An estimated 890 lives could be save each year if
    all homes had working smoke alarms.

6
Kitchen Safety
  • Unattended cooking is the leading cause of home
    cooking fires.
  • Three in 10 reported home fires start in the
    kitchenmore than any other place in the home.
  • Frying is the leading type of activity associated
    with cooking fires.
  • More than half of all cooking fire injuries
    occurred when people tried to fight the fire
    themselves. 

7
Kitchen Safety
  • Two out of three home cooking fires started with
    the range or stove.
  • Electric ranges or stoves have a higher risk of
    fires, injuries and property damage, compared to
    gas ranges or stoves, but gas ranges or stoves
    have a higher risk of fire deaths.
  • Home fires peak around the dinner hour between
    600 PM and 700 PM.

8
Cooking Safety Advice
  • Never leave food cooking unattended
  • Keep cooking areas clean and clear of
    combustibles
  • Keep a three-foot "kid-free zone" around the
    stove
  • Turn pot handles inward
  • Wear short, close fitting, or tightly rolled
    sleeves when cooking
  • Never use a wet oven mitt, as it presents a scald
    danger if the moisture in the mitt is heated

9
Heating Safety
  • In 2003, heating equipment was involved in more
    than 53,000 home fires, resulting in 260 deaths,
    1,260 injuries, and 494 million in direct
    property damage.
  • Heating equipment fires accounted for 16 of all
    reported home fires (second behind cooking) and
    11 of home fire deaths.
  • The peak months for home heating fires are
    December, January and February.

10
Heating Safety
  • Space heaters were involved in 26 of the home
    heating fires but 73 of the deaths.
  • Fireplaces or chimneys rank first in the number
    of fires among types of heating equipment. Most
    of these were caused by creosote build-up.

11
Heating Safety Advice
  • Space heaters need space, at least three feet
    away from anything that can burn
  • Portable space heaters should be turned off every
    time you leave the room or go to sleep 
  • Have a sturdy screen on your fireplace, a metal
    screen or built-in glass doors

12
Electrical Safety
  • Between 1999-2003, electrical distribution and
    lighting equipment were involved in an estimated
    19,100 home structure fires per year.  These
    fires resulted in 140 civilian deaths, 610
    civilian injuries and an estimated 349 million
    in direct property damage per year.
  • Extension cord fires outnumbered fires beginning
    with attached power cords by more than
    two-to-one.

13
Electrical Safety
  • Fixed wiring causes 1/3 of home electrical
    distribution fires.
  • Cords and plugs cause 1/6 of home electrical
    fires and 1/3 of related deaths. In some cases,
    people can check and fix them, if necessary,
    without a licensed electrician.

14
Electrical Safety
  • Each year, electrical shock (not resulting in a
    fire) causes hundreds of burn deaths and
    thousands of burn injuries.
  • Nearly 2/3 of electrical burn injuries to
    children age 12 and under are associated with
    household electrical cords and extension cords.

15
Electrical Safety Advice
  • Replace or repair any electrical device with a
    loose or frayed cord
  • Avoid using extension cords and never run them
    across doorways or under carpets
  • In homes with small children, electrical outlets
    should have plastic safety covers

16
Electrical Safety Advice
  • Avoid the use of "cube taps" and other devices
    that allow the connection of multiple appliances
    into a single receptacle.
  • Place lamps on level surfaces, away from things
    that can burn

17
Candles
  • Candle fires account for an estimated 4 of all
    reported home fires.
  • During 2000-2004, an estimated 16,400 home
    structure fires were started by candles. These
    fires resulted in 200 civilian deaths, 1,680
    civilian injuries and direct property loss of
    450 million. 40 of home candle fires begin in
    the bedroom, resulting in 35 of candle related
    fire deaths.
  • More than half of all candle fires started from
    candles left too close to combustible materials.

18
Candles
  • Lack of electrical power was a factor in 1/3 of
    fatal candle fires.
  • Falling asleep was a factor in 12 of candle
    fires and 25 of the candle fire deaths.
  • Fourteen percent of home candle fires in
    December, almost twice the monthly average.
    (candle fires often involve combustible seasonal
    decorations not present at other times of the
    year.)

19
Smoking Materials
  • Smoking materials are the leading cause of fire
    deaths and the third leading cause of civilian
    fire injuries in the U.S.
  • In 2003, smoking materials started an estimated
    25,600 home fires in the U.S.  These fires caused
    760 civilian deaths and 1,520 civilian injuries.

20
Smoking Materials
  • The most common material first ignited in
    smoking-material fire deaths were
    mattresses/bedding, upholstered furniture, and
    floor coverings.
  • Older adults are the highest risk of death or
    injury from smoking-material fires (even though
    they are less likely to smoke than younger
    adults).

21
Residential Sprinklers
  • Properly installed and maintained, automatic fire
    sprinkler systems save lives.
  • When sprinklers are present, the chances of dying
    in a fire are reduced by one-half to
    three-fourths compared to fires where sprinklers
    are not present.

22
Safety Advice
  • Install at least one smoke alarm on each level of
    your home and in all sleeping areas
  • Smoke alarms should be tested once a month and
    batteries replaced once a year or when the alarm
    beeps, warning that the battery is low.
  • Replace smoke alarms every 10 years.

23
Safety Advice
  • Every household should develop and practice a
    home fire escape plan that includes two ways out
    of every room and an outside meeting place.

24
Prepare Your Home Fire Escape Plan
  • Have a written plan
  • Know how to escape
  • Have more than 1 way out
  • Where to meet
  • Where to call 911 from (Not from inside the house
    on fire)

25
Prevent Home Fires!
Missouri Division of Fire SafetyPO Box
844Jefferson City, MO 65102(573)751-2930
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