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Fad Diets and Eating Disorders


May show symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder, Anorexia Nervosa, and Bulimia Nervosa. ... Signs of Bulimia Nervosa. Disappearance of large amounts of food ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fad Diets and Eating Disorders

Fad Diets and Eating Disorders (Chapter 6,
Lesson 2)
Robert Granger Nora King Megen Miller Audrey
Jones Jennifer Owens
Target Audience
  • Grade Level Ninth Grade
  • Ages 14-15

What's the BIG deal?
  • Fad Diets are becoming more prevalent
  • 15.4 of female high school and college students
    meet clinical standards for an eating disorder
  • Young males proportion has risen by 10
  • Usually between 13-14 years old

Why do adolescents develop eating disorders?
  • Six Factors
  • Biological factors
  • Social Factors
  • Cultural Factors
  • Psychological factors
  • Family Factors
  • The Media

Biological Factors
  • Individuals may be genetically disposed to
    developing eating disorders
  • Studies show that people with a mother/sister
    with an eating disorder are more likely to
    develop disordered eating

Social Factors
  • Problems in relationships may cause someone to
    develop an eating disorder
  • Appearance-obsessed friends of family member, and
    boyfriends/girlfriends may encourage unhealthy
    loss of weight
  • People fear social situations and may sometimes
    feel lonely

Cultural Factors
  • Some cultures may place unrealistic demands on
    weight and body size
  • Thinness may be a key element of attractiveness
  • Western culture striving for success causes
    people to link self-esteem to weight

Psychological Factors
  • Perfectionism
  • Need for control of everything in life,
    especially the body
  • Adolescents who feel overwhelmed and powerless
    desire to control something, and sometimes
    controlling body weight comes first

Family Factors
  • Overprotective families
  • Some parents put more emphasis on body image and
    physical appearance of their children
  • Limiting childrens access to food or treats may
    cause children to overeat when they arent
    hungry. This can set a stage for an eating

The Media
  • Majority of celebrities that adolescents see on
    television are thin beautiful, happy people.
  • Many advertisements say You are not acceptable
    the way you are, but if you but this product you
    will be happy
  • Fashion magazines are filled with super-skinny
    models and weight loss advice.

Risky Weight Loss Strategies
Fad Diets
  • Liquid Protein Shakes
  • Low Carbohydrate Diets
  • Diet Pills

Risky Behaviors
  • Self Starvation
  • Binging and Purging

Weight Cycling
  • Focus on Lifestyle Changes

Most Prevelant Types of Eating Disorders
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Binge Eating Disorder
  • Adonis Complex

Anorexia Nervosa
Defined as the relentless pursuit of thinness.
  • Weighs 85 less than what is expected of their
  • Young girls that do not menstruate appropriately
  • Discontinuing or slow onset of puberty
  • Terrified of becoming fat
  • Compulsive rituals and strange eating habits

Bulimia Nervosa
Identified as being a disorder that consist of
dieting, binging, and purging.
  • Persons who diets and then binge eats after
    becoming hungry
  • Feels out of control while eating
  • Tries to undo binge by vomiting, laxatives,
    exercise or fasting
  • Weight may be normal to slightly below normal

(No Transcript)
Binge Eating Disorder
Defined as being a person who frequently consumes
large amounts of food.
  • Feels out of control and cannot stop eating
  • May eat rapidly or secretly
  • Feels guilty or ashamed of binge eating
  • Has a history of diet failures
  • Tends to be depressed or obese

Adonis Complex
Defined as simply being a disorder that involves
male body image concerns.
  • Use of Anabolic Steroids or Dietary supplements
  • Sole purpose is improving appearance
  • Rapid fluctuations of weight
  • Preoccupation with a model appearance
  • May show symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder,
    Anorexia Nervosa, and Bulimia Nervosa.

Overcoming the Odds
How can I apply this to my life?
  • Signs
  • Symptoms
  • Treatment

Signs Anorexia Nervosa
  • Dramatic Weight Loss
  • Preoccupation with weight, food, calories, fat
    grams, dieting
  • Consistent avoidance of mealtimes
  • Withdrawal from friends
  • Pronounced emotional changes
  • Wearing over-sized clothing

Signs of Bulimia Nervosa
  • Disappearance of large amounts of food
  • Frequent trips to bathroom after eating
  • Unusual swelling of cheeks or jaw area
  • Calluses and scars on back of hands and knuckles
  • Discolored or stained teeth
  • Rigid exercise regimen

Signs of Binge Eating Disorder
  • Eat a large quantity of food, until uncomfortably
  • Eat quickly
  • Unable to control what or how much they are
  • Low self-esteem
  • Obsessed about food and body image
  • Gain and lose weight often

Signs of Adonis Complex
  • Excessive Exercise
  • A preoccupation with a model appearance
  • Dangerous techniques
  • Depressed feelings
  • Need to constantly reassured that he looks good

Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa
  • Intense fear of gaining weight or being fat
  • Loss of menstrual periods
  • Indifference to excessive weight loss
  • Dizziness, blackouts, difficulty concentrating
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Pain when sitting down
  • Disturbance in body image

Symptoms of Bulimia Nervosa
  • Irregular heartbeats, possibly heart failure and
  • Potential for gastric rupture
  • Inflammation and possible rupture of esophagus
  • Tooth decay and staining
  • Chronic irregular bowel movement and constipation
  • Peptic ulcers and pancreatitis

Symptoms Binge Eating Disorder
  • Shortness of Breathe
  • Decreased Mobility
  • Depression or Anxiety
  • Strain on relationships due to keeping eating
    activities a secret
  • Feeling Powerless
  • Avoidance from activities

Symptoms of Adonis Complex
  • Strong need to be in control
  • Perfectionism
  • Avoids conflict, tries to keep the peace
  • Feeling of worthlessness
  • Social isolation
  • Depression
  • Moodiness and Irritability

Treatment for Disordered Eating
  • Comprehensive Assessment
  • -Physical Exam
  • -Nutritional Counseling
  • -Psychiatric Evaluation
  • Coordinated Care Plan
  • Psychotherapy
  • Inpatient Treatment or Hospitalization
  • Medication

What to do if someone close to you has an eating
  • Set a time to talk
  • Communicate your concerns
  • Ask your friend to explore these concerns
  • Avoid conflicts or a battle of the wills
  • Avoid placing shame, blame, or guilt
  • Avoid giving simple solutions
  • Express your continued support

How does the Media Impact the way we See
  • Positively
  • Negatively

  • The Dove advertisements that express beauty in
    ever age, color, and size
  • Healthy dieting such as, following the food guide
  • Weight loss television shows that help
    contestants lose weight in a healthy way

  • Idealization of thinness
  • You re not good enough unless you are thin
  • Very thin and beautiful celebrities in magazines
  • Very thin models
  • Demonizing those who dont wear a size 6

Did you know?
  • Average Size of an American Women
  • Height 5ft. 3.5 in.
  • Weight 143 lbs
  • Chest 35.9 in.
  • Waist 29 in.
  • Hip 39 in.
  • Average size of a supermodel
  • Height 5ft. 9 in.
  • Weight 110-115 lbs
  • Chest 33 in.
  • Waist 23 in.
  • Hip 33in.
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