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Title: HAITIAN CULTURE, LIFESTYLE, AND GOVERNMENT


1
HAITIAN CULTURE, LIFESTYLE, AND GOVERNMENT
  • YVON ARISTIL

2
HISTORY OF HAITI
  • Haiti, a name that means "mountainous country,"
    is derived from the language of the Taino Indians
    who inhabited the island before European
    colonization.
  • After independence in 1804, the name was adopted
    by the military generals, many of them former
    slaves, who expelled the French and took
    possession of the colony then known as Saint
    Domingue.
  • In 2000, 95 percent of the population was of
    African descent, and the remaining 5 percent
    mulatto and white. Some wealthy citizens think of
    themselves as French, but most residents identify
    themselves as Haitian and there is a strong sense
    of nationalism.
  • Area - comparative slightly smaller than
    Maryland

3
  • Haiti covers 10,714 square miles (27,750 square
    kilometers). It is located in the subtropics on
    the western third of Hispaniola, the second
    largest island in the Caribbean, which it shares
    with the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic. The
    neighboring islands include Cuba, Jamaica, and
    Puerto Rico. Three-quarters of the terrain is
    mountainous the highest peak is the Morne de
    Selle.
  • The population has grown steadily from 431,140
    at independence in 1804 to the estimate of 6.9
    million to 7.2 million in 2000. Haiti is one of
    the most densely populated countries in the
    world. Until the 1970s, over 80 percent of the
    population resided in rural areas, and today,
    over 60 percent continue to live in provincial
    villages, hamlets, and homesteads scattered
    across the rural landscape. The capital city is
    Port-au-Prince, which is five times larger than
    the next biggest city, Cape Haitian.

4
MUSIC OF HAITI
  • Music is a part of Haitian culture and is
    influenced by French, Spanish and American music.
    Drum is the most important musical instrument.
    The famous and world-renowned music of Haiti is
    the Haitian Compas or Konpa Direk. Compas is a
    Spanish word meaning "rhythm" or "tones". Did you
    know that Haiti did not have any recorded music
    until 1937? A Haitian Jazz musician Guignard,
    first recorded the music in 1937. The music of
    Haiti is very unique and is taken from Vodou
    ceremony and traditions. The music of Haiti
    involves medium-to-fast tempo beats accompanied
    by electric guitars, saxophone, synthesizers and
    a horn. Some of the popular music forms of Haiti
    are Rara, Mizik Rasin, Mini-Jazz, Zouk and
    Haitian Rap.

5
Famous Haitian Musician
  • Lead Fugees rapper and sometime guitarist Wyclef
    Jean was the first member of his group to embark
    on a solo career, and he proved even more
    ambitious and eclectic on his own.
  • The son of a minister, Nelust was born in
    Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti, on October 17, 1972.

6
  • Festivities of Haiti begin in the month of
    February and are known as Carnival or Kanaval in
    Creole. At the time of festivities, people get
    away from their daily routine and are on streets
    dancing and singing. There are parade floats
    accompanied by music during the festival season.
    A musical festival known as Rara is celebrated
    before Easter with great pomp and show

7
Carnival in Haiti
  • New Year in Haiti is marked by grand
    celebrations that continue almost for a month.
    Such festivals in Haiti are enjoyed by all,
    natives as well as tourists Carnival in Haiti
    concludes on the day of Mardi-Gras, also known as
    Fat-Tuesday. This day is named after the custom
    of consuming all kinds of fats at home before the
    Easter season. The Wednesday that follows
    Mardi-Gras, is known as Ash Wednesday. This
    festival is marked by spectacular parades that
    feature floats, pageants, masked balls, elaborate
    costumes, seductive music and many more.

8
SPORTS
  • Like in Brazil or Italy, the football is the most
    popular sport in Haiti. Certainly, the national
    pastime is the football. A different of the
    Dominican Republic or Puerto Rico, the Haitian
    people don't like the baseball. In the 20th
    Century, football became the most popular sport
    in the Island, thanks to such heroes as Sylvio
    Cator, Joseph Gaetjens and Emmanuel Sanon. In
    1974 Haiti qualified for the World Cup in
    Germany.

9
  • The religion practiced by the Haitians is
    Christianity and most of the natives are Roman
    Catholics. An ancient religion known as Vodou, is
    still practiced in many parts of the nation. This
    religion has many traditions and customs that is
    a fusion of Central and Western Africa, Europe
    and Taino religions. One the oldest church in
    Haiti.

10
  • the cuisine is also widely influenced by the
    cuisines of Africa, Taino and Europe. The staple
    food of Haitians is rice and beans. The other
    dishes are Griyo fried pork, Mayi moulen
    cornmeal, Sòs pwa bean sauce, Sos poul chicken
    in sauce and Poisson fish. The popular Haitian
    dessert consists of sweetened milk and rice and
    banana fried in butter.The arts and crafts of
    Haiti are very much in demand in the
    international market. The art works of Haitian
    artists are colorful and world famous. Some of
    the craft works include needlework, embroidery,
    leather goods, paper-mache pottery, sequin
    flag-making and metal crafts. Haiti is, indeed, a
    magic land that is rich in culture

11
HAITIAN DESSERT
  • Haitian dessert consists of sweetened milk and
    rice and banana fried in butter.

12
  • LABADIE BEACHOne of the best Haiti beaches is
    the Labadie beach. Labadie is a strip of land on
    the secluded Pointe Honore near Cape Haiti. This
    beach will provide you umpteen opportunities for
    swimming, snorkeling and nature walks. The
    Labadie beach is one of the world's best sandy
    beaches. If you take a stroll around the sides of
    this beach, you will find that it is protected by
    coral reefs.

13
  • HAITI PRESIDENTIAL PALACE
  • Georges H. Baussan's 1912 design for the National
    Palace of Haiti. Built during the U.S. Marine
    occupation of Haiti in the 1920s

14
  • Basic Economy. Haiti is the poorest country in
    the Western Hemisphere and one of the poorest in
    the world. It is a nation of small farmers,
    commonly referred to as peasants, who work small
    private landholdings and depend primarily on
    their own labor and that of family members. There
    are no contemporary plantations and few
    concentrations of land. Although only 30 percent
    of the land is considered suitable for
    agriculture, more than 40 percent is worked.
    Erosion is severe. Real income for the average
    family has not increased in over twenty years and
    has declined precipitously in rural areas. In
    most rural areas, the average family of six earns
    less than 500 per year.

15
HAITIAN MONEY
16
  • Jean-Bertrand Aristide was born on July 15, 1953,
    in Port- Salut a small town along Haiti's
    southern coast
  • was first elected president of Haiti by a large
    margin in 1990. He was removed from power in a
    military takeover in 1991, however. But return
    president of Haiti in 2000 -2004

17
General Raul Cedras
  • Cedras was illegally removed in 1994 by the
    Clintoon regime who supported a murdering butcher
    who enjoyed seeing political opponants killed by
    being tied to tires and set aflame. Cedras
    removed Aristide in a 1991 coup and imprisoned
    hundreds of his socialist street thugs.

18
HAITI MILLITARY
19
  • Haiti suffered an earthquake it was one of  a
    catastrophic magnitude 7.0 in Ritcher scale. Its
    epicentre was near the town of Léogâne,
    approximately 25 km from Port-au-Prince, Haitis
    capital. There were 52 aftershocks measuring
    about 4.5 in Ritcher scale.
  • There are 170,000 confirmed deaths but up to
    200,000 estimated deaths, and 1.2 million people
    homeless (including children).

20
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21
HURRICANE TOMAS
22
WORK CITED
  • www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/101108/Raoul-Ce
    dras
  • www.travelinghaiti.com/history.asp
  • www.historyworld.net/.../PlainTextHistories.asp
  • www.language-works.com/Haiti/history.htm
  • www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/43a/ -
  • www.everyculture.com Ge-It
  • www.kreyol.com/history.html
  • http//www.google.com/imgres?imgurlhttp//image03
    .webshots.com/3/1/37/11/20413711GdUKyvRnvN_ph.jpg
    imgrefurlhttp//travel.webshots.com/photo/1020413
    711013693455GdUKyvRnvNusg__qhcgRhcl_fMWtc2qfH7ac
    9jsWaAh308w464sz24hlenstart0zoom1tbn
    ideRx9Z-ucKz7F2Mtbnh145tbnw194prev/images
    3Fq3Dhistory2Blabadee2Bhaiti26um3D126hl3Den
    26sa3DN26biw3D100326bih3D53526tbs3Disch1
    um1itbs1iactrcdur234eim1sATfaHAsKAlAe6rMC
    rCAoeim1sATfaHAsKAlAe6rMCrCAesq1page1ndsp8
    ved1t429,r4,s0tx89ty57
  • www.mahalo.com/haiti-earthquake-pictures
  • www.travelinghaiti.com/haitian-currency.asp
  • www.mapofhaiti.com/
  • www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2010/01/13/help-haiti
  • www.panoramio.com/photo/703926
  • www.prevalhaiti.com/tag-haiti-white-house
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    com/deeels/files/2010/01/Oldest-Church-Haiti-1024x
    677.jpgimgrefurlhttp//dlbach.com/deeels/tag/dif
    ferneces/usg__gWA0LHdv_vgZJg2Bc7Nhzh4LP1kh677
    w1024sz145hlenstart137zoom1tbnidu8RKwR
    -chrRpLMtbnh115tbnw149prev/images3Fq3Dhai
    ti2Breligion26um3D126hl3Den26sa3DN26biw3D
    102026bih3D53526tbs3Disch1um1itbs1iactr
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    a0lQenoZnDDgesq3page10ndsp17ved1t429,r3,
    s137tx69ty24
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