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The Unification of Italy and Germany

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The Unification of Italy and Germany Nationalism in Europe What is Nationalism? Define the following terms a. Country b. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Unification of Italy and Germany


1
The Unification of Italy and Germany
  • Nationalism in Europe

2
What is Nationalism?
  • Define the following terms
  • a. Country
  • b. Nation
  • c. Nationalism
  • d. Patriotism
  • Give two examples of each of the above
  • How are they different?

3
Italy comes Together
  • The Italian people were broken up into many
    different territories and states.
  • These states were controlled by France, Austria,
    and the Pope.
  • Italian people wanted to unify to form a country
    of their own. They wanted freedom.

4
Who will lead?
  • Giuseppi Mazzini An Italian nationalist who led
    a rebellion against the Austirans and French. His
    efforts failed because the Pope refused to
    support a war against Catholic Austria.

5
www.brigantaggio.net/Brigantaggio/Personaggi/Mazzi
ni2.JPG
6
The Kingdom of Piedmont
  • Count di Cavour
  • Prime Minister
  • Organized an allaince with France to make war on
    Austria.
  • Once the war was over, Austria would lose control
    over its part of Italy
  • Victor Emmanuel II
  • Supports war to slowly unify Italian regions.

7
Cavour and Victor Emmanuel II
Discovereducation.com
www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/cavour.jpg
8
Giuseppi Garibaldi
  • Leads an army of volunteers Red Shirts
  • His army invades Southern Italy and Sicily
  • He captures both and gives them to Victor
    Emmanuel II in 1860
  • Italy is almost complete
  • The Pope continues to control Rome and Venice is
    still controlled by Austria
  • However, by 1871, these lands will join Italy

9
http//www.brasilmacom.com.br/historia_lojas/image
ns/carbonaria_giuseppe
10
The Growth of Italy
Note Kingdom of Piedmont also known as Kingdom
of Sardinia
Discoveryeducation.com
11
The Quest for German Unification
  • In 1860, the German people were governed by a
    variety of states and countries.
  • The Kingdom of Prussia was the largest German
    state.
  • Prussias king William I wanted to unify Germans
    by force.
  • To do so would mean making war on France,
    Austria, and many others

12
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13
Otto Von Bismarck
  • An old soldier who believed in war and industry
  • He supported unification to build a powerful
    state
  • He invented a political idea called realpolitik
  • the right of a nation to pursue its own
    interests by any means, including war
  • Blood and Iron use war and industry to create
    Germany

14
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15
Otto Von Bismarck
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