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Title: Save Our Planet


1
Save Our Planet
2
urgency
WE ARE AT CRISIS POINT
  • If there is no action before 2012, it is too
    late. What we do now in the next 2-3 years will
    determine our future. This is the defining
    moment.
  • - Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of IPCC
  • We are so close to the red line, we may wake up
    tomorrow and discover there is nothing left to
    save.
  • - Maneka Gandhi, former Indian Environment
    Minister
  • We have a full-scale planetary emergency.
  • - Al Gore, former US Vice President
  • Source
  • Dr. Pachauri, Rajendra. U.N. Chief Seeks More
    Climate Change Leadership. www.nytimes.com.
  • Elisaberth Rosenthal. Retrieved on 17-01-2009.
    http//tinyurl.com/39jv43
  • Ghandi, Maneka. The world may have nothing left
    to save tomorrow. www.indiaenews.com.
  • Retrieved on 17-01-2009. http//tinyurl.com/6zkw
    wl
  • Gore, Al. Planetary Emergency.
    www.fogcityjournal.com. Luke Thomas. Retrieved on
    17-01-2009
  • http//tinyurl.com/5drkt3

3
  • The Union of Concerned Scientists, some 1,700 of
    the worlds leading scientists, including the
    majority of Nobel laureates in the sciences
    issued this warning as far back as 1992
  •  WARNING
  • We the undersigned, senior members of the world's
    scientific community, hereby warn all humanity of
    what lies ahead. A great change in our
    stewardship of the earth and the life on it is
    required, if vast human misery is to be avoided
    and our global home on this planet is not to be
    irretrievably mutilated.
  • The scientists issuing this warning hope that our
    message will reach and affect people everywhere.
    We need the help of many.
  • We call on all to join us in this task.
  • Source
  • 1992 World Scientists' Warning to Humanity.
    www.ucsusa.org .Union of Concerned Scientists.
  • Retrieved on 17-01-2009 http//tinyurl.com/5q
    ndft

4
the facts
  • One of the biggest contributors
  • Livestock Production

Livestock industry accounts for 80 of all GHG
emissions from agriculture. Livestock accounts
for 18 of global greenhouse gas emissions from
all sources more than the entire transport
sector globally.
  • Source
  • H.Steinfeld et al. (2006). Livestocks Long
    Shadow (PDF). Ch. 3, P. 112 and Ch.7, P.272.
  • Retrieved on 17-01-2009. http//tinyurl.com/96csx
    h

5
  • Livestocks contribution to environmental
    problems is on a massive scale and its potential
    contribution to their solution is equally large.
    The impact is so significant that it needs to be
    addressed with urgency.
  • - U.N. Food Agriculture Organization

6
livestock industry
Emissions The single largest producer of methane
nitrous oxide
  • 37 of global methane emission - 23x more
    potent than CO2 over 100 years - 68x more potent
    than CO2 over 20 years - causes headaches, brain
    defects, suffocation
  • 65 of global nitrous oxide emission - 297x
    more potent than CO2 - causes short-term
    decreases in mental performance, audiovisual
    ability manual dexterity, and adverse
    reproductive effects
  • 64 of the worlds ammonia - contributing to
    acid rain - affecting biodiversity
  • 9 of total CO2 emissions

Source -H.Steinfeld et al. (2006).
Livestocks Long Shadow (PDF). Ch. 3, P. 82,
112, 114. Retrieved on 17-01-2009.
http//tinyurl.com/96csxh
7
Environmental Costs
  • Livestock sector is by far the single largest
    anthropogenic user of land.
  • Livestock production accounts for 70 of all
    agricultural land and 30 of the worlds surface
    land area.
  • Livestock sector is a major cause of wide scale
    land degradation with 70 of all grazing land in
    dry areas considered to be degraded because of
    overgrazing, compaction and erosion caused by
    rearing of animals for their meat.

livestock industry
  • Source H.Steinfeld et al. (2006).
    Livestocks Long Shadow (PDF). Retrieved on
    17-01-2009. http//tinyurl.com/96csxh

8
livestock industry
Environmental Costs
Water Pollution
  • Livestock industry is the largest sectoral source
    of water pollutants.
  • Animal wastes contribute to large oceanic dead
    zones, extended to nearly 7,903 square miles in
    the Gulf of Mexico during Summer 2007.
  • Once pollutants, including nitrogen, phosphorus,
    antibiotics and pesticides, reach the waterways
    they cause a great deal of damage to aquatic and
    human life.
  • Source
  • H.Steinfeld et al. (2006). Livestocks Long
    Shadow (PDF).Ch.Executive Summary.
  • Retrieved on 17-01-2009. http//tinyurl.com/96c
    sxh
  • NOAA and Louisiana Scientists Predict Largest
    Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone on Record This
    Summer.
  • www.noaanews.noaa.gov. Ben Sherman. Retrieved
    on 17-01-2009. http//tinyurl.com/5atfov

9
A Major Cause of Deforestation
  • 70 of the Amazon deforestation is due to
    clearing land for pasture and livestock feed
    crops.
  • The trees of the Amazon release 20 billion tonnes
    of water to the atmosphere each day the energy
    equivalent of the largest hydro dam in the world
    (in Brazil) operating at maximum power for 145
    years.
  • By year 2010 cattle are projected to be grazing
    on some 24 million hectares of neotropical land
    that was forest in 2000.

livestock industry
  • Source
  • H.Steinfeld et al. (2006). Livestocks Long
    Shadow (PDF). Retrieved on 17-01-2009.
    http//tinyurl.com/96csxh
  • Climate Regulation. www.globalcanopy.org.
    Retrieved on 17-01-2009 http//tinyurl.com/55verl
  • H.Steinfeld et al. (2006). Livestocks Long
    Shadow (PDF).Ch. 5.3.1 P 188.
  • Retrieved on 17-01-2009. http//tinyurl.com/96c
    sxh

10
Effects of Deforestation
  • Deforestation causes 18-25 of global carbon
    emissions.
  • Deforestation affects rainfall and freshwater,
    soil productivity, clean air, forestry, and
    biodiversity resources.
  • Habitat destruction through deforestation is a
    major cause of loss and biodiversity.
  • Heavily deforested areas can see a 300 fold
    increase in the risk of malaria infection
    compared to areas of intact forest.
  • Tropical forests are critical to the survival of
    over a billion of the worlds poorest and most
    vulnerable people.
  • Deforestation and overgrazing are two causes of
    desertification. By 2020 about 135 Million
    people risk being driven from their lands because
    of continuing desertification.
  • Desertification reduces food security and can
    lead to social unrest and conflict.
  • Source
  • Global Canopy Programme Forests Now Declaration
  • http//tinyurl.com/6fgnym, http//tinyurl.com/6hbq
    bx, http//tinyurl.com/6n73dj
  • State of the World's Forests 2007, UN Food and
    Agriculture Organization, Rome, 2007, Part 2,
    Selected Issues in the Forest sector
  • UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008
    Fighting Climate Change Human Solidarity In A
    Divided World
  • IUCN http//tinyurl.com/6vefb3

11
Environmental Costs
Loss of Biodiversity
We are in an era of unprecedented threats to
biodiversity. Fifteen out of 24 important
ecosystem services are assessed to be in
decline. The sheer quantity of animals being
raised for human consumption is a threat to the
Earths biodiversity. Livestocks Long
Shadow, UN Food and Agriculture Organization,
2007
livestock industry
  • Livestock take up 30 of the earths land surface
    which was once habitat for wildlife.
  • Tropical forests hold half of the worlds species
    which are becoming extinct at an alarming rate
    due to deforestation for meat production.
  • Source
  • Livestocks Long Shadow, UN Food and Agriculture
    Organization, 2007 http//tinyurl.com/6bowo7
    (p32 / p185-p188)

12
Water Scarcity - The Facts
Environmental Costs
  • Over 1 billion people worldwide do not have
    access to clean water
  • More than 2 billion people do not have proper
    sanitation
  • By 2025 there will be 1.8 billion people living
    with absolute water scarcity and 2/3 of the
    worlds population could be living under water
    stressed conditions
  • On a global basis, the amount of fresh water
    available per person is falling rapidly.

livestock industry
Source -Livestocks Long Shadow, UN Food and
Agriculture Organization, 2007 -United Nations
Environment Programme (2002) Global
Environmental Outlook
13
livestock industry
Environmental Costs
Water Scarcity - Usage
Meat production, particularly the production of
feed, consumes large amounts of critically
important water resources. - U.N.
Food Agriculture Organization
  • Homes use 10 of all water
  • Industry uses 20 of all water
  • Agriculture uses 70 of all water

Source - Livestocks Long Shadow, UN Food and
Agriculture Organization, 2007 http//tinyurl.com/
6bowo7 -Saving Water from Field to Fork, SIWI,
IWMI, Chalmers SEI, May 2008 http//tinyurl.com/
58padp
14
Water scarcity
Does our choice of food matter?
  • Livestock sector is among the most damaging
    sectors to the Earths scarce water resources.
  • Producing 1 kilo of beef requires 13,000-100,000
    litres of water.
  • Producing 1 kilo of wheat requires 1000-2000
    litres of water.
  • Water-intensive food items like meat and dairy
    products is placing increased stress on food
    production systems.
  • A diet containing less meat and dairy products is
    not only healthier than our current eating
    habits, but is better for the environment.

Source -Livestocks Long Shadow, UN Food and
Agriculture Organization, 2007 -Food and
Agriculture Organisation. 22nd March 2007. FAO
urges action to cope with increasing water
scarcity. Rome http//tinyurl.com/4nhboq
Pimental D. Et al, 1997. Water Resources
Agriculture, the Environment, and Society.
Bioscience. 47 (2), 97-106 -Stockholm
International Water Institute and the
International Water Management Institute, 2004
Water More nutrition per drop -Food Matters,
Cabinet Office, July 2008, p.15
15
Water scarcity
Does our choice of food matter?
  • Producing 1 kg of beef leads to the emission of
    greenhouse gases with a global warming potential
    of 36.4 kg of CO2.
  • 1 kg of beef produces the same amount of CO2
    emitted by the average European car every 250 km,
    and burns enough energy to light an 100 watt bulb
    for 20 days.
  • Over 2/3 of the energy for producing meat goes
    towards producing and transporting the animals
    feed.

Source -Animal Science Journal, Evaluating
environmental impacts of the Japanese beef
cow-calf system by the life cycle assessment
method, 2007.
16
World Soya Supply
Our Choice For Human or For Animal?
  • Global Soya Crop Production 220 million tons
    (2007/08)
  • 74 fed to animals
  • 17 for soy oil, incl. biofuel
  • 9 for human other

Source -Oil Crops Year in Review U.S. Soybean
Demand Powered by Record 2006/07 Supply, -US
Department of Agriculture, http//tinyurl.com/4h9w
wj
17
World Soya Supply
Our Choice Food or Feed
  • Global Grain Crop Production 2109 million tons
    (2007/08)
  • 36 to feed animals
  • 47 to feed people
  • 5 for grain-derived biofuels
  • 12 for other

Source -Crop Prospects and Food Situation, UN
Food and Agriculture Organization,
http//tinyurl.com/446b9f
18
World Hunger
  • Every 2.3 seconds, a child dies from malnutrition
  • Malnutrition costs US 20-30 billion per year
    globally
  • More than 800 million people in the world go
    hungry every day
  • 760 million tons of grain are fed to animals
    every year
  • Hunger and poverty claim 25,000 lives every day

the facts
  • Source
  • UNICEF, The State of the Worlds Children, 2006
    http//tinyurl.com/3y2gql
  • Livestocks Long Shadow, UN Food and Agriculture
    Organization, 2007
  • UN FAO The State of Food Insecurity in the
    World, 2006

19
Overcoming World Hunger
  • Grain fed to animals reared for human consumption
    loses 90 of the energy from the original grain
  • 1 hectare of land produces
  • beef to support 1 person
  • lamb to support 2 people
  • rice to support 19 people
  • potatoes to support 22 people
  • With 854 million people hungry in the world (more
    than the populations of USA, Canada, and the
    European Union), the grain fed to cattle (nearly
    half the worlds supply) could be used to feed
    the starving
  • Source
  • Dr David Archer, Professor of Geophysical
    Sciences at University of Chicago
  • Lester R. Brown, Outgrowing the Earth, Ch. 3,
    W.W. Norton Co., 2005
  • UN FAO The State of Food Insecurity in the
    World, 2006
  • Photo Finbarr OReilly, Canada, Reuters, Mother
    child at emergency feeding center, Niger

20
livestock industry
Future Outlook
Meat consumption is expected to double by 2050
  • Raising animals for food is a primary cause of
    deforestation, land degradation, air pollution,
    water shortage, water pollution, loss of
    biodiversity and global warming and yet the
    global livestock sector is growing faster than
    any other agricultural sub-sector.
  • Meat Consumption is expected to more than double
    by 2050.
  • EUs subsidies to the livestock industry was
    3,500,704,000 Euros in 2007, ensuring the
    industrys continuing growth
  • Source
  • UN FAO, Livestocks Long Shadow, Rome 2006
  • The livestock industry and climate EU makes bad
    worse, Jens Holm Toivo Jokkala, Parliamentary
    Group (p. 17-18)

21
Our Future With Livestock
  • Following the unprecedented ice melt in the
    Arctic in Summer 2007, the thickness of ice fell
    by nearly half a metre (19) in large parts of
    the Arctic in comparison to the previous five
    winters.
  • The most devastating effect of rising
    temperatures is the release of 400 billion tonnes
    of methane gas from the melting permafrost and
    the ocean seabed.
  • The melting of the permafrost and subsequent
    release of methane is a "ticking time bomb.
  • The Arctic ocean is predicted to be ice free by
    the end of summer of 2012, causing catastrophic
    climate change with increased severity and
    frequency. 
  • Methane gas being released from the Arctic Ocean
    is a ticking time bomb.

Source - Jay Zwally, NASA Scientist - Katey
Walter, Nature 443 71-75, 7th Sept. 2006
22
The most effective action individuals can take
for the survival of the planet?
Reduce or eliminate meat dairy consumption
  • ...the balance of environmental analysis
    suggests that a healthy, low-impact diet would
    contain less meat and fewer dairy products than
    we typically eat today.

Source - Cabinet Office, Food Matters
Towards a Strategy for the 21st Century, July
2008 http//tinyurl.com/6bhjho
23
Meat-free Diet
Why a quicker easier solution
  • Turnover rate of farm animals is 1-2 years,
    while turnover rate of cars power plants, etc
    can be decades.
  • Methane can disappear from the atmosphere in
    9-15 years, while CO2 can stay in the atmosphere
    for more than a century.
  • Introduction of new techniques and further
    research takes many years.
  • Cut in CO2 involves fighting powerful wealthy
    business interests, while veggie foods are
    readily available.

Source - A New Global Warming Strategy, Noam
Mohr, EarthSave International, August 2005
http//tinyurl.com/2usvxl
24
Methane Reduction
Buys us time in fight against global warming
many of us are saying if you want to make an
impact soon, slow down the melting of the
glaciers, slow down the rise of the sea level,
and so on, give us more time to deal with things,
give us, society, more time, shouldnt you work
more on methane?
  • Kirk R. Smith, MPH, PhD
  • Professor of Global Environmental Health
  • University of California, Berkeley

Source - Interview with Supreme Master TV
25
Methane
Key to rapid emissions reductions
The mitigation of non-carbon dioxide (Non-CO2)
greenhouse gas emissions can be a relatively
inexpensive supplement to CO2-only mitigation
strategies. Methane Mitigation has the largest
potential across all the Non-CO2 Greenhouse
Gases.
Source US Environmental Protection Agency,
Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases,
June 2006
26
Methane Reduction
Buys us time in fight against global warming
Control of methane emissions turns out to be a
more powerful lever to control global warming
than would be anticipated.
  • Drew Shindell, PhD
  • Atmospheric Physicist
  • NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

Source - NASA GISS Report Methanes Impact on
Climate Change May Be Twice Previous Estimates
27
Meat-free Diet
Environmental Advantages
  • If everybody in the UK ate no meat for 2 days per
    week, it would save the equivalent of almost 73
    million return flights from London to Ibiza.
  • If everybody in the UK ate no meat for 6 days per
    week, it would create greater carbon savings than
    removing all the cars off UK roads (29 million
    cars).

Source -Pieter van Beukering, Kim van der
Leeuw, Desire Immerzeel and Harry Aiking (2008)
-Meat the Truth. -Institute for Environmental
Studies (IVM), VU University, Amsterdam, the
Netherlands http//tinyurl.com/5q3vwx
28
Meat-free Diet
Advantages
  • Prevents high blood pressure
  • Lowers cholesterol levels
  • Reduces Type 2 diabetes
  • Prevents stroke conditions
  • Reverses atherosclerosis
  • Reduces heart disease risk - 50
  • Reduces heart surgery risk - 80
  • Prevents many forms of cancer
  • Strengthens immune system
  • Increases life expectancy up to 15 years
  • Higher IQ
  • Source
  • American Dietetic Association position paper on
    vegetarian diets http//tinyurl.com/djodu
  • Dr Dean Ornish, Preventive Medicine Research
    Institute http//tinyurl.com/5r42vs
  • High IQ link to being vegetarian, BBC News, 15
    December 2006 http//tinyurl.com/yl4kwa

29
Being vegan means less emissions than eating
organic meat dairy
  • Foodwatch of Germany compared
  • Conventionally and organically raised meat, dairy
    and plant foods.
  • Omnivorous, vegetarian and vegan diets.
  • (Translated to mileage driven by a BMW 118d)
  • Results
  • Conventional Omnivore emissions driving 4758
    km
  • Organic Omnivore emissions driving
    4377 km
  • Conventional Vegan emissions driving 629 km
  • Organic Vegan emissions
    driving 281 km

Source Spiegel Online International, 27 August
2008 http//tinyurl.com/557yxs
30
Vegan diets are the most water efficient
  • Source
  • Water Inputs in California Food Production, Water
    Education Foundation, September, 1991 (chart E3
    p28)
  • http//tinyurl.com/6kd6kx

31
Vegan or local food?
Carnegie Mellon University researchers found that
eating vegan food one day per week, saves more
emissions than eating locally-grown food all
year.
  • Source of Food Emissions
  • Transportation (Food Miles) 11
  • Agricultural industrial processes 83

Source Food-Miles and the Relative Climate
Impacts of Food Choices in the United States,
Carnegie Mellon University, 2008
http//tinyurl.com/3w377g
32
What our greatest scientists politicians say
now
  • Please eat less meat meat is a very carbon
    intensive commodity.
  • Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman, IPCC
  • The single action that a person can take to
    reduce carbon emissions is vegetarianism.
  • Dr. James Hansen, Top World
    Climatologist, NASA
  • I would advocate getting off of the meat diet,
    that it really is not sustainable.
  • Dr. Jonathan Patz, Professor of Env.
    Studies Populations Health Sciences,
    University of Wisconsin Madison
  • We have to reduce the meat consumption and one
    way of doing it is of course that a larger amount
    of what we eat is vegetarian and everything else
    other than meat.
  • Erik Solheim, Env. Dev. Minister,
    Norway

33
What our greatest scientists politicians say
now
  • Probably the biggest step a person could take
    is to reduce the consumption of meat and other
    animal products. And if you really want to become
    climate-friendly, well then you should become
    vegetarian and stop eating meat totally. But
    also, we should be active in politics and in
    organizations, and make sure that our governments
    and political parties do what they have to do,
    and that is not to subsidize the meat industry,
    promote vegetarian food, for instance.
  • Jens Holm, MEP, Sweden
  • Unless we change our food choices nothing else
    matters because it is meat that is destroying
    most of our forests, it is meat that pollutes the
    waters, it is meat that is creating disease which
    leads to all our money being diverted to
    hospitals, so its the first choice for anybody
    who wants to save the earth.
  • Maneka Gandhi, Parliamentarian former
    Env. Minister, India

34
And in the past
  • Nothing will benefit human health and increase
    chances for survival of life on Earth as much as
    the evolution to a vegetarian diet.
  • Albert Einstein While we
    ourselves are the living graves of murdered
    beasts, how can we expect any ideal conditions on
    this earth?
  • George Bernard Shaw
  • Non-violence leads to the highest ethics, which
    is the goal of all human evolution. Until we stop
    harming all other living beings, we are still
    savages.
  • Thomas Edison, Inventor

35
And in the past
  • There is no fundamental difference between man
    and the higher animals in their mental
    facultiesthe lower animals, like man, manifestly
    feel pleasure and pain, happiness, and misery.
  • Charles Darwin
  • Auschwitz begins wherever someone looks at a
    slaughterhouse and thinks theyre only animals.
  • Theodor Adorno
  • A man can live and be healthy without killing
    animals for food therefore, if he eats meat he
    participates in taking animal life merely for the
    sake of his appetite. And to act so is immoral.
  • Leo Tolstoy

36
Call for action
Its time for the truth about meat to be brought
to light. Animal agriculture and the consumption
of animal products are destroying our planet and
are the root cause of the most pressing
challenges of our time. We can no longer hide
from the fact that meat is the single greatest
contributor to the most prevalent and deadly
global health problems, such as cardiovascular
disease, diabetes and obesity. We must recognize
that meat is causing global food shortage as we
feed over one third of all grain products to
animals (over 7 times the amount used for
biofuels), and as farmers in developing nations
grow feed crop for animals rather than food crops
for their fellow citizens. And we must address
the reality that meat and dairy are the leading
causes of global warming, pushing our Earth
beyond the tipping point, heading to where it can
no longer maintain life as we know it. The facts
and figures presented here are compiled from the
latest research by leading climate scientists,
governmental bodies, the United Nations, many
independent organizations, and health
professionals. They show clearly how by stopping
the devastation of meat production and
consumption and embracing a plant-based diet, we
will be able to live in optimal health, preserve
our planet and have enough food and clean water
for all.
37
UN Framework Committee on Climate Change,
Executive Secretary, Yvo de Boer, has pointed out
that a bigger part of higher food price increases
comes from feeding grain to animals being raised
for meat. Secretary de Boer stated, The best
solution would be for us to all become
vegetarians.
Source -http//tinyurl.com/4elf2c
38
Links
VIDEOS The Bio-Da Versity Code by Earth Scope A
Community of Scientists Conducting
Multidisciplinary research across the Earth
Sciences http//tinyurl.com/3nlz2z Earthlings
Documentary video on the correlation between
nature, animals, and human economic interests
http//tinyurl.com/3n5jgj ORGANIZATIONS
Nutrition Ecology International Center An
interdisciplinary scientific committee
established with the purpose of investigating the
impact of all stages and methods of food
production and consumption, with regard to
health, environment, society and economy
http//tinyurl.com/4x3dzf European Parliament
European United Left/Nordic Green Left The
Livestock Industry and Climate Change EU Makes
Bad Worse http//tinyurl.com/6kn3vw Global
Canopy Program An Alliance of 29 scientific
institutions in 19 countries, which lead the
world in forest canopy research, education, and
conservation http//tinyurl.com/6fgnym Food
vs. Feed http//tinyurl.com/5sn8ob
39
Our Mission
  • To share scientific data
  • with the public, the media,
  • the government and other organisations
  • on the significant and devastating effects
  • of eating animal products
  • on the health of our planet,
  • including climate change, drought and
    deforestation,
  • and on global hunger. To raise awareness,
  • to encourage the media to speak about these
    topics,
  • and to encourage governments and other
    institutions
  • to pass and adopt laws and policies
  • which will result in people eating less animal
    products
  • in order to reverse climate change,
  • ensure there is enough clean water for all our
    needs,
  • and feed the worlds hungry.
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