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OFF-SITE CONSTRUCTION - - WORKPLACE COMMUNICATIONS - - - - PPE - - (Personal Protective Equipment) What is personal protective equipment (PPE) and what are some of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • - - PPE - -
  • (Personal Protective Equipment)

What is personal protective equipment (PPE) and
what are some of the types?
  • PPE is defined as all equipment, including
    clothing, which is intended to be worn or held by
    a person at work and which protects him against
    one or more risks to his health and safety. Some
    of the types of PPE which are used throughout the
    workplace include
  • Hearing protection
  • Head protection
  • Eye protection
  • Foot protection
  • Hand arm protection
  • Body protection
  • Respitory protection

Hearing Protection
  • Earmuffs/defenders, which completely cover the
  • Earplugs, which are inserted into the ear canal
  • Semi-inserts (also called canal-caps), which
    cover the entrance to the ear canal

Head Protection
  • Industrial safety helmets (hard hats), which are
    designed to protect against materials falling
    from height and swinging objects
  • Industrial scalp protectors (bump caps), which
    are designed to protect from knocking against
    stationary objects
  • Caps/hair nets, which protect against
  • Hazards- Impact from falling or flying objects,
    risk of head bumping, hair entanglement

Eye Protection
  • Safety spectacles. These are similar to regular
    glasses but have a tougher lens. They can include
    side shields for additional protection
  • Eye shields. A frame-less one piece moulded lens,
    often worn over normal prescription glasses
  • Safety goggles. These are made with flexible
    plastic frames and an elastic headband
  • Face shields. Heavier and bulkier than other type
    of eye protector. Face shields protect the face,
    but do not fully enclose the eyes so do not
    protect against dusts, mists or gases
  • Hazards- chemical or metal splash, dust,
    projectiles, gas and vapor.

Foot Protection
  • Safety boots or shoes. Normally with steel
    toe-caps. Can also have other safety features
    (e.g. steel mid-soles, slip resistant soles,
    insulation against heat and cold)
  • Wellington boots, which can be supplied with
    steel toe-caps
  • Anti-static and conductive footwear. Designed to
    protect against the build up of static
  • Hazards- Wet, electrostatic build up, slipping,
    falling objects

Hand Arm Protection
  • Gloves and gauntlets (leather, nitrile, latex,
    plastic coated, chain mail etc.)
  • Wrist cuffs and armlets, e.g. used in glass
    cutting and handling
  • Barrier cream may sometime be used, where gloves
    cannot practicably be used
  • Hazards- Abrasions, temperature extremes, cuts
    and punctures, impact, chemicals, electric shock,
    skin infection, disease or contamination.

Body Protection
  • Overalls, aprons and coveralls. Protection
    against hazardous substances
  • Clothing for cold, heat bad weather
  • Clothing to protect against machinery, e.g.
  • High visibility clothing (e.g. jackets, vests)
  • Harnesses
  • Back supports
  • Hazards- Chemical or metal splash, spray from
    pressure leaks or spray guns, impact or
    penetration, contaminated dust, excessive wear or
    entanglement of clothing

Respiratory Protection
  • Respirators that filter contaminated air or clean
    it as it is breathed in
  • Respirators that supply clean air from an
    independent source
  • Face masks
  • cartridge filters
  • Basic Dust mask (3M 8822)
  • Hazards- Dust, vapor, gas, oxygen deficient

SR 100 SR 90-2 SR 75Half Mask
  • Use
  • If equipped with a suitable filter, the mask
    provides protection against the inhalation of
    harmful gasses/vapors and/or particles. The
    choice of filter determines the degree of
    protection provided by the mask in a given
  • Filters
  • Particle Filter
  • Filter Class P3 (includes P2 P1)
  • Provides protection against all types of
    particles, both solid and liquid

Gas Filters
  • Type A
  • Provides protection against organic gasses and
    vapors, I.e solvents whose boiling point exceeds
    65 degrees Celsius
  • Type AX
  • Provides protection against organic substances
    with boiling points of up to 65 degrees Celsius
  • Type B
  • Provides protection against inorganic gasses and
    vapors. I.e Chlorine, hydrogen sulphide and
    hydrogen cyanide
  • Type E
  • Provide protection against acid gasses and
    vapors. I.e Sulphur dioxide and hydrogen fluoride
  • Type K
  • Provides protection against ammonia and some
    amines. I.e Ethylendiamine
  • Type HG
  • Provides protection against mercury vapor.
    Maximum usage time is 50 hours

  • Mask Body
  • Filter Attachment
  • Head Harness
  • Membrane Seat
  • Exhalation Membrane
  • Protective Cap
  • Inhalation Membrane
  • Filter/Combination Filter
  • Pre-Filter
  • Pre-Filter Holder
  • (Pre-Filter prevents premature
  • Clogging of the main filter
  • Also prevents damage to the
  • main filter)

How do I know if the PPE is designed to provide
adequate protection against the hazards at my
  • Designers, manufacturers or suppliers of PPE can
    give advice on the specifications and appropriate
    use of their products.
  • This is important as seen in the following
    example Clearly, no one type of glove provides
    adequate protection against all chemicals. A
    respirator designed to be effective against
    medium air levels of one particular chemical, may
    not be effective against high levels of the same
    chemical, or lower levels of a different
  • For this reason it is highly important to contact
    the suppliers and read any enclosed information
    regarding the uses and protections of the
    particular PPE employed.

How do I determine whether or not to use personal
protective equipment (PPE) in the workplace?
  • Initially the employer must determine if there is
    a hazard and assess the risk associated with the
    hazard. An employer must then eliminate any
    reasonably foreseeable risk to the health and
    safety of any person within his/her workplace.
  • If it is not possible to eliminate the risk, an
    employer must control the risk. PPE may assist in
    reducing this possible risk of harm.
  • However, it should be noted that legal
    requirements state that all workplaces should
    specifically follow the outlined PPE and OHS
    practices, and any workplace which does not have
    these regulations in place should be brought to
    the attention of head office, or in extreme
    cases, Work Cover and/or Industrial Relations

Maintenance of PPE
  • There are two main points to maintaining safe PPE
    equipment, these include
  • the PPE is well looked after and properly stored
    when it is not being used, for example in a dry
    clean cupboard or in the case of smaller items,
    such as eye protection, in a case or box.
  • The PPE is kept clean and in good repair.
    Repairs and maintenance can be done by a set
    schedule which is organized and checked by a
    person put in charge of that specific area in the

Key points to remember
  • PPE is provided
  • It offers adequate protection for its intended
  • Those using it are trained in some way
  • Its properly maintained and that any defects are
  • It is returned to its proper storage after use

Assessing PPE
  • is it appropriate for the risks involved and the
    conditions at the place where exposure to the
    risk may occur? E.g. eye protection will not
    provide adequate face protection for someone
    using a grinder.
  • does it prevent or satisfactorily control the
    risks involved without increasing the overall
    level of risk.
  • Can it be adjusted to fit the wearer properly?
  • has the state of health of those who will be
    wearing it been taken into account?
  • what are the needs of the job and the demands it
    places on the wearer? For E.g. the length of time
    the PPE needs to be worn, the physical effort
    required to do the job and the requirement for
    visibility and communication.
  • If more then one item of PPE is being worn, are
    they compatible? For E.g. does a particular
    respirator (mask) make it difficult to wear eye
    protection properly?

All Purpose Abrasives 25 Lincoln Street Minto NSW 2566 (Earplugs, masks, goggles)
West Hoxton Awevare (Shoes)
Protector Safety Pty Ltd Guilford, Sydney NSW Australia 2161
Protector Allsafe (Shoes)
3M Australia PTY LTD 2-74 Dunheved Circuit , St Marys NSW 2760 Ph 1800 024 464
HYMARK TRADING PTY LTDP.O. BOX 134RED HILL SOUTHVICTORIA 3937 Ph 03 5989 3033 PO Box 373 Concord West NSW 2138 Ph 1300 73 22 74