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21st CENTURY FLORAS New technologies to speed the process

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With thanks to George Shepherd. Problems in beginning a new Flora. where are we now? ... Australian Bird Atlas. Atlas of Australian Birds. From Atlas ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 21st CENTURY FLORAS New technologies to speed the process


1
21st CENTURY FLORASNew technologies to speed
the process
Arthur D. Chapman paper134_at_achapman.org
2
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Problems in beginning a new Flora
  • Access to available names
  • Access to publications
  • Access to adequate collections
  • Access to ancillary information
  • Speed of the taxonomic process
  • Re-inventing the wheel
  • Size of the task
  • With thanks to George Shepherd

3
250 years of Endeavour
  • where are we now?
  • where are we going?

4
Using emerging technologies
Using emerging technologies
  • What emerging technologies?
  • How are they being used?
  • How can these be used to solve the problems of
    beginning a new Flora

5
Changing Technology
Changing Technologies
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

6
Internet
The Internet
  • New high-speed parallel networks
  • From gopher to grid
  • Distributed systems
  • From Z39.50 to XML, SOAP
  • Interactive Mapping
  • From Imap to ArcIMS, Mapserver

From http//ces.asu.edu/bdi/Subjects/Xanthoria/
7
Changing Technology
Changing Technologies
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

8
Computer Storage
Computer Storage
20 Gb USB/Firewire
256 Mb USB
160 Gb USB/Firewire
1 Gb smartcard
9
Changing Technology
Changing Technologies
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

10
Chip Development
Chip Development
P4
P4
P3
P2
486
286
8008
P1
386
8086
4004
11
Changing Technology
Changing Technologies
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

12
GPS
Geocoding
  • Manual coding
  • Automated georeferencing
  • GPS

13
Australian Bird Atlas
Atlas of Australian Birds
From Atlas Newsletter No. 9, 2002
14
Changing Technologies
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

15
Changing Technologies
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

16
Type collections
INBIO Costa Rica
17
Type Collections
  • US National Herbarium

18
Type Collections
  • University of Florida

19
Type Collections
20
With thanks to Barbara Thiers, NYBG
21
With thanks to Barbara Thiers, NYBG
22
Changing Technologies
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

23
Digital Imagery
Digital Imagery
24
Changing Technology
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

25
Video Imaging
26
Changing Technology
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Digital Libraries
  • Presentation Tools

27
Digital Libraries
Digital Libraries
With thanks to Barbara Thiers, NYBG
28
Changing Technologies
  • Internet
  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Processing speeds
  • GPS
  • Analysis Tools
  • Imagery
  • Scanners
  • Digital Photography
  • Digital Video
  • Presentation Tools

29
Flora of Australia
Flora of Australia
30
Flora of Australia
Flora of Australia
31
Using emereging technologies
Using emerging technologies
  • Access to available names

32
Using emereging technologies
Using emerging technologies
  • Access to available names
  • Catalogue of names (authority files)
  • Distributed access

33
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Access to publications

34
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Access to publications
  • Digital libraries
  • Scanning

35
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Access to adequate collections

36
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Access to adequate collections
  • Virtual Herbaria
  • DiGIR

37
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Access to ancillary information

38
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Access to ancillary information
  • Flora Braziliensis revisited
  • Digital libraries

39
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Speed of the taxonomic process

40
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Speed of the taxonomic process
  • Databases
  • Protologues
  • Types
  • Electronic publications
  • Names, check lists, floras, etc.
  • Working smarter
  • Sharing data, pooling descriptions

41
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Re-inventing the wheel
  • Other floras and electronic floras
  • Flora of Australia/XML
  • Distributed systems
  • Species Plantarum?
  • Utilising the resources

42
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Size of the task

43
Problems in beginning a new Flora
Using emerging technologies
  • Size of the task
  • What type of Flora?
  • Who wants a Flora anyway?
  • Electronic Flora
  • Check lists, guide books
  • What are the priorities
  • Australian experience
  • Orchids are they really plants?
  • 250 years of taxonomic endeavour

44
Working Smarter
  • If Linnaeus was starting today
  • would he do things the same way?

45
The future
Working Smarter
  • Linking distributed information
  • A distributed flora?
  • Searching interactively
  • on demand Floras
  • Up-to-date information
  • Quicker, more efficient taxonomy

46
Working Smarter
Working Smarter
  • Taxonomic process
  • Searching for names
  • Searching for original descriptions
  • Searching for recent revisions
  • Searching for specimens/types
  • Creating a character set
  • Writing descriptions
  • Publishing

47
How can we improve efficiency
Working Smarter
  • Writing Floras
  • Gathering information from revisions
  • Re-keying information
  • Re-checking specimens
  • Geo-referencing
  • Checking other treatises, floras, etc.
  • Writing up
  • Mapping
  • Illustrating
  • Publishing
  • Data validation tools

48
LUCID
Working Smarter
49
A fantasy
  • Person in field with a GPS and satellite link
  • Upload location
  • Download key and descriptions
  • Type in vegetation type use interactive keys
  • Upload photograph or video
  • Get identification or notification of possible
    new species
  • New description, photograph, etc. on spot added
    to database perhaps with code rather than
    formal name.
  • Information is immediately to other researchers
    and taxonomists.

50
Questions?
51
Arthur D. Chapman paper134_at_achapman.org
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