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TELECOM-THE INDIAN GROWTH ENGINE

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TELECOM-THE INDIAN GROWTH ENGINE Keynote Presentation By NK Goyal, President CMAI Chairman Emeritus, TEMA Vice Chairman ITU APT; Chairman, ITPS Dubai – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TELECOM-THE INDIAN GROWTH ENGINE


1
TELECOM-THE INDIAN GROWTH
ENGINE
  • Keynote Presentation
  • By
  • NK Goyal, President CMAI
  • Chairman Emeritus, TEMA
  • Vice Chairman ITU APT Chairman, ITPS Dubai
  • Member, Governing Board Telecom Equipment and
    Services
  • Export Promotion Council (Govt. of India)
  • Communique-International Telecom Seminar
  • SITM Pune, September 23rd 2011
  • www.nkgoyals.com, www.cmai.asia, 91 98 111 29879
  • http//in.linkedin.com/in/nkgoyals,
    http//www.facebook.com/cmai.nkgoyal

2
CES, 2009 being inaugurated and ribbon cutting at
Las Vegas on 8th January, 2009 by NK Goyal with
Sir Howard Stringer, Chairman CEO of Sony
Corporation, Mr. Tom Hanks, the American movie
star, Mr.Gary Yacoubian, Chairman CEA President
of Myer-Emco AudioVideo, Mr. Gary Saprio, Vice
President of CEA, Ms. Qu., Presixdent, CECC
China, Mr. Patrick Lavelle, President and CEO of
Audiovox, Mr. Peter Lesser, President and CEO of
X-10 (USA) Inc, Mr. Loyd Ivey, Chairman and CEO
of MiTek Electronics and Communications, Mr. Jay
McLellan, President and CEO of Home Automation,
Inc. (HAI), Mr. Mike Mohr, President of
Celluphone, Mr.Grant Russell, President of Kleen
Concepts 
3
Telecom in Asia
  • Asia is a region of superlatives in the ICT arena
    with over two billion telephones, including 1.4
    billion mobile subscribers, and 42 per cent of
    the worlds Internet users
  • Telco TV service revenue in the Asia-Pacific
    region is expected to reach US 8bn by the end of
    2014, representing a CAGR of 45.5 between 2009
    and 2014
  • Asia is also the worlds largest broadband market
    with a 39 per cent share of the worlds total

4
Advantage India
  • At 1.15 Tr India is the third largest consumer
    on PPP basis.
  • India ranks better than China and Vietnam on the
    Index of Economic Freedom although it is lower
    than the world average as awarded by The Heritage
    Foundation and WALL STREET JOURNAL.
  • India scores higher than China and Vietnam on
    World Rankings property rights, which describes
    the protection of property and intellectual
    property rights
  • India has a score of 38 on economic measure of
    income inequality better than China (47) US (45)
    Japan(38) but poorer to UK (34). Shows equal
    distribution of wealth.
  • The annual supply of science and engineering
    graduates is higher than China and other
    developed countries
  • Over 2.3 million graduates and 0.7 million
    post-graduates each year
  • 2nd largest pool of scientists/ engineers in the
    world
  • Highest number of qualified engineers, second on
    trained doctors
  • 389 universities, 14,169 colleges, 1,500 research
    institutions

5
Indias Electronics Potential
  • Current India Electronic Hardware market size
    about US 34 Bn. out of which production 16.1
    Bn. Ranked 26th in the world in sales, 29th in
    production
  • Demand growing 25 CAGR, from 4 of GDP to 12 by
    2015 ie. 320 Bn. Total production may go up to
    150 Bn. And exports 21 Bn. with employment
    potential of 21 Mn.
  • Consumer Electronics (CE) is the largest segment
    of the Electronics sector. It contributes 33 to
    the Electronics production in the Country.
  • Nationwide TV broadcast to be digital by 2015,
    significant opportunity for STB consumption
    manufacturing
  • PC sales, ITES/Software Exports, Internet,
    Broadband all set to grow
  • www.cmai.asia

6
Indias e-Governance Plan- Giving birth to an
entire web-based economy
  • The size of Indian IT industry estimated as 76
    Bn.
  • National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) announced in
    May 2006 by Government of India envisages massive
    countrywide infrastructure reaching down to the
    remotest of villages and large-scale digitization
    of records. It comprises of 27 Mission Mode
    Projects and eight components.
  • Governments own State Wide Area Network (SWAN)
    project already in place for intra-government
    connectivity under which every block level
    government office in the country across 27 states
    is connected. The speed is planned to be upgraded
    to 2 Mbps.
  • Projects are upcoming for computerization
    including public sector banks insurance co.
    with estimated cost Rs 20,000 Cr
  • In the next couple of years the industry is
    expected to grow by 22-25 percent.

7
Infrastructure Investments of India
  • Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee allocated 12.14
    trillion to be spent on infrastructure for
    2011-12 in the annual budget, a 23.3 percent
    increase over the current fiscal year, and
    projected a 40.99 trillion investment for
    infrastructure development during the 12th Plan.

8
BELLS TELEPHONE
  • Alexander Graham Bell, keenly interested in the
    education of deaf people, invented the microphone
    and in 1876 his "electrical speech machine," ie
    todays telephone. Bell set up the first
    telephone exchange in New Haven, Connecticut in
    1878. By 1884, long distance connections were
    made between Boston, Massachusetts and New York
    City.
  • Since his death in 1922, the telecommunication
    industry has undergone an amazing revolution.
    Today, non-hearing people are able to use a
    special display telephone to communicate.
  • Bell's "electrical speech machine" paved the way
    for the Information Superhighway. Fiber Optics
    are improving the quality and speed of data
    transmission.

9
Convergence
  • Tremendous convergence of the Information
    Technology is happening now a days. There was a
    time when handsets were used to make phone calls
    and talk to the people and desktops and laptops
    were used to surf the net. Now, the handset is
    being used via 3G technology, to do video
    conferencing, to talk to each other, to have
    night chats on handsets and we are using mobile
    to surf the net.
  • There are more opportunities, now, for youth to
    find new and dynamic ideas, to be more creative,
    to participate in this ever changing dynamic
    sector.

10
Indian Telecom
  • Worlds highest monthly additions 15-18 Million
    plus subscriber
  • Second largest in the world after China
  • 892.55 Mn. subscribers
  • 281 state-of-the art Networks (GSMCDMA)
  • 24 National Long Distance 19 ILD Licensees
  • Lowest tariff but highest profitability.
  • Lowest Call Rates in the World
  • India ranks highest in Mobile monthly Minutes of
    Usages per subscriber in Asia Pacific Region and
    second to USA in the world.500 minutes per month
  • Innovative approach of doing business at lowest
    operation costs.
  • Innovative value added conceptsmissed calls,
    rural applications, lowest prepaid charge

11
India Telecom Investment Opportunities
  • Indian Telecom sector to witness huge investments
    to the tune of 110 Bn. during 2012-2017
  • Telecom Subscribers to cross 1.5 billion by 2015
    and 5 billion by 2020.
  • About 25 per cent ( Appx. 300 million) would be
    3G/4G subscribers, which would require scaling up
    the infrastructure.
  • About 70 Bn. is estimated to be invested in
    rolling out green field 2G, 3G/4G and WiMax
    networks, while 25 Bn. would be required to set
    up an extra 200,000-odd telecom towers across the
    country.
  • The total investment in the pan-India broadband
    rollout is expected to be 20 Bn, while another
    20 Bn. will be invested in augmenting the
    transmission network.

12
CONTINUED WIRELESS GROWTH EXPECTED DUE TO
  • Booming economy, rising income, increasing
    available disposable surplus
  • Continued big demand, rural potential
  • New Operators bringing in competition, spread and
    cheaper tariffs
  • Introduction of 3G, Wimax technologies
  • Operators allowed intra service roaming
  • Mobile Handsets costs substantially reduced
  • FDI 74 in operations and 100 for manufacturing
  • Rural Telecom, Broadband, VAS market
  • New Innovative services, Mobile payments,
    location based services

13
Broadband Global Status
  • Universal broadband service has become a priority
    for all Countries.
  • 578 million worldwide broadband subscribers as of
    December, 2010
  • Consumer enthusiasm for broadband service. By
    2013 the number of global broadband subscribers
    will surpass 1 billion.
  • The growing popularity of bandwidth-intensive
    applications, such as watching online video,
    using IP-based telephony services, and
    downloading music files, is spurring global
    demand for broadband Internet connections.

14
India Broadband Status
  • 12.50 Mn. Broadband subscribers( 256 Kbps) as on
    March, 2011.
  • 10 increase in broadband penetration increases
    GDP of a developing Country by 1.38.(World Bank)
  • The penetration would also generate 20 million
    jobs
  • Targeting a whopping 14-fold increase in the
    broadband from 1.1 Crore Subscribers during 2010
    to 7.5 Crore by 2012 and 16 Crore by 2014.

15
National Optical Fiber Network ( NOFN)
  • NOFON envisages to connect 5,00,000 villages with
    the internet broadband services in the next two
    years.
  • This was in response to TRAI, Indian Telecom
    Regulator proposal to create National Broadband
    Backbone with around Rs 17,000 Crore laying fiber
    cables from Universal Services Obligations (USO)
    funds
  • The optical fibre network would help various
    service providers and users get broadband through
    a variety of wired and wireless solutions.

16
Opportunities for Green Technologies
  • In spite of having low greenhouse gas emissions
    per capita, India has already become the 3th
    largest emitter in the world, according to the
    International Energy Association. That means
    immense international pressure to respond.
  • As per Greenpeace the Indian telecom sector
    requires 14 billion units of energy and it ends
    up consuming around 2 billion liters of diesel.
    Energy requirement projected to reach 26 billion
    units by 2012 
  • TRAI, Indian telecom regulator proposed 50 per
    cent of all towers in the rural areas are powered
    by hybrid renewable sources by the year 2015.
    Total towers estimated 4,00,000.
  • Hence large opportunity to develop and cooperate
    in alternate energy for telecom sector.
  •  

17
Solar Energy Potential
  • Solar energy potential in India is estimated
    about 70GW by 2022 with Over 42 Bn. investment
  • India gets 300 sunny days a year that can help
    generate estimated 5 trillion MW of energy
  • Govt. Committed to support the solar energy
    scale-up while also reducing solar costs. Over
    1,600 MW of Power Purchase Agreements(PPAs) have
    already been signed.
  • Capital costs for solar projects have dropped
    from INR 15-16 Crore/MW to INR 12-13 Crore/MW.
  • Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) is being
    implemented across the country. Under this
    Distribution companies and captive consumers will
    have to source 5 to 15 over ten years of their
    energy from renewable sources. Within this, there
    is a solar-specific RPO of 0.25, slated to grow
    to 3 over the same time frame. The RPOs will be
    implemented through Renewable Energy Certificates
    (RECs)

18
Indian UID Project
  • India Govt. has started first of its kind project
    in the world Unique Identification Authority of
    India (UIDAI)
  • Over 10 Bn. projected investment in National ID
    and E Governance.
  • Under this unique identity number will be issued
    to 600 Mn. of Indian population by 2014.
  • Single identity paradigm would facilitate giving
    identity to citizens, enable tracking of end to
    end service delivery, subscription to new
    services, help tracking people related with
    security concerns.
  • This project offers tremendous opportunities for
    technology and products. 

19
Indian VAS Market
  • SMS continues as world over highest revenue
    generator
  • Ring tones and SMS account for large portion of
    VAS market. About 8,00,000 ring tones downloaded
    daily
  • In India Revenue from VAS presently is 10-14 of
    total revenue, expected to grow 30 within next
    5-7 years.
  • VAS core component of operators revenue
  • High end users....video on demand, user generated
    content ie. interface between web and mobile
  • Long tail users, who focus on contents subsidized
    by ads.
  • Good scope for utility based services eg.
    Location information, M commerce etc.
  • Gaming coming up in big way. 30 of games
    download in Category B/C towns.
  • Mobile advertisement picking up. Global revenue
    from mobile advertisement expected to grow
    10-20 Mill by 2011
  • The Indian mobile VAS) expected to reach US 5.8
    Bn. by 2013, from US 2.0 Bn. in 2009. Currently,

20
Smart Grid Opportunities
  • India will continue to experience insatiable
    energy demand growth over the next several years,
    giving rise to perfect storm.
  • India offers 400 billion opportunity in building
    energy infrastructure. From current installed
    base of 170 GW, India will build up to 316 GW by
    2020. Additionally, the National Solar Mission is
    going to add 20,000 MW of solar energy in next 10
    years. 
  • In the same time-frame, the demand gap will grow
    from 19GW to 103GW, an increase of five times.
  • In this scenario, all types of energy have
    opportunities- conventional, nuclear, and
    renewable including Smart Grid applications.
  •  

21
SOCIAL NETWORKING
  • India currently has 50 Mn. mobile web users. The
    growing popularity of mobile social networking
    can also be attributed to youth. Youth being
    mobile savvy as well as enthusiastic users of
    social networking sites are setting the trend,
    attributing to the rise of social networking
    through mobiles.
  • Approximately 10 Mn. urban Indians used their
    mobile phones for engaging in social networking
    during quarter ending August, 2009, a reach of
    3.3 among urban Indian mobile phone user. It
    also overtook China to take the 3rd place in the
    global mobile internet industry.
  • 7 out of top 20 sites Indian internet users are
    visiting are in the arena of social media. 4 out
    of top 20 most visited sites in India are social
    networking sites. More than 70 people who are
    online are engaging with social media on some or
    the other platform.

22
Mobile Commerce and Social Commerce
  • About 7 per cent of the overall internet users in
    India are active on line shoppers. This is likely
    to grow to 25 in next three years with more
    mobile users and growing mobile commerce
    applications on use.
  • Social commerce is also expected to grow
    substantially as it could prove to be a key
    revenue model for social sites. This can be
    achieved either by creating a universal social
    currency or through social apps that will either
    help people transact or provide consumer feedback
    about a specific product or brand.

23
Content Distribution
  • One of the key digital milestones in 2010 was the
    streaming of IPL matches on YouTube. This
    triggered many TV channels into creating their
    respective channels on YouTube to use them as
    delivery mechanisms and retain user engagement.
    Large production houses like Balaji Telefilms as
    well as startups like CoolDose.com began creating
    exclusive videos for the web.
  • Entertainment might take a whole new meaning as
    more channels are expected to create and produce
    content specifically for the web. TV sets may
    transform into internet devices with the ability
    to navigate and access on demand content.

24
Telecom Equipments Manufacturing
  • India import 40 to 50 Bn of electronic hardware
    presently.
  • Demand for telecom equipment in 2009-10 was
    pegged at Rs 547.65 Bn. or about 5.5 per cent of
    the total global demand. This is projected to
    grow to Rs 965.14 billion by 2015 and Rs 1,700.91
    billion by 2020.
  • TRAI, Indian telecom regulator proposed telecom
    firms to source 80 per cent of their network
    equipment and other related infrastructure from
    domestic manufacturers in a phased manner.

25
Global Mobile Handset Market
  • Over 2 Bn. people worldwide will own at least one
    smart phone in 2015, with unit sales growing over
    175 from 2010. (Parks Associates )
  • Global mobile handset industry valued at appx
    133bn in 2009 likely to grow at CAGR of 17.1
    during 200914 to reach 293bn by 2014.
  • India and China largely driving growth of smart
    phones in Asia Pacific, which constituted 47 of
    total of 112 Mn. shipments during 2009. Likely to
    grow more than 50 by 2014 with total shipment
    forecasted 712 Mn.
  • Smart phones contributed 79 of profits during
    2009 even though market share was hardly 17.

26
Diesel in Telecom
  • Global NGO Greenpeace says diesel consumed by
    telecom companies for providing power at telecom
    towers is causing an estimated loss of Rs 2,600
    crore annually to the government in form of
    subsidy.
  • the sector require 26 Bn Kw. of electricity and 3
    Bn. Litres of diesel by 2012 which will enhance
    carbon emission from the country to significant
    level.
  • Subsidy of Rs 7 to Rs 11 per litre on diesel
    reduces the cost of the fuel by around 21 per
    cent
  • sector consumption of diesel grown to 300 crore
    litres by FY11-end
  • telecom sector spend Rs 12,600 crore annually on
    diesel fuel and on removing subsidy of 21 per
    cent from diesel cost of diesel fuel for telecom
    sector would go to Rs 15,200 crore annually.

27
Mobile Entertainment Opportunities
  • Asia Pacific has more than 57 share in global
    mobile entertainment industry.
  • Global Mobile Entertainment industry expected to
    grow at CAGR of 19 from 19 Bn. In 2008 to
    54bn by 2014.
  • Mobile music, the largest contributor, expected
    to grow at CAGR of 13 from 10bn in 2008 to
    21bn by 2014.
  • Mobile video, the second largest revenue
    generator, expected to grow 36 CAGR, from 2bn
    in 2008 to 14bn 2014.

28
Growing Data Traffic
  • Mobile data traffic is expected to double every
    year through 2013.This boost in traffic is eating
    up bandwidth and providing a threat to everyone's
    user experience.
  • Apple's iPhone, and the G1 Google phone, mobile
    video are creating a dramatic increase in mobile
    Internet traffic. This increased mobile data
    usage could eventually suffocate network
    bandwidth and clog wireless networks.
  • Increased usage of internet-centric phones, more
    multimedia rich applications, and the increase in
    sharing of data using mobile devices provides a
    threat to existing capacity and operator
    profitability.

29
Global IPTV Market
  • Subscriptions from IPTV-based companies
    including telco companies will almost double in
    three years to 70 million from 30 million at the
    end of 2010
  • IPTV Revenues to grow 27 Bn. by2014 from 12.9 Bn
    in 2010
  • Within India also demand for IPTV is rising and
    offers vast opportunities.

30
Opportunities in Cloud Computing
  • The cloud computing market in India is expected
    to grow at a CAGR of 40 per cent by 2015 to Rs
    11,200 Crores ( 3 Bn.) from an estimated 66.7
    million in 2009, 500 Mn. In 2011 driven by
    cost and performance efficiencies
  • During the same period, the global revenues from
    cloud services will grow from 29 Bn. to over 70
    Bn.
  • Some well know cloud services today are Google's
    search, Apple's iTunes, Amazon Web Services,
    Microsoft's Azure..
  • As compute loads grow 10 times, 100 times and
    even 1,000 times, there is need for new
    architectures for IT systems.

31
Telecom Challenges Worldwide
  • Health and environmental concerns resulting in
    several law suits, myths and alarms.
  • Consumer concerns on quality, tariff and after
    sale service issues.
  • Use of telecom network by terrorists, ant social
    activities
  • Technology misuse in all sorts of crime ranging
    from credit card fraud to data theft to simple
    defamation. Regulatory means for this and also to
    avoid unsecured wireless networks.
  • Increasing awareness of restrictions sought for
    use of mobiles in schools, public areas, while
    driving, offices etc. For ex.
  • New York banning cell phones in schools and
    Indian Parliament Committee examining need for
    reasonable restrictions in use of mobile.

32
Technology Battles
  • Telecom is characterized by Hype and Technology
    debates.
  • At any given time there must be a live technology
    debate in telecom era.
  • The question for network operators is no longer
    which technology is best--WiMAX or LTE--but which
    application will compel consumers and enterprises
    to upgrade to 4G. Will it be video? Or will it
    just be more bandwidth for the always-on,
    always-available wireless broadband connection
    that consumers have come to expect?

33
Hype v/s reality
  • Internet speed.India Govt. says 256 Kbps,
    vendors talk of 2 Mbps.as per TRAI no body even
    gets 256 Kbps.
  • We hear faster speedbut what and under what
    conditionsno body declares
  • There is no one in the world who knows for sure
    where we are heading or how we will get there.
  • Hype LTE will provide about 50 Mbps data
    services. Fact Only in a lab where there is a 20
    MHz wide LTE system and there is only one user.

34
Everybody wants everything
  • Nokia-Microsoft tie-up( announced August, 2009)
    for Office software- v/s Blackberry RIM
  • Nokia offerings cost less than those from RIM,
    and require less investment.
  • Nokia backs Symbian, an operating system that
    competes directly with Microsoft's Windows Mobile
    platform.
  • Google bringing enterprise-focused additions to
    their Android platform,
  • Apple has long been pushing its iPhone into the
    Corporate space.

35
Goggle becoming telecom company
  • Google, search giant an online advertising
    company inching toward disrupting the
    telecommunications industry
  • In 2006 Wi Fi launched free citywide in Mountain
    View, California, Goggle Headquarters.
  • In 2008 was interest to acquire spectrum but
    dropped plans
  • Launched Android operating system and Nexus one
    phone
  • Launched Google Voice, the universal telephone
    number and voice mail system. A new Goggle number
    manages all different lines. Call to Google Voice
    number sets the account to have all your phones
    ring. The call is converted into IP. Voicemails
    can also be transcribed and sent as email or sms
    to mobile.
  • By giving a new number thats not attached to a
    provider, Google decouples phone number from a
    carrier in the same way that your email address
    is no longer attached to your Internet provider.
    Hence it weakens dependence on any particular
    telecom provider.
  • So question is Is Google an Internet company that
    offers voice service, or a voice company whose
    calls originate over the Internet?

36
Recognition of Fixed Broadband
  • Google during February, 2010 announced plans to
    build and test ultra high-speed upto 1 GBps
    broadband networks in a small number of trial
    locations across the United States to serve
    50,000 to 500,000 subscribers. It will be on
    principles of net neutrality.
  • Goggle aims to try out new ways to build and
    operate fiber networks and share what they learn
    with the world.

37
Arc Rivals coming together
  • ATT earlier only allowed WiFi connections and
    prevented VoIP iPhone application from running on
    its 3G network. Now they have allowed Skype's
    iPhone app to transmit low-cost calls across its
    ATT's cellular network
  • Verizon in October announced a partnership with
    longtime rival Google. This has produced several
    Verizon-powered Android phones. Verizon also
    said it would support Google Voice.
  • Skype has been challenged telecom operators over
    closed network mentality. In February, 2010
    Verizon and Skype jointly addressed Press
    Conference at Barcelona and announced

38
Beyond imagination
  • Fixed phone to Mobile
  • Cable Wireless RIM are to allow businesses to
    route a fixed call to a Black Berry phone. The
    technology also allows a mobile to act as a
    landline when the user is inside the office,
    transferring traffic to the fixed voice network,
    at the same cost as a landline call. Meanwhile,
    when the user is outside the building, they will
    roam onto a mobile network.
  • O2s provides Mobile Landline or fixed number
    anywhere to dealers as an add-on for
    customers.This allows small businesses to take
    incoming landline calls directly on mobile phone.
    Upto 5 fixed numbers can be port to one mobile
    AND one fixed number can be ported upto 10
    mobiles.

39
New Innovations costing others and now self?
  • Almost every week a new application is announced
    which also aims to take additional revenue from
    existing others. And slowly it has started
    affecting the industry itself.
  • And it also comes back to operators
  • Mobile VoIP is moving beyond its initial function
    as a new mechanism to get inexpensive
    international/local calls.
  • MVNOs and 3G operators without legacy networks
    using Mobile VoIP to more cost effectively add
    voice to data offerings.
  • While Mobile VoIP still poses a direct threat to
    operator voice revenue, it also represents a
    dynamic new capability that promises numerous
    applications.
  • Skype and Vonage have influenced users to think
    of voice as a data application.
  • As user habits are being shaped by rich on-line
    communication experiences, mobile carriers
    control over devices and data applications is
    waning.
  • By 2013 Mobile VoIP applications will generate
    annual revenues of 32.2 billion, driven by over
    278 million registered users worldwide.( In stat)


40
Security Threats
  • India offers big market for security related
    technologies for networks, customers.
  • The speed with which criminals are capitalizing
    on world events, growing collaboration among
    cybercriminals and a growing threat from
    disgruntled former employees.
  • Less than 24 hours after the news of Michael
    Jacksons death first broke, spammers had sent
    more than 5 billion spam emails, reaching a peak
    of more than 5 of global spam
  • The creators of the Conficker worm, which
    infected an estimated 9 million computers
    starting late last year, had established an
    agreement with the makers of the spambot,
    Waledac, to help monetize eachothers efforts in
    a partnership of product and distribution.
  • Technological innovations are required to address
    these issues.
  • RIM makers of blackberry says UAE Etisalat
    issued update during July, 2009 for increasing
    performance was actually spay ware. It could
    allow unauthorized access to private information
    and emails and it reduces drastically battery
    life.

41
We talk of Speed in Telecom?
  • JOHANNESBURG South Africa 11-month-old pigeon
    took one hour and eight minutes to fly the 50
    miles from Unlimited IT's offices near
    Pietermaritzburg to the coastal city of Durban
    with a data card strapped to its leg.
  • Including downloading, the transfer took two
    hours, six minutes and 57 seconds the time it
    took for only four percent of the data to be
    transferred using a line provided by Telkom.
  • http//www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32772500/ns/world_new
    s-weird_news/ September, 2009

42
LTE SPEEDhttp//www.fiercebroadbandwireless.com/s
tory/vodafone-no-lte-europe-2010/2009-07-09?utm_me
diumnlutm_sourceinternal
  • Ericsson UK's CTO John Cunliffe,
  • "The technical guys know that advertising those
    big speeds is damaging, but they're the numbers
    the marketing guys want to push,"
  • "It's difficult, if one company is advertising
    the maximum speed, for another to then turn
    around and advertise the likely speed. It's going
    to need everybody to be honest."
  • While the technology is theoretically capable of
    hitting 150 Mbps, Ericsson admits they are
    unlikely to be replicated in the real world. A
    company spokesman suggested users could see an
    improvement of around "10 times over their
    current experience on a 3.6 Mbps mobile broadband
    connection."
  • Cunliffe said Ericsson's road map will see the
    vendor moving from 150 Mbps to 300 Mbps and then
    600 Mbps during the initial phase of LTE.
    Advanced versions of the technology will exceed 1
    Gbps, but that capability is a ways off.

43
Operators fined for charging what was stated free
  • June, 2009 Verizon paid 1.5 Mill. to Florida
    State as settlement for third-party charges that
    appeared on consumers' bills.  The customers were
    charged for ring tones, wallpapers and other
    mobile content that had been marketed as free
  • February,2009 ATT Mobility refunded thousands of
    Florida consumers for the same problem. ATT
    agreed to pay Florida 2.5 million and contribute
    500,000 toward consumer education on safe
    Internet use.

44
CMAI ICOMM 2012
  • 7TH CMAI India International Communications Fair
    2012
  • Mobiles Tablets Consumer Electronics
  • 14-15 September, 2012
  • NSIC Expo Grounds New Delhi India
  • The Biggest Buyer Sourcing Platform-One to One
    Business Meetings
  • Best Partner for Market Expansion, Lead
    Generation in Indias Mobile Handset and
    Electronics Industry

45
Priorities for World
  • Global Poverty inequality
  • Inspite of quite phenomenal growth during last
    decade
  • Almost half of the worlds population lives below
    the poverty line
  • The lower 50 possess less than 1 of the worlds
    wealth
  • Over a billion people suffer from chronic
    malnutrition
  • Three billion do not have access to clean water
    or proper sanitation
  • Along with poverty, inequality has risen
    dramatically and dangerously
  • The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), adopted
    in 2000, were meant to solve these issues by
    2015. Not much hope to achieve that.
  • Climate Change A SERIOUS ISSUE
  • While climate change has been described as the
    greatest challenge (and threat) mankind has ever
    had to face, it could also be the greatest
    opportunity. It will ultimately stand out as the
    test of whether humanity can engage in
    collaborative survival or is doomed to
    conflictual destruction.
  • Sustainable and inclusive development is
    possible. Are we ready to work for it?

46
Protectionism by Countries
  • World leaders pledged to resist protectionism and
    support free trade in order to speed the economic
    recovery and avoid the mistakes of the 1930s as
    the centre piece of the London G20 summit in
    April, 2009
  • Governments around the world have continued to
    push up trade barriers in spite of above
  • World
    Trade Organization report in July, 2009
  • There is surge in anti-dumping complaints as
    crisis-stricken companies take action against
    foreign competitors they might have tolerated in
    better times. Anti-dumping investigations
    increased 28 per cent last year compared with
    2007.
  • As per WTO, most affected have been agricultural
    products particularly dairy iron and steel,
    autos, chemicals and plastics, and textiles and
    clothing.
  • Various Governments introduced programmes to
    support automakers, pulp and paper producers and
    others. A total of 19 governments reported moves
    to support financial institutions.

47
Buy American Broadband policy
  • The American Recovery and Re-investment Act, 2009
    includes a Buy America Provisions requiring
    that all iron, steel and manufactured goods used
    in public works projects financed under the Bill
    should be made in the US. It is reasonable to
    believe that apart from iron and steel products,
    lack of access to stimulus funded project had
    adversely impacted other manufactured products as
    well.
  • National Telecommunications and Information
    Administration (NTIA) is distributing 4.7
    billion of the 7.2 billion earmarked for
    broadband deployments in un served and
    underserved areas
  • It provides BUY American condition for optic
    cables, coaxial cables, cell towers and other
    facilities that are in abundance in the United
    States
  • It granted a limited waiver for switching,
    access, transport, routing, customer premise and
    billing equipment as well as end user devices
  • The Rural Utilities Service (RUS) program in the
    U.S. Department of Agriculture, is in charge
    of giving out 2.5 billion of the stimulus money.
  • Congress said funds provided under the law passed
    in February generally can't be used for iron,
    steel and factory goods not produced in the U.S.

48
Hackers
  • 4chan.org, Founded in 2003 by 15-year-old
    Christopher Poole, the online hangout for
    millions of young people On December 8 they
    shut down MasterCard for 37 hours, Visa down for
    12 hours, after they shut off any donations to
    WikiLeaks.
  • Anonymousthe loosely affiliated organization of
    hackers whom the media has variously called
    domestic terrorists, an Internet hate
    machine, and the dark heart of the Web They
    shut down the sites of a Swiss bank, Senator Joe
    Lieberman (after he prodded Amazon to kick
    WikiLeaks off its system), and the Swedish
    prosecutor investigating Assanges alleged sex
    crimes.
  • Anonymous also worked on taking down the Web
    sites of the Governments of Tunisia, Iran, and
    Egypt.

49
How Anonymous did it?
  • Spreading the word to other computer geeks to
    activate a loic, or low-orbit ion cannon, which
    sounds like some sort of Star Wars fantasy but in
    reality is merely a piece of software that, once
    downloaded, allows Anonymous to take over control
    of your computer.
  • The computer is then turned into a volunteer
    zombie, making requests for access to Web sites,
    like MasterCard.com, that cant handle the amount
    of incoming traffic and consequently get knocked
    offline (thats called a DDoS attack, a
    distributed denial of service).

50
Hacking High Profile Accounts
  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) during
    June, 2010 was probing an attempt to access its
    data and some security experts suspect a nation
    state.
  • Google revealed it has discovered sophisticated
    attacks on hundreds of users of its email
    service, Gmail, aimed at stealing their passwords
    and monitoring their email. The Google intrusion
    was traced back to China and the hundreds of
    users targeted included officials from the US
    departments of State and Defence as well as the
    US Defence Intelligence Agency.
  • A rising number of major companies -- including
    Sony, Lockheed Martin and Citigroup have also
    suffered high-profile hacking attempts.
  • Some have been tentatively traced to China.
    Others appear linked to western antiestablishment
    hackers such as Anonymous.
  • Chinese officials also says they are also
    victims of hacking.

51
Gnosis hacked Gawker
  • A high-level attack was also directed toward the
    demimonde gossip site Gawker, which experienced
    one of the worst hacks ever perpetrated on a
    media company. Hackers stole the passwords to
    Gawkers employees e-mail accounts, along with
    200,000 unencrypted commenter passwords, their
    source code, internal e-mails, and chat logsthen
    dumped this information on the Pirate Bay (the
    Internets biggest aggregator site for
    downloading TV shows and movies for free).
  • Your empire has been compromised, your servers,
    your databases, online accounts and source code
    have all been ripped to shreds! wrote the group,
    calling themselves Gnosis, in a note to Gawker.
    Fuck you Gawker, hows this for script kids?

52
Lockheed Martin Hacked in spite of Secure IDs
  • Hackers have broken during March, 2011 into the
    security networks of Lockheed Martin Corp and
    several other US military contractors, by
    creating duplicates to "SecurID" electronic keys
    from EMC Corp's RSA security division.
  • The SecurID generates new strings of digits on a
    minute-by-minute basis that the user must enter
    along with a secret PIN before they can access
    the network. If the user fails to enter the
    string before it expires, then access is denied.
  • Latest companies to be breached through
    sophisticated attacks that have pierced the
    defenses of huge corporations including Sony ,
    Google Inc and EMC Corp. Security experts say
    that it is virtually impossible for any company
    or Government agency to build a security network
    that hackers will be unable to pierce.

53
Australian Banks Credit Card attacked
  • During May, 2011 Australian banks, Commonwealth
    Bank, Westpac, St George, and National Australia
    Bank have cancelled thousands of credit cards
    following a security breach involving the credit
    card facilities of a local merchant.

54
Top Phishing Countries
  • IBM's annual X-Force 2010 Trend and Risk Report'
    says India was the top country for phishing email
    origination in 2010 at 15.5 per cent, followed by
    Russia at 10.4 per cent.
  • US, India, Brazil, and Vietnam were the top four
    spam-sending countries, accounting for nearly
    one-third of worldwide spam.

55
Phishing Emails
  • India was the top country for phishing email
    origination in 2010 at 15.5 percent, followed by
    Russia at 10.4 percent. (IBM)
  • Globally almost all spam sales worldwide are
    handled by just three banks
  • DnB NOR (a Norwegian bank) St.
    Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla National Bank (in the
    Caribbean) Azerigazbank (from Azerbaijan)

56
U.S. Underwrites Internet Detour Around Censors
  • USA is leading a global effort to deploy shadow
    Internet and mobile phone systems that dissidents
    can use to undermine repressive governments that
    seek to silence them by censoring or shutting
    down telecommunications networks, called
    Internet in a suitcase.
  • Financed with a 2 million State Department
    grant, the suitcase could be secreted across a
    border and quickly set up to allow wireless
    communication over a wide area with a link to the
    global Internet.

57
Pentagon's advanced research arm tackles
cyberspace
  • The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency(
    DARP budget 250 Mn ), is building a virtual
    firing range in cyberspace to test capability
    to thwart attempts to disrupt U.S. information
    networks Called the National Cyber Range ( to be
    ready by mid 2012)
  • The cyber range envisages to be collection of
    "testbeds" that can carry out independent drills
    or be woven into one or more larger pieces. Some
    programmes
  • CRASH - Clean-slate design of Resilient,
    Adaptive, Secure Hosts, seeks to design computer
    systems that evolve over time, making them harder
    for an attacker to target
  • CINDER- Cyber Insider Threat program, to help
    monitor military networks for threats from within
    by improving detection of threatening behavior
    from people authorized to use them.
  • Cyber Genome- for automating the discovery,
    identification and characterization of malicious
    code, which could help figure out who was behind
    a cyber strike.

58
Technology as Jobs killer
  • Travel Agents getting diminished due to on line
    portals
  • Steno/PA getting obsolete
  • Several products/industries getting killed..Radio
    Paging, medium level cameras, video player,
    answering machines, music gadgets, record
    players, tape players,
  • iPad as a job killer-
  • I Pad used to read books rather than buy them
    from bookstores.
  • journalists closing jobs as people get their
    news electronically,
  • publishers are using less paper and selling fewer
    physical books, and brick-and-mortar retailers
    are losing employees.
  • iPad primarily creating Job opportunities and
    benefiting Countries manufacturing iPads and
    that is predominantly China.

59
About CMAI
  • CMAI prime Integrated Association of India
    representing all verticals of ICE, telecom sector
    of India in India having more than 34 MOUs with
    International organizations, with branch offices
    in Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, China and
    Malaysia.
  • It offers one window service for information
    dissemination, guidance on setting up businesses
    in India.
  • It connects you to Industries, Government, Trade
    and business
  • It is involved in policy formulations with
    Government and other stake holders for Technology
    Innovations, Indigenous manufacturing
  • It is developing scientific knowledge and
    practical means for protecting human ecology and
    environment from the harmful effects of
    environmental hazards like e waste, radiation
    etc.
  • It assists manufacturers to maximize
    competitiveness in the domestic and international
    markets.
  • It also offers consultancy services on turn key
    basis through its member companies

60
About CMAI
  • With CMAI membership, you gain access,
    authority, and intelligence designed to help you
    to
  • Protect interests when standards and policies are
    being formulated
  • Engage peers regularly about market challenges or
    business opportunities
  • Access timely news, information, and market
    intelligence
  • Expand business to overseas markets efficiently
    and effectively
  • Gain a competitive advantage through convergence
  • Take the Lead on green initiatives in the ICTE
    Industry
  • Participate in Indian and global Exhibitions,
    Seminars, Workshops

61
Where is my cell phone mama..

I want to SMS to God that I have reached safely!
62
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