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The Expository Essay

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Expository Writing Prompt Expository Essay Graphic Organizer Utilize the four square graphic organizer template to develop an expository essay. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Expository Essay


1
The Expository Essay
2
What is an expository essay?
  • An expository essay explains, about the topic.
  • Expository essays use facts and statistical
    information, cause and effect relationships, or
    examples.

3
What is an expository essay?
  • Since expository essays are factual, they are
    written without emotion and usually written in
    the third person. That means that the use of the
    pronoun "I" is not usually found within the
    essay.

4
Purposes of an Expository Essay
  • Explains
  • Informs
  • Identifies/Defines
  • Expands
  • Exposes
  • Investigates
  • Clarifies

5
Patterns of Organization
  • Chronological
  • Cause/effect
  • Compare/Contrast
  • Problem/Solution
  • Description
  • Process Order

6
Elements of an Effective Expository Essay
  • The essay has a controlling idea- thesis
    statement
  • This is a statement that controls what to include
    in the essay.
  • This is usually found in the introduction
  • There are no set number for paragraphs
  • Captures the reader with a STRONG lead
  • Remains objective can not be biased
  • A definite pattern for organization
  • Transition words are used to move ideas from one
    to another

7
Elements cont.
  • Uses vivid words and interesting vocabulary to
    engage the reader
  • Uses Rhetorical Schemes .(See Slide 9)
  • Uses a variety of sentence forms
  • Uses comparisons to build images for the reader
  • All paragraphs support the controlling
    idea/thesis
  • Individual Paragraphs are supported with factual
    information
  • Paraphrases
  • Text evidence in the form of TLQ (transition,
    lead-in, quote)
  • Narrative anecdotes that help explain the idea

8
Expository essays also have a distinct format.
  • The main idea (thesis statement) must be narrow
    enough to be supported by everything in the
    essay.
  • Each paragraph must have a topic sentence and all
    other sentences must relate directly to it.
  • Transition words or phrases are important as they
    help the flow and reinforce the logic.

9
Format (contd)
  • Finally, the conclusion paragraph should
    originally restate the main idea (thesis) and the
    main supporting ideas. Finish with the a
    statement that reinforces your position in a
    meaningful and memorable way.
  • Never introduce new material in the conclusion.
    This should highlight the most important pieces
    of the essay
  • Leaves the reader with a final though (Rhetorical
    Question)

10
Schemes of Rhetoric
  • Anaphora.Definition The repetition of a
    sequence of words in neighboring clauses.
  • Example- Never shall I forget that night, the
    first night in camp.Never Shall I forget that
    smoke. Never shall I forget the little faces of
    the children. (Elie Weisel, Night)
  • Parallel Structure the repetition of a chosen
    grammatical form.
  • Example- John Taylor Gatto criticizes public
    schools because they require students to attend,
    receive money from the government, and destroy
    students humanity. (Evergreen Writing Center)

11
Paraphrase verses Plagiarism
  • Paraphrase
  • A rewording of a text or passage.
  • A restatement of text or passage in a new form.
  • Plagiarism
  • The act of using someone elses words without
    giving credit to the author
  • Largely keeping the authors words and sentence
    structure, and only changing a few words.

12
Expository Prompt
  • Writing Situation Tragedy affects many people.
  • What is a tragedy you recall? How did it affect
    the people involved?
  • Directions for Writing Now explain in an essay a
    tragedy you recall (personal experience, or you
    heard about it, read about it, or saw something
    about it). Discuss the affects of this tragedy
    with examples and details.

13

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Topic sentence or thesis statement (will become
basis for introductory paragraph)
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14

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THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected many
people was Hurricane Katrina.
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15

  • __________________________
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THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected
many people was Hurricane Katrina.
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16

  • __________________________
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  • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted
    trees.
  • The storm surge flooded the coast for several
    miles inland.
  • Some people died, and many others were injured.

THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected many
people was Hurricane Katrina.
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
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17

  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
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  • __________________________
  • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted
    trees.
  • The storm surge flooded the coast for several
    miles inland.
  • Some people died, and many others were injured.

THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected many
people was Hurricane Katrina.
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________

18

  • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted
    trees.
  • The storm surge flooded the coast for several
    miles inland.
  • Some people died, and many others were injured.
  • The city was flooded with several feet of water
    from the storm surge.
  • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead
    to more flooding.
  • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading
    to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and
    the Mississippi River.

THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected many
people was Hurricane Katrina.
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
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  • __________________________
  • __________________________

19

  • The city was flooded with several feet of water
    from the storm surge.
  • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead
    to more flooding.
  • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading
    to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and
    the Mississippi River.
  • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted
    trees.
  • The storm surge flooded the coast for several
    miles inland.
  • Some people died, and many others were injured.

THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected many
people was Hurricane Katrina.
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • _____________________________________
  • ______________________________________
  • ____________________________________
  • _____________________________________
  • ____________________________________
  • _____________________________________

20

  • The city was flooded with several feet of water
    from the storm surge.
  • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead
    to more flooding.
  • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading
    to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and
    the Mississippi River.
  • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted
    trees.
  • The storm surge flooded the coast for several
    miles inland.
  • Some people died, and many others were injured.

THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected
many people was Hurricane Katrina.
  • Many of them were left homeless.
  • Many of them lost family members.
  • Some people had to make new lives in different
    cities.
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________

21

  • The city was flooded with several feet of water
    from the storm surge.
  • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead
    to more flooding.
  • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading
    to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and
    the Mississippi River.
  • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted
    trees.
  • The storm surge flooded the coast for several
    miles inland.
  • Some people died, and many others were injured.

THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected
many people was Hurricane Katrina.
  • Many of them were left homeless.
  • Many of them lost family members.
  • Some people had to make new lives in different
    cities.
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________

22

  • The city was flooded with several feet of water
    from the storm surge.
  • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead
    to more flooding.
  • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading
    to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and
    the Mississippi River.
  • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted
    trees.
  • The storm surge flooded the coast for several
    miles inland.
  • Some people died, and many others were injured.

THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected
many people was Hurricane Katrina.
  • People in Mississippi will recall the many towns
    destroyed.
  • People in New Orleans will remember the floods
    after the levies broke.
  • Six years later, many people still are trying to
    rebuild their lives.
  • Many of them were left homeless.
  • Many of them lost family members.
  • Some people had to make new lives in different
    cities.

23
Developing the introductory paragraph.
THESIS STATEMENT The tragedy that affected many
people was Hurricane Katrina.
  • Use a HOOK to engage the reader
  • The Hook (PowerPoint  Download)
  • August 29 started out as a normal day, with a
    storm brewing in the Gulf of Mexico. But by the
    end of the day, this storm, named Katrina, would
    leave massive destruction in its wake.

24
The concluding paragraph
  • The concluding paragraph
  • Restates the main idea or thesis
  • Summarizes the supporting ideas
  • Ends with a punch!

25
The concluding paragraph
  • As a result of all the damage and lives lost,
    Hurricane Katrina has become storm few can
    forget. People in Mississippi will recall the
    many towns destroyed. People in New Orleans will
    remember the floods after the levies broke. Six
    years later, many people still are trying to
    rebuild their lives.

26
Expository Writing Prompt
  • Use Read, Think, Write Model STARR Format.
  • Example
  • Read 38 People Who Saw Murder and Didnt Call
    the Police by Martin Gansberg and The Day the
    Earth Moved by Nancy Gibbs.
  • Think about how Martin Gansberg and Nancy Gibbs
    explain what happens after people witness a
    tragedy.
  • Write an expository essay that explains how the
    public responded to the events using an
    appropriate organizational pattern. Use textual
    evidence from both sources to clarify your
    response.

27
Expository Essay Graphic Organizer
  • Utilize the four square graphic organizer
    template to develop an expository essay.

Print the Expository Graphic Organizer
28

  • __________________________
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  • __________________________
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Topic sentence or thesis statement (will become
basis for introductory paragraph)
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
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