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ENGINEERING ETHICS

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ENGINEERING ETHICS Responsibilities at Work Places Team F Presentation... Introduction - Chang Hyon Suh Case Studies - Cheung Wah Chan Actual Experience - Bill Kirkey ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ENGINEERING ETHICS


1
ENGINEERING ETHICS
  • Responsibilities at Work Places
  • Team F

2
Presentation...
  • Introduction - Chang Hyon Suh
  • Case Studies - Cheung Wah Chan
  • Actual Experience - Bill Kirkey
  • Current Affairs - Timothy Neil Riordan
  • Closure - Joe Price

3
Introduction
  • Ethics
  • rules and ideas for human behavior. They tell us
    what we ought to do.

Engineering Ethics the systematic study of the
rules and ideals of the engineering profession.
4
Why important?
  • Growing dependency on technology and science.
  • Disastrous Consequences
  • Public trust and expectation
  • Closely related to public and environment.

5
Code of Ethics (IEEE)
  • We, the members of IEEE, in recognition of
    the importance of our technologies in affecting
    the quality of life throughout the world, and in
    accepting a personal obligation to our
    profession, its members and the communities we
    serve, do hereby commit ourselves to the highest
    ethical and professional conduct and agree

6
Code of Ethics (IEEE)
  • 1. to accept responsibility in making engineering
    decisions consistent with the safety, health and
    welfare of the public, and to disclose promptly
    factors that might endanger the public or the
    environment
  • 2. to avoid real or perceived conflicts of
    interest whenever possible, and to disclose them
    to affected parties when they do exist
  • 3. to be honest and realistic in stating claims
    or estimates based on available data

7
Code of Ethics (IEEE)
  • 4. to reject bribery in all its forms
  • 5. to improve the understanding of technology,
    its appropriate application, and potential
    consequences
  • 6. to maintain and improve our technical
    competence and to undertake technological tasks
    for others only if qualified by training or
    experience, or after full disclosure of pertinent
    limitation
  • 7. to seek, accept, and offer honest criticism
    of technical work, to acknowledge and correct
    errors, and to credit properly the contributions
    of others

8
Code of Ethics (IEEE)
  • 8. To treat fairly all persons regardless of such
    factors as race, religion, gender, disability,
    age or national origin
  • 9. To avoid injuring others, their property,
    reputation, or employment by false or malicious
    action
  • 10. To assist colleagues and co-workers in their
    professional development and to support them in
    following this code of ethics.

9
Possible sources of conflict
  • Personal integrity vs. corporate loyalty
  • business interests such as cost.
  • Career
  • Deadline
  • Insufficient knowledge

10
Reality...
  • You will face ethical conflicts when you go out
    there.
  • Your decisions is final and irreversible.
  • Your action WILL have impact on our society.
  • Unfortunately, solutions to ethical conflicts are
    not simple.

11
Fundamental Question???
  • Can we do it?

SHOULD WE DO IT?
12
REMEMBER!!!
  • You are professional.
  • You are a member of a profession that has many
    worthy accomplishments.
  • You and your profession can do much to help to
    improve the quality of life

13
REMEMBER!!!
  • YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE --- DONT FAIL

14
Case Study
  • Cheung Wah Chan
  • Responsibility of Design
  • Responsibility arising from others

15
ENGINEERING ETHICS - WORKPLACE EXPERIENCE
16
ALCOA, Massena Operations
Massena
  • www.alcoa.com

17
CODE OF ETHICS (IEEE)
1. Accept responsibility in making engineering
decisions consistent with the safety, health,
and welfare of the public, and disclose
promptly factors that might endanger the
public or the environment.
18
ASSOCIATION OF COMPUTER MACHINERY CODE OF CONDUCT
1.2 Avoid harm to others. 2.1 Strive to achieve
the highest quality, effectiveness, and
dignity in both the process and products of
professional work. 2.3 Know and respect
existing laws pertaining to professional
work. 2.5 Give comprehensive and thorough
evaluations of computer systems and their
impacts, including analysis of possible
risks.
19
When faced with a problem, how do you
  • learn the details about the problem?
  • get ideas for possible useful solutions?
  • determine the positive and negative impacts of
  • minimize the possibility of harm?

a given solution?
20
When faced with a problem, how do you
  • learn the details about the problem?
  • get ideas for possible useful solutions?
  • determine the positive and negative impacts of
  • minimize the possibility of harm?

a given solution?
Answer COMMUNICATE
21
What to find out
Who to talk to
  • Those who will be creating the product
  • Those who will be using the product
  • What is necessary and what is not?
  • What are the concerns of the users?
  • What is the easiest way to create the product?

22
REGULATIONS TO FOLLOW
  • NFPA 79
  • NEC
  • Additional

Company Standards
23
REVIEW YOUR WORK
  • Is your design safe?
  • Can it be implemented easily?
  • Does it fix the problem?
  • Is it cost effective?

24
FINISH THE JOBDOCUMENT YOUR WORK
  • Reviews
  • Update All Materials
  • Date Everything

25
NSPE Code of Ethics
  • Hold Paramount the health and welfare of the
    public
  • Perform services only in areas of their
    competence
  • Issue public statements only in an objective and
    truthful manner
  • Act for each employer or client as a faithful
    agent or trustees
  • Avoid deceptive acts
  • Conduct themselves honorably, ethically, and
    lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation,
    and usefulness of the profession

26
Current Issues
  • Y2K Bug

27
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28
  • Have Software Engineers Been Deceptive About How
    Their Product Will Deal With Y2K?
  • Have Software Engineers Held The Public Safety,
    Health, and Welfare Paramount?

29
Deceptive Acts
  • In 1996 Microsoft Released a statement claiming
    Windows 95 and NT were totally Y2K compliant
  • Shortly afterwards a hackers group named cult of
    the dead cow published several Y2K bugs in the
    Windows Operating System, and Produced a product
    which exploited many security errors in windows
    NT
  • If the engineer did not make the press release is
    he still practicing poor ethics?

30
YES!
  • According to NSPE
  • Engineers shall not allow their associates to
    misrepresent their qualifications, or the
    qualifications of prior assignments or projects.
  • The Software Engineers at Microsoft knew full
    well that the product was not Y2K ready and were
    already working on patches to repair any errors
  • Engineers should also hold the public safety
    paramount!
  • By allowing windows NT to be sold as Y2K ready
    the engineers allowed many networks around the
    world to be built on that assumption hence
    putting at risk these networks (The US Military
    uses Windows NT for some of its defense functions)

31
Replacing Americas Infrastructure
  • Replacement of infrastructure
  • As America ages a good deal of infrastructure
    will have to be replaced, everything from canals,
    to railroads, to stairs.

32
Examples
  • USACE MMD

33
Mount Morris Dam
  • Completed in 1952 it was until recently the
    largest gravity dam east of the Mississippi river
    at over seven hundred feet tall
  • Located along The Genesse river it is considered
    to be one of the corps most successful civil
    works projects in the second half of this
    century, saving more than its construction cost
    within its first ten years in service

34
Stair Replacement
  • After 40 Years exposed to constant dampness, and
    sulfur fumes the original steel stairs had eroded
    to a point where they were no-longer safe. The
    USACE solution was to replace them with
    fiberglass stairs.
  • What should have been a one year seventy thousand
    dollar job has turned into a three year ninety
    thousand dollar job which is not yet complete.

35
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36
Reasons
  • Poor ethics as described by NSPE on the part of
    the contractor.

37
Health and Safety
  • Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of
    the public
  • Work was suspended because the crew did not
    follow USACE safety regulation specified in the
    contract

38
Avoid Deceptive Acts
  • While Working on the last few sets of stringers
    the workers discovered that the fabricator sent
    out stringers of incorrect length due to a poor
    measurement by the contractor.
  • When the was discovered the contractors on site
    engineer ordered the crew to perform an on site
    splice of the stringers, and not to inform the
    corps on site construction representative (me) of
    the splice.

39
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40
  • The workers complied and proceeded to install the
    newly spliced stringers then fixing the stairs to
    them.
  • This was of course discovered and had to be
    removed (a process which takes twice as long as
    installing).

41
Who Was Hurt?
  • Contractor
  • None of the cost for lost time will be repaid by
    the Federal Government, and it is unlikely that
    this company will receive another government
    contract for some time
  • Government
  • After 3 years the stairs are still not useable on
    the north side of the dam
  • Tax Payer (Customer)
  • During this construction the normal tours of the
    dam have been suspended, and the contract has run
    overbudget

42
Access Road Bank Stabilization
  • The Area around MMD is shale and was constantly
    collapsing due to erosion. This often made
    access to the dam control center difficult and
    unsafe. The USACE Solution was to level off the
    rock face capping it with a cement retaining wall
    and soil on top of that.
  • Cost was to be 1.2 Million Dollars

43
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44
The Importance of As-Builds
  • When the dam was finished a long spiral stair
    case was built which led from inside the dam up
    through the gorge face to a head house above, the
    purpose was to allow both people and utility
    lines to run between the dam control center and
    the dam workshop located at the top of the gorge.

45
  • The project called for a long vertical retaining
    wall from the head house back a few hundred feet
    away from the dam. According to all of the
    blueprints the USACE had there was a clear shot
    with no obstructions. However about ten feet
    down we discovered that the utility lines in the
    as builds were incorrect and thew current
    retaining wall would leave several lines exposed

46
  • Among these lines were two 2.2 Kilovolt power
    lines a fiber optic cable and phone lines which
    led to monitoring stations along the genesee.
  • Because of the 2.2KV lines work had to stop until
    a new set of prints could be drawn up, costing
    one month and four hundred thousand dollars in
    the end.

47
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48
Health And Safety
  • By not making sure that his as builds were
    correct and misplacing two 2.2KV lines the
    engineer who was in charge of this construction
    (1970s) put in danger construction workers
    nearly thirty years later!

49
Who Was Hurt
  • Government four hundred thousand dollars had to
    be added to the contract and 60 days to make no
    mention of man hours by corps employees tyring to
    come up with an alternate plan for the retaining
    wall
  • Contractor Through no fault of his own the
    contractor was cost valuable time he could have
    spent bidding other jobs

50
The Moral Of MMD
  • You can only make sure you handle yourself in an
    ethical manner. You can not control those who are
    working with you or worked before you were born,
    but you better be ready to fix the problems
    caused by their ethics.

51
Wrap-Up
(Yes, we are almost done . . . )
  • You will be faced will ethical dilemmas
  • They will have serious consequences, either now
    or in the future
  • If you do the right thing it may go unnoticed,
    but
  • If you dont, your job/career/company/family
    may be hurt, along with
  • innocent customers/users/regular people

52
Some people conclude that the bottom line is
C. Y. A.
Cover Your Ass
Buttocks
53
But the real bottom line is
D. E. R. T. F. T. S. Y. W. H. T. C. Y. A.
Do Everything Right The First Time So You
Wont Have To Cover Your Ass
Buttocks
54
http//www.alcoa.com/ Yup. Everything about
Alcoa.
55
http//onlineethics.org/
  • Case Studies
  • Ethical Codes
  • Moral Leaders
  • Diversity
  • Essays
  • Ethics in a Corporate Setting

56
  • USACE Contract Files
  • DACW-49-97-C-0006
  • DACW-49-99-C-0003
  • http//www.usace.army.mil/
  • Cult of the Dead Cow
  • http//www.cultdeadcow.com
  • http//lowery.tamu.edu/ethics/

57
Remember . . .
58
Can choose to be ethical!
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