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Environmental Management System ISO 14001: 2004

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Environmental Management System ISO 14001: ... 1996 *MARPOL *NATIONAL POLICY/ EIA *KYOTO PROTOCOL ISO 14000 ISO 14000 ISO 14000 What is Environmental Management? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Management System ISO 14001: 2004


1
Environmental Management System ISO 14001 2004
2
We Remember...
  • 10 of what we read.
  • 20 of what we hear.
  • 30 of what we see.
  • 50 of what we see and hear together.
  • 80 of what we say.
  • 90 of what we say while we do it.

3
The aim of this course is
  • to equip learners with the necessary skills and
    knowledge needed to
  • Successfully implement an EMS fulfilling the
    requirements of ISO 140012004
  • Conduct effective internal audits of an EMS.

4
Introduction to EMS
PART 1
5
Relationship between Industry and Environment
Recycling
Re-use Recycling
Re-use
Products Services
Industrial Activity
Consumption
Waste
Waste
Raw Materials
6
Some important EMS definitions-Environment
-our surroundings-land/water/air/flora/fauna/huma
ns-aspect- interaction with environment-impact-
changes to environment (adverse/beneficial)-legal
others(public notice/court orders)-interested
parties- employer, employee/ govt/society
supplier, etc-key characteristics- parameters of
environment process-continual improvement-audit
7
EMS ISSUES
Critical Issues at global level ending with
local significance Depletion of Ozone
layer Global warming Loss of bio diversity Air
/water/noise/land- pollution Toxic
chemicals(effluents/marine life) Nuclear issues(
accident/waste) Depletion of natural
resources Quality of life
8
Some known environment damages
Chernobyl nuclear reactor leakage in Soviet
Union Oil spillage in Gulf war Oil fire in Gulf
war Oil Spillage at Karachi Port
9
Historical background to
EMSGATT- general agreement on tariffs trade,
Uruguay 1972 /UN Rio Summit for protection of
environmentBS 7750/ISO 140001996MARPOLNATIO
NAL POLICY/ EIAKYOTO PROTOCOL
10
ISO 14000
11
ISO 14000
  • Organization oriented standards
  • Environmental Management (ISO 14001, 14004
    2004)
  • Environmental Auditing (ISO 190112002,)
  • Environmental Performance Indicators (14031)
  • Product oriented standards
  • Life-Cycle Analysis (ISO 14040, 14041, 14042,
    14043)
  • Eco-labeling (ISO 14020, 14021, 14022, 14023,
    14024, 14025)

12
ISO 14000
  • QMS IS CUSTOMER FOCUSSED
  • CONTINUAL
    IMPROVEMENT
  • EMS IS COMPLIANCE ORIENTED
  • CONTINUAL
    IMPROVEMENT

13
What is Environmental Management?
  • Business activities have environmental impacts
  • raw material extraction, manufacturing,
    transportation, product use and disposal
  • raw material inputs waste outputs
  • Environmental Management
  • managing those activities of
  • an organization that have
  • or can potentially have
  • an impact on the environment

14
The definition of aspects and impacts Cause and
Effect
Aspects Activities, products and processes that
can or do interact with the environment
Impacts Changes to the environment caused by
environmental aspects.
Air emissions from oil fired drying process
Oil fired drying process
15
Aspects, impacts and environmental performance
Prevention, reduction control leads to
improvement
Improved environmental performance


Prevention, reduction and control of aspects
Minimize or eliminate impacts


Oil fired drying process elimination or
reduction of air emissions
Oil fired drying process switch to natural
gas decrease use of fuel use flue gas scrubbing
technology
Less impact on the environment
16
Cycle of improvement
Plan
Continual Improvement
Act
Do
Check
17
ISO 14001 2004 Environmental management systems
- specifications with guidance for use
  • EMS definition
  • ...part of the overall management system which
    includes the organizational structure, planning
    activities, responsibilities, practices,
    procedures, processes and resources for
    developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing
    and maintaining the environmental policy.

18
ISO 14001 2004
  • International EMS standard.
  • Applicable to all types and sizes of
    organizations.
  • Closely related to existing ISO 9000 series of
    QMS standards.
  • Replaced the British standard BS 7750.
  • Key focus on realising the environmental policy
    and continual improvement.

19
Benefits
  • cut costs
  • PR, image
  • compliance with legislation
  • improves local/general environment
  • less pollution
  • better environmental
  • performance
  • improve control
  • improved relations with
  • interested parties
  • structured approach
  • sustaining business, long
  • term future

20
Drawbacks
  • human resources
  • implementation costs upkeep
  • non-believers
  • lack of awareness/difficult to interpret
  • keeping information up to date/bureaucratic
  • highly intensive to implement
  • legal liability

21
Stages of ISO 14001 Implementation
Planning
Continual Improvement
Management Review
Implementation operation
Checking
22
Stages of ISO 14001 ImplementationPlanning
  • Planning
  • Initial environmental Review
  • Register of aspects and impacts
  • Environmental policy
  • Environmental legislation and regulation
  • Environmental objectives targets
  • Environmental management programmes

Planning
Continual Improvement
Management Review
Implementation and operation
Checking
23
Stages of ISO 14001 ImplementationEmergency
preparedness and response
Planning
Continual Improvement
Implementation operation
Management Review
  • Implementation and operation
  • Structure and responsibilities
  • Environmental procedures
  • Environmental training and awareness
  • Environmental communication
  • Environmental management manual
  • Document control
  • Operational control
  • Emergency preparedness and response

Checking and corrective action
24
Stages of ISO 14001 ImplementationEMS audit
Planning
Continual Improvement
Management Review
Implementation operation
Checking
  • Checking and corrective action
  • Monitoring and measuring
  • EMS non-conformance, correction prevention
  • Environmental records
  • EMS audit

25
Stages of ISO 14001 ImplementationManagement
review
Planning
Continual Improvement
Management Review
Implementation and operation
Audit results Objectives Targets Performance Res
ources Follow up CAPA
Checking
26
The main steps toward ISO 14001 EMS certification
6
Surveillance
Certification (registration)
5
Main Assessment
4
Initial Assessment
3
ISO 14001 Certification
Document Review
2
Preliminary Assessment
1
27
ISO 140012004 EMS Requirements
PART 2 Interpretation of ISO clauses
28
Repeated terminologies in the Std
aspect impact procedure records objectives
targets performance monitoring evaluation
  • Shall
  • establish
  • Implement
  • Maintain
  • Define document
  • Documented
  • Review
  • process

29
1- Environmental Scope
  • The Organization shall define the scope with
    respect to their
  • products
  • services
  • Processes
  • location
  • Legal requirements
  • Scope is to define your boundary

30
ISO CLAUSE 4.1 EMS General Requirements
31
4.1- EMS General Requirements
  • The Organization shall
  • Establish
  • Document
  • Implement
  • Maintain
  • continually improve EMS of the Organization
  • Fulfill the requirement of ISO 14001 2004 Std
  • Scope shall be defined documented

32
ISO CLAUSE 4.2 ENVRONMENTAL POLICY
33
4.2 What is an Environmental Policy?
  • The environmental policy describes the intentions
    of the organisation in relation to the
    environment.
  • The environmental policy is the core of the
    system from which continual improvement is
    derived.

34
4.2 -Environmental Policy
  • The TOP MGT shall define environmental policy
    providing the basic guideline for the
    environmental work and shall address
  • The EP is appropriate to the Organizational
    activities, products services
  • a commitment to prevention of pollution
  • continual improvement
  • Compliance to applicable legal other
    requirements
  • Reviewing objectives targets
    ( contd)

35
4.2 -Environmental Policy(contd)
  • EP is documented,implemented maintained
  • It is communicated to all persons in the
    Organization also to persons working on behalf
    of Organization
  • EP is available to public

36
ISO CLAUSE 4.3 PLANNING4.3.1
environmental Aspects4.3.2 Legal other
requirements4.3.3 Objectives,targets programs
37
4.3 Planning 4.3.1 Environmental Aspects
  • Your organisation shall be able to continuously
    identify and prioritise environmental impacts to
    enable the setting of relevant objectives and
    targets.

38
Register of Aspects Impacts
  • Subsequent to the Initial Environmental Review/
    procedure your organisation must compile a
    register of environmental aspects and impacts
    based on the areas identified.
  • Aspect (element of your organisations
    activities, functions, products and processes
    that can interact with the environment).
  • Impact (any change to the environment resulting
    from activities, functions, products and
    processes of your organization- change may be
    adverse or beneficial).
  • The register/ document on aspects-impacts shall
    be up to date

39
Register of Aspects Impacts
  • Your Register must identify the significant
    aspects and impacts arising from
  • all normal operating conditions,
  • all or any abnormal operating conditions,
  • all incidents, accidents and potential, emergency
    situations,legal requirements
  • all past, present and planned activities, and
  • the full life cycle of your organisations
    products.

40
Sample Checklist for Identifying Aspects
Impacts
  • You must identify the significant aspects and
    impacts by asking these questions at
    process/functional areas
  • any spillage/leakage ( oil/ liquid/ water/ gas/
    steam/others)
  • -noise/vibration/startup-running-shutdown-maintena
    nce
  • -Dust
  • -Air pollution-atmosphere/cultural heritage
    (places of worship,historical sites structures)
  • -Discharge of toxic elements/ effluents
  • -Legal requirements / any local orders by
    authorities
  • -Potential emergency fire/accidents
  • -land contamination/ resource depletion(
    energy/materials)
  • -generation of waste disposal ( scrap/oil
    soaked/lead acid /chemicals/food/ waste water/
    medical waste

41
4.3.2 Legal other Requirements
  • The organisation shall identify and have access
    to relevant environmental legislation,
    regulations and other requirements applicable to
    the organisation.
  • Maintain procedures for identification
    implementation of legal other issues- court
    orders, public notices, agreement with customers,
    codes/practices, environmental labeling
  • Monitor compliance

42
Some familiar Legal other Requirements
  • PEPA- Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997

43
4.3.3 Objectives, Targets programme(s)
  • Your organisation shall establish and document
    objectives and detailed targets. The objectives
    and targets shall support the environmental
    policy and the commitment to a preventative
    approach continual improvement.
  • Objectives Targets shall be measurable

44
What is an Environmental Objective?
  • Overall performance goals that are reflected in
    the statements made within the Environmental
    Policy.
  • Goals, in terms of environmental performance,
    that are set by your organisation.
  • Establish Objectives Targets at relevant
    functions/levels ( dept/ HODs/ sites)

45
What is an Environmental Target?
  • Targets are detailed and quantified/ measurable
    performance requirements, including timetables,
    developed to meet set objectives.
  • When estimating Objectives Targets, Consider
    technological options, financial, operational
    business requirements, views of interested
    parties

46
Environmental Management Programmes
  • Your organisation shall establish EMP allocate
    responsibilities for achieving objectives and
    targets. Available resources and timetables for
    achieving objectives and targets shall be set.

47
What is an Environmental Management Programme?
  • The recipe or guideline for achieving the
    objectives and targets that have been set in
    order to realise the Environmental Policy.
  • EMP is a key element for improving overall
    corporate environmental performance.

48
Planning for improved environmental performance
Environmental Management Programme
Environmental Management Programme
Target
Target
Target
Target
Target
Objective
Objective
Policy
Significant aspects impacts
Initial Environmental Review
49
ISO CLAUSE 4.4 IPLEMENTATION
OPERATION4.4.1 Resources, roles, responsibility
Authority4.4.2 Competence,Training
Awareness 4.4.3 Communication 4.4.4
Documentation 4.4.5 Control of
documents 4.4.6 Operational control
4.4.7 Emergency
Preparedness response
50
4.4.1 Resources, Roles, Responsibility Authority
51
4.4.1 Resources, Roles, Responsibility Authority
  • Resources will be provided by Management for
    effective EMS- human resources/specialized
    skills, infrastructure, financial, technology
  • Your organisation shall define, document and
    communicate roles, responsibilities and
    authorities.
  • To be effective the environmental management
    system requires an Organization that clearly
    defines who does what and how control is
    delegated.

52
Management Representative - EMR   Management
Representative Top management shall
appoint EMR with responsibility authority to
Ensure EMS processes are
established, implemented, maintained, and
report to top mgt on performance
of EMS besides
recommendations for improvement  
53
4.4.2 Competence,Training Awareness
  • Your organisation must identify the need for
    staff and others working on behalf of you for
    training and experience.
  • others- contractors,suppliers,
  • transporters, waste handlers

54
Competence,Training Awareness
  • Implementation of an EMS requires changes in
  • attitudes
  • behaviour
  • thinking patterns
  • Requires raising the individuals awareness to
  • environmental issues, aspects, impacts,
    Objectives Targets
  • the need to achieve conformity of EMS their
    role play
  • the potential consequences of departure from
    specified procedures

55
4.4.3 Communication
  • Your organisation shall establish procedures for
    internal and external communication regarding
    environmental matters.

56
Communication (contd)
  • The means to communicate with and provide
    information to interested persons inside or
    outside the organisation. (daily meetings,
    bulletin, notice board, intranet)
  • Facilitate dialogue with the public. ( action on
    emergency,info to legal authority)
  • Reporting of environmental performance.( annual
    reports, newsletter,website, community meetings)
  • Public acceptance may result in improved
    relations with interested parties.

57
4.4.4 Documentation
  • EMS documentation shall include
  • Environmental Policy, objectives targets
  • EMS Manual
  • Records required by
  • ISO 14001 Standard
  • Documents related to
  • procedures
  • Your organisation should ensure that documents
    are properly prepared, stored, issued, amended
    and revised.

58
Documentation
  • The system should differentiate between
    controlled and uncontrolled copies of documents.
  • EMS documentation can be structured according to
    document hierarchy.
  • Level 1 Controlling documents policy,
    objectives and targets, legislation other
    requirements etc.
  • Level 2 Environmental procedures (system
    procedures operational procedures.
  • Level 3 Operational / Work instructions.
  • Level 4 Environmental records, checklists, forms
    etc.

59
EMS documentation (E M Manual)
  • Your organisation shall document and describe
  • The scope,the core components of the EMS system
  • how these interact
  • references to related documentation
    (procedures/WI)

60
Environmental Management Manual
  • Key instrument for controlling the management
    system.
  • Central reference point for maintaining and
    auditing the EMS.
  • Your Environmental Management Manual can make
    reference to other forms of information or
    documentation to avoid duplicating documentation.
  • Integration with Quality Management System (QMS).

61
Environmental Procedures
  • Environmental procedures are the step-by-step
    instructions, that if carried out properly, will
    control both your EMS and your organisations
    activities, products and processes (aspects).
  • Environmental procedures link responsibilities to
    desired outputs.
  • Established to ensure that all requirements of
    the EMS are met.

62
List of EMS Procedures as per Std
  • 4.3.1- procedure for environmental aspects
  • 4.3.2- procedure for legal other requirements
  • 4.4.2- procedure for creating awareness to
    employeesothers
  • 4.4.3- procedure for internal external common
  • 4.4.5- procedure on control of documents
  • 4.4.6- procedure on operational control
    (documented)
  • 4.4.6 procedure on significant environmental
    aspects to suppliers
  • 4.4.7- procedure on Emergency Preparedness
    Response
  • 4.5.1- procedure on Monitoring Measurement
  • 4.5.2- procedure for Evaluation of compliance on
    legal/other Requirements
  • 4.5.3 procedure on NC CAPA
  • 4.5.4- procedure on control of records
  • 4.5.5- procedure on Internal Audit ( total 13
    EMSP)

63
4.4.5 Control of Documents
  • Your organisation must ensure that
  • documents can be readily located.
  • documentation is kept up to date.
  • outdated versions of documents are removed.
  • uncontrolled documents are clearly marked.
  • Ensure that all EMS documents are legible and
    clearly marked with the date prepared, date to be
    revised, document title, and document version.

64
  • 4.4.5      Control of Documents
  • Procedure shall be established for control of
    documents for  Approval prior to
    issue
  • Review , Update
  • Identify current status of revision
  • Ensure availability at points of use
  •   Legible readily identifiable
  • Identify external documents control
    distribution
  • Prevent unintended use of obsolete documents
  • identify them
  • Documents records shall be controlled

65
4.4.6 Operational Control
  • Activities, products and processes (operations)
    that cause environmental impacts must be
    controlled and minimised.

66
Operational Control
  • Physically control all the activities, functions,
    products and processes that have been associated
    with the significant environmental impacts.
  • Operational control must include documented work
    instructions and operating procedures/criteria
    defining the manner in which your control will be
    maintained.
  • ( operational criteria-ph value/TDS in water
    volume/
  • temp/air quality etc)
  • Procedures to educate your contractors/suppliers
    on EMS

67
4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness Response
  • Shall est. Procedures to identify the potential
    for accidents and emergency situations,
  • appropriately respond to,
  • and minimise the environmental impact of,
  • accident and emergency situations
  • Periodically review revise procedures
  • ( on / after occurrence)
  • Carryout mock drills , where practicable
  • Note well prepared layout plan of your
    Organization may help with wind directions

68
Points for consideration on EPR
  • Identify hazardous site POL/storage tanks/gas
    storage/OHT spillage/leaks/fire related
    areas/textile/explosions/ potential damages from
    nearby plants/water woks etc
  • How will you respond in situations
  • Internal external common plan-
    alarm/tele/TV/media/posters
  • Standby arrangements with neighbors
  • Action to minimize environmental damages fire
    fighting/cut off power
  • Mitigation relief measures/first aid/ambulance
  • Testing of emergency procedure
  • Targets of Personal, Key Person to deal with
    situation
  • aid agencies- fire dept/spillage clean up
  • Evacuation routes/assembly points
  • Note well prepared layout plan of your
    Organization may help with wind directions

69
ISO CLAUSE 4.5 CHECKING 4.5.1
Monitoring Measurement4.5.2 Evaluation Of
Compliance4.5.3 Non Conformity, Corrective
action Preventive action4.5.4 Control of
Records4.5.5 Internal Audit
70
4.5.1 Monitoring Measuring
  • Organization Shall establish procedure for
  • detailing the process of monitoring and measuring
    the KEY characteristics ,the activities, products
    and processes of your operations that have, or
    could have, a significant environmental impact. (
    noise level / air emission/ water
    quality/waste/status on Objectives Targets etc)
  • Calibrate/verify MM devices maintain records

71
Monitoring Measuring
  • Establish and maintain procedures to monitor the
    activities, functions and processes that are
    associated with a significant environmental
    impact.
  • Establish and maintain procedures to measure the
    impact that results from the aforementioned
    activities, functions, and processes.
  • Identify and document the monitoring and
    measuring information to be obtained.

72
4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance
  • 4.5.2.1 Procedures for compliance to legal
    requirements
  • Periodically evaluate legal issues ( pollution
    control board rules/acts/renewal of
    licenses/permits/ NOC)
  • 4.5.2.2 Procedures for compliance
  • to other requirements
  • Periodically evaluate
  • other issues
  • ( court orders/public
  • notices/media reports etc)
  • Note Maintain records of periodic
  • evaluation of above

73
4.5.3 Nonconformity, Corrective Preventive
Action
  • You must have a written procedure detailing
    responsibility for investigating actual
    potential non-conformance of your EMS for taking
    suitable CAPA

74
NC CAPA
  • Investigate the non-compliance to
  • determine the cause of the non-compliance.
  • determine what plan of action is required.
  • determine what preventative measures should be
    taken.
  • ensure preventive measures and controls are
    effective.
  • ensure that any procedures affected by the
    corrective taken, are revised.
  • eg- leakage/ETP malfunctions/complains/legal
    issues

75
4.5.4 Environmental Records
  • You must have a written procedure detailing the
    identification, control, and maintenance of all
    EMS records.
  • Your organization must develop and retain all
    environmental records required for the successful
    development, implementation and maintenance of
    the EMS.

76
  • 4.5.4 Control of (EMS) Records
  • Organization shall maintain procedure for
    control of EMS records
  • Records to provide evidence of conformance to
    requirements of ISO std / EMS
  •      Records shall be legible , readily
    identifiable traceable
  • Identify external documents control
    distribution
  • Prevent unintended use of obsolete documents
    identify them
  • Documents records shall be controlled
  • Documented procedure shall be established for
    Identification, Protection, Storage, Retrieval,
    Retention time Disposition
  •  

77
EMS Records Required to be Maintain by the
Organization
  1. Results of Management Reviews (4.6)
  2. Competence, Awareness and Training (4.4.2)
  3. Complaint Records (4.6.b)
  4. Incident reports (4.4.7)
  5. Records of tests for emergency preparedness
    (4.4.7)
  6. External communication results (4.4.3)
  7. Records of applicable legal requirements (4.3.2)
  8. Records of significant environmental aspects
    (4.3.1)
  9. Records of environmental meetings (4.4.3.b)
  10. Pertinent contractor supplier records (4.4.6.c)
  11. Environmental performance information (4.5.1)

Contd.
78
  • Legal compliance records (4.5.2.1)
  • Communication with interested parties (4.4.3.b)
  • Calibration results (4.5.1)
  • Internal Audits (4.5.5)
  • Process Monitoring Measurement Records (4.5.1)
  • Record of non conformities (4.5.3)
  • Results of corrective action (4.5.3)
  • Results of preventive action (4.5.3)
  • Note Other supporting records as considered
    necessary by the organization.

79
(No Transcript)
80
EMS Auditing Management Review
PART 4
81
EMS Audit
  • An EMS audit, like a QMS audit or financial
    audit, is the process by which you assess whether
    your system meets a set of previously defined
    criteria.
  • In this case, the criteria are the requirements
    of the ISO 14001 standard.

82
What is an EMS Audit?
  • A tool that is used to check whether an
    organisation is doing what it says it is doing.
  • It assesses conformity of the EMS activities and
    conditions to the EMS requirements.

83
Other types of Audits
  • Compliance audit
  • Site environmental audit
  • Health and safety audit
  • Product quality audit
  • Merger and ad acquisition audit
  • Insurance risk audit

84
The 4 Stages of an EMS Audit
  • Audit Planning Preparation
  • Executing the Audit
  • Audit Reporting
  • Follow-up

85
Requirements for Auditing
  • ISO14001
  • Additional guidelines
  • ISO 14010 General Principles
  • ISO 19011 Auditing Procedures for EMS

ISO 19011
86
ISO CLAUSE 4.6 Management Review
87
4.6 Management Review
  • Management Review is the formal evaluation, by
    TOP management, of the audit findings and the
    degree to which organisations environmental
    policy, objectives and targets and procedures are
    functioning as tools to improve environmental
    performance.

88
Management Review (contd)
  • Carried out by top management and by those who
    developed the EMS components being reviewed.
  • The Management Review must be documented.
  • The Management Review must assess the need to
    revise and improve the organisations overall
    intentions with respect to environment.

Opportunities for improvement
89
4.6 Input Requirements for Management Review
  • The TOP Management Review must assess the need to
    revise and look for opportunities to improve the
    key EMS in light of
  • Result of internal EMS Audits
  • Common from external parties including COMPLAINTS
  • the Environmental Policy.
  • Objectives and Targets.
  • Environmental Management Programmes and
    Procedures.
  • Changing circumstances, the views of
    stakeholders, and ( legal/tech changes etc)
  • Status of corrective preventive actions
  • Follow up actions on previous MRM
  • The recommendations commitment to continual
    improvement.

90
REDUCEREUSE RECYCLE be rewarded
91
End of Interpretation of EMS Clauses
92
O
G
O
d
D
a
y
93
THANK YOU
94
Good
  • Good
  • Planting of trees by municipal / Corporation
  • Demand for Environmental protection devices
    high
  • GREEN CITIES plan for the planet ( GOI )
  • Zero waste plan for tanneries
  • Hydrogen fuelled cars
  • Green Peace-worldwide watchdog movement for
    Environment

95
Bad
  • Bad
  • very high levels of pesticides found in blood
    samples in Punjab- quality of life affected
  • pollution Triggered lung diseases on the
    rise in urban areas
  • Hospital Waste
  • Thermal Power Generation
  • Lack of Enforcement of GOVT Environment
    Regulations
  • Sewage and Solid Waste
  • Polythene Bags

96
Remember
5 June is World Environment DAY U
Must Participate Protect Prevent Pollution
97
And Finally
  • Green awareness not enough, whats required is
    the will to change things
  • population explosion biggest challenge as
    it endangers poverty, migration pollution
    says officials
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