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The Diplomat

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Title: The Diplomat


1
Preliminary Issue
Campinas, Brazil Sister City of Indianapolis
since 2009
The Diplomat Resource Packets for K-12 students
to learn about the world through a study of the
Sister Cities of Indianapolis
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omeoboalog/BrazilianFlag.gif
http//www.cto.med.br/campinas/fotos/campin3.jpg
2
Table of Contents
  • About Indianapolis Sister Cities
    International.
  • Education Resource Packet..
  • Campinas, Brazil Resource Packet
  • About Campinas........
  • Brazil History...
  • Campinas Attractions ....
  • Campinas-Indianapolis Comparisons ..
  • Climate ........
  • Economy........
  • Socio-Economic Conditions..
  • School......
  • Language........
  • Sports .
  • Fashion....
  • Notable people in Campinas history...
  • Cuisine.

3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 21 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
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3
About Indianapolis Sister Cities International
Greetings, In todays world economy, it is more
critical than ever for Indianapolis to be a city
that is globally recognized as a great place to
live, work, and raise a family. Moreover, we
must be a city that is welcoming and inclusive to
all who make Indianapolis their home. Im proud
to report that Indianapolis is very connected to
the world. Today, we have numerous global
connections through our international businesses,
foreign students that study in our universities,
and our thriving sports and arts communities that
bring many visitors from around the globe to our
city. Since I became Mayor, we have doubled
the number of Sister Cities. I believe our Sister
City partnerships represent one key initiative in
our international growth strategy, as they
provide natural international connections via
cultural, educational and economic ties. This
resource packet has been designed by professional
volunteers in our Indianapolis Sister Cities
International program. We hope you find them
useful across grade levels and subject areas,
including extracurricular activities. We hope
you have fun learning more about our Sister
Cities! Sincerely, Gregory A. Ballard Mayor,
City of Indianapolis
Indianapolis Sister Cities International ISCI) is
a program of Mayor Ballards Office of
International Cultural Affairs. Each Sister
City relationship is managed by a volunteer
committee that identifies and leads various
cultural and educational initiatives. The
Sister City program helps promote Indianapolis as
a global city, advancing cultural understanding,
developing global connections, strengthening
international partnerships and supporting
economic development. To learn more, contact us
at global_at_indy.gov or visit www.indy.gov/globalind
y.
Taipei, Taiwan 1978
Cologne, Germany 1988
Monza, Italy 1994
Piran, Slovenia 2001
Hangzhou, China 2008
Campinas, Brazil 2009
Northamptonshire County, UK 2009
Hyderabad, India 2010
4
Indianapolis Sister Cities International
Education Resource Packet This packet is
designed to introduce teachers to our Sister City
of Campinas, Brazil It is set up as a PowerPoint
format for easy editing and adaptation for use in
the classroom at all grade levels and in various
subject areas. It is hoped that his packet will
provide teachers with sufficient background
information about the Sister City along with
ideas for activities for classroom and
extracurricular use. The information
presented here is collected and/or adapted from
reputable online sources, which are cited. The
Appendix includes ideas, activities, and teacher
lesson plans, some designed by the ISCI Education
Committee members. We hope you find the
contents of this packet helpful. If you have
comments, ideas, or activities to add, or would
like to become involved in one of the Sister City
Committees, please contact global_at_indy.gov or
find contact information at our website
www.indy.gov/globalindy. Indianapolis Sister
Cities International Education Committee
Contributors to the Indianapolis Campinas
Education Resource Packet ISCI Education
Committee Susan Tomlinson, President susan.tomli
nson_at_ftcsc.k12.in.us ICSCC Committee Michael
Horrocks, President Mike.Horrocks_at_experian.com R
aquel Ward, VP raqward_at_iupui.edu Mayor
Ballards Office of International and Cultural
Affairs Director Jane Gehlhausen Jane.Gehlhaus
en_at_indy.gov Interns Danielle Law, Trevor
Oakerson
5
About Campinas
Campinas is a Brazilian city of Sao Paulo State,
in the country's Southeast Region. Campinas means
"grass fields" in Portuguese and refers to its
characteristic landscape, which originally
comprised large stretches of dense subtropical
forests, mainly along the many rivers,
interspersed with gently rolling hills covered by
low-lying vegetation. The city was founded on
July 14, 1774, by Barreto Leme, initially as a
simple outpost serving the "Bandeirantes" who
were in search of precious minerals and Indian
slaves. In the first half of the 19th century,
Campinas became a growing population center, with
many coffee, cotton and sugarcane farms. The
construction of a railway linking the city to Sao
Paulo and the costal city of Santos' seaport, in
1867, was very important for its growth. In the
second half of the 19th century, with the
abolition of slavery, farming and
industrialization attracted many foreign
immigrants to replace the lost manpower, mainly
from Italy. As of 2010, Campinas became an
official metropolitan region, with 19
municipalities. The area of the city, according
to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and
Statistics, is 494 miles.
http//www.mcjeditora.com.br/portal/wp-content/upl
oads/2012/07/campinas1.jpg
6
Brazilian History
The history of Brazil arguably starts with
Indigenous Peoples of the Americas, who arrived
thousands of years ago by crossing the Bering
land bridge into Alaska and then moving south.
The Andes and the mountain ranges of northern
South America created a rather sharp cultural
boundary between the settled agrarian
civilizations of the west coast and the
semi-nomadic tribes of the east, who never
developed written records or permanent monumental
architecture. For this reason, very little is
known about the history of Brazil before
1500. The European first to explore Brazil was
Pedro Alvares Cabral on April 22, 1500 under the
sponsorship of Portugal. At the time of European
discovery, the territory of current day Brazil
had as many as 2,000 tribes. The indigenous
peoples were traditionally mostly semi-nomadic
tribes who subsisted on hunting, fishing,
gathering, and migrant agriculture. When the
Portuguese arrived in 1500, the Natives were
living mainly on the coast and along the banks of
major rivers. Initially, the Europeans saw the
natives as noble savages, and miscegenation of
the population began right away.
From the 16th to the 19th centuries, Brazil was a
colony of Portugal. On September 7, 1822, the
country declared its independence from Portugal
and became a constitutional monarchy, the Empire
of Brazil. During the first two centuries of the
colonial period, attracted by the vast natural
resources and untapped land, other European
powers tried to establish colonies in several
parts of Brazilian territory. A military coup in
1889 established a republican government. The
country has seen a dictatorship (1930-1934 and
1937-1945) and a period of military rule
(1964-1985). The civilians fully returned to
power in 1985 when José Sarney assumed the
presidency.
A Map of Brazil in the 16th Century
http//www.historytoday.com/sites/default/files/Br
azil-16-map.jpg
7
Campinas Attractions
The Bosque dos Jequitibas The Bosque dos
Jequitibas, an urban preserved wooded area
reminiscent of the original rain forest that
covered the region in the past it has a small
zoo with local fauna and a natural history
museum. The Cathedral The Cathedral, which
was built in the 19th century its interior is
entirely made of jacaranda wood sculptures and
works. It was made using a technique called
"taipa de pilao" using clay and rocks. It is one
of the largest buildings in the world using this
construction technique The Central
Market The Central Market, with typical stall
stands full of fresh product of the region. The
market is a nice place to find exotic food and to
feel the charm that Campinas had in its past. It
is a great spot for people watching!
http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/52
/Bosque_dos_Jequitibás_-_Laguinho.JPG
http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thum
b/e/e2/Catedral_Metropolitana_de_Campinas.JPG/220p
x-Catedral_Metropolitana_de_Campinas.JPG
http//www.iberimagen.com/fotos/2A_MG_0465.jpg
Torre de Castelo The Torre de Castelo (Castle)
Water Tower provides a beautiful view of the
downtown area. This 27-meter castle-style water
tower has an observation deck on top.
http//www.turismopelobrasil.net/turismo/admin/img
_normal/normal_TorredoCasteloCampinasSP20(1).jpg
8
Campinas Attractions
The Old Central Railway Station The Old Central
Railway Station, once the transportation center
of the city, has now been converted into a
cultural center. Opened in 1872, the station was
listed as the city's cultural and historical
heritage site in 1982. It served as a railway
station until March 15, 2001. Since July 2003,
the Inside of the station has been a
museum. The Cultural Center The Cultural
Center, Centro de Convivencia, is an
architectural ensemble located in Campinas.
Designed by architect Fabio Penteado, it was
inaugurated in 1976. Inside the complex is a
theater, an open arena for concerts and
spectacles, and a plaza where the Campinas
Symphony Orchestra often plays to the
public. The Taquaral Lake Park The Taquaral
Lake Park, Lagoa do Taquaral Park, is a
much-beloved urban lagoon and adjacent wooded
park. The park includes a planetarium, a science
museum, an indoor sports stadium and swimming
pool, kart racing, model airplane areas, an open
concert auditorium, a floating caravel replica,
an electric streetcar line, paddle boats, and
facilities for several types of sports, including
a long track for running and walking
http//pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/FicheiroEstação_ferr
oviária_-_centro_cultural_de_Campinas_001.jpg
http//pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/FicheiroCentro_de_Co
nvivência_-_Campinas_-_SP.JPG
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/imagemlagoa.jpg
9
Campinas-Indy Comparison
Campinas Indianapolis
State Sao Paolo Indiana
Country Brazil United States of America
Founded 1774 1820
population 1,080,000 14th largest city in Brazil 820,000 ranked 12th largest city in USA
Waterways Taquaral Lake White River
University State University of Campinas Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Nickname The City of Swallows The Circle City
Major industry Commerce, Coffee, Cotton, Textiles, Services Insurance, pharmaceutical, transportation
Festivals Traditions Carnival 500 Festival Independence Day Christmas Tree lighting at Monument Circle
10
Climate
The climate is tropical but mitigated by
elevation, with lower rainfall in winter and
annual average temperatures, with dry and mild
winters and rainy summers with warm to hot
temperatures. The warmest month in February, and
the coldest month is July. Fall and spring are
transitional seasons. The wet season is from
mid-October to mid-April, with heavier rains
particularly in December, January, February and
early March, and the dry season is from mid-May
to mid-September. Average humidity ranges from
37 (August) to 56 (January).
Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Avg. High 86 86 86 83 78 77 77 81 82 84 85 85
Avg. Low 68 68 67 64 58 55 54 57 60 64 65 66
Rain (in.) 11 8.5 6.4 2.3 2.5 1.4 1.7 0.9 2.3 4.9 6.1 8.0
humid 57 54 50 47 46 43 41 36 43 46 49 54
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileLightning_in_Cam
pinas_(see_more_photos_on_comments)_(2167011677).j
pg
11
Economy
Campinas is the 10th richest city in Brazil,
representing 0.96 of all Brazilian GDP. The
region hosts more than 10,000 medium and large
companies. The city is also an important and
diverse shopping center, with two of the largest
shopping malls in the country The Iguatemi
Campinas and Shopping Parque Dom Pedro.
Campinas' major economic activities are
agriculture, industry, and commerce. Agriculture
consists mainly of coffee, sugarcane, and
cotton. Industry consists of textiles,
motorcycles, cars, machinery, agricultural
equipment, food and beverages, chemicals and
petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, paper and
telecommunications, computers and electronics.
The Campinas Metropolitan Region is home to
many national and international high-tech
industries, including IBM, Dell, Motorola,
Compaq, Samsung, Alcatel, Bosch, 3M, and Texas
Instruments. The automotive industry is also
heavily represented General Motors,
Mercedes-Benz, Honda, Toyota and many others are
present. Campinas also has a sizable
pharmaceutical industry sector, with companies
like Medley Farma, EMS Farma, Altana, and Merck
Sharp and Dohme. In addition the region is home
to many research centers and universities.
According to the Times Higher Education 2007
World University Rankings, the University of
Campinas (Unicamp) is the 177th best university
in the world, and the 2nd best in Latin
America. Campinas also boasts the largest number
of high-tech industrial parks. Examples of
Campinas-bred technologies are fiber optics,
lasers for telecommunications and medical
applications, integrated circuits design and
fabrication, satellite environmental monitoring
of natural resources, software for agriculture,
digital telephone switches, deep-water oil
exploration platforms and technologies,
biomedical equipment, medical software, genetic
engineering and recombinant DNA technologies for
food production and pharmaceutics, and food
engineering. Because of this, Campinas has been
called the Brazilian Silicon Valley.
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileAvenidaNorteSulC
ampinas.jpg
12
Socio-Economic Conditions
Despite Campinas' position of wealth and social
and economic opportunity compared to the rest of
the country, the average per capita income of
Campinas families is little more than US 17,700
per year. Campinas is emblematic of the wealth
distribution inequality that is so common in the
country Brazil is the 9th largest economy in
the world, but ranks only 32nd in wealth
generation per capita, and 117th in average
inequality. Campinas has an inequality measure
that is roughly the same as that of Brazil as a
whole. This level of inequality is similar to
that of Zimbabwe and Paraguay. Such a level
means that the top 10 make almost 70 times more
than the poorest 10 of people.This level of
poverty contrasts with the high Human Development
Index of Campinas, The explanation for this
apparent contradiction is that side by side, even
in the same city section, one can find walled
condominiums with a yearly average per capita
income of US 60,000 to US 100,000 and spreading
"favelas" (slum cities) with incomes of less than
US800 per year. Until the late 1970s, Campinas
was proud to have no favelas, but the increasing
industrialization and wealth attracted hordes of
destitute agrarian workers and urban dwellers
with few job qualifications from all parts of the
country. Land invasions were frequent and the
municipal powers were unable or unwilling to
suppress them, allowing illegal occupation of
land in key sectors of the city.
http//www.sitebarra.com.br/wp-content/uploads/201
1/12/favela-morumbi-sao-paulo.jpg
13
School in Campinas
Education in Brazil is regulated by the Federal
Government, through the Ministry of Education,
which defines the guiding principles for the
organization of education programs. Local
governments are responsible for establishing
state and education programs following the
guidelines and using the funding supplied by the
federal government. Education is divided into
three levels, with several grades in each level.
Fundamental education is free for everyone
(including adults), and mandatory for children
between the ages of 6-14. Middle education is
also free, but not mandatory. Higher education
(including graduate degrees) is free at public
universities. Pre-school education is entirely
optional, and exists to aid in the development of
children under 6. It aims to assist in all areas
of child development, including motor skills,
cognitive skills, and social skills while
providing fertile ground for the later
acquisition of knowledge and learning. There are
day nurseries for children under 2, kindergartens
for 2-3 year olds, and preschools for children 4
and up. Public pre-schools are provided by city
government.
http//i.i.com.com/cnwk.1d/i/tim/20080807/504_540x
386.jpg
14
Language
Portuguese is the official language of Brazil,
and is spoken by more than 99 of the population.
Minority languages include indigenous languages,
and languages of more recent European and Asian
immigrants. The population speaks or signs
approximately 210 languages, of which 180 are
indigenous. Language is one of the strongest
elements of Brazil's national unity. The only
non-Portuguese speakers are members of Amerindian
groups, and pockets of immigrants who maintain
their heritage languages. Within Brazil, there is
no major dialect variation of the Portuguese, but
only moderate regional variation in accent,
vocabulary, and use of personal nouns, pronouns,
and verb conjugations. Variations are diminishing
as a result of mass media, especially national
television networks that are viewed by the
majority of Brazilians.
English Portuguese Pronunciation
Good Morning Bom Dia Bong jee-ah
Good Afternoon Boa Tarde Bowa Tarjay
Good Night Boa Noite Bowa noychay
How are you? Como vai? Ko-mu vai
My name is Meu Nome é Meyoo nomay ey
Hello Ola O-la
Goodbye Tchau Chow
See you later! Até logo A-TÉ ló-gu
Excuse me Com lincenca Ko li-se-ssa
Thank you Obrigado O-bri-GA-du
15
Sports
Football (Soccer) Campinas is home to two
football clubs nationally recognized Associacao
Atlletica Ponte Preta and Guarani Futebol Clube.
These two clubs compete in the "Campineiro derby"
match that is considered one of the greatest
traditions of the state, occurring since 1912.
There is also Red Bull Brasl, which was created
in November 2007 and lately has gained
significant prominence. Women's football also has
been outstanding, albeit amateur. Other
Sports In tennis there is the Tennis Club of
Campinas (CBT), which was created in 1913,
offering, in addition to the blocks of the sport,
swimming pools, courts for basketball and soccer,
as well as rooms suitable for the practice of
judo, gymnastics and dance. Club de Regatas
Campineiro and Swim (CCRN) also provides space
for the practice of various types of Olympic
sports. Venues The city also has three major
venues Estadio Brinco de Ouro da Princesa, which
opened in 1953 and today has a capacity of around
30,000 people, the Sport and Recreation Centre in
Campinas Dr. Horacio Antonio da Costa, which
opened in 1940, and the Estadio Moises Lucarelli,
which was founded in 1948 and has a capacity of
almost 20 thousand visitors.
http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/67/Red_
Bull_Brasil_logo.gif
http//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b5/Guar
ani4.png
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileAAPP_Ponte.JPG
http//wpcontent.answcdn.com/wikipedia/commons/thu
mb/5/5e/Piscina_do_Tênis_Clube_de_Campinas_(TCC),_
Campinas_SP.jpg/220px-Piscina_do_Tênis_Clube_de_Ca
mpinas_(TCC),_Campinas_SP.jpg
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estádio_Brinco_de_Our
o_da_Princesa
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estádio_Moisés_Lucare
lli
Estadio Brinco de Ouro da Princesa
Estadio Moises Lucarelli
16
Campinas Fashion
Fashion is a major part of life in Brazil. With
a long-established textile industry, fashion has
long been a part of commerce and industry in
Campinas. Brazil hosts a Fashion week and
produced many successful designers and fashion
models.
Traditional Brazilian Fashion
Current Brazilian Fashion
http//2.bp.blogspot.com/-iVvr7hjKT80/TnxtFf4zLWI/
AAAAAAAAESI/diy7622pa9Q/s1600/Mens_Fashion_Wear.jp
eg
17
Notable Campinas People
Dr. Manuel Ferraz Dr. Manuel Ferraz de Campos
Sales, 1841-1913, was a Brazilian lawyer, coffee
farmer and politician. He served as a provincial
deputy three times, general-deputy once, and also
as minister of justice, senator and governor of
Sao Paulo from 1894-1897. The pinnacle of his
political career was his election as president of
Brazil, an office he held between 1898 and 1902.
Austere financial reforms were adopted during his
tenure.
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campos_Sales
Antonio Carlos Gomes Antonio Carlos Gomes,
1836-1896, was born in Campinas. He was the
first New World composer whose work was accepted
by Europe. The only non-European who was
successful as an opera composer in Italy, during
the "golden age of opera," contemporary to Verdi
and Puccini.
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antônio_Carlos_Gomes
Regina Blois Duarte Regina Blois Duarte (1947) is
a Brazilian film, television and stage actress
and one of the most famous actresses in Brazilian
show business. After her performance in Minha
Doce Namorada ("My Sweet Girlfriend"), Duarte
earned the title of "Brazil's Sweetheart."
http//3.bp.blogspot.com/_HG6XckfYr38/TKD7SN78P6I/
AAAAAAAAayM/O2M25Nh7PYo/s400/DOCE_R1.JPG
Antoine Hercule Romuald Florence Antoine Hercule
Romuald Florence (1804- 1879) was a
French-Brazilian painter and inventor, known as
the isolate inventor of photography in Brazil,
three years before Daguerre, using the matrix
negative/positive, still in use. According to
Kossoy, who examined Florence's notes, he
referred to his process, in French, as
photographie in 1834, at least four years before
John Herschel coined the English word photography.
Renato Marcos Endrizzi Sabbatini Renato Marcos
Endrizzi Sabbatini, born 1947, is a retired
professor in the Department of Biomedical
Engineering and in the State University of
Campinas Institute of Biology. He received a
B.Sc. in Biomedical Sciences from Medical School
of the University of Sao Paulo and a doctorate in
behavioral neuroscience in 1977, followed by
postdoctoral work at the Max Planck Institute of
Psychiatry's Primate Behavior Department.1 He
founded the Center for Biomedical Informatics,and
helped create the Brazilian Society for Health
Informatics.
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileHércules_Florenc
e.jpg
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileRenato9.jpg
18
Notable Campinas People
Hilda de Almeida Prado Hilst Hilda de Almeida
Prado Hilst, more widely known as Hilda Hilst
(1930-2004) was a Brazilian poet, playwright and
novelist, whose fiction and poetry were generally
based upon delicate intimacy and often insanity
and supernatural events. Particularly her late
works belong to the tradition of magic realism.
http//www.ponto.altervista.org/Livros/Immagini/hi
ldahilst.jpg
Zeferino Vaz Zeferino Vaz, 1908-1981, led the
construction, establishment and development of
the Unicamp university, in the interior of the
State of Sao Paulo in the 1960s and 1970s. The
main campus is named after Zeferino, who strived
to bring together some of Brazil's best
scientists to form a recognized research
institution.
http//www.jornaldaunicamp.unicamp.br/unicamp/site
s/unicamp.br/files/imagens/Zeferino_Vaz_220x290_.j
pg
Nelson Baptista Junior Nelson Baptista Junior,
usually known as Nelsinho Baptista, born 1950, is
a former association football right back and is
currently a manager. He currently coaches
Japanese club Kashiwa Reysol.
http//www.footballzz.com/img/treinadores/290/2229
0_ori_nelsinho_baptista.jpg
Marcelo Damy de Sousa Santos Marcelo Damy de
Sousa Santos, 1914-2009, was a Brazilian
physicist.Considered as one of the most important
educators and researchers in physics in Brazil,
Damy was born in Campina. He did his secondary
studies in the State Gymnasium and was a keen
student of sciences, particularly physics and
chemistry.
http//museunuclear.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06
/damy.png
Sandy Leah Lima Sandy Leah Lima, born January 28,
1983) is a Brazilian singer-songwriter, producer,
and actress. She is best known by the stage name
"Sandy". Sandy twice won the Multishow Award for
Best Singer, and on several occasions she won the
prize sponsored by Nickelodeon in the category of
"Best Singer".
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileSandy_in_Concert
_23.jpg
19
Brazilian Cuisine
Brazilian cooking, while it has many similarities
with that of its South American neighbors, is
distinct. Stretching from the Amazon in the
north, through the fertile plantations of the
central coast and on to the southern pampas, the
food of Brazil spans a unique mix of cultures and
cuisines. The original population contributed
popular ingredients like cassava and guarana.
African slaves influenced the cuisine of the
coastal states, especially Bahia. And around the
country, a Portuguese heritage is reflected in a
variety of dishes. Root vegetables such as
cassava, yams, and peanuts,and fruit like acai,
mango, papaya, guava, orange, passionfruit,
pineapple, and plum are among the local
ingredients used in cooking. Brazilian pine nuts
grow in a tree that is abundant in the southern
part of Brazil, and are a popular national snack,
as well as a lucrative export. Rice and beans are
an extremely common dish, as are fish, beef and
pork.
http//frbrazil.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Bra
zilian-Cuisine.jpg
http//2.bp.blogspot.com/-VKjbK6ceUAs/TcsHVWRjFnI/
AAAAAAAAAAs/dwLA8WpWhJM/s1600/moqueca.jpg
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oto/2009/03/02/1236042665_4594/539w.jpg
http//2.bp.blogspot.com/-e5w1npyR2gY/TaqBdAhWgEI/
AAAAAAAAACE/_0pFB-zWtVk/s1600/brazil2.jpg
20
Campinas Recipe
  • Feijoada Completa
  • Ingredient
  • 1/2 pound chorizo
  • 1 pound smoked pork shoulder
  • 1 pound lean bacon
  • 1/2 pound carne seca (dehydrated beef)
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 medium onions, finely chopped
  • 2 large cloves garlic, minced
  • 3 bay leaves
  • 3 sprigs parsley
  • 2 sprigs thyme
  • 1 pound lean beef chuck, in one piece
  • 3/4 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
  • 3 1/2 quarts water
  • 4 cups black beans, soaked overnight, and drained

http//d2k9njawademcf.cloudfront.net/indeximages/1
2267/nine_col/DSCN4389.JPG?1293990233
http//www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/feijoada-comple
ta-recipe/index.html
21
Carnival
Carnival, Carnaval, is a great festival held
forty-six days before Easter. Carnival has roots
in the pagan festival of Saturnalia, which,
adapted to Christianity, became a farewell to bad
things in a season of religious discipline to
practice repentance. Rhythm, participation, and
costumes vary from one region of Brazil to
another. In the southeastern cities, huge
organized parades are led by samba schools. Those
official parades are meant to be watched by the
public, while minor parades allowing public
participation can be found in other cities.
Carnival is also influenced by
African-Brazilian culture. It's a six-day party
where crowds dance and sing through the city
streets. Carnival is the most famous holiday in
Brazil.
http//farm1.static.flickr.com/120/274321846_d9a04
7574f.jpg
ção ferroviária - centro cultural de Campinas
001.jpg Wi
http//img.ibtimes.com/www/data/images/full/2011/0
3/05/71341-brazil-carnaval-begins.jpg
http//alt.coxnewsweb.com/cnishared/tools/shared/m
ediahub/06/30/47/slideshow_1473061_064052-brazil-c
arnival.jpg
22
Appendix
  • Indianapolis is a global city. In the quest to
    become globally aware, connected, and ready to
    compete on the world market, schools are seeking
    to internationalize their curriculum. The
    Indianapolis Sister Cities International program
    seeks to promote these goals.
  • The information presented in this Resource Packet
    can be utilized to meet the Core Curriculum
    Standards at many grade levels with a view toward
    teaching our students about our own city and its
    connections to our Sister Cities. The following
    pages provide teacher developed sample lessons
    and activities.
  • Sample Lessons and Activities
  • Color the Seal of Campinas
  • Find the South American Countries
  • Color a Soccer Scene
  • Color a Swimming Picture
  • Complete a Campinas Word Search
  • Make a Carnival Mask
  • Make a Tambourine
  • Create a Rainforest Snake
  • Brazil Quiz
  • Webquest

23
Color the Seal of Campinas
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileBrasão_da_Cidade
_de_Campinas.png
24
Find the South American Countries
Color the South American countries in the
following colors Brazil Red Peru
Brown Paraguay Black Colombia Blue Chile
Pink Uruguay Gray Argentina Green Ecuador
Yellow Guyana Teal Venezuela Purple Bolivia
Orange Suriname Lime Green French Guiana Navy
Bonus Put a star over Campinas
http//coloring.thecolor.com/color/images/South20
America.gif
25
Color a Soccer Scene
Celebrate Campinas love of soccer by coloring
this picture!
http//kidsprintablescoloringpages.com/data/media/
134/Soccer_coloring_pages_31.jpg
26
Color a Swimming Picture
http//assets.handipoints.com/stamps/healthy/water
_sports/swimming_ink.jpg
27
Word Search
Campinas Brazil South America
Carnival Taquaral Soccer
Mask Samba Portuguese
Cathedral Central Market Castelo
Railway Tropical Coffee
Fashion Favelas Cotton
28
Make Your Own Carnival Mask
Supplies Foam board ? Carnival Mask Template
? String or yarn ? Feathers ? Fake jewels,
sequins, or rhinestones ? Scissors ? Glue ?
  • Directions
  • Trace the template onto a piece of foam board and
    cut out. ?
  • Measure out a piece of string or yarn to fit
    around the head and then cut it in half. Make a
    slit on each side of the mask by the eyes and tie
    on a piece of string in each hole. ?
  • Decorate your mask with embellishments. We glued
    feathers on the top and adding a fake jewel in
    the middle. You could also use sequins and
    glitter glue, be creative!
  • At the annual Carnival in Brazil you will see
    costumes that incorporate a lot of feathers.
    Feathers show the African influence at the
    Carnival, where some very elaborate costumes
    resemble colorful tribal headdresses.

http//www.busybeekidscrafts.com/Carnival-Mask.htm
l
29
Make a Tambourine
Music is a big part of Brazils cultural
heritage. Make your own Brazilian music with
these fun tambourines!
Brazilian Tambourine Use metal bottle caps to
make a special type of tambourine popular in
Brazil. Adults should help kids flatten bottle
caps on a hard surface with a hammer and use a
nail to poke a hole through the center of each
cap. Children can string between 10 and 15
bottle caps onto a wire. Tie the ends together.
Kids can decorate these tambourines by creating
patterns on them with markers or acrylic paint.
They can play their completed tambourines while
they listen to Brazilian music.?? Read more
Brazil-Themed Arts Crafts for Kids eHow.com
http//www.ehow.com/list_6736369_brazil_themed-art
s-_amp_-crafts-kids.htmlixzz21qdcBaK7
http//davaocitybybattad.blogspot.com/2011_12_01_a
rchive.html
30
Make a Rainforest Snake
Learn more about the Amazon Rainforest and make
this snake!
  • Supplies
  • 3 Empty TP TubesGreen, Dark Green and Black
    Paint and Paint BrushesGlueHand Hole
    PunchWiggle Eyes Tacky GlueSmall Scrap of Red
    PaperScissorsPaper ClipsString
  • Instructions1. Cut empty tp tubes in half.
  • 2. Paint the inside light green. Paint dark green
    in the middle of each ring and lighter green near
    the edges of each ring. Let dry.
  • 3. Paint a rough black line where the colors
    meet.
  • 4. Punch a hole in each roll near each edge. Hook
    pieces together using paper clips.
  • 5. Cut a forked tongue out of red paper. Glue
    tongue to one end.
  • 6. On the same end, glue on two wiggle eyes.
  • 7. Add a string to pull him around.

31
Brazil Quiz
Use the internet to find the answers to this quiz
about Brazil!
1. What is the capital of Brazil? Rio de
Janeiro? Buenos Aires? Brasilia? Sao
Paulo 2. Which is the largest Brazilian city in
terms of population? Rio de Janeiro? Salvador? Be
lo Horizonte? Sao Paulo 3. What was the capital
of Brazil before the current capital? Manaus? Rio
de Janeiro? Sao Paulo? Sao Vicente 4. When did
Brazil become an independent country? 1500? 1808
? 1822? 1950 5. What is the most famous
Brazilian river? ____________________ 6. On
what night of the week does the celebration of
Carnival end? Wednesday? Tuesday? Sunday? Friday
7. What is the most popular sport in
Brazil? Volleyball? Formula One
Racing? Basketball? Soccer 8. When did Brazil
win its first Soccer World Cup? 1970? 1994? 1958
? 1962 9. Where are the famous Copacabana and
Ipanema beaches located? Recife? Rio de
Janeiro? Salvador Florianopolis 10. In which
city is the Sugar Loaf Mountain located? Rio de
Janeiro? Fortaleza? Sao Paulo? Porto Alegre
32
Webquest
Complete this webquest about Brazil and Campinas.
Use the internet to find the answers!
Webquest 1. What is the land area of Brazil?
2. Which countries border Brazil? 3. What
is the climate of Brazil like? 4. What is the
terrain like in Brazil? 5. What are Brazils
Natural resources? 6. What are Campinas main
crops? 7. What is the weather like in Campinas
today? 8. When it is noon here, what time is it
in Campinas? 9. What is the population of
Brazil? 10. How many days until Carnival
starts?
http//www.theodora.com/wfb/brazil_geography.html
33
Answer Keys
  • Quiz answers
  • Brasilia
  • Sao Paulo
  • Rio de Janeiro
  • 1822
  • The Amazon
  • Tuesday
  • Soccer
  • 1958
  • Rio de Janeiro
  • Rio de Janeiro

Webquest What is the land area of Brazil?
8,456,510 sq km Which countries border Brazil?
Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana,
Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay,
Venezuela What is the climate of Brazil
like? Mostly tropical, but temperate in
south What is the terrain like? Mostly flat to
rolling lowlands in north some plains, hills,
mountains, and narrow coastal belt What are
Brazils Natural resources? Bauxite, gold, iron
ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum,
tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber What
are Brazils main crops? Coffee, Sugarcane,
Cotton What is the weather like in Campinas
today? When it is noon here, what time is it in
Campinas? 1pm What is the population of
Brazil? 196,655,014 How many days until Carnival
starts?
34
http//www.armhistory.com/images/news/campinas.jpg
Campinas at night
Mayors Office 200 East Washington St. 2501
Indianapolis, IN 46204 Contact
global_at_indy.gov www.globalindy.gov Created
July 2012
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