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WIELKA BRYTANIA

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Title: WIELKA BRYTANIA


1
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2
CLICKING ON THE FLAG ALLOWS TO GO BACK TO THE
MAIN PAGE
3
ANGLIA (ang. England) is geographically
historical region, which in the past was an
independent dutchy, and now it is the part of
Great Britain (ang. Strictly speaking United
Kingdom) It is the biggest and the most populated
part of the  United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland. United Kingdom apart from
England consists of Wales, Scotland and Northern
Ireland. England is inhibited with 83 of all the
residents of the island, and Englands surface
occupies 2/3 of the overall surface of Great
Britain. England borders with Wales from the
west, and with scotland from the north. Moreover
the country is surrounded by the North Sea, the
Irish Sea, Atlantic Ocean and the English
Channel. In the composition of England we also
include more than 100 lesser islands such as
Isles of Scilly or Isle of Wight
    The capitol of England is London, and a
patron is Saint George.
4
England is divided into 9 regions, which are the
biggest units of the local government. Each of
the regions is divided into counties.
39 counties and 7 metropolitan counties.
5
Londyn (ang. London) the city in the south-east
part of Great Britain, the capital city of
England. Situated upon river Thames, is the third
biggest city of Europe, the biggest city of the
European Union and one of the biggest cities in
the world both in therms of the sole city as well
as in terms of the agglomeration. The number of
the citizens of London (in the borders of so
called Greater London) is about 7,6 mln on the
land of 1 607 km² the whole London
agglomeration, together with all the bordering
towns (from Tonbridge in the South-East to
Windsor in the North-West) counts about 20 mln of
citizens. About 20 of citizens come from Asia,
Africa and the Caribbean.
6
Dr Johnson once said "When a man is tired of
London, he is tired of life".
Doktor Johnson powiedzial kiedys Gdy czlowiek
jest zmeczony Londynem, on jest zmeczony
zyciem".
7
England is the only country of the United
Kingdom, which does not have its own parliament
and stays under the jurisdiction of the British
parliament, thereby the members of parliament,
who come from outside England (for example. from
Scotland), have the influence on the internal
affairs of England. England is divided into nine
regions London, South East, South West, West
Midlands, North West, North East, Yorkshire i
Humber, East Midlands and East of England. All of
these regions, in other words administrative
units, dont have the authorities chosen in the
direct election. London is the only exception, as
it has a Mayora, being ellected and so called
London Assembley.        The official language
is English. Citizens (over the age of 18) have
the common right to vote.
8
The political system of England is based on the
hereditary constitutional monarchy and
simultaneously parliamentary representative
democracy. Queen is the head of the state. He
current monarch in reign is queen Elizabeth II.
The legislative branch belongs to the Queen and
to the parliament. The queen appoints the
government (executive branch) which is
responsible in front of bicameral parliament. The
capital of the Great Britain is London situated
in the territory of England.
Elizabeth II- Elizabeth Alexandra Mary (born on
21st of April 1926 in London), the queen of the
United Kingdom from the house of Windsor, crowned
on the 2nd of June 1953, the daughter of king
George VI and his wife Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
called Queen Mother.
9
- In 1949 the clock was around 41 minutes slow,
after the flock of birds sat on the minute hand
- In 1962 the clock stoke the New Year ten
minutes late, because of the heavy load of snow
on its hands.
- In 1952 when the bus was going through the
Tower Bridge, the bridge started to rise,
hopefully nobody was hurt.
10
There are many reasons why people
emigrate, however the main reason that we
emigrate are money. How much can we expect to
earn after the arrival? The majority of men,
especially these going abroad for the first time
work for the work agencies. The majority of
agencies offer the work, provide accomodation,
commonly the means of transport from and to the
work. In exchange they take some part of the
earned money. A minimum hourly rate of pay you
can earn in the United Kingdom is 5,35 per hour
gross.
11
Children in Great Britain are obligated to attend
school till the age of 16. In England the school
obligation time ends in the last Friday of June
in the span of academic year, in which the
learner becomes 16. The current government makes
the proposals of rising the age, to which
learners are obliged to receive certain form of
education or training up to 18.
The school year lasts from September to July and
lasts for 39 weeks. In many places the year is
divided into 6 periods
from September to October from October to
December from January to February from
February to March from April to May from
June to July
12
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13
One of the most recognizable symbols of
London are black taxis. These cars are produced
in the limited ammounts practically exclusively
for the needs of taxi corporations. The cars are
spacious, they take 5 passengers and there is a
lot of place for the luggage.
The most popular way to catch a taxi in London
is to halt the driving taxi on the street.
However, there is also a posibility of ordering
of the drive by phone, but it is connected with
the additional payments. The taxis in London are
not one of the cheapest, but in case of driving
in groups they are a convenient form of
transport.
14
The city bus network in London is one of the
biggest and the most used in the world. Every day
more than 6800 buses transports about 6 milion
passangers on more than 700 different routes. We
should remember that the most common phenomenon
in London are thaffic jams. London busses can be
late especially in the early hours, when people
commute to work and during the peak hours. Thus
when planning the drive, we should take into
account the fact that when the bus is full the
driver does not allow us to enter. Using buses in
London we may get practically to every place. In
order to get to the English airports (Heathrow,
Stansted, Gatwick, Luton) we may use coaches.
Storeyed bus the bus with two levels (storeys),
taking from 60 to 80 passengers. The stairs are
leading to the second level floor, being usually
situated just behind the drivers cabin.
15
Metro londynskie (ang. London Underground,
informally the Tube) the system of local
railway routes running in the underground
tunnels and on the surface, supporting the
majority of the Greater London.
Despite its English name suggesting the
underground, only about 45 of its routes length
is situated under the surface.
The system consists of 12 lines, 275 stations
(including 14 beyond the administrative borders
of Greater London) and 408 km of routes. It is
used by about 3 mln passengers daily.
16
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17
London Luton Airport the international airport
situated near Luton, 50 km north from London. It
is the fourth (taking into account the number of
transported passengers) airport of the city. In
2008 it serviced over 10 mln passengers.
London Heathrow Airport the biggest airport of
Europe. It is situated 24 km west from the London
center. The Heathrow airport in 2005 served for
almoust 68 mln of passengers, which gave it the
third place in the world taking into account the
passenger traffic, after the airports in
Chicago-O'Hare and Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson.
London City Airport international city airport
in the district Royal Docks, being about 10 km
from the very center of London
Londyn-Gatwick London Gatwick Airport the
second busiest international airport in London
(after Heathrow). It is situated 40 km south from
the center of the capital of Great Britain and 40
km north from Brighton
London Stansted Airport big international
airport situated 48 km north-east of London,
serving cheap airlines. It is currently 4th of
size in Great Britain, 3rd in size serving for
London after Heathrow and Gatwick. It has one
3048-meter long starting runway.
Wizz Air Hungary Legikozlekedesi short name Wizz
Air Hungarian cheap airlines, serving in
Central and Eastern Europe, South Scandinavia,
South Ireland and some regions of Great Britain,
Benelux, Germany, France, Spain, Italy and Turkey.
18
In Great Britain, there is a left hand traffic,
so the driver sits on the right side of the car.
However, pedals are in the same order as in the
left hand cars, with an accelerator pedal on the
right side. The tools and almoust always the
handbrake is operated with the left hand.
Most of the cars in Great Britain have a gear
lever.
British people are driving deliberately, politely
in comparison with the other road users, they
obey the traffic rules, and rarely overtake even
lorries.
19
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20
Tower Bridge a drawbridge in London (sometimes
confused with the neighbouring bridge in London
called London Bridge), running through the Themes
river, near the Tower of London, from which it
takes its name. One of the most famous sites in
London, built in the Victorian style.
The characteristic elements of the bridge are two
main towers, joined at the top with two piers
overpass for pedestrians, hung 34 m over the
roadway and more than 44 m over the mark of the
upper level in the river. The middle part of the
bridge consists of the two lifted bridge spans
the crane devices with counterweight. These are
two gigantic wings, each of 1 200 tons of weight,
when risen up, they form 86 degrees angle with
the surface of the roadway.
21
Big Ben the clock tower in Londynie in Great
Britain. The name initially was referring to the
bell from St. Stephen's Tower, called also The
Clock Tower, belonging to the Westminster Palace.
Currently the name Big Ben refers commonly to the
bell, the clock as well as to the very tower.
22
London Eye, called also Millenium Wheel an
observation wheel (Ferris wheel) situated in
Lambeth district in London, at the south bank of
the river Thames, between the Westminster and
Hungerford bridges.
The wheel has 135 meters of height, and its full
turn lasts for about 40 minutes. There are 32
air-conditioned passenger capsules on the wheel.
The slow line speed of the cabins (about 0,9
km/h) allows for taking the passengers in and out
of the wheel without stopping it.
23
The English national sport stadium situated
in Wembley district in London. It has 90 000
places and is the third stadium in Europe
considering its size. Taking into consideration
technical and architectural solutions, and the
cost of its construction, it is currently one of
the most modern sport building in the world.
The first official match at the new Wembley was
carried out on 24th of March 2007 between the
football representations of England and Italy up
to 21. It ended with 33 score. Wembley will be
the host stadium of the football Champions League
in 2011.
24
Piccadilly Circus the square and the crossroads
of the main streets in the very heart of the
theatre and entertainment district West End in
Londynie, not far from Soho. It was built in 1819
after the crossing with Regent Street. Earlier it
was called Portugal Street in honour of the
princess Kate Braganz from Portugal, married by
king Karol II.
The place recognizable all over the world mainly
thanks to the neon commercials such companies as
e.g. SANYO, McDonald's and Coca-Cola, situated at
one of the place corners. In the central place
there is a fountain with Anteros figure. It is a
place of meetings of Londoners and the tourist
attraction of London. Directly under the square
in the underground there is a Piccadilly Circus
tube station.
25
Harrods luxury department store on the Brompton
Road, in Knightsbridge district in London. Apart
from the department store Harrods Group includes
Harrods Bank, Harrods Estates, Harrods Casino,
Harrods Aviation and Air Harrods.
Its name originates from the name of Charles
Henry Harrods, who in 1849 opened a small
grocers shop. In time the shop became the vast
department store. In 1983 it was bought by the
Egipcian Mohamed al Fayed, who made the shop even
more exclusive. Nowadays Harrods is situated in 7
storey building and employs almoust 4000 people.
Queen Elizabeth among other famous people was
doing shopping in Harrods.
26
It is one of the most known Anglican Churches in
Great Britain and buildings of London. It is
situated in the very center of the district City
of London and formally serves the function of the
main church in that district. The care of the
church is taken directly by Lord Mayor.
St Pauls Cathedral was built as a symbol of the
Londons revival and is characterized by the
flourish and monumentality, however it is less
prominent then the Vaticans St Peters Basilica.
St Pauls Cathedral has about 158 meters of
length and about 75 meters of width. The hight of
the building measured from the floor to the top
of the cross situated on the dome counts 108
meters.
27
  • The astronomical observatory built by the king
    Karol II on 10th of August 1675r. It was managed
    in in later years by John Flamsteed among others.
    It served then for the astronometric measures,
    useful for navigation in the oceanic shipping.
    Then the seat of the manager was taken by Edmond
    Halley
  • (in 1720). The observatory sets the position of
    the zero meridian.

28
Westminster Abbey is the most important, together
with the Cathedral in Canterbury and St. Pauls
Cathedral in London City, it is an Anglican
Church. The Abbey beginning from William the
Conqueror (1066) is a place of English kings
coronation, with the exception of Edward V and
Edward VIII, who were not crowned. from XIII
century the Abbey is also the place of burial of
kings and distinguished people.
29
Windsor Castle from 1110 the residence of
English kings, situated in the town of Windsor
(Berkshire county in England).
It consists of the numerous buildings surrounded
by walls with towers and gateways. It was built
in 1070-1086 by William I the Conqueror, then
developed by the following rulers such as Edward
III who erected here in the 14th century the
Round Tower
30
  • Westminster Cathedral, dedicated to the Most
    Precious Blood of Jesus Christ the Roman
    Catholic basilica erected at the turn of the 19th
    and 20th century in London in neobisantic style.
    The main catholic church of England and Wales,
    Cathedral of the Archbishop of Westminster.

31
It is the official residence of British
monarchs and simultaneously the biggest kings
palace in the world still servinng its original
function. The official Londons residence of the
Queen. From 1913 the statue of Queen Victoria
stands on the square in front of the palace.
Nowadays Buckingham Palace, apart from
the role of Londons residence of Queen Elizabeth
II and the royal family, is also a place of state
celebrations as well as the official meetings of
the Heads of State. For the British the palace
constitutes a symbol of Great Britain here
Londoners were offering flowers after the death
of princess of Wales - Diana.
32
  • Theatre in London functioning in years 1599-1642,
    established by R. and C. Burbage. One of the
    co-owners was William Shakespeare. The premieres
    of his works were exhibited there as well as the
    arts of Ben Johnson and J. Webster. The actors
    were exclusively male. The theatre was build in
    1599. It was burned in a fire in 1613, and
    rebuilt in 1614. Due to the Puritans
    intervention it was closed in 1642, then it was
    demolished two years later.

The building was reconstructed according to the
project of the Buro Happold company and opened in
1997. The Globe was amphitheatre, which could
seat 3000 spectators. It had the shape of circle.
The seats were divided into standing (cheaper)
and sitting (more expensive).
33
Trafalgar Square the square in central London
situated in the old site of the royal stables,
comemorating the victory of the British Royal
Navy in the sea battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
Its construction was started in 1829 and in 1843
the 55meters high column called Nelson Column
was erected. The square is also decorated with
the monuments of George IV, gen. Havelok and gen.
Napier as well as sir Lutyens fountains.
34
The place, where the Stonehenge structure was
erected. It gained the cultural significance
before 2950 BC. The prove of it is in the graves
outside the megalith dated even at about 3100 BC
and the ring from the ground dated also at that
time.
  • One of the most famous European monolith
    structures, from the neolith age and bronze age.
    Megalith is situated 13 km from Salisbury in
    Wiltshire county in the south of England. It was
    the most probably connected with the cult of
    moon and sun. It consists of the earth
    embankments surrounding the big complex of the
    standing stones. The site is included into the
    UNESCO list of the worlds heritage from 1986.

35
British Museum one of the biggest museums of
the ancient history in the world
It was created thanks to sir Hans Sloane,
physician, naturalist and collector. He wanted to
save his collection of literature and works of
art counting more than 71 thousand objects. He
offered then its sale for 20 thousand pounds for
king George II.
36
The museum was opened in 1917 for commemoration
of the fallen in the time of the World War I.
Initially it was situated in the Crystal Palace
building, which was burned down in 1936. The seat
was transfered to Lambeth Road in Southwark to
the building initially serving the function of
the psychiatric hospital. The collection of the
museum was extended during the World War II and
in 1953 they started presenting the exhibits from
all the British armed conflicts. The museum
includes also a big collection of the recordings
of interviews with the witnesses of wars and
holocaust.
37
A wax figures museum (ang. Madame Tussauds) it
was founded by Marie Tussaud, who in fact was
called Marie Grossholtz (born on 1st of December
1761 in Strasburg, died on 16th of April 1850 in
London). She came to London after the French
Revolution with the formerly prepared wax casts
of heads of decapitated French aristocrats such
as Maria Louisa, princess de Lamballe. She often
had to look for the particular heads on her own.
She inherited her talent after Mr. Curtius. Her
museum was passed by means of inheritance. The
last portrait was made 8 years before her
death. The said casts became the onset of the
great collection presenting known people from
various life branches. After comming to England
in 1835 she set the first exhibition at Baker
Street it was the first exhibition, which in 1884
was moved by her grandson to the present site at
Marylebone Road.
38
It is the oldest of the parks included in the
group of royal parks in London. It is situated in
the City of Westminster, East of the Buckingham
Palace and West of the Whitehall and Downing
Street. St. James's, to which belong not only the
very park but also St. James's Palace, is
situated in the north. Park has a surface of 23
hectares (58 acres). The borders of St. James's
Park are indicated by the streets The Mall in
north, Hourse Guards in east and Birdcage Walk in
south. There is also a small lake called St.
James's Park Lake, with two islands, Duck Island
(called that because of the occurrence of the
various species of waterfowl) and West Island.
The bridge running over the lake allows to see
the eastern side of the Buckingham Palace
surrounded with trees and fountains and
simmilarly enclosed western facade of the Foreign
Office seat.
39
Hyde Park one of the few royal parks in London,
laying in the area of 390 acres (about 159 ha).
Divided in two parts by the lake Serpentine.
From the 19th century the park became the popular
place of social meetings and cultural events.
In front of the park, at the north-east corner,
there is a Marble Arch. It was the original gate
of the Buckingham Palace built in 1827. It turned
to be too narrow for the royal carriage and was
moved to the present place in 1851.
40
Tintagel
Tintagel is a village situated on the Atlantic
coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom. The village
and nearby Tintagel Castle are associated with
the legends surrounding King Arthur and the
knights of the Round Table. During the 19th
century Tintagel was visited by many notable
writers, including Robert Stephen Hawker, Charles
Dickens, Alfred, Lord Tennyson and Thomas Hardy.
The village has, in recent times, become
attractive to tourists from many parts of the
world and is one of the most-visited places in
Britain.
41
Bath
Bath is a city in the south west of England. It
is situated 156 km west of London and 21 km
south-east of Bristol. The population of the city
is 83,992. It was granted city status by Queen
Elizabeth I in 1590. The city was first
established as a spa resort with the Latin name,
Aquae Sulis ("the waters of Sulis") by the Romans
in AD 43. They built baths and a temple on the
surrounding hills of Bath in the valley of the
River Avon around hot springs. The City of Bath
was inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 1987.
The city has a variety of theatres, museums, and
other cultural and sporting venues, which have
helped to make it a major centre for tourism,
with over one million staying visitors per year.
42

Great Britain is a very modern but on the other
hand very tradition bound country. The prove of
it is the strong attachement of the British
people to the royal family, who despite its
numerous scandals still is widely respected.
According to the tradition, every year on the 8th
of June the Queens birthday is celebrated.
During this holiday there is a celebration of the
Household Cavalry (Trooping the Colour). It is
worth to say that during the year in Great
Britain there are many celebrations. Eating
customs in the United Kingdom consist of three
meals. The traditional breakfast consists of
tomatoes, eggs, becon, saussage and toasted
bread. On Sunday people usually eat Roast dinner,
which consist of roasted meet, roasted potatoes,
vegetables and Yorkshire pudding. Every day at
17.00 there is a Tea Time, that is the custom of
tea drinking (the statistical British person
drinks daily about 8 cups of tea).
43
  • The British custom initiated by duchess of
    Bedford and Queen Victoria. The time of tea is
    traditionally at 5 oclock. The tea is served
    then, which is served in England with milk, cakes
    or sandwitches.

44
  • According to the tradition at the turn of 24th
    and 25th of December the biggest bell in the
    church at the hour before midnight rings four
    times, and punctually at midnight all the bells
    start to ring this is the beginning of
    Christmas, the joy of the newly born Christ.

45
  • In the English Christmas tradition there are
    also many plants, these evergreen.
  • Holly the terror of elvesThe sharp leaves of
    that plant are the symbol of the crown of thorns,
    which Christ had on his head before the
    crucifixion
  • Ivy a chance for a womanHolly is considered to
    be a symbol of manhood. On the other hand Ivy is
    a symbol of womanhood. This plant must be
    supported by something.
  • Rosemary against evil spirits and bearsThis
    plant is said to have been the favourite spice of
    Holy Mary. It protects against evil spirits.
  • Mistletoe a berry kissesThe druids believed,
    that mistletoe fell down from heaven and that is
    why it grows on trees. In this way it joins this
    which is heavenly and spiritual with this which
    is earthly.

46
  • Druids believed, that mistletoe fell down from
    heaven and that is why it grows on trees. In this
    way it joins this which is heavenly and spiritual
    with this which is earthly. Thus it symbolizes
    the reconciliation of God with the sinful
    humanity. The custom of kissing in public under a
    mistletoe comes just from England. At first we
    should tear off the white berry from the twig and
    hand it in to a person who we want to kiss. When
    the berries end, the kisses end too. Mistletoe is
    also a plant of friendship and reconciliation. In
    one of the York churches the mistletoe masses
    were served. The public sinners could be absolved
    then.

47
  • The sharp leaves of that plant are the symbol of
    the crown of thorns, which Christ had on his head
    before crucifixion. The red berries are the
    symbol of His blood. That is why the Holly is
    called the bush of thorns. The most famous
    variety grows in Glastonbury, where it was
    supposedly planted by St. Joseph of Arimathea
    (shortly after the crucifixion of Jesus he had to
    come to England, to introduce the Christianity
    there). Every year mayors of Glastonbury and
    Somerset and the vicar of the local churchof St.
    John the Babtist cut the twig from the bush and
    send to the royal court as a decoration of the
    table.In Scotland the holly twig was hung over
    the doors, to protect the house from the naughty
    elves. In the middle England there was a custom,
    that boys cut their hands with a sharp leaf, and
    the number of drops of the drown blood told about
    the count of years left to live.

48
  • A holly is considered to be a symbol of manhood.
    Ivy on the other hand is a symbol of womanhood.
    This plant does not grow on its own, it must rely
    on something. It depicts the weakness of a man,
    who should rely on God. Ivy climbing the wall of
    the house had to keep the witches away. The twig
    of an ivy - cut on the Christmas Eve and put on
    the saucer with water - tells the successful
    harvest in the following year, if it survives
    till the Three Magi celebration. Neither holly,
    nor ivy was not supposed to be taken home before
    Christmas this brings bad luck. According to
    which of these plants will be taken home first we
    may distinguish who will rule the house through
    the following year woman or man.

49
  • The first Christmas tree was brought to England
    by prince Albert, a husband of Queen Victoria.
    The richly decorated tree occurred in the Windsor
    castle in 1841. The queen was very pleased of it
    and it was welcomed by others especially rich
    houses of high class and rich middle class
    representatives.Spruce Christmas Tree is a
    German tradition, but originating in... England.
    St. Boniface from Devon, living in the 8th
    century, went to Europe, to preach the
    Christianity among Germanic tribes. The evergreen
    spruce was at that time considered as a symbol of
    Christianity and eternal God in England. The
    german tribes worshipped an oak, which was richly
    decorated in the time of the turn of winter
    celebration. As the legend says, Boniface in a
    gesture of opposition to the pagan celebration he
    cut an oak, which was supposed to be in the
    center of celebration. To everyones surprise the
    spruce grew from the cut tree. From that time on
    the custom of decorating spruce in candles was
    born in Germany, so that st. Boniface could
    preach among the pagan also at night.Supposedly
    it was Martin Luter who brought the first tree
    decorated with the shining stars to the house.
    During the Victorian times the tree was decorated
    in candles. First electric lamps appeared in
    1895.

50
  • At Christmas in England Christmas tables look
    different than in Poland. The traditional dish is
    a turkey stuffed with various vegetables
    (supposedly better than our Christmas Eve carp).
    It is accompained with the different dishes too
    such as the sausages with a rolled becon etc.
    English people eat the main dish at noon or
    shortly after. The dishes are eaten in the crowns
    made of paper. It is the symbol referring to
    Three Magi. Christmas in England cannot be
    celebrated without the traditional pudding for a
    dessert. It is served in a coating glaze from the
    blancmange or brandy. In the leter case alcohol
    is set on fire, and the flames are supposed to
    protect from the bad luck. The tradition tells,
    that the pudding should be made of 13 components
    (flour, beef suet, almonds, 3 types of raisin,
    crumbs, sugar, eggs, rum, grated carrot, candied
    cherries and lemon juice). It serves as a symbol
    of 12 disciples and Jesus Christ. Apart from
    pudding, muffins with delicacies and other
    delicious desserts are served too.

51
  • The second day of Christmas is traditionally
    called Boxing Day and contrary to the initial
    association it is not related to fightings but to
    boxes, given most commonly today for milkmen and
    newsboys in the form of tips.

52
  • Bonfire Night or Guy Fawkes Day is on November
    5th. It celebrates the attempt by Guy Fawkes to
    destroy the Houses of Parliament in 1605. A lot
    of people decide to make their own guy to burn
    out of old clothes. In Lewes, a town in East
    Sussex, the town decides on one evil person to
    burn each year.

53
  • Pancake Day is celebrated on Shrove Tuesday
    which is the dy before Lent. Shrove Tuesday is
    often referred to as Pancake Day because fats,
    which were generally prohibited during Lent, had
    to be used up. In the United Kingdom of Great
    Britian Pancake Day is celebrated with fun,
    games, and of course a lot of eating. However,
    the most well known activity on this day is the
    Pancake Day race at Olney in Buckinghamshire.
    Only women are allowed to participate in this
    race. They must run a designated path with a
    frying pan and end up at the church. They must
    have a hot pancake in the frying pan which they
    must flip at least three times before they
    complete the race.

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This celebration takes place on January 25th,
and celebrates Robert Burns life. Robert Burns
was the greatest Scottish poet. During this day
people meet, read his poems, men wear kilts. The
tradition is to eat a big dinner on this day so
families and friends meet and eat Haggis, which
is minced sheeps liver, heart and lungs tied up
inside a sheeps stomach.
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  • Great Britain introduced to the worlds do
    cuisine primarily hot breakfast, afternoon tea
    and the traditional puddings. Great Britain as
    first introduced fast food and take away dishes
    in the form of the famous fish and chips,
    sandwitches and Cornish pasty (vegetables and
    meat in cake). The modern British cuisine is
    diverse and innovative, nontheless it is worth to
    try the traditional dishes, which are prepared
    from the first-grade ingredients, such as beef,
    lamb and deer. In Great Britain, the island
    country, traditionally a lot of fish food is
    eaten, however the sea fruit, being formerly
    cheap are recently considerably more expensive.
  •  
  • Full English breakfast consists of becon and
    eggs, mushroom and grilled tomatoes, mutton
    sausages, blood sausage and toasts.
  • Laverbread is a Welsh speciality prepared from
    the dark seeweed. It is served cold with sea
    fruit or warm with bacon, toast and tomato.
  • Cornish pasty is meat and wegetables baked in
    cake.
  •  
  •  

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  • The style of English gardens is not a one
    style. It is an infinite number of styles,
    gardens and people, who created them. The English
    garden is most of all a garden tended with hands
    of many generations, with a great love and
    devotion. Muddy wellingtons, clippers in one
    hand, the cup of steaming tea in the other
    these are the attributes of a typical British,
    who despite the rain and wind spends long hours
    on weeding and digging his garden. Stylish
    kitchen filled with seedings and covered with the
    garden soil it is a pretty regular phenomenon.
    Because garden is the most important!

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  • The garden in English style is characterised with
    the romantic character full of the colourfull
    flowers, the smell of roses, misterious nooks and
    stylish decorations. Worth mentioning are the
    vast areas, spacious lawns and the free, wild
    character being seen inter alia in the choice of
    plants.

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  • The space is divided into the separate interiors
    of various functions. The vital elements of these
    green rooms are potted plants in stylish
    containers, sculptures and other details (most
    commonly cast-iron or wooden).

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  • Perennial beds are characteristic for its style.
    They can have the amphiteatrical order (low level
    plants at front and higher level plants in the
    rear) or in the free style (between the low
    plants there are the clumps of higher).

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  • Among plants there are roses spread on pergoli,
    garden houses, columns and by the house
    entrances. They are eagerly planted also on
    flower beds, giving them a romantic character.

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J.R.R. Tolkien, writer
Margaret Thatcher, politician
William Shakespeare, writer
  • Anthony Hopkins, actor

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Isaac Newton, physicist, matematician, alchemist
Lord Byron, a poet
Carl Darwin, a creator of the theory of evolution
of species
Winston Churchill, a politician
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Queen, the British rock band
David Beckham, a football player
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  • It is a rhythmically simple ballroom dance,
    however it demands from the partners the great
    physical fit. Slow waltz (English waltz) as the
    very name suggests comes from England and it was
    danced for the first time at the end of 1921. Its
    steps and turns indicate that its father was
    Viennese waltz. Tact ¾Tempo 29-30 tacts per
    minute

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  • Foxtrot is an English term meaning the step of
    fox. Very popular at the beginning of our
    century, trully free, having no strict rules.
    When the actor Harry Fox introduced in his band
    trotting steps, and masters have smoothed it,
    thus it gained its style and character. This
    dance distinguishes a boy from a man. When
    observing the dancers there is an impression of
    smoothyness and the confidence of motion. The
    same as English waltz it is a typical English
    dance and is considered to be the most difficult
    standard dance despite it is based on the basic
    walking figures.Tact 4/4Tempo 29-30 tacts per
    minute

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  • It was born in America from onestep and rag. In
    1914 it came to England. It is a quick variation
    of foxtrot, gushing with energy, different style
    and character, proposed at the congress of dance
    teachers in 1924. It can symbolise young people
    full of joy and life, taking joy of every while
    spent together by means of jumps, running steps,
    fast changes of direction, turnover figures and
    progressive ones. It demands to be in a good fit
    and good controll of ones ballance, especially
    because it is danced at the end of the
    tournament. During the tournament it is danced in
    the tempo of 52 tacts per minute. It is a very
    quick tempo, that is why this dance is called
    quickstep - quic Foxtrot. Tact 4/4,Tempo 50-53
    tacts per minute.

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  • The young dance created in the time of so called
    dance revolution after 1910 as a result of the
    stylization of swing and jazz origin, rich in
    many movement inspirations. As a jitlerburg it
    was carried to Europe in 1940 by the American
    soldiers. Later on known as boigie - woogie. It
    was later developed in England. From the mid 70s
    it is a tournament dance. In this dance there are
    some African influences. Jive shows us how great
    joy the life is. Simmilar to rock and roll, but
    without the acrobatic figures. In the present
    version it is a classic jazz dance, influencing
    the emergence of the new dancing figures dancing
    jinks". All of them are fleeting phenomena,
    whereas jive lasts and still developes.
    Simmilarly as in quickstep it demands good fit
    and condition, because it is danced as a last
    dance. Tact 4/4. Tempo 44 tacts per minute

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  • THE END
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