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Co-operative Summit of the Americas-2009 ICA America VI Continental Meeting of Women Co-operators Topic: Global crises panorama and its impact on Women

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Title: Co-operative Summit of the Americas-2009 ICA America VI Continental Meeting of Women Co-operators Topic: Global crises panorama and its impact on Women


1
Co-operative Summit of the Americas-2009 ICA
America VI Continental Meeting of
Women Co-operators Topic Global crises panorama
and its impact on Womens lives
  • A Report from ICA Asia Pacific
  • Presented by Savitri Singh, ICAAP, India

2
What is Global Crises ?
  • Crises is the plural of crisis.
  • a. A crucial or decisive point or situation a
    turning point.
  • b. An unstable condition, as in political,
    social, or economic affairs, involving an
    impending abrupt or decisive change.
  • c. A sudden change in the course of a disease or
    fever, toward either improvement or
    deterioration.
  • d. An emotionally stressful event or traumatic
    change in a person's life.
  • A point in a story or drama when a conflict
    reaches its highest tension and must be resolved.

3
Ten of the most serious challenges facing the
world today
  • Climate Change,
  • Communicable Diseases
  • Conflicts
  • Education
  • Financial Instability
  • Corruption
  • Migration
  • Malnutrition and Hunger
  • Trade Barriers
  • Access to Water

4
Impact on women Climate change
  • Drought flood affect agriculture
  • De forestation
  • Lack of fire wood, cattle feed
  • Shortage of Water
  • Non availability of safe drinking water

5
Communicable Diseases
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Malaria and TB
  • Care giving to family members
  • Earning to support family
  • Innocent victim of HIV

6
Conflict
  • War in Kuwait, Afghanistan , Israel and several
    other places
  • UN 70 war refugees/orphans are women and
    children
  • War Leeds women to single parenting, poverty, all
    forms violence including rape and trafficking

7
WTO Free trade
  • Trade Barriers women in traditional
    sectors-agriculture and textile ( weavers,
    artisans, fisheries,dairy)
  • Competition case of women coop in Delhi
  • Faminisation of labour low paid labour intensive
    jobs in export units-garment, food
  • First to lose jobs- Shrilanka, Bangladesh,Thailand
    , Vietnam, Philippines

8
Financial/Economic crisis
  • Financial crisis leads to all these crises
  • Education
  • Corruption
  • Migration
  • Malnutrition and Hunger

9
The current Financial Crisis
  • The current global financial crisis began in
    July 2007 when a loss of confidence by investors
    in the value of securitized mortgages in the
    United States resulted in a liquidity crisis that
    prompted a substantial injection of capital into
    financial markets by the United States Federal
    Reserve, Bank of England and the European Central
    Bank.
  • In September 2008, the crisis deepened, as stock
    markets worldwide crashed and entered a period of
    high volatility, and a considerable number of
    banks, mortgage lenders and insurance companies
    failed in the following weeks.

10
Impact of financial crisis in Asia in general
  • So far the intensity of the impact is not clearly
    known
  • The periodical news from several countries
    manufacturing and agricultural export and
    tourism
  • are badly affected
  • The trend can be understood by looking at reports
    and studies on what happened in 1997 Asian crisis
  • The US and European economy was stable and Asians
    could export out-1997-98
  • The US and European economy crashed, no export
    out resulting into major market (job and
    revenue) loss

11
  • Slowing down over all growth and sustainability
  • Economic slow down resulting into loss of
    employment to individuals and revenue to
    governments resulting into lessening or stopping
    public spending by governments
  • Lack of public spending by govt. affects badly to
    poor and women and children

12
Impact of Crises on Cooperative Institutions in
particular
  • The cooperatives so far have not reported any
    significant impact of crisis in Asia Pacific
    region.
  • Hegen Henry, Chief of the ILOS Cooperative
    Branch has said that there are few instances and
    ILO has commissioned a study for in depth
    information.
  • there are instances of slow down of business
    activities of coop banks and credit coops,
    consumer coops, low business turnover etc.

13
Some examples
  • Raj Lakshmi Women Bank in India
  • experienced slow down in business turn over, low
    deposit and borrowing, increase in banks NPA
  • JCCU- a big consumer coop chain in Japan trading
    caution
  • NACF, South Korea 20cut on expansion plans

14
Impact of crises on various aspects of human
life in general
  • Price rise of essential commodities such as food,
    medicine, housing, education etc.
  • Loss of income resulting into low self esteem,
    school drop out, malnutrition, health issues,
    drug addiction and economic crime, domestic
    violence, human trafficking

15
Impact of crises on gender and women in particular
  • Crises impact women and men differently ?
  • Any crisis put disproportionate burden on poor
    and women due to their vulnerable situation
  • The Asia Pacific Region has second highest ratio
    of employed women at 48.9 -UNIFEM
  • ILO report 22 million women have lost jobs in
    manufacturing sector due to present economic
    crises.
  • Rising crime against women
  • Assumed to be secondary income earner ( men are
    first choice-Korea)
  • Unskilled and semi skilled, distress employment
  • Perceived to be a cheaper labour substitute for
    mens labour

16
  • 60-90labour in clothing sector, food production,
    electronics, call centre and financial services
    are women
  • Temporary, casual and seasonal nature of jobs
    lack security and benefits such as insurance,
    medical, pension etc.
  • Crisis led to cut in benefits such as leave,
    subsidized food, free transport, incentives et
  • Asian crisis-1998-women First to lose jobs as men
    considered Bread winners

17
Opportunities resulting from the crises
  • Mr. Ban KI MOON, UN Secretary General The
    global financial crisis is forcing all of us to
    save and cut costs wherever we can. But our work
    for the women of the world must continue
    undiminished.
  • UNIFEM We must urgently ensure that fiscal
    stimulus packeges are engendered. These must
    encompass investment in women dominated
    industries and provide support to educational
    initiatives, womens health and agricultural
    extension services
  • The cooperative sector should study the impact of
    crisis on cooperative institution and take
    initiative to mitigate impact

18
  • Increase public spending and investment in
    agriculture as 60 women still employed in
    agriculture in Asia
  • Cooperatives protect and enhance micro credit
  • Practice smart economics-Invest in women and girl
    child
  • Gender-disaggregated analysis of labour market
    impact

19
ICAAP initiative for gender mainstreaming and
women empowerment
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