Workplace Substance Abuse Prevention Concepts, Research, an - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Workplace Substance Abuse Prevention Concepts, Research, an PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3e2343-ZWM5M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Workplace Substance Abuse Prevention Concepts, Research, an

Description:

Workplace Substance Abuse Prevention Concepts, Research, and Innovation of a Team Awareness Training The TCU Drugs in the Workplace Project Click to proceed – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:38
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: ibrTcuEdu
Learn more at: http://www.ibr.tcu.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Workplace Substance Abuse Prevention Concepts, Research, an


1
Workplace Substance Abuse Prevention Concepts,
Research, and Innovation of a Team Awareness
Training
The TCU Drugs in the Workplace Project
Click to proceed
2
Workplace Substance Abuse Prevention An
Integrated Research Model
This poster has three sections. Please click on
the section title to the left that you wish to go
to.
To proceed through this presentation, you may
click anywhere on the screen when you see the
Click to proceed message.
Click to proceed
3
Introduction Social Factors at Work
The great majority of jobs and occupations
require that people work together to get the job
done
Click to proceed
4
Workers rely on each other to provide
information, tools, and support in all
kinds of work
Click to proceed
5
Many jobs require attention to security or
safety to help protect coworkers, customers, and
the general public
Click to proceed
6
  • These examples indicate that
  • many jobs include one or more of these factors
  • Tasks require that we work together
  • Jobs require we rely on each other
  • Our actions have effects on others
  • Sometimes these effects involve safety and
    security

Click to proceed
7
Even when employees work in isolation, they
will sometimes get together just to talk or
socialize
Click to proceed
8
Our research team has studied how employee
misuse of alcohol or drugs can be, and often
is, influenced by these workplace social factors
Click to proceed
9
Substance abuse rarely occurs in
isolation coworkers can be affected and they can
play a role in enabling the problem or
encouraging their peers to get help
Click to proceed
10
P o l i c y
In recent years the federal government has
required businesses to have a drug free workplace
policy. As a rule, these policies focus on
dealing with workers as individually susceptible
to substance use problems, rather than on the
social context that may surround substance use.
Click to proceed
11
The research described in this presentation is in
three parts.
P o l i c y
The first part describes an Integrated Research
Model, and reviews ten years of psychological
and organizational research.
W o r k E n v i r o n m e n t
Research covers employee attitudes toward drugs
and policy, effects of substance use on employees
and coworkers, and the role of the work
environment and the work group.
Work Groups
Click to proceed
12
The second part briefly shows how we developed an
interactive substance abuse prevention training
for workplaces.
This Innovative Training Model is based upon
the following 1 ideas and concepts from
the Integrated Research Model 2 -
ideas about Social Factors at Work, as
described earlier 3 - research summarized in
the Abstracts Presentation (see
Workplace Abstracts Poster)
Click to proceed
13
The third part is a separate presentation of
Research Abstracts from over 20 different
research studies.
These research abstracts are summaries of papers
that have been published in scientific journals.
Much of this research was used to build the
Integrated Research Model. These abstracts are
shown in the Workplace Abstracts Poster on this
website.
Click to proceed
14
Integrated Research Model
This section of slides describes the different
elements in the full model that seeks to
understand job-related risks and strengths
associated with employee substance abuse.
Click to proceed
15
Employee Substance Abuse Misuse of alcohol
or Prescription drugs Illicit Drug use
Performance Concerns
The model described here assumes that employee
substance abuse can potentially or eventually
lead to performance problems.
Potential Performance Problems Unscheduled
Absences Accidents Psychological
Withdrawal Antagonism Violence Risk
Click to proceed
16
Policy Formation
  • Over the past twenty years, an increasing number
    of workplaces have developed substance use
    policies.
  • This model shows a standard view of how policy is
    formed.

Individual Problematic Substance Use
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
First, the possibility of substance use leads to
the development of policy, which can include
testing, education, discipline, and access to
help, usually through an Employee Assistance
Program or EAP.
These policy components are designed to regulate
individual and problematic substance use.
Click to proceed
17
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
Workplace Context
The Workplace Context
Click to proceed
18
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
The Workplace Context
  • The current model is sensitive to these factors
    but focuses more on reaching and understanding
    employees once they are in the work setting.

Click to proceed
19
Risks Strengths
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
The workplace contains two types of factors that
relate to employee substance use.
The Workplace Context
Factors associated with decreased substance use
are considered strengths.
Factors associated with increased substance use
are considered risks.
Risks
Strengths
Click to proceed
20
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
Risks Strengths
Risks
Strengths
Strength factors include socially healthy work
settings, wellness policies, an an atmosphere of
team cohesiveness, and employee knowledge and
support of policy.
Risk factors include working in safety sensitive
occupations, coworkers who drink together
socially, and employees who enable, ignore, or
tolerate coworker use.
Click to proceed
21
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
Three Levels In the Work Context
Risk and Strengths exist at three levels
Click to proceed
22
Organizational
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
The overall work environment or culture of an
organization can contain factors associated with
alcohol or drug use.
Strengths
Risks
Conversely, healthy work cultures that emphasize
employee involvement, family friendly policies,
and good communication may show lower levels of
abuse.
For example, occupations involving safety risk
(machinery use, toxic chemicals, vehicles)
tend to have higher use levels.
Workplace Environment
Click to proceed
23
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
Group or Team
Social and psychological processes within work
groups can also influence employee attitudes and
behaviors toward alcohol and drugs.
Strengths
Risks
Conversely, alcohol and drug use is less when
employees report working in positive team
environments and with cohesive work groups.
For example, research shows that coworkers can
ignore, minimize, or enable employees who use
alcohol or drugs.
Group Processes
Click to proceed
24
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
Individual
Job-related perceptions and attitudes of
individual employees also correlate with
substance abuse.
Strengths
Risks
For example, employees who are willing to
tolerate (cover for, fail to report) coworkers
who use are themselves more likely to be drug
user than those who are less tolerant.
Conversely, employees with clear and positive
attitudes toward policy are less likely to
abuse alcohol or drugs.
Perceptions Attitudes
Click to proceed
25
Following from our previous research (described
in the Abstracts Poster), the Drugs in the
Workplace Project developed two types of training
programs to help prevent employee substance
abuse.
Personal Background
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
leads to
regulates
Performance

Social Integration
Safety-related Occupations
Workplace Environment
Organizational Influence
Organizational Wellness
Drinking Climate
Group Processes
Team Cohesion
Social influence

Exposure to Coworker Use
Perceptions Attitudes
Support Policy
Psychological influence

Tolerance
Click to proceed
26
Informational Training is an enhanced version of
the standard educational training.
leads to
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
Education
regulates

Social Integration
Safety-related Occupations
Workplace Environment
Organizational Wellness
Drinking Climate
Team Training is an advanced training that
combines team building exercises along with peer
referral skills and in depth policy training.
Group Processes
Neutralization Enabling
Team Cohesion

Exposure to Coworker Use
Perceptions Attitudes
Support Policy

Tolerance
The team training focuses on enhancing strengths
and reducing risks within work groups.
Click to proceed
27
The Team Awareness training was developed in
three conceptual stages and according to previous
research.
Stage 1 The Negative Cycle Previous research
suggested that a negative cycle may prevent
coworkers or work groups from dealing with
employee problems.
leads to
Policy Testing Education Discipline EAP
Individual Problematic Substance Use
an employee shows some problem behavior (e.g.,
excessive absence, working with a hangover),
Problem Presentation
Workplace Environment
coworkers neutralize (enable, minimize, deny,
rationalize),
Problem Neutralization
Group Processes
Problem Continuance
the problem continues,
Perceptions Attitudes
Climate Reinforcement
a climate of enabling develops
Click to proceed
28
Stage 2 Correlates of Neutralization Our
research suggest five factors correlate with this
negative cycle.
1 Employees are either not aware of
policy or consider it meaningless.
Disconnected from Policy (not meaningful)
2 Work groups lack communication skills
to deal with the problem (i.e.,
alienation, low group cohesion).
Poor Communication
3 Employees experience stress or job
tension.
Inadequate Coping
4 Employees tolerate coworkers who have
problems.
Tolerance Resignation
5 Employees with substance abuse
problems are psychologically withdrawn or
antagonistic.
Withdrawal/ Antagonism
Click to proceed
29
Stage 3 Training Goals For each of the five
areas that relate to enabling and neutralization,
we developed training objectives. These five
training objectives were used to help develop
actual training materials and manuals. These
materials are available from this web-site.
  • Goals
  • 1 - Increase supportive group climate
  • 2 - Improve attitudes (policy, tolerance)
  • 3 - Increase help-seeking behavior/peer referral
  • Purpose
  • Enhance team communication for work groups
  • to help reduce any risks related to substance
    use

Disconnected from Policy (not meaningful)
  • Objective 1 Relevance
  • Explore how this training can help you and
  • your group and identify Risks and Strengths

Poor Communication
  • Objective 2 Team Ownership of Policy
  • Understand how substance use policy protects
  • employees and requires shared responsibility

Inadequate Coping
  • Objective 3 Understanding Stress
  • Understand the relationship between stress,
  • substance abuse, and communication. Identify
  • resources for healthy (versus unhealthy)
    coping.

Tolerance Resignation
  • Objective 4 Understanding Tolerance
  • Identify risky levels of tolerance at
    individual
  • and group levels and adjust if necessary.

Withdrawal/ Antagonism
  • Objective 5 Support, Encourage Help
  • Improve effective listening, nudge coworkers
  • to get help, address resistance to change.

Click to proceed
30
To summarize, the team awareness training was
developed from three areas 1 - ideas about
Social Factors at Work, as described in the
Introduction 2 ideas and concepts from the
Integrated Research Model 3 research
summarized in the Abstracts Poster
Click to proceed
31
Thanks for visiting please visit our
materials and training manuals also located on
this website
Last slide
About PowerShow.com