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Unit 7 Approaching Culture

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Title: Unit 7 Approaching Culture


1
Unit 7Approaching Culture
  • ????????
  • ??? ??

2
Teaching aims
  • to train the students ability to understand the
    general idea of the listening texts about the
    well-renowned museums, Kwanzaa, etc., and help
    them grasp the important details.
  • to develop students ability to summarize the key
    points and main ideas of the long listening
    material which talks about the changes in some
    modern museums.
  • to learn some new words and expressions to enrich
    vocabulary, especially the words and expressions
    in Language study and language appreciation.

3
Teaching equipments
  • language lab with computer and multimedia
    projector

4
Time allocation
  • One and a half classes (135 minutes) are needed
    involving with four parts for the whole unit.
  • For the first period (45minutes) focus on Part I
    and Part II
  • For the second period (45minutes) focus on Part
    II and Part III
  • For the third period (45minutes) focus on Part
    III and Part IV

5
Part 1 Warming up
  • Requirements of listening course. Develop the
    habit of extensive listening after class ---
    listen to English tapes, English radio programs,
    English songs etc., watch English films, log on
    to the websites to practice listening (Chinadaily
    website, listeningexpress website, ?????etc.)
  • Ask students to talk about their visit to some
    museums, and if possible students can bring some
    pictures or souvenirs as to share their pleasant
    sight feast with others.

6
Vocabulary and background knowledge for this part
7
1. symbol noun C n. ??,??,??
  • ? a sign, shape or object which is used to
    represent something else
  • eg. The dove is the symbol of peace. ?????????
  • eg. The Cross is the symbol of Christianity.
    ???????????
  • ? something that is used to represent a quality
    or idea
  • eg. Water, a symbol of life, recurs as an image
    throughout her poems.
  • ? a number, letter or sign used in mathematics,
    music, science, etc eg. The symbol for oxygen
    is O2.
  • ? an object can be described as a symbol of
    something else if it seems to represent it
    because it is connected with it in a lot of
    people's minds
  • eg. He only bought the yacht as a status symbol
    he hates sailing.
  • ????????????, ???????????.

8
  • 2. even a. ???,???,???forming a whole number
    which can be divided exactly by two eg. 6 is
    an even number and 7 is an odd number.
  • eg. I'd say the two players are pretty even.
  • ?????????????
  • eg. He won the first game and I won the second,
    so now we are even.
  • ??????,??????,?????????

9
  • 3. set noun C n. ??,??a group of similar
    things that belong together in some way eg. We
    bought Charles and Mandy a set of cutlery as a
    wedding present. eg. I always keep a tool set
    in the back of my car. eg. The doctor said that
    he hadn't seen this particular set of symptoms
    before.
  • 4. Argentina ??d??n'tin? n. ???
  • a republic in southern South America second
    largest country in South America
  • Argentine adjective

10
  • 5. greet verb ??,??,????
  • to welcome someone with particular words or a
    particular action, or to react to something in
    the stated way
  • eg. I greet you in the name of the President.
  • ???????????
  • eg. I woke up and was greeted by bird song.
  • ?????,?????????
  • 6. traditional ???(??)???????????????
  • Of, relating to, or in accord with tradition
  • eg. the traditional handshake a traditional
    wedding ceremony.
  • ????????????

11
  • 7. hug verb n.
  • to hold someone or something close to your body
    with your arms, usually to show that you like,
    love or value them a tight or amorous embrace
  • eg. She gave her mother an affectionate hug.
  • ???????????
  • eg. The president hugged himself with pleasure
    over the quick withdrawal from the gulf war.
  • ???????????????????????
  • eg. She sat on the floor hugging her knees
  • ( with her knees bent up against her chest
    and her arms around them).
  • eg. Whenever I travel in the city I make sure I
    hug my handbag tightly to me.

12
  • 8. Brazil n. ??
  • the largest Latin American country and the
    largest Portuguese speaking country in the world
    located in the central and northeastern part of
    South America world's leading coffee exporter
  • 9. Canada n. ???
  • a nation in northern North America the French
    were the first Europeans to settle in mainland
    Canada
  • 10. Egypt n. ??
  • a republic in northeastern Africa known as the
    United Arab Republic until 1971 site of an
    ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to
    30 BC

13
  • 11. Japan n. ??
  • a constitutional monarchy occupying the Japanese
    Archipelago a world leader in electronics and
    automobile manufacture and ship building
  • 12. Korea n. ??
  • an Asian peninsula (off Manchuria) separating the
    Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan the Korean name
    is Dae-Han-Min-Gook or Han-Gook
  • 13. Mexico n. ???
  • a republic in southern North America became
    independent from Spain in 1810

14
Key to this part
  • A. People in all countries enjoy gifts. Sometimes
    the meanings are different in different cultures.
    Listen to the following dialogues and look at the
    pictures below. If it is not a proper gift in a
    certain country for an ordinary friend, cross out
    () the picture and check (v) the correct reason
    why it is not a proper gift.

15
  • 1. Argentina
  • v A tie is too personal Plants are not easy
    to look after.
  • 2. Switzerland
  • Candy isnt healthy v Ross mean love.
  • 3. Italy
  • Odd numbers (1,3, 5 etc.) are unlucky.
  • v Even number (2, 4, 6, etc.) are unlucky.
  • 4. Japan
  • Pen and pencil sets are unpopular.
  • v Japanese people usually dont give four of
    anything.

16
Tapescript for this part
  • 1. Argentina
  • Woman This is interesting. Did you know that in
    Argentina you should never give clothing unless
    you know the person really well?
  • Man Dont give clothing? Why not?
  • Woman Clothing --- even things like ties --- are
    too personal. Only good friends give them.
  • Man Huh? I never thought of a tie as being
    personal just uncomfortable. What should you
    bring?
  • Woman I dont know. Maybe something for the
    house.

17
  • 2. Switzerland
  • Man Were meeting Mr. Mertz and his wife for
    dinner. Maybe I should bring flowers or something
    Yeah, Ill pick up some red roses.
  • Woman You dont want to bring roses. In
    Switzerland, they could be a symbol of love and
    romance.
  • Man Oh, I didnt know that.
  • Woman I think candy or chocolate might be better.

18
  • 3. Italy
  • Woman Id some flowers. Uh those. About ten, I
    guess.
  • Man Maam, I dont think you should give ten
    flowers. In Italy, even numbers - 2,4,6, and so
    on - are bad luck.
  • Woman Even numbers are bad luck? OK, Ill take
    nine flowers then.

19
  • 4. Japan
  • Woman May I help you?
  • Man Im going to stay with a family in Japan. I
    need to get something for them.
  • Woman Pen sets are always a good gift.
  • Man Oh, thats a good idea. Lets see There
    are sets with a pen and pencil and bigger sets
    with four pens.
  • Woman Dont give a set of four pens - in face,
    dont give four of anything. Its bad luck. The
    Japanese word for four sounds like the word for
    death.
  • Man Thanks for telling me. Ill take the pen and
    pencil set.
  • Woman Good choice. These sets make very good
    gifts. After all, pens write in any language!
  • Man Uh yeah. Right.

20
  • B. There are many ways in the world to greet
    people. Listen to a few examples of greetings
    from some countries. Choose correct answers for
    each greeting.
  • 1. a bow Japan, Korea
  • 2. a hug Brazil, Russia
  • 3. a strong, short handshake Canada, the U.S.
  • 4. a softer, longer handshake Egypt, Mexico

21
Tapescript
  • A bow
  • Around the world, there are many different ways
    to greet people. Bowing is the traditional way of
    greeting in Northeast Asian countries like Korea
    and Japan. This picture, for example, shows how
    Japanese women bow. In Japan, when you bow, you
    dont look directly at the other persons eyes.
    But in Korea its important to see the other
    persons face when you bow. In both countries,
    people bow to show respect.

22
  • A hug
  • When good friends meet in Russia, they often hug
    each other. This is true for both women and men.
    Russia isnt the only place where friends hug. In
    Brazil, for example, friends also hug each other
    in greeting. In Brazil, the hug is called an
    abraco.
  • A strong, short handshake
  • You know how to shake hands. This is common in
    many countries. But it isnt always done the same
    way. In the United States and Canada, for
    example, people usually give a strong, short
    handshake. Its short but rather firm.

23
  • A softer, longer handshake
  • In many other countries, people also shake hands.
    But they do it differently from in the U. S. and
    Canada. In Mexico and in Egypt, for example, many
    people - especially men - shake hands. Mexican
    and Egyptian handshakes usually last a little
    longer. The handshake is softer - not as strong.

24
Part II Museums in the modern world
25
Vocabulary for this part
  • 1. museum??? noun C
  • a building where objects of historical,
    scientific or artistic interest are kept a
    depository for collecting and displaying objects
    having scientific or historical or artistic value
  • 2. reproduction n. ??,???
  • a copy of something, especially a painting, or
    the process of copying something
  • eg. This is not the original it's only a cheap
    reproduction.
  • ?????,????????????

26
  • 3. guided tour ?????????
  • eg. I am going on a guided tour around the
    mountain city.
  • ?????????????????
  • 4. educational service ????

27
  • 5. privileged 'privilid?d a. ????
  • having an advantage that only one person or group
    of people has, usually because of their position
    or because they are rich an advantage that only
    one person or group of people has, usually
    because of their position or because they are
    rich
  • eg. As an ambassador, she enjoys a very
    privileged status.
  • eg. On an occasion such as this (ie as important
    as this) we are privileged to welcome...
  • ????????, ???????...

28
  • 6. vacationer noun C (US)???, ???
    holidaymaker (UK)
  • a person who is on holiday away from where they
    usually live someone on vacation someone who is
    devoting time to pleasure or relaxation rather
    than to work

29
  • 7. metropolitan metr?'p?lit(?)n
  • n. ??????,???,?????
  • a. ????,?????,???
  • a person who lives in a metropolis, a very large
    city, often the most important city in a large
    area or country in the Eastern Orthodox Church
    this title is given to a position between bishop
    and patriarch equivalent to archbishop in
    western Christianity
  • eg. He was drawn to the metropolitan glamour and
    excitement of Paris.
  • eg. Metropolitan new york cover200 square mile.
  • ??????????200?????
  • eg. She left the small island and became famous
    in metropolitan France.
  • ?????????????????

30
  • 8. costume 'k?stjum, -'tjum n. ??,??
  • A prevalent fashion of dress, including garments,
    accessories, and hairstyle A style of dress
    characteristic of a particular country, period,
    or people, often worn in a play or at a
    masquerade.
  • eg. She wore an antique gown to the costume
    party.
  • ?????????????????

31
  • 9. Stegosaurus n.lt???gt??
  • herbivorous ornithischian dinosaur with a row of
    bony plates along its back and a spiked tail
    probably used as a weapon
  • dinosaur
  • Any of various extinct, often gigantic,
    carnivorous or herbivorous reptiles of the orders
    Saurischia and Ornithischia that were chiefly
    terrestrial and existed during the Mesozoic era.
  • ???????????????????,??????????????,????????,???

32
  • 10. Architecture '?kitekt?? n. ???, ???
    ?????, ????the profession of designing
    buildings and environments with consideration for
    their esthetic effect the discipline dealing
    with the principles of design and construction
    and ornamentation of fine buildings
  • eg. The Forbidden City is one of the world's
    greatest works of architecture.
  • ????????????????

33
  • 11. represent ?ripri'zent vt. ??,??,??,??
  • take the place of or be parallel or equivalent
    to stand for
  • eg. The rose represents England.
  • ???????????
  • eg. The king is represented as a villain in the
    play.
  • ??????????????????
  • 12. lifestyle n. ????
  • a manner of living that reflects the person's
    values and attitudes
  • eg. He's decided to throw over the lifestyle he's
    been used to in his parents' home, and go his own
    way.
  • ?????????????????????????????????

34
  • 13. Stockholm ??????????????,??????,?????,??13???
    ?,??????????????????????1523?????????????,???1634?
    ????????????????????653,455
  • The capital and largest city of Sweden, in the
    eastern part of the country on the Baltic Sea.
    Founded in the mid-13th century, it grew as a
    trade center allied with the Hanseatic League.
    Stockholm was the leading city of the kingdom of
    Sweden after 1523 but did not become the official
    capital until 1634. The Nobel Institute is here.
    Population, 653,455.

35
  • 14. Ontario ?? ON, Ont.??????????????,1867???????
    ???17??????????,1763????????,1774?????????????1791
    ???????????????(?????),?1841??????????????????????
    ??????????,??????????8,625,107
  • Abbr. ON, Ont. A province of east-central Canada.
    It joined the confederation in 1867. First
    visited by French explorers in the early 1600's,
    it passed to the British in 1763 and became part
    of the province of Quebec in 1774. It was called
    Upper Canada after its division from Quebec (then
    Lower Canada) in 1791. Reunited with Lower Canada
    in 1841, it became a separate province with the
    formation of the confederation. Toronto is the
    capital and the largest city. Population,
    8,625,107.

36
  • 15. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
    ??????(?????????????)
  • One of the world's premier cultural institutions,
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art acquires artwork
    (prehistoric to present-day) from around the
    world. With more than 2 million pieces in its
    collection, the Met hosts exhibits, loans artwork
    to other museums, publishes books and catalogs,
    and develops educational programs for all ages.

37
  • 16. American Museum of Natural History,
    NYC???????(????????????)
  • The American Museum of Natural History is a
    landmark on the Upper West Side, Manhattan, New
    York, USA. The museum has a scientific staff of
    more than 200, and sponsors over 100 special
    field expeditions each year.

38
A. Listen to some statements taken from a passage
on the changes in todays museums. Supply the
missing information.
  • 1. Museums have changed. They are no longer
    places for the privileged few or for bored
    vacationers to visit on rainy days.
  • 2. More and more museum directors are realizing
    that people learn best when they can somehow
    become part of what they are seeing.
  • 3. The purpose is not only to provide fun but
    also to help people feel at home in the world of
    science.

39
B. Now listen to the whole passage. While
listening, pay special attention to the specific
museums mentioned in the passage. Complete the
following chart with key words.
40
C. Now listen again and complete the outline
according to the information given on the tape.
  • The Major Changes in Museums in the Modern World
  • I. Reaching out to new audiences
  • A. the young
  • B. the poor
  • C. the less educated members

41
  • II. Appearance
  • A. old museums rebuilt
  • B. newer ones
  • 1. modern in architecture
  • 2. inside the museums
  • a. modern lighting, color and sound
  • b. showing fewer objects
  • c. display of a group of objects to represent
    lifestyle

42
  • III. Helping visitors become part of what they
    see
  • A. no guided tours
  • B. encouraging visitors to touch, listen, operate
    and experiment / discover scientific principles
    for themselves
  • IV. Providing educational services and childrens
    departments
  • A. film show
  • B. dance programs

43
Tapescript for this part
  • Museums have changed. They are no longer places
    for the privileged few or for bored vacationers
    to visit on rainy days.
  • At a science museum in Ontario, Canada, you can
    feel your hair stand on end as harmless
    electricity passes through your body. At the
    Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, you
    can look at 17th century instruments while
    listening to their music. At the Modern Museum in
    Sweden, you can put on costumes provided by the
    Stockholm Opera. At New Yorks American Museum of
    Natural History recently, you could have helped
    make a bone-by-bone reproduction of the museums
    stegosaurus, a beast that lived 200 million years
    ago.

44
Tapescript for this part
  • As these examples show, museums are reaching out
    to new audiences, particularly the young, the
    poor, and the less educated members of the
    population. As a result, attendance is
    increasing.
  • Many museums have changed in appearance. Some of
    the old, gray museums have been rebuilt, and the
    newer ones are open and modern in their
    architecture. Inside, there is modern lighting,
    color, and sound. Instead of displaying
    everything they own, museum directors show fewer
    objects and leave open spaces where visitors can
    gather and sit down. They also bring together in
    one display a group of objects drawn from various
    parts of the museum in an effort to represent the
    whole lifestyle of a region or a historical
    period. In one room, for instance, you may find
    materials, clothing, tools, cooking pots,
    furniture, and art works of a particular place
    and time.

45
Tapescript for this part
  • More and more museum directors are realizing that
    people learn best when they can somehow become
    part of what they are seeing. In many science
    museums, for example, there are no guided tours.
    The visitor is encouraged to touch, listen,
    operate, and experiment so as to discover
    scientific principles for himself. He can have
    the experience of operating a spaceship or a
    computer. He can experiment with glass blowing
    and papermaking. The purpose is not only to
    provide fun but also to help people feel at home
    in the world of science. The theory is that
    people who do not understand science will
    probably fear it, and those who fear science will
    not use it to best advantage.
  • Many museums now provide educational services and
    childrens departments. In addition to the usual
    displays, they also offer film showings and dance
    programs. Instead of being places that one
    should visit, they places to enjoy.

46
Part I I I Kwanzaa
47
Kwanzaa??? ?????????????????,???,?12?26??1?1??????
??????,?????????,????????,????????????
  • a festival featuring African-American culture
    celebrated between Christmas and New Year lasting
    from December 26 to January 1
  • Kwanzaa is a week-long holiday celebrated
    throughout the world, honoring African heritage,
    marked by participants lighting a kinara (candle
    holder).1 It is observed from December 26 to
    January 1 each year. Kwanzaa consists of seven
    days of celebration, featuring activities such as
    candle-lighting and pouring of libations, and
    culminating in a feast and gift giving. It was
    created by Maulana Karenga and first celebrated
    from December 26, 1966, to January 1, 1967.

48
  • 2. cooperative (UK ALSO co-operative)
    adjective???
  • willing to help or do what people ask
  • eg. I've asked them not to play their music so
    loudly, but they're not being very cooperative.
  • eg. The management would like to thank the staff
    for being so cooperative.
  • ???????????????
  • candleholder 'kændl?h??ld?(r) n. ??

49
  • 4. Swahili
  • ????????????????,?????????????????????
  • A member of a predominantly Moslem people
    inhabiting the coast and islands of eastern
    Africa from Somalia to Mozambique.
  • The Bantu language of the Swahili that is the
    official language of Tanzania and is widely used
    as a lingua franca in eastern and east-central
    Africa.Also called In this sense, also called
    Kiswahili
  • ???????????????????????,?????????????????????
    ????????? Kiswahili
  • The following passage is about an
    African-American celebration called Kwanzaa.
    Listen carefully and fill in the missing
    information so as to get a clear picture of what
    Kwanzaa is about.

50
Key to this part
  • I. When and where Kwanzaa began
  • In 1966, in Los Angeles
  • I I. The purpose of Kwanzaa
  • To honor black culture, especially, the
    importance of the family
  • I I I. The word KwanzaaFrom what language is
    the word Kwanzaa?
  • A. language Swahili
  • B. meaning first fruits of the harvest

51
Key to this part
  • IV. People who celebrate Kwanzaa
  • A. African-Americans
  • B. families in Canada, Britain, France and Africa
  • V. The period of time when Kwanzaa is celebrated
  • Seven days from Dec. 26 to Jan. 1

52
Key to this part
  • VI. The seven goals honored by Kwanzaa
  • A. unity
  • B. personal independence
  • C. joint responsibility
  • D. cooperative economics
  • E. purpose
  • F. creativity
  • G. faith

53
Key to this part
  • VII. What people do during the celebration
  • A. discussing one of the goals each day
  • B. getting together for a party
  • C. enjoying a holiday meal
  • D. playing African music

54
Tapescript for this part
  • On the day after Christmas in 1966, a small group
    of Americans in the western city of Los Angeles
    began a seven-day celebration. The celebration
    was not religious. Its purpose was to honor black
    culture, especially the importance of the family.
    The celebration is Kwanzaa.
  • The word Kwanzaa is Swahili. It means first
    fruits of the harvest. Today, millions of
    African Americans celebrate Kwanzaa during the
    month of December. Families in Canada, Britain,
    France and Africa also celebrate it. The main
    celebration is held for seven days after
    Christmas from December 26 through January 1.
    Kwanzaa, however, does not replace Christmas.
    Most people who celebrate Kwanzaa also celebrate
    Christmas. Kwanzaa is a time for black families

55
Tapescript for this part
  • to discuss seven goals to live by all year. The
    seven goals are unity, personal independence,
    joint responsibility, cooperative economics,
    purpose, creativity and faith. On each of the
    seven days of Kwanzaa, family members gather to
    light a black, red or green candle in a special
    candleholder. Each day, the family discusses one
    of the goals. People may also get together for a
    party and enjoy a holiday meal. They may play
    some African music.
  • Maulana Karenga is a college professor who
    developed Kwanzaa. He says Kwanzaas goal of
    unity includes unity in the family, in the local
    community, in the nation and in the African
    community throughout the world. He also says that
    celebrating Kwanzaa will not cure the social
    problems of blacks. But he says that honoring the
    goals of Kwanzaa will make people more creative
    and productive citizens.

56
Part VI Language study and Language appreciation
  • Listen to the following statements. Pay special
    attention to the parts in bold type. Learn to
    appreciate and use the language.

57
  • 1. to make a good gift
  • These sets make very good gifts.
  • 2. to feel ones hair stand on end
  • At a science museum in Ontario, Canada, you can
    feel your hair stand on end as harmless
    electricity passes through your body.
  • 3. reach out to
  • As these examples show, museums are reaching out
    to new audiences, particularly the young, the
    poor, and the less educated members of the
    population.

58
  • 4. in an effort to
  • They also bring together in one display a group
    of objects drawn from various parts of the museum
    in an effort to represent the whole lifestyle of
    a region or a historical period.
  • 5. use sth. to best advantage
  • The theory is that people who do not understand
    science will probably fear it, and those who fear
    science will not use it to best advantage.
  • 6. places to visit / places to enjoy
  • Instead of being places that one should visit,
    they are places to enjoy.
  • 7. to live by a goal
  • Kwanzaa is a time for black families to discuss
    seven goals to live by all year.
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