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From Therapy with Music To Music Therapy

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From Therapy with Music To Music Therapy A Brief Historical Review Music Therapy Music and music experiences as tools for healing, growth, & development Primary ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: From Therapy with Music To Music Therapy


1
From Therapy with Music To Music Therapy
  • A Brief Historical Review

2
Music Therapy
  • Music and music experiences as tools for healing,
    growth, development
  • Primary Elements
  • Client
  • Therapist
  • Music
  • A Process

3
Why Music Therapy?
  • Ancient physicians recognized that music affected
    human beings moods, energy levels, emotions
  • Aristotle (catharsis), Plato (tx for the soul),
    etc. prescribed music for patients with physical
    mental illnesses
  • Moral view some types of music were considered
    better than others for treating Melancholy and
    for building character

4
Very Early Europeans Non-Europeans
  • Spiritual/Religious Healing
  • Placate gods exorcize demons
  • Trance states (Shamanic approaches)
  • Sick person did not play- others provided musical
    stimulus for the Shaman- Shaman communicates with
    a god or gods to learn how to best treat the
    patient
  • Drumming and chanting

5
Greeks Rational Medicine
  • 4 Humours Balance
  • Blood
  • Phlegm
  • Yellow Bile
  • Black Bile
  • This theoretical view lasted 2000 years! into
    the 1600s

6
The Rise of Catholicism
  • Dichotomy Power! And (vs.) compassion
  • Power dictated what was good right
  • Compassion dictated that ill persons should be
    offered some form of tx
  • EXCEPT mental illness!
  • Devil/demon possession
  • Shunned, ridiculed, tortured, killed
  • Music for prayer and worship- to heal the sick
  • Church controlled quality of good music- down
    to the specific use of musical elements (e.g.,
    tri-tone)

7
Medicine Music- 1600s-early 1900s
  • Advanced Societies Advanced medicine
  • Music Medicine linked
  • Microscope invented cells discovered and studied
  • Physicians were upper class- studied music-
    valued music for altering moods, bringing joy,
    positive pastime endeavor, etc.

8
Science Music Medicine Part Ways
  • 1800s forward
  • Mind Body are viewed as separate
  • Likewise,
  • Musicians were musicians
  • Physicians were physicians

9
Enlightenment regarding treatment for Atypical
persons
  • Education reforms- (Industrial Revolution)
  • 1832 Perkin School for the Blind
  • Music programming
  • Early 1900s- attempts to bring music programming
    into medical hospitals

10
WWII Shell Shock (PTSD)
  • Musicians working in VA hospitals
  • Menninger Clinic Kansas
  • E. Thayer Gaston (music educator)
  • 1944 Michigan State- 1st Music Therapy degree
    program
  • 1946 U. of Kansas- 1st internship

11
Music Tx as an Organized Profession
  • 1950 MENC meeting
  • Birth of the National Association for Music
    Therapy (NAMT)
  • Behavioral medicine philosophical stance- to seek
    acceptance from the medical community
  • Pendulum swing.

12
Important Acronyms to MEMORIZE!
  • 1950 NAMT (National Association for Music
    Therapy)
  • Curriculum-based training
  • 1956 RMT (Registered Music Therapist)
  • A professional designation- NOT a credential
  • 1971 AAMT (American Association for Music
    Therapy)
  • Competency-based training
  • CMT (Certified Music Therapist)
  • Professional Designation

13
Reunification 1998(NAMTAAMT) AMTA
  • AMTA
  • Your American Music Therapy Association
  • Competency-Based Training

14
The MT-BC Credential
  • 1986 CBMT (Certification Board for Music
    Therapists)
  • MT-BC (Music Therapist-Board Certified)
  • Board Certification Exam
  • CMTE (Continuing Music Therapy Education)
  • 100 hours/5 year cycle- or retake the Exam

15
Music Therapy Journals Tools for Research and
Practice
  • 1964- JMT (Journal of Music Therapy)
  • NAMT/AMTA publication
  • Juried
  • Empirical Research
  • 1980- Music Therapy
  • 1984- Music Therapy Perspectives (MTP)
  • NAMT/AMTA publication
  • Juried
  • Information Sharing

16
Journals continued
  • Nordic Journal of Music Therapy
  • British Journal of Music Therapy
  • Canadian Journal of Music Therapy
  • Australian Journal of Music Therapy
  • New Zealand Journal of Music Therapy
  • The Arts in Psychotherapy
  • Voices- Online International Journal
  • Musictherapy.org- online resources
  • Etc

17
Currently
  • Established Models
  • CMT (Creative Music Therapy aka Nordoff-Robbins
    Music Therapy)
  • AMT (Analytic Music Therapy)
  • GIM (Guided Imagery and Music)
  • Rise of Medical Music Therapy
  • Private Practice evolves
  • 2000 Temple University-
  • 1st pure PhD in Music Therapy in U.S.
  • Advanced Competencies
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