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Social Work Presentation Child Abuse /Neglect

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Social Work Presentation Child Abuse /Neglect * * * * * * Three Outcomes Indicated Unsubstantiated Ruled Out Findings indicate the abuse occurred The abuse may have ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Social Work Presentation Child Abuse /Neglect


1
Social Work PresentationChild Abuse /Neglect
2
Goal
  • To provide all Baltimore City Public
    School-based personnel with the knowledge to
    recognize and report the suspicion of child abuse
    and/or neglect

3
Objectives
  • To inform all Baltimore City Public Schools
    employees of the code of Maryland requirements
    for reporting child abuse and/or neglect
  • To inform all Baltimore City Public Schools
    employees of the consequences for not reporting
    suspected child abuse and/or neglect
  • To increase awareness for the need to take steps
    to protect children from maltreatment and assist
    their families with treatment services

4
Need to Know
  • Definition of child abuse
  • Those who are responsible for reporting child
    abuse
  • Where and how does one report child abuse and
    neglect
  • What the timeframe is for reporting
  • What happens after the report is made
  • What the sanctions are for failing to report
  • Available resources

5
Mandatory Reporters
  • Thats you!

6
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR REPORTING?

7
DEFINITIONS
  • Types of Abuse

8
WHAT IS CHILD MALTREATMENT?
  • The physical, sexual or mental injury of a child
    by any parent or other person who has permanent
    or temporary care or custody or responsibility
    for supervision of a child or by any household or
    family member under circumstances that indicate
    that the childs welfare is significantly harmed
    or at risk of being significantly harmed Or
    sexual abuse, whether physical injuries are
    sustained or not
  • (COMAR 07.02.07.02)

9
Types of Child Abuse
  • Physical Abuse
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Neglect
  • Mental Injury

10
Physical Abuse
  • HOW TO RECOGNIZE

11
Physical Signs of Physical Abuse
  • Bruises or welts
  • Burns
  • Lacerations or abrasions
  • Head injuries
  • Skeletal injuries
  • Internal injuries

12
Behavioral Indicators of Physical Abuse
  • Uncomfortable with adults
  • Fear of contact
  • Withdrawn
  • Arrives early for school or stays late
  • Complains of soreness
  • Wears inappropriate clothes to hide body
  • Physical and verbally aggressive
  • Excessive daydreaming
  • Child does not look to parents for comfort

13
SEXUAL ABUSE
  • HOW TO RECOGNIZE

14
PHYSICAL SIGNS of sexual abuse
  • Difficulty in walking or sitting
  • Pain or itching in genital area
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Poor anal sphincter tone
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Pregnancy

15
Behavioral Indicators of Sexual Abuse
  • Sleep disorders
  • Poor peer relationships
  • Social isolation
  • Bizarre, sophisticated or unusual sexual
    knowledge or behavior
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Promiscuity
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Sudden school difficulties
  • Threatened by physical contact
  • Hysteria
  • Unwillingness to change for gym

16
Child Sexual Abuse
An individual may notify the local department or
the appropriate law enforcement agency if he/she
has reason to believe that A parent, guardian,
or caregiver of the child allows a child to
reside or regularly associate with a specified
individual other than the parent or guardian
AND 1. the person is on the registry as a child
sex offender AND 2. there is additional
information suggesting substantial risk of
sexual abuse to the child
17
Neglect
  • HOW TO RECOGNIZE

18
What is Child Neglect?
  • Failure to give proper care and attention to a
    child by the childs parent, guardian, or
    custodian under circumstances that indicate the
    childs health or welfare is at risk of
    significant harm

19
Types of Neglect
  • Abandonment
  • Lack of supervision
  • Nutritional neglect
  • Medical and dental neglect
  • Educational neglect
  • Inappropriate or insufficient clothing
  • Environmental neglect
  • Emotional neglect
  • Social neglect
  • Exploitation

20
Physical signs of Neglect
  • Poor hygiene
  • Inappropriate clothing for the weather
  • Fatigue
  • Constant hunger
  • Lack of supervision
  • Significant weight loss

21
Behavioral Indicators of Neglect
  • Stealing food
  • Begging
  • Assumes adult responsibility
  • Constant fatigue
  • delinquency

22
Mental Injury
  • How to Recognize

23
Possible Behavioral Indicators of Mental Injury
  • Pseudo-mature behavior
  • Sexually precocious behavior
  • Lying, cheating , and stealing
  • Psychiatric symptoms
  • Tantrums
  • Bizarre behavior
  • Lacks self-esteem
  • Aggressive, domineering behavior
  • Controlling but lacks self-control
  • Seeks love and acceptance outside of home
  • School learning problems
  • Lack of exploration and curiosity

24
Assessing Mental Injury
  • 2 assessments must be completed by any of the
    following licensed professionals
  • Licensed Physician
  • Licensed Social Worker
  • Licensed Psychologist

25
Reporting Abuse/Neglect
  • Steps

26
What to do if child abuse/neglect disclosed to you
  • Support childs decision to disclose information
  • Make it clear child did the right thing by
    disclosing
  • Respect the childs privacy
  • Report

27
SUPPORT FOR REPORTING
  • Contact your discipline supervisor
  • Consult a colleague to discuss the situation

28
Referral Process(Suspected Child Abuse by
Caretaker)
  • Complete written report (Form 180)
  • Provide oral report to intake worker at the
    Department of Social Services
  • Mail written report within 48 hours to DSS
  • Mail a copy to your immediate supervisor marked
    confidential to the Office of Related
    Services-Social Work
  • Maintain a copy of the written report in your
    personal files

29
Content of Oral Written Report
  • Student identifying information
  • Current location of the child
  • Parent/guardian identifying information
  • Nature and extent of the abuse and /or alleged
    neglect
  • Any information that will assist in
    substantiating the abuse

30
Referral Process Suspected Child
Abuse by B C P S Personnel
  • Complete written referral
  • Provide oral report to intake worker at BCDSS
  • Mail written report within 48 hours to BCDSS
  • Copy written report to alleged abusers direct
    supervisor immediately
  • Copy to your immediate supervisor marked
    confidential to the Office of Related Services at
    200 E. North Avenue
  • Copy written report to Office of Labor Relations
    immediately at 410-396-8885

31
Investigation Outcomes
  • What happens after reporting?

32
AFTER REPORTING
  • Local school system shall permit local DSS or
    police officer to question a student during a
    child abuse investigation (COMAR 13A.08.01.13)
  • School officials are not required to notify
    parents or guardians

33
Talking with Parents (If Parents Approach
School Staff)
  • Be supportive whenever possible
  • Do not try to prove abuse or neglect by
    accusations or demands
  • Keep the focus upon the welfare of the child
  • Take a non-judgmental stance when talking with
    parent
  • Explain to parent the legal responsibility to
    make a referral to the appropriate agency

34
Three Outcomes
  • Indicated
  • Unsubstantiated
  • Ruled Out
  • Findings indicate the abuse occurred
  • The abuse may have happened, but at the current
    time there is not enough information to be
    certain
  • There is no indication that the alleged abuse
    happened

35
Resources
  • Additional support for For Reporters

36
To Whom Must You Report
  • Baltimore City Department of Social Services
  • Child Protective Services Unit
  • 1900 North Howard Street
  • Baltimore, Maryland 21218
  • 410-361-2235

37
REPORTER RIGHTS
  • Section 5-708 provides immunity from civil
    liability or criminal penalty to anyone who in
    good faith makes a report of suspected child
    abuse and/or neglect or participates in an
    investigation, or in any judicial proceeding
    resulting from the report

38
Confidentiality
  • The name of the mandated reporter can only be
    revealed by court order
  • Disclosure of the identity of any person whose
    life or safety is likely to be endangered related
    to allegation cannot be revealed
  • Disclose only information relevant to the best
    interest of the child
  • Use professional discretion in revealing
    information for treatment purposes

39
Failure to Report
40
Consequences for Failure to report
  • Sanctions
  • An employee of the local educational authority
    who knowingly fails to report suspected child
    abuse will face progressive disciplinary action
    ranging from written reprimand to suspension to
    termination from the local educational authority
  • Additionally, certificated and licensed
    professionals may have their certificate or
    license suspended or revoked in 2 circumstances
  • Termination from the LEA for knowingly
    failing to report suspected child abuse/neglect
  • Conviction of crime involving child abuse,
    contributing to the delinquency of a minor and
    moral turpitude (COMAR 6-202Educators COMAR
    19-311 Social Work and other Mental Health
    Providers)

41
REMINDER
  • Baltimore City Department of Social Services
  • Child Protective Services Unit
  • 1900 North Howard Street
  • Baltimore, Maryland 21218
  • 410-361-2235

42

REVIEW
  • Definition of child abuse?
  • Who is responsible for reporting child abuse?
  • Where and how does one report child abuse and
    neglect?
  • What the timeframe is for reporting?
  • What happens after the report is made?
  • What the sanctions are for failing to report?
  • What are the available resources?

43
QUESTIONS/CONCERNS?
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