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The Cold War 1945-1991

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The Cold War 1945-1991 Downloaded from www.SchoolHistory.co.uk 1. WEST vs. EAST a. Describe the cartoon at the beginning of this presentation. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cold War 1945-1991


1
The Cold War 1945-1991
Downloaded from www.SchoolHistory.co.uk
2
(No Transcript)
3
1. WEST vs. EAST
  • a. Describe the cartoon at the beginning of this
    presentation.
  • b. List three characteristics of Capitalism.
  • c. List three characteristics of Communism.

4
YALTA (in the USSR) Date Feb 1945 Present
Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin
5
Iron Curtain A term used by Winston Churchill
to describe the separating of Those
communist lands of East Europe from the West.
Divided Germany
6
Improve your knowledge
Divided Berlin
  • The Russians took very high casualties to capture
    Berlin in May 1945. They spent the early
    occupation trying to take over all zones of the
    city but were stopped by German democrats such as
    Willy Brandt and Konrad Adenauer. Reluctantly the
    Russians had to admit the Americans, French and
    British to their respective zones.

7
POTSDAM (Germany) Date July 1945 Present
Churchill, Truman and Stalin
8
Improve your knowledge
  • The nuclear bomb gave America a lead which was
    expected to last at least 5 years. The rapid
    Russian development of nuclear technology, helped
    by the work of the atom spies was a
    shock. Significantly, Russia hurriedly declared
    war against Japan at the beginning of August 1945
    and rushed to advance into Asia to stake out a
    position for the post-war settlement. This helped
    make both the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts
    more likely.

9
Truman Doctrine, 1947
Truman Doctrine, 1947
  • Triggered by communist insurrections in Greece
    and Turkey
  • Promised U.S. aid to any nation fighting
    communism

10
Marshall Plan
1) 1947-51 U.S. provided 9.4 billion to rebuild
after WWII
2) Stalin refused to allow East to take part
11
Berlin Blockade and Airlift, 1948-49
1) Germany Berlin divided at Potsdam into four
zones
2) 1948 Three zones united into West Germany
3) Stalin blockaded West Berlin
4) 321 day airlift
Click Here for a newsreel clip of the Berlin
Airlift!
5) Stalin withdrew blockade in 1949
6) Result two Germanys, East and West
12
Increasing Cold War Tensions, 1950s-early 60s
1) 1949 Chinese Revolution
2) 1949 Soviets get atomic bomb
3) 1950-53 Korean War
4) 1959 Sputnik
5) 1960 U-2 incident
6) 1961 Bay of Pigs
7) 1961 Berlin Wall
8) 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis
13
2. What was the Cold War?
  • Tensions and differences that developed between
    the Soviet Union and the United States after
    World War II and lasting until 1990.
  • EAST Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, North
    Korea, China, North Vietnam, Communism, Warsaw
    Pact
  • WEST United States, Western Europe, South
    Korea, South Vietnam, Capitalism and Democracy,
    NATO

14
3. What were the two main causes of the Cold War?
  • The spread of communism the development of
    nuclear weapons!
  • a. What actions by the Soviet Union after World
    War II caused Americans to become concerned?
  • b. As a result, what was Americas policy toward
    communism?

15
4. What events almost caused World War Three?
  • Berlin Airlift
  • Korean War
  • U-2 Spy Plane shot down over Soviet Union
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

16
5. Korean War
  • North Korea invaded South Korea 1950
  • Click on link above to see newsreel footage!
  • North supported by China and Soviet Union
  • South supported U.S. and allies.
  • U.S. wanted free elections in both Koreas, but
    the Soviet Union prevented them in the North.
  • War became stalemate when U.S. threatened the use
    of nuclear weapons.
  • Never signed a peace treaty only cease-fire
    agreement in 1953.

17
6. U-2 Spy Plane Incident
  • An American pilot was shot down over Russian
    airspace and taken prisoner.
  • Soviet leader Nikita Khruschev left summit
    meeting in Paris angry.
  • Fears of Soviet nuclear retaliation spread.
  • U.S. traded Russian KGB spy for the U-2 spy plane
    pilot.

18
7. Cuban Missile Crisis
Click Title
  • Russians were building missile launching sites in
    Cuba, 90 miles from Florida.
  • U.S. spy plane took pictures of the sites.
  • Russians began shipping nuclear missiles to Cuba.
  • President John Kennedy ordered a blockade of Cuba
    by U.S. Navy.
  • Russians backed down and took missiles back home.

19
8. 70s Détente
  • Tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
    calmed down during the 1970s
  • Presidents Richard Nixon and Jimmy Carter helped
    keep the peace between communism and democracy.
  • Vietnam War ended.
  • East and West Germany began trading again.
  • Soviets withdrew from occupied regions of Eastern
    Europe.

20
9. Wrap-up!
  • Answer the essential question for this days
    lesson on the same paper you took notes on. Use
    complete sentences in paragraph form.
  • Basically, summarize what the Cold War was, what
    caused it, and what were some major events. (3
    things!)
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