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Environmental Management System Awareness Module


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Title: Environmental Management System Awareness Module

Environmental Management System Awareness Module
  • LT Infotech

About this Module
Content Map
Background on Environmental Issues and Response -
Global, Regional and Local Issues
Development and Environment
  • Economic and Social Development requires
    provision of Energy, Water, Food and
    Infrastructure for all to attain minimal living
    standards on equitable basis and enjoy security
  • Environment provides resources on a continual
    basis for such development and acts as a sink to
    wastes/rejects through complex and resilient

Resource Depletion
  • Resources are limited especially the
    non-renewables like fossil fuels
  • If resource depletion rates exceed rates of
    replenishment, then resources are no longer
    available, e.g. falling ground water tables due
    to reckless pumping

Resource Degradation
  • Waste assimilative capacities of eco-systems are
  • Eco-systems can be in threat if waste releases
    are harmful.
  • This can result into migration and/or extinction
    of species, affect human health and lead to
    associated socio-economic impacts

Wasteful Use of Resources
  • Phosphoric acid generates 500 waste gypsum
  • One tonne of rock to produce one ounce of gold
  • Energy resources - oil extraction is 35
    efficient, electricity production also 35,
  • Irrigation uses 80 of abstracted freshwater in
    the world, but loses 65 of it before it reaches
    the farm.

  • Only 7 of resources end up in the product
  • 80 of products are used only once
  • Many products consume more resources during the
    use phase than during manufacture
  • Most product themselves become waste eventually

Spatial Manifestation of Impacts
  • Local Pollution, lowering of ground water
    tables, Loss of biodiversity, Human health
  • Regional/Sub-National Loss of forest cover,
    Desertification, Climate change, Acidification of
  • Regional/Trans-national Pollution of
    international waters, Loss of biodiversity,
    Climate change
  • Global Climate change, Loss of Biodiversity,
    Ozone depletion

Pressures on Organizations
Changes in Environmental Management Efforts
Not a Trade-off anymore
Environmental Management
  • A process of taking care or protecting the
    environment by managing various business
    activities such that the negative effect on the
    environment are minimized, and the positive
    influences are enhanced.

Garbage Management
From garbage to gold?!
Save the environment, clean up the city and help
someone earn a livelihood!
Module 1 of 1
Tell me more
  • Garbage from ordinary households like yours and
    mine is made up of 2 components dry waste and
    wet waste.
  • Dry waste constitutes paper, newspaper,
    packaging, plastic, glass, bottles and metal.
  • Wet waste constitutes left over food, vegetable
    and fruit feels and the like.
  • Instead of simply throwing away waste matter as
    garbage, it could be put to good use too good
    to be true sometimes!
  • Dry waste can be sold to the neighbourhood raddi
    wallah, while wet waste can be composted to give
    you fertilizer of excellent quality.
  • All you need to do is collect and store the wet
    and dry waste generated from your home separately

Why is this issue important?
  • Post-consumer paper waste - paper bags,
    newspapers, magazines and catalogs, even office
    paper - can form at least one-third of the total
    waste going to the landfill.
  • Reducing the amount of waste going into landfills
    slows down the pace that landfill sites are being
  • In a city where land prices are at a premium
    (e.g. metros like Mumbai, Bangalore, etc.),
    saving landfill space makes a lot of sense for
    not just the municipal authorities (who are in
    charge of getting rid of your waste) but also
    for you, as a socially- and environmentally-consci
    ous citizen.
  • Recycling organic waste from your house into
    compost allows you to return badly needed organic
    matter to the soil and hence complete natures

What are the benefits?
  • For every tonne of paper not sent to the
    landfill, YOU can help save
  • At least 30,000 litres of water
  • 3,000 4,000 KWh electricity (enough for an
    average 3 bedroom house for one year)
  • Air pollution, by allowing trees to filter up to
    30 kg of pollutants from the air!!!
  • Recycling seven steel cans saves enough energy to
    power a 60-watt light bulb for 26 hours.
  • One solitary recycled aluminium can saves enough
    energy to run a television for three hours
  • The plastics recycling industry in India is
    estimated to be worth Rs. 5,000 crores. About 2
    million tonnes per annum of plastic waste are
    generated in India alone.

What has been done so far?
  • Most developed countries around the world (like
    Europe, US, Japan) have instituted official waste
    recycling programmes.
  • Some countries, mainly developing ones, like
    India, have an informal network of recycling
    paper through the neighbourhood raddi wallah.
  • India also introduced the Municipal Solid Waste
    Rules in 2000, which mandate segregation of wet
    and dry waste among other requirements.
  • There have been more unusual success stories too
  • Using recycled plastic, rag pickers of an Indian
    slum are making highly desirable handbags for the
    boutiques of London and New York.
  • Recycled materials have also been used to make
    high-end jewellery by some designers.

How well has this worked?
  • Official waste recycling programmes do work.
    However, the levels of their success depend to a
    large extent on awareness among the common man.
  • However, the reality is quite something else in
    India. Excepting the lone municipality of
    Suryapet in Andhra Pradesh, none of the other
    towns and cities in India have been complying
    with the Municipal Solid Waste Rules of 2000.

How can YOU do your bit?
  • Collect information about and analyze your
    garbage generation trends at home.
  • Start looking for ways to cut down on garbage
    being disposed and instead, aim to recycle and
    compost as much waste as you possibly can.
  • Approach a Local Area Environment Committee
    (LACC) in your area, if one exists, to include
    your society as part of their waste recycling
  • If a LACC does not exist in your neighbourhood,
    set realistic time-based recycling / composting
    targets for your home.
  • Form a group of concerned citizens in your area
    and write to your Municipal Councillor
    highlighting your concerns on waste segregation.
    Help yourself become a part of the solution!

Suggested further reading
  • Beyond Recycling A Re-user's Guide 336
    Practical Tips to Save Money and Protect the
    Environment, reviewed at http//www.amazon.com/Bey
  • The Complete Guide to Composting at
  • New Eco-Warriors at http//www.boloji.com/wfs/wfs0
  • Have Your Own Vermi-composting Unit at

Sources of information used to prepare this issue
  • From bags to riches the recycling project which
    starts in India's rubbish tips at
  • Metals - Aluminium and Steel Recycling at
  • Management of Plastic Waste An Article in the
    Hindu Newspaper at http//www.hindu.com/thehindu/2
  • Bling with a Familiar Ring at http//www.smh.com.a

E-waste in Offices
India From the worlds technology hub
to the worlds digital dump yard
Module 1 of 1
Module 1 o 1
Tell me more
  • While businesses see Bangalore as a technology
    hub, environmentalists claim India is the world's
    dumping ground for e-waste.
  • E-waste stands for electronic waste.
  • E-waste consists of any broken or unwanted
    electrical or electronic appliance like PCs,
    mobiles, washing machines, TVs, refrigerators and
    the like.

It's a very organized business in an unorganized
way - Kishore Wankhade, of the environmental
group Toxics Link, Delhi.
Image from http//www.greenpeace.org/international
Why is this issue important?
  • E-waste is of concern largely due to the toxicity
    and carcinogenicity of some of the substances if
    processed improperly. If treated properly,
    electronic waste is a valuable source for
    secondary raw materials. However, if not treated
    properly, it is a major source of toxins and
  • Close to 40,000 tons of used electronic equipment
    are dumped in India every month.
  • Did you know Delhi's e-scrap yards alone employ
    more than 20,000 laborers who handle 20,000 tons
    of e-waste every year. Close to 100 percent of
    total e-waste processing activity in the country
    takes place in unorganized recycling and backyard
    scrap-trading outfits, using virtually unsafe and
    non-existent technology.
  • In India, although regulations do not allow
    import of e-waste, there is no a clear definition
    formulated for what constitutes electronic waste
    consequently electronic waste finds its way to
    Indian shores in under the generic heading of
    metal scrap.

Who is affected?
  • Poor people in developing countries like India,
    where lower environmental standards and working
    conditions make processing e-waste more
  • One ton of computer scrap contains more gold than
    17 tons of gold ore. Circuit boards can be 40
    times richer in copper than typical copper ore.
    But extracting this copper is fraught with
  • Delhi's e-scrap yards alone employ more than
    20,000 laborers who handle 20,000 tons of e-waste
    every year. Close to 100 percent of total e-waste
    processing activity in the country takes place in
    unorganized recycling and backyard scrap-trading
    outfits, using virtually unsafe and non-existent

Did you know
  • It costs about 20 to recycle a PC in the United
    States, whereas unscrupulous Indian importers pay
    up to 15 each for buying them out. That means a
    net gain of 35 for a U.S. recycler.
  • In India, there is no a clear definition
    formulated for what constitutes e-waste
    consequently e-waste finds its way to Indian
    shores in under the generic heading of metal
  • "Half of children in a city like Bangalore
    already have blood lead levels at about 10
    micrograms per decilitre, which has resulted in a
    reduction in their intelligence quotient. We are
    seeing more and more cases now because more and
    more electronic waste is being handled by our

What has been done so far? Has it worked?
  • IRG Systems, Asia is investigating current status
    and needs of the e-waste sector in India. View
    their findings so far at http//www.assocham.org/e
  • Experiments are ongoing at a small scale e-waste
    recycling plant at Eparisara in Bangalore through
    a non-government initiative.
  • New Delhi based Toxics Links report gave
    recommendations in the broad framework of
    Extended Producer Responsibility so that future
    policies can be made more responsive in
    addressing this issue. However, the Indian
    government machinery is yet to respond by
    approving such recommendations as law.
  • World-wide, directives like WEEE, RoHS, Basel
    Action Network (BAN) and the like are dedicated
    to ensuring a decrease in e-waste generation.
  • The initiatives are still work in progress.

How can YOU do your bit?
  • Volunteer with organizations working in e-waste
    management issues. Toxics Link (see
    http//www.toxicslink.org/) and Green Peace India
    (see http//www.greenpeace.org/india/) are a good
  • Upgrade your PC it is 5 20 times less impact
    on the environment and public health than
  • Hi-tech products like mobile phones are full of
    precious resources (metals). Dont upgrade unless
    you really, really have to.
  • Currently, there is no system in India of
    drop-off services for EEE recycling points. Form
    a group of concerned citizens in your area (such
    as a Local Area Citizens Committee) and write to
    your Municipal Councillor highlighting your
    concerns about the issue.

Suggested further reading
  • Electronic Waste Adds to Pollution in India at
  • Basel Action Network (BAN) at http//www.ban.org/
  • The e-Stewards Initiative No Export, No Dumping,
    No Prisons! At last you can feel good about
    getting rid of that old computer... at

Sources of information used to prepare this
  • E-waste Crisis Around the Corner at
  • E-waste In India A Growing Industry and
    Environmental Threat at http//www.treehugger.com/
  • E-waste in South Asia at http//www.iges.or.jp/en/
  • India's Poor Tackle Toxic E-Waste at
  • India, The E-Wasteland at http//www.physorg.com/n

Energy issues in Offices
One Watt Initiative
A Global Effort to Reduce Leaking Electricity
Tell me more
  • An energy saving proposal put forth by the
    International Energy Agency (IEA) in 1999 to
    reduce standby power-use in all appliances to
    just one watt.
  • These include all devices with remote controls
    and external power supplies.
  • Standby power is a significant use of electricity
    in all developed countries as well as in many
    less developed countries. The products that
    consume standby power are often designed,
    manufactured, and traded in different countries,
    so solutions will require coordination across

Did you know A typical microwave oven consumes
more electricity powering its digital clock than
it does heating food. Thats because most
microwave ovens stand in standby mode more than
99 of the time.
Why is this issue important?
  • The typical power loss per appliance is low (from
    1 to 25 W) but when multiplied by the billions of
    appliances in houses and in commercial buildings,
    standby losses represent a significant fraction
    of total world electricity use.
  • Standby power could account for as much as 10 -
    13 of total household power-consumption. The
    numbers are bound to be much higher for
    commercial buildings.
  • Standby produces an estimated 1 of the world's
    CO2 emissions, which in turn contribute
    significantly to global warming. To put the
    figure into context, total air travel contributes
    slightly less than 3 to global CO2 emissions.

Estimated annual carbon dioxide emissions from
devices left on standby
Numbers derived using the lifestyle of an average
UK household year 2006. Source TV Sleep
Button Stands Accused at http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/h
Who is affected?
  • Us!!! The predicted effects of global warming on
    the environment and for human life are numerous
    and varied.
  • Forecasts for secondary and regional effects
    include extreme weather events, an expansion of
    tropical diseases, changes in the timing of
    seasonal patterns in ecosystems, and severe
    negative economic impacts.

What has been done so far?
  • By 2005, Australia and Korea had formally adopted
    the one-watt plan. Other countries, notably US,
    Japan and China, have undertaken strong measures
    to reduce standby power use.
  • An internationally sanctioned definition for
    standby power and a common test procedure for
    Standby Power was adopted by the International
    Electrotechnical Commission (IEC 62301) in 2005,
    and this is now widely specified and used.

Has the initiative been successful?
  • Almost all recent national energy efficiency
    policy statements mention standby power
    explicitly, which was not the case 2-3 years ago.
  • However, while there has been a steady growth in
    the implementation of national programs, the
    geographic and product coverage is still
  • Future conferences on the issue will be held in
    China, India and Brazil in order to stimulate
    policy development in major developing countries.

How can YOU do your bit?
  • Switch off all electrical appliances at the power
  • Where possible, compare and buy products. You may
    not have a product meeting one watt standards in
    the standby mode, but you could help by making
    smarter choices.
  • Write to the Consumer Education and Research
    Centre (CERC), requesting it to conduct
    comparative testing, rating and ranking of
    electrical appliances under the ambit of the one
    watt initiative. CERC regularly publishes its
    results through its consumer magazine INSIGHT.
    See http//www.cercindia.org/.

Suggested further reading
  • Koreas 1-Watt Plan at http//www.un.org/esa/sustd
  • Making The Most Of Your Energy Free, Impartial
    Advice On How To Help You Act On Your CO2
    Emissions at http//www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/
  • Try the Electricity Running Costs Calculator by
    the India Energy Portal at http//www.indiaenergyp

Sources of information used to prepare this
  • One Watt Initiative at http//en.wikipedia.org/wik
  • Pulling the Plug on Standby Power at
  • Standby Power Use And The IEA 1-Watt Plan
    Fact Sheet at http//www.iea.org/textbase/papers/2
    005/standby_fact.pdf and http//www.iea.org/textba

RoHS and WEEE in offices
Tell me more
  • The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
    (WEEE) Directive is the European Community
    directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and
    electronic equipment.
  • Together with the Restriction of the Use of
    Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and
    Electronic Equipment (RoHS) Directive 2002/95/EC,
    it became European Law in February 2003, setting
    collection, recycling and recovery targets for
    all types of electrical goods.

About WEEE
  • Imposes responsibility for disposal of WEEE on
    the manufacturers of such equipment.
  • Companies must establish an infrastructure for
    collecting WEEE, in such a way that users of
    electrical and electronic equipment from private
    households should have the possibility of
    returning WEEE at least free of charge".
  • Mandated to use collected waste in an
    ecological-friendly manner.

About RoHS
  • Intended to reduce harmful substances at source,
    ensuring that these substances are not leached
    into the environment by equipments, which
    inevitably are not recycled.
  • Restricts use of 6 hazardous materials in the
    manufacture of electronic and electrical
    equipment lead, mercury, cadmium , hexavalent
    chromium (Cr6) , polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)
    and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE).
  • Restrictions do not call for the total
    elimination of these substances but set an upper
    limit based upon weight.

Why is this issue important?
  • Both directives are part of an EU-led legislative
    initiative to solve the problem of huge amounts
    of toxic e-waste.
  • The world's annual volume of "e-waste" is
    expected to exceed 40 million tonnes in the near

Who is affected?
  • Compliance is the responsibility of the company
    that puts the product on the market components
    and sub-assemblies are not responsible for
    product compliance.
  • Data on substance concentrations must be
    transferred through the supply chain to the final
  • Products under the scanner include household
    appliances, IT equipment, telecommunications
    equipment, lighting equipment, toys, leisure and
    sports equipment.

An Example of how RoHS would apply
Contacts and pins comprising of a copper strip
with a surface coating
Circuit board consisting of ICs, resistors,
capacitors, switches
Coil with Cu windings
Speakers consisting of a permanent magnet, copper
wire, paper, etc.
Everything that can be identified as a
homogeneous material must meet the limit
Have these initiatives worked?
  • Its too early to tell but there is every
    indication that manufactures will comply.
  • In 2007, UN has launched a global initiative to
    tackle e-waste through a private-public
    partnership to create a global recycling
    standard, extend the life of products and improve
    the market for second-hand goods.
  • There are Asian off-shoots of RoHS/WEEE in the
    form of the China RoHS, Korea RoHS and Japan
    Green Procurement Survey Standardization
  • The manufacturer sees a 400 million market as
    lucrative. Being excluded from that is not an

How can YOU do your bit?
  • Try not to generate hazardous waste in the first
  • You can use safer and environmentally friendly
    options to replace potentially hazardous
    ingredients in your own home. For e.g., neem oil
    is a natural insecticide obtained from the neem
    tree and may be used as an effective replacement
    for pest control at home. For more tips, see
  • Currently, there is no system in India of
    drop-off services for correct disposal of
    household hazardous waste. Form a group of
    concerned citizens in your area (such as a Local
    Area Citizens Committee) and write to your
    Municipal Councillor highlighting your concerns
    about the issue.

Suggested further reading
  • Alternatives to Hazardous Household Products at
  • Supreme Court of India, Civil Original
    Jurisdiction Writ Petition No. 657 of 1995.
    Research Foundation for Science, Technology
    Natural Resource Policy, New Delhi vs. Union of
    India at http//www.scmc.info/sc_orders/supremecou
  • The Blue Lady Anchors, Quietly at
  • Detoxify the Corridor at http//www.indiatogether.
  • Endosulfan Conspiracy by Centre for Science and
    Environment, New Delhi at http//www.cseindia.org/

Sources of information used to prepare this
  • Back The Long Arm of the Law on
    IndiaTogether.com at www.indiatogether.org/2004/se
  • Supreme Court of India, Civil Original
    Jurisdiction Writ Petition No. 657 of 1995.
    Research Foundation for Science, Technology
    Natural Resource Policy, New Delhi vs. Union of
    India at http//www.scmc.info/sc_orders/supremecou
  • The Dangers of Hazardous Waste by Toxics Link at

About Management System Standards (ISO 14001)
The Need for a Management System
  • ISO 14001 was first published in 1996 and
    subsequently updated in 2004
  • The revised standards of ISO 9001 2008 and ISO
    14001 2004 are cross-compatible and hence can be
    combined or integrated to optimize benefits

About the Management Standards
  • These are management standards and not
    performance standards (as they do not mandate
    performance requirements)
  • Voluntary by definition (but often indirectly
    mandated through market requirements such as
    clients or customers)
  • Involve participation from people

Basis of EMS
Both systems Follow.
  • Organizational structure
  • Planning activities
  • Responsibilities
  • Practices
  • Procedures
  • Processes
  • Resources

Continual Improvement
Structure and Elements of ISO 14001
Critical Factors to Success
  • Top Management Commitment (they have already
  • Employee (thats You!) involvement at all levels
  • Integration into overall management function
    (System should become a Habit!)
  • Common Barriers
  • Constraints of Time and Resources (addition to
    your work load? Not really!)
  • Insufficient Top management support (not true for
    LT Infotech)
  • Uncertainty about the Intent of EMS (that is why
    this module)
  • Additional Documentation and Paperwork

Who should do it?
Contrary to popular belief, EMS management
systems are not the responsibility of
environmental or administration departments
alone.. Although initiated and established with
the primary role of these departments, it is the
collective responsibility of all staff /
employees (at all functions and levels) and
contractors to sustain and continually improve
the environmental performance of the organization
An EMS needs the ongoing leadership and support
of the highest levels of management in the
enterprise if it is going to succeed.
EMS ISO 140012004
Environmental Management System
  • A systematic problem identification and problem
    solving tool which can be implemented in an
    organization in many different ways, depending on
    the precise sector of activity and the needs
    perceived by management for improved
    environmental performance and environmental
    protection, on a continual basis.

Objectives of ISO 14001
  • To make environmental management a proactive
    exercise and show that a strategic approach can
    bring higher return on investment in environment
    related measures.
  • To establish a common approach to environmental
    management systems that is internationally
    recognized, leading to improved environmental
    protection and reducing barriers to international

Clauses of ISO 14001-2004
  • 4.1 Scope
  • 4.2 Environmental Policy
  • 4.3 Planning
  • 4.3.1 Environmental Aspects
  • 4.3.2 Legal and Other Requirements
  • 4.3.3 Objectives, Targets and Programme (s)
  • 4.4 Implementation and Operation
  • 4.4.1 Resources, Roles, Responsibility and
  • 4.4.2 Competence, Training and Awareness
  • 4.4.3 Communication
  • 4.4.4 Documentation
  • 4.4.5 Control of Documents
  • 4.4.6 Operational Control
  • 4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response
  • 4.5 Checking
  • 4.5.1 Monitoring and Measurement
  • 4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance
  • 4.5.3 Non-conformity, Corrective action and
    Preventive action
  • 4.5.4 Control of Records

EMS at LT Infotech
Environmental Policy of LT Infotech
  • We, at LT Infotech Ltd. having our headquarters
    located at Mumbai and our branch offices at Navi
    Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore and Chennai, are a global
    IT services and solutions provider in India, and
    are committed to addressing and managing our
    environmental impacts by establishing and
    continually improving an environmental management
    system (EMS) and adhering to all the applicable
    environmental legislation and other requirements.
  • We will strive to minimize and control our
    resource (including energy) consumption and waste
    generation through use of pollution preventive
    strategies and appropriate technologies and are
    committed to taking continual efforts to raise
    awareness on environment across the organization.
  • We will provide a safe and healthy workplace for
    all our employees, contractual personnel as well
    as visitors.
  • Date ____________ __________________
  • Authorized Signatory of Top

Significant Environmental Aspects at LT Infotech
(each centre)
Key Legal Requirements on Environments at LT
  • Air Act and Rules (operation of DG sets)
  • Environmental regulations on DG Sets - CPCB
  • Water Act and Rules (generation of wastewater /
  • Water Cess Act and Rules (water consumption for
    drinking and washing)
  • ODS Rules (refrigerants in chillers)
  • Batteries Rules (LA batteries for UPS)
  • Motor Vehicles Act and Rules (transportation
  • E-waste (MH) Rules presently in draft mode
    will be in force in couple of months (waste from
    electronic equipment / components / hardware)

Key Other Requirements on Environments at LT

Environmental Objectives and Targets at LT
Environmental Management Programmes at LT
Documentation of EMS System at LT Infotech
Apex Corporate Manual   EMS Procedures   Operatio
nal Control Procedures at each Centre   Formats
and Records at each Centre
What is your role in EMS?
  • Are you aware of your EMS policy and its
    implications on the company operations in the
    form of Objectives, Targets and Programmes?
  • Are you aware of environmental aspects and
    hazards / risks in your functional area?
  • Do you know how to identify significance or
    acceptability of these?
  • What are the current objectives, targets and
    programmes applicable to your function /
  • Which Operational Controls / Operational Control
    Procedures are applicable to you / your
    department or function?
  • Where do you access system documents?
  • What records are you expected to maintain in the
  • Do you know which Environmental emergencies are
    possible in your organization and what response
    has been planned? What is your role?

Thank you
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