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The adventure of life is to learn The Purpose of life is to

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The adventure of life is to learn The Purpose of life is to grow The nature of life is to change The challenge of life is to overcome The essence of life is to care – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The adventure of life is to learn The Purpose of life is to


1
Meaning and Values
  • The adventure of life is to learn
  • The Purpose of life is to grow
  • The nature of life is to change
  • The challenge of life is to overcome
  • The essence of life is to care
  • The opportunity of life is to serve
  • The secret of life is to dare
  • The spice of life is to befriend
  • The beauty of life is to give
  • The joy of life is to love
  • --William Arthur Ward

2
Values
  • Personal beliefs about the good or the just
    and the beautiful, personal beliefs that propel
    us to action, to a particular kind of behavior
    and life. (Hunter Lewis, 2000)
  • Value Systemthe underlying system of beliefs
    about what is important in life to the person.

3
Types of Values
  • Moral Valueshave to do with right and wrong,
    good and evil.
  • Non-moral Valuestastes, preferences and
    styleswhat is desirable or undesirable

4
Values Development
  • We first acquire understanding of right and wrong
    by observing the behavior of those around us.
    (see Social Learning Theory)
  • We learn shoulds and should nots (see Freud
    superego)

5
Individuation
  • The separation from our family system and the
    establishment of our own identity based on our
    own experiences
  • My value system becomes most important to me

6
Other Factors
  • Religious Beliefs
  • Beliefthe acceptance of some thought,
    supposition or idea
  • Attitudespositive or negative orientation toward
    a certain target
  • Prejudices
  • Stereotypes

7
Value Orientation
  • Thing-orientedfocus on material objects as
    motivation
  • Idea-orientedfocus on ideas, theories, concepts,
    strategies, problem-solving
  • People-orientedfocus on having other people in
    your life, relationships, etc.

8
Values Clarification
  • Choosing freely
  • Choosing from alternatives
  • Choosing after considering
  • Cherishing and feeling happy about the choice
  • Publicly affirming a value
  • Doing something about a value
  • Acting repeatedly

9
Value Indicators
  • The Choice Test
  • The Time Test
  • The Sacrificial Test
  • The Emotion Test

10
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
  • Cognitive dissonance theorywe discover
    inconsistencies between our attitudes and/or
    behaviors, we experience discomfort which we try
    to alleviate through attitude changes
  • It is more likely we will change our attitudes
    than our behaviors.

11
Personal Ethics, Character and Integrity
  • Personal Ethicsan attempt to reconcile what
    ought to be with what is
  • Personality ethicfocusing on behavior and
    personalityhaving the right images or using the
    right techniques
  • Character ethica style of living based on
    prioritized principles and values

12
Ethics, Character and Integrity
  • Ethicsour standards of conduct or behavior
  • Characterwho we are as we apply our ethic
  • Integrityachieving congruence between what you
    know, what you say and what you do.also, doing
    the right thing even when no one is looking.

13
Meaning and Purpose
  • According to Victor Frankl, Irvin Yalom and other
    existential psychologists, human beings require
    meaning to surviveto live without meaning and
    values brings about great distress
  • Meaningthe primary motivational force in ones
    life

14
Existential Psychology
  • According to Yalom, human beings are faced with
    four ultimate concerns of life
  • Death
  • Freedom
  • Existential Isolation
  • Meaninglessness

15
Existential Psychology
  • If the why is strong enough, we will always
    find a way.
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