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Waste To Energy Using The Biosphere Process™ System

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FREEDOM RENEWABLE ENERGY CORPORATION Waste To Energy Using The Biosphere Process System A Clean Energy Solution For Processing Municipal Solid Waste – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Waste To Energy Using The Biosphere Process™ System


1
Waste To EnergyUsingThe Biosphere Process
System
FREEDOM RENEWABLE ENERGY CORPORATION
  • A Clean Energy Solution For Processing Municipal
    Solid Waste

2
The Waste Hierarchy breaking the link between
economic growth and waste growth
  • Countries around the world produce massive
    amounts of waste.
  • Most of this ends up in landfill where the
    bio-degradable part generates methane (a
    greenhouse gas) while valuable energy is used in
    extracting and processing raw materials.
  • When applying the waste hierarchy there will be
    both economic and environmental cost benefits.
    Waste is a drag on the economy and business
    productivity.

Waste prevention
Re-use
Recycle/compost
Energy recovery
Disposal
3
Waste To Energy No longer a negative return
expense
Fossil fuel consumption pollutes the air we
breathe and is a primary source of acid
rain. There is an urgent worldwide need for
cost-effective renewable energy sources and a
corresponding universal need to deal with harmful
by-products currently produced by traditional
methods of power generation and landfill
  • Freedoms access to the Biosphere Process
    System technology places the company in a unique
    position to deliver virtually location
    independent, on-demand, safe renewable energy
  • Less fossil fuels will need to be imported,
    providing immediate positive advantage to any
    states balance of payments
  • The Biosphere Process System can unlock numerous
    large lucrative niche markets from its
    by-products
  • The Biosphere Process System can deliver energy
    security and a cleaner environment for the future

4
Extracting wastes embedded value
Waste Biosphere Process By-products
(embedded money) (extracted money)
5
What is a Biosphere?
  • A Biosphere is a gasification process
    developed by Dr. Christopher A. McCormack and
    works on the principle of a zero waste
    philosophy, base on a 30 year proven technology
  • The Biosphere Process System is a revolutionary
    waste-to-energy process, which offers the
    potential of small-scale micro-power generation,
    on a town-by-town scale, using as its energy
    source the waste streams provided by industry,
    medicine, agriculture and local authorities.
  • The process begins with the automatic separation
    of metals and plastics, the formation of organic
    compost and the heating of the organic residue
    left from the separation to very high
    temperatures (3,500C) in a separate chamber,
    which is deprived of oxygen.
  • The heating of the organic waste in this manner
    (oxygen deprived environment) prevents
    combustion, smoke and odour and transforms the
    waste into steam and other gasses, which then run
    a turbine to produce electricity
  • The Biosphere system also produces a series of
    by-products which can be sold
  • The recycling of the calorific content of
    Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) will save money for
    private enterprises, local authorities and other
    generators of waste and will provide an efficient
    method of disposing of waste ecologically and
    economically.
  • It can be noted that generally, in developed
    world countries, every man, woman and child
    produces at least half a ton (0.5 tons) of MSW
    per year. The vast majority of this material is
    placed in landfills and allowed to decay creating
    its own set of problems

6
What Does The Biosphere Process SystemDo?
  • The Biosphere Process System produces clean
    energy which fits with current and future
    government objectives and
  • eliminates solid and liquid waste
  • reduces landfill volume by 93
  • consumes 172 tons of waste per unit per day
  • recovers brown-field and landfill sites for
    development
  • generates 7 10 Megawatts continuous power per
    hour
  • distils 53,000 gallons of drinkable water per
    unit per hour
  • produces inert ash sold to commercial and
    industrial markets (e.g. cement industry)

7
Technology Overview
  • The Biosphere Process System

8
Biosphere Processing System -Key features
  • The Biosphere Processing Systems modular and
    mobile system of recovery, recycling and re-use
    of precious natural resources successfully and
    efficiently diverts 100 of MSW away from
    landfill and standard methods of incineration and
    is
  • Commercially successful on a small scale,
    processing as little as 65,000T of MSW per annum,
    thus reducing vehicle movements required to feed
    large traditional incinerator sites
  • Efficient, converting 100 of MSW which do not
    need to be separated prior to gasification into
    recyclable materials and energy
  • Possible as a mobile unit (can be situated on two
    tractors)
  • Cost-effective, funding itself on the basis of
    gate fees only
  • Capable of generating electricity, operating as
    its own electric sub-station, thus saving fossil
    fuel reserves
  • Capable of continuous monitoring of emissions and
    production
  • Meets all Environmental Air Emissions Standards
    including EPA, UN, EU and Kyoto Accord

9
Environmental Acceptance
  • Each assembled Biosphere Process System, will be
    tested by a third party environmental firm.,
    ensuring that it meets and exceeds the
    requirements of the newest EPA regulations, the
    newest European Union regulations and all
    appropriate operations and emissions standards in
    any clients jurisdictions.
  • With the aid of an Environmental Firm .,
    Biosphere has been working with a number of State
    EPA agencies for the testing of the Biosphere
    Process System on homogenous waste streams of
    construction/demolition debris and/or tires,
    co-fired with municipal solid waste as feedstock.
  • The Biosphere has received official approval from
    the State Environmental Protection Administration
    of China for the operation of its new MK-V
    Biosphere Process System at Chengzhou in Zhejiang
    province. Acceptance of the MK-V technology by
    The State Environmental Protection Administration
    of China is a momentous positive milestone .

10
What feedstock / fuel source does the
Biosphere use?
  • Biochemical waste
  • Medical waste
  • Used railroad crossties
  • Biomedical waste
  • PCBs
  • Raw sewage and sewage sludge
  • Used carpet
  • Unusable soft coal

Carbon Atom
11
What feedstock / fuel source does the
Biosphere use?
  • Industrial by-products
  • Oilfield waste
  • Construction and demolition material
  • Composite building material
  • Pressure treated timber
  • Tyres
  • Agricultural surplus or effluent
  • Anything manmade except concrete, glass, metals
    and nuclear waste

Carbon Atom
12
How much rubbish/waste in tonnage is required per
line to operate the Biosphere per day?
  • Each line will consume 172 tons per day.
  • Each systems annual requirement is 64,000 tons.

13
What is the quality of the different types of
rubbish/ waste?
  • Tyres and plastics are petroleum-based products
    and hence will create a high temperature per
    weight.
  • The Biosphere was designed to turn all waste into
    energy regardless of the compounds.

14
Potential Revenue From Marketable By-products
  • Apart from electricity the Biosphere Process
    System can extract other valuable by-products
  • Pozzolonic ash residue has several commercial
    uses including use as a road base and a material
    for making concrete blocks. When included in
    cement mix, it provides iron oxide, silica and
    alumina that strengthens the cement.
  • High alloy steel wire extracted from used tyres
    typically contains titanium or vanadium, and is a
    cost effective alternative to buying these
    materials separately when creating a steel melt
    that requires their inclusion
  • Carbon black is produced when the system destroys
    tyres. It can produce up to 3,000 tons of 93
    pure carbon black annually, far higher than the
    conventional 65 average purity
  • Glass can be recycled but there is not a huge
    market and so Freedom does not intend to separate
    out these materials
  • Gypsum is a dry powder used to make wallboard.
    When mixed with water and spread onto road
    surfaces, it forms a protective barrier and
    lessens the effect of the freeze-thaw cycle.
    Gypsum is also sold as building plaster
  • Nitrogen is used to dilute natural gas in higher
    altitudes where it burns differently than at
    lower altitudes. Also, pumping pressurised
    nitrogen into dry wells that encircle a field of
    under-performing gas wells drives gas within the
    circle to migrate into the production field,
    increasing the yield
  • Water is another by-product and is produced to
    World Health Standards (potable water) though the
    revenue from this is difficult to quantify and is
    subject to local demands

15
How much water does the Biosphere produce as a
by-product?
  • The Biosphere Process System will produce
    200,000 liters / 52,834 gallons per hour or
    4,800,000 liters / 1,268,016 gallons per day of
    potable (drinkable) water.

16
Does the gasification waste by-product need to be
land filled?
  • NO ! NO LANDFILL

17
Does the Biosphere operate 24 hours a day?
  • Yes, once it is started it will run 24/7 for 11
    months at which point it is shut down for
    inspection and maintenance.

18
How does the Biosphere work in detail?
  • The system is based on the principles of
  • separating MSW
  • re-using and recycling products which are
    economically viable
  • developing new products from waste materials,
  • using residual waste material to produce
    micro-power generation.
  • Following the collection of the MSW and its
    centralisation to a Biosphere Processing System
    facility, the process takes place in five
    distinct stages

19
How does it work in detail?Stage 1 Collecting
Station
  • MSW is collected and brought to a centralised
    Biosphere Process facility. Each facility is
    designed as a one stop shop providing for 100
    recycling of the total tonnage of MSW collected.

20
How does it work in detail?Stage 2 MSW Sorting
  • The MSW is sorted using the Biosphere Separator
    to provide for
  • Compost production (20)
  • Plastics and rubber recovery (10)
  • Metals, glass and aggregate recovery (3, 5 and
    8)
  • Material used for electrical power generation
    (54)

21
How does it work in detail?Stage 2 - continued
  • Operating at a rate of 30T/hour, each receiving
    line separates MSW into two feedstock streams
    comprising putrescible (organic) and
    non-putrescible (non-organic) materials.

22
How does it work in detail?Stage 2 - continued
  • Putrescible materials
  • These comprise approximately 20 by volume and
    rapidly composted and recycled into high nutrient
    value soil additives and fertilizers using a
    proprietary vertical accelerated composter.
  • Ongoing developments at the Romanov-Reynolds
    Research Institute are directed towards
    increasing yet further the percentage of
    putrescible materials recovered and recycled
    through composting. Compost derived from MSW has
    proven to be an excellent adjuvant for the
    remediation of semi-arid areas in North Africa
    and the Middle east.

23
How does it work in detail?Stage 2 - continued
  • Non-putrescible materials
  • These materials are further sorted to allow
    approximately 10 of plastics and rubber recovery
    before being shredded in advance of recovery of
    valuable metals. All of the recoverable aluminium
    and ferrous metals are removed from the waste
    stream using rotating trammels equipped with bank
    magnets and also hand-picking stations designed
    to achieve the maximum possible percentage
    recovery of these valuable materials.

24
How does it work in detail?Stage 2 - continued
  • Finally glass, aggregates, concrete products and
    sand are removed using a Biosphere Separator
    which achieves the following percentages
  • Metals 3
  • Glass 5
  • Aggregates, concrete, dirt and sand 8
  • Residual materials suitable for power generation
    by volume of the initial MSW maximum of 54

25
How does it work in detail?Stage 3
  • During this stage, all material is forced through
    a Biosphere Densifier, which compacts MSW into
    20g flakes with 15-20 moisture, termed Biosphere
    Flakes, at the rate of 5 8T/hour
  • These flakes drive the Biosphere Process

26
How does it work in detail?Stage 4
  • In this stage, the Biosphere Flakes are
    converted into a 3,500C flux using a Biosphere
    Venturi.
  • This process is designed to produce inert ash
    which is then recycled into concrete, masonry
    products and carbon black.
  • In doing so, the process ensures 100 recycling
    of all MSW handled through the Biosphere Process
    System, completely replacing traditional land
    filling as a method of waste disposal.

27
How does it work in detail?Stage 5 (Final Stage)
  • During this final stage of the process, the
    3,500C flux produced in Stage 4 is used to
    produce steam in a high-pressure boiler, which is
    then used to power a gas turbine for Micro-Power
    Generation (6MW Mk V turbine)
  • As a by-product of the production of electricity,
    contaminated, dirty stream water, which is
    employed initially as a circulating coolant, is
    purified by evaporation and re-condensation
    resulting in its release as pure drinking water
    (potable water)

28
Who are the competitors to gasification systems?
  • Local authorities and private enterprises engaged
    in refuse and waste removal processing. There are
    several reasons for this. Many of these
    competitors have significantly greater financial
    resources and an established market presence. The
    production of the Biosphere Process System is an
    investment that many local authorities and
    companies may not wish to undertake due to
    limited budgets or existing commitments to
    alternative waste removal methods.
  • Other traditional alternatives, including
    landfill, large scale recycling and current
    methods of incineration. Traditional companies
    comprise over 90 of the market share, but that
    amount is decreasing as energy demands change.

29
What is the difference between traditional
incinerators and the gasification process used in
the Biosphere Process System?
  • INCINERATORS
  • Incinerators typically operate at atmospheric
    pressure and temperatures at 870C to 1,200C
    (1,400 to 2,200F) with the mineral matter or ash
    in the waste not completely fused (as slag)
    during the incineration processes. Ash solids
    will either exit the bottom/discharge and of the
    combustion chambers as bottom ash or as
    particulate matter entrained in the combustion
    flue gas stream.
  • There are four major types of combustion chamber
    designs used in modern incineration systems. In
    many cases, excess fuel and oxygen must be added
    to increase incineration temperature to improve
    destruction and removal efficiency. This also
    increases the production and emission of carbon
    dioxide a damaging greenhouse gas

Incinerator Examples
30
What is the difference between traditional
incinerators and the gasification process used in
the Biosphere Process System?
  • GASIFICATION
  • Gasification technologies differ in many aspects
    but share certain general production
    characteristics. Typical raw materials used in
    gasification are coal, petroleum-based materials
    (crude oil, high sulfur fuel oil, petroleum coke,
    and other refinery residuals), gases, or
    materials that would otherwise be disposed of as
    waste.
  • Gasification typically operates in an
    oxygen-starved environment at 20 70 bars of
    pressure (290.075 1015.26 psi).
  • Gasification adds value to low- or negative-value
    feed stocks by converting them into marketable
    fuels and products.
  • With the Biosphere Process System, the feedstock
    reacts in a reducing (oxygen-starved) atmosphere
    at a very high temperature of 3,500C in the
    Biosphere Venturi and to create a storm flux.
    The heating of the organic waste in this manner
    prevents combustion, smoke, odour and traditional
    harmful emissions and is therefore capable of
    being placed directly in the centre of a town
    with no pollution to the atmosphere

31
Summary
  • 5 - 7MwH Micro-Power Generation Gasification
    System Using Waste-To-Energy
  • The Biosphere Process System is a cleantech
    modular waste to energy solution utilising the
    Zero Waste philosophy
  • Mobile unit (can be situated on two tractor
    trailers)
  • Converts MSW, used tyres, sugar cane bagasse,
    refinery wastes, agricultural surpluses, medical
    waste and many other waste materials into clean,
    green electricity and marketable by-products
  • Meets all Environmental Air Emissions Standards
    including EPA, UN, EU and Kyoto Accord
  • Continuous Monitoring of emissions and production
  • Waste streams do not need to be separated prior
    to gasification

32
Summary
  • 5 to 8 tons of waste per hour equal 7 mega-watts
    of electricity per hour (each megawatt is capable
    of generating enough electricity in a year to
    power about 1000 average U.S. homes)
  • The system can be delivered in 6 to 8 weeks
    enabling a fast renewable energy turn-key
    solution and energy security
  • Increasing global legislation provides for an
    expanding business environment as governments and
    private enterprises are paying and will continue
    to pay increasingly higher fees for safe and
    environmentally sound disposal of waste
  • NO MORE HAZARDOUS LANDFILL !

33
Summary
  • Green Electricity (5 to 8 tons of waste equal
    5 or more MwH)
  • Compost Production
  • Potable (drinkable) water to World Health
    Standards
  • Metals
  • Cement (Pozzolanic Ash)

Marketable By-products
34
Biosphere Process System Specifications and Terms
  • Biosphere / Freedom service support contract
    term 25 years
  • System unit size 2 of 13.5 x 3.5 x 3.6 meter
    units
  • Suggested local building size 300 square meters
  • System total weight 54 tonnes
  • Remote monitoring options ISDN, GSM, Radio,
    Internet (digital video)

35
Capital and Operational Costs
  • Freedom Energy Biosphere Process System
  • Freedom will arrange 100 financing of
    the Biosphere Process System if the buyer signs
    a long term 'take or pay' contract.
  • The above funds generated from the 'take or pay
    contract' will be used to repay the loans
    advanced if it is a joint venture.
  • The buyer will also commit to supply the waste
    for the period of the contract.
  • Freedom Energy will manage the supply and provide
    electricity and have a tipping contract in
    connection with the collection of waste
  • Freedom may consider selling the Biosphere
    Process System outright in the future, although
    this is not available today
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