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AUSTRALIA

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AUSTRALIA Cultural Background Tropical to arctic Temperate Tropical to temperate Climate 29 244 5 Population density (people per square mile) 9,629,091 244,820 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AUSTRALIA


1
AUSTRALIA
Cultural Background
2
Geography
3
Write a list of 5 famous Australian sports
performers from 5 different sports.
4
Write a list of 5 things that you most associate
with Australian culture.
5
Fill in the cities and geographical features on
your map
6
From Sydney to Perth is 2500 miles (about the
same as from London to Toronto
This takes 6 hours by air and 2 ½ days by car
What effect could this have on sport in Australia?
7
A large percentage of Australia is uninhabitable
and the bulk of the population in centred around
Darwin, Brisbane, Sydney, Canberra, Melbourne,
Hobart and Perth.
8
(No Transcript)
9
The First Settlers
In 1788 around 1000 men and women landed by ship
at Port Jackson (now Sydney). The majority of
these people were convicted criminals.
10
  • Australia gained independence from the UK in
    1901.
  • Unlike the USA, Australia has maintained its
    links with the former motherland and
    throughout the country there is evidence of
    colonial roots.
  • For example, the education and judicial systems,
    sporting ethos and traditions are very similar to
    those found in the UK today.

This is reflected in the sports they play
11
Although it is part of the commonwealth and has
elected to retain the monarch of England as the
chief of state, Australia has a federal
parliament based in the capital city Canberra.
The government in Australia is DECENTRALISED
Central government (Canberra)
Queensland, NSW, Victoria, Tasmania, South
Australia, Western Australia, Northern Teritorry
Local government in each state
12
  • From 1945 to the mid 1960s, the Australian
    government sponsored emigration from the UK
  • This explains in part why 95 of the population
    is white and principally of British decent,
    making the Anglo-Celts the dominant societal
    group.
  • Now 22 of the population has European origins
    and the principal groups include Italians,
    Croats, Greeks, Maltese, Germans and Dutch.
    European settlers brought soccer to Australia

Mark Viduka From Croatian decent.
13
Indigenous Peoples
  • Aborigines are the indigenous people of
    Australia and Tasmania.
  • Before European settlement in the late 18th
    Century there were 350,000 divided into 500
    groups.
  • In 1920 this was reduced to about 60,000 due to
    persecution and terra nullius
  • Now the Aboriginal population is around 427,000

14
  • Over 150 nationalities can be found now. There
    are many ties with the Asian-Pacific region
    (Tonga, Fiji, Somoa)
  • These people were originally transferred
    forcibly to work as cheap labour. These
    islanders were instrumental in the development of
    swimming and surfing in Australia
  • Alick Wickham, a native of the Soloman Islands,
    revolutionised swimming and is credited with the
    invention of the crawl stroke.
  • The representation of Melanesian and Polynesian
    players in Rugby remains up to the present day.

15
Ideologies
The ideologies of Australia focus on a
capitalist, democratic, westernised model. A
strong egalitarian (equal) ethos is present and
pluralism is valued in society.
16
Australia is renown for being obsessed with
sport. This is helped by the fact that climatic
conditions allow outdoor activities to take place
all year round.
All sports are played but some are focused in
particular states.
Victoria
NSW Queensland
South Australia
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