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Employable Skills


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Title: Employable Skills

Employable Skills Vocational Training
  • Uncommon Opportunities Roadmap for Employment,
    Food Global Security
  • November 21, 2004
  • Career Development Foundation of India
  • I.N.D.I.A. Trust

Employable Skills
  • 50 of firms in developing and industrialized
    countries report severe shortage of skilled
  • Indias problem is not lack of employment
    opportunities but lack of employable skills.
  • Skills create employment and self-employment

Vocational Skills Gap
  • Only 5 of Indias workforce (20-24 years) have
    vocational training compared with 28 in Mexico
    and 96 in Korea.
  • By 2010 major labour shortages will emerge in the
    industrialized nations forcing movement of both
    manufacturing service jobs to wherever the
    skills are best.
  • Upgrading skills essential to tap global markets

Vocational Training in India
  • 4200 ITIs
  • 1,654 government run
  • 2,620 private
  • Courses offered
  • 43 engineering 24 non-engineering trades
  • Capacity 6.3 lakhs
  • State enterprise programmes 1.7 lakh
  • Including agriculture other 20 lakh

Vocational Training Deficit
Students completing 8th-9th standard 300 lakhs
Students entering 10th-11th 150 lakhs
New entrants to workforce (per year) 70 lakhs
Vocational training in engineering, agriculture other fields 20 lakhs
New entrants to workforce w/o training 50 lakhs
Existing unemployed youth (15-29) of which 80 are educated up to 10th 150 lakhs
Existing workers to be trained to raise non-ag skilled portion to 25 350 lakhs
Three Models
  • Farm Schools in every revenue village
  • Vocational Schools
  • Computerized Televised Vocational Training

Vocational Schools
  • Promote vocational institutes at block and
    district level
  • 5000 govt
  • 50,000 private
  • Conduct exams for every skill as for drivers
  • Certify approved training centres, e.g. BPO
  • Provide scholarships incentives for trainees

Computer-based learning is twice as fast _at_ half
the cost
  • Multimedia
  • Interactive
  • Immediate Feedback
  • Self-paced learning
  • Eliminates need for trained teachers
  • Responds rapidly to changing skill needs
  • Uniform testing

Computerized Vocational Training
  • Establish 1 lakh CVT Institutes like internet
  • 50,000 in private sector
  • 50,000 training centres at engineering and arts
    colleges, ITIs, polytechs, high schools, NGOs,
  • Partnership with industry to develop multimedia
    training software
  • Provide training to a minumum of 4 million
    students per annum
  • Government certification of courses
  • Generate self-employment opportunities for 50,000

Multimedia vocational courses
RWH Child care Nutritionist
Selling skills Real estate Law clerk
Telemarketing Insurance agent Quality manager
Catering Video editing Furniture design
Farm mgmt Pharma rep Textile design
Reporter Dry cleaning Electrical repair
Travel agent Internet research Graphic design
Bookkeeper Organic farming Interior design
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