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Unification of Italy

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Unification of Italy Ch 16. Sec1 Nationalist in Italy Italians were inspired by the French Revolution. Congress of Vienna kept Italy separated. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unification of Italy


1
(No Transcript)
2
Unification of Italy
  • Ch 16. Sec1

3
Nationalist in Italy
  • Italians were inspired by the French Revolution.
  • Congress of Vienna kept Italy separated.
  • Austria controlled portions of northern Italy.
  • Other independent states kept unification hard to
    do.
  • A group of Italian tried to keep it alive.
  • This group was called the Risorgimento
    resurgence.
  • Secret society.

4
Giuseppe Mazzini
  • Formed the Young Italy movement.
  • Forced Austrian out of Lombardy and Venetia.
  • Seized control of Rome
  • A republic was formed by Mazzini and two other
    leaders.
  • His victories were not long lived.
  • Austria gain control of northern states.
  • Only Sardinia remained independent.

5
Sardinia
  • Was ruled by King Victor Emmanuel II.
  • Chief Minister was Camillo Benso di Cavour.
  • Was more powerful than King.
  • Wanted to expand Sardinian territory.
  • Wanted to lead in uniting Italy.
  • He strengthened the military and Industry.
  • Allied with France and England.

6
Sardinia and France
  • Austria was the greatest barrier to Italian
    unity.
  • French Emperor Napoleon III wanted to increase
    French influence in Italy.
  • Cavour hoped that with Austria out, Italian
    states would join with him.

7
War with Austria
  • Sardinia provoked Austria to war and France sent
    troops to help.
  • Austria was quickly defeated in Italy.
  • States of Lombardy, Venetia, Tuscany, Modena, and
    Parma join Sardinia.
  • French signs treaty with Austria.
  • Austria gets Ventia back. France gets Nice and
    Savoy. Sardinia gets Lombardy.

8
Unifying the South
  • Southern half of Italy was made up of the Kingdom
    of the Two Sicilies.
  • Giuseppe Garibaldi was leader of nationalistic
    movement.
  • Formed and army of 1,000 men and captured Sicily
    and Naples.
  • Marched to Papal States.
  • Cavour thought that Garibaldi was becoming to
    popular and set up his own republic.
  • Garibaldi stepped aside for Sardinia.

9
Problems of Unification
  • Papal states were added to Italy by 1870 and
    Austria was ran out of Italy in 1866.
  • Few Italians had experienced self-government.
  • There were cultural differences between the south
    and north.
  • North was more industrial and south agricultural.
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