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Physical Fitness and Wellness for Children


Chapter 4 Physical Fitness and Wellness for Children Chapter 4 Key Points Physical Activity and Physical Fitness are key elements in increasing years and quality of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Physical Fitness and Wellness for Children

Chapter 4
  • Physical Fitness and Wellness for Children

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • Physical Activity and Physical Fitness are key
    elements in increasing years and quality of life
    - Healthy People 2010 (USDHHS, 2000)
  • Defining Physical Fitness
  • The capacity of the heart, blood vessels, lungs,
    and muscles to function at optimum efficiency
  • The body's ability to function efficiently and
    effectively in work and leisure activities to be
    healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases, and to
    meet emergency situations (Corbin, et al, 2001)

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • Physical Fitness can be positively affected by
    quality physical education programs that provide
    children with competence, enjoyment and
  • Goal is for all children to attain positive level
    of health-related fitness

Health-Related Fitness Components
  •  Muscular Strength and Endurance
  • The amount of force a muscle can produce.
  • Muscular Endurance
  • The muscles ability to produce that force for a
    period of time.  
  • Flexibility
  • The capacity of a joint to move through its
    potential range of motion
  • Cardiovascular Efficiency
  • The bodys ability to undergo vigorous exercise
    for an extended period of time
  • Body Composition
  • The amount of fat cells compared to lean body

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • Surgeon Generals report (1996) shifted the
    emphasis physical fitness from strenuous,
    continuous exercise a few periods a week, to
    moderate physical activity on all or most days of
    the week for an accumulated time of at least 30
    min (preferably 60 minutes)
  • New guidelines for childrens physical activity
  • 30-60 minutes of age and developmentally
    appropriate physical activity on all or most days
    of the week
  • Additional 60 minutes per day of active free play
    or other physical activity

The FIT Principle
  • Frequency - physical activity most, preferably
    all, days of the week
  • Intensity - moderate to vigorous
  • Time - 60 minutes of cumulative physical activity
    a day

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • Fitness Training Principal (FIT) for children
  • Fun
  • Intrinsic
  • Motivation
  • And Two Cs competence and confidence

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • Research indicates that physical activity
    patterns in childhood and adolescence influences
    adult pattern
  • Two recent models outline goals appropriate for
    children regarding physical activity
  • Childrens Lifetime Physical Activity Model
    (Corbin Pangrazi)
  • Physical Activity Pyramid (Physical Activity for
    Children Guidelines, NASPE, 1998)

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • NASPE Standard 3 and Standard 4 identify physical
    fitness goals
  • Regarding physical fitness, the NASPE document
    advocates a focus at
  • the early elementary level on positive
    participation in physical activities
  • the upper elementary and beyond, on an awareness
    of importance of fitness concepts and development
    of skills and knowledge for regular participation
  • Research indicates that the traditional approach
    to gains in fitness scores may have long term
    consequences such as lack of interest, motivation
    and skills needed for successful participation in
    later years

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • Role of Physical Education teachers
  • Help children and their parents choose activities
    they enjoy to attain and maintain fitness and set
    realistic individual fitness goals
  • Help children develop positive attitudes needed
    for active participation

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • Fitness test scores
  • Purposes
  • Ongoing screening
  • To develop yearly plans
  • To assist youngsters establish personal fitness
    goals/remedial programs
  • Become meaningful to students if they are
    involved in the recording and analyzing of
    scores, and provided with guidance in setting
    personal goals
  • Recommended that scores should NOT be recorded
    for children younger than 4th grade

Appropriate/Inappropriate Practices for Physical
Fitness Testing
  • Appropriate Practice
  • Teachers use fitness assessment as part of the
    ongoing process of helping children understand,
    enjoy, improve and/or maintain their physical
    fitness and well-being.
  • Test results are shared privately with children
    and their parents as a tool for developing
    personal goals and strategies for maintaining and
    increasing the respective fitness parameters.
  • As part of an ongoing program of physical
    education, children are physically prepared in
    each fitness component so they can safely
    complete the assessment.

Appropriate/Inappropriate Practices for Physical
Fitness Testing (cont)
  • Inappropriate Practice
  • Teachers administer physical fitness tests once
    or twice a year for the purpose of identifying
    children to receive awards or to meet a
    requirement of the school district or state
  • Children complete physical fitness tests
    batteries without understanding why they are
    performing the tests or the relationship to their
    activity level and individual goals. Results are
    interpreted based on comparison with norms rather
    than in the terms of how they apply to children's
    future healthy and well-being
  • Individual scores are publicly posted,
    comparisons are made between students' scores,
    and/or grades are based on fitness scores.
  • Children are required to take fitness tests
    without adequate conditioning.

Promoting Health-Related Fitness in Elementary
  • Teachers can help children develop the skills and
  • attitudes needed for active participation in
  • activity and assist them in attaining a healthy
    level of fitness
  • by
  • Providing a quality program of physical education
  • Promoting additional in-school and out-of-school
    physically active and health-enhancing activities
  • Working cooperatively with classroom teachers and

Chapter 4 Key Points
  • Physical fitness is only one part of the broader
    wellness picture which encompasses emotional,
    mental, spiritual, interpersonal/social, and
    emotional well-being
  • Suggested learning experiences in wellness for
    elementary children include nutrition, drug
    alcohol, tobacco abuse, personal safety, personal
    and social responsibility, and mental/emotional
  • Physical education and wellness are intricately
    woven together in the quest for optimal health
    and well-being for all children

Wellness Concepts in Physical Education
  • Nutrition
  • Personal safety
  • Bicycle
  • Auto
  • Water
  • Fire
  • Drug, alcohol and tobacco use and abuse
  • Personal and social responsibility
  • Mental and emotional health
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