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GCSE MUSIC REVISION 2010

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GCSE MUSIC REVISION 2010 GCSE Music Areas of Study Music for Film Music for Dance Orchestral Landmarks Music for Special Events Popular Song Since 1960 For Music ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GCSE MUSIC REVISION 2010


1
GCSE MUSIC REVISION 2010
2
Learning outcomes
  • To know the different areas of study for the GCSE
    Music listening exam.
  • To understand how to prepare well for the exam.
  • To evaluate what you need to do to succeed in
    the exams.

3
GCSE Music Areas of Study
  • Music for Film
  • Music for Dance
  • Orchestral Landmarks
  • Music for Special Events
  • Popular Song Since 1960

4
Music for Film
5
Types of FilmCGP Guide Pgs 9-11
  • The Western
  • Classic Monster/Horror and Science
    Fiction/Fantasy
  • Thrillers and Spy Films

6
The Elements of Film Music
  • Syncopation
  • Cross rhythms
  • Homorhythmic/Polyrhythmic

The pattern of beats/duration of notes.
  • Conjunct/Disjunct

The tune.
  • Major/Minor
  • Pentatonic
  • Modal
  • Atonal
  • Bitonal

The key of the music. This gives the piece its
mood.
  • Monophonic
  • Polyphonic/Contrapuntal
  • Homophonic

Thick or Thin.
  • See dynamics table below.
  • Terraced dynamics
  • Silence

The loudness and softness of the music.
The speed of the music.
  • See tempo table below for terms.
  • Instruments

What kind of sound.
High or Low.
7
Compositional Devices
8
Compositional Devices
Motif A short melodic or rhythmic idea that is
sufficiently distinctive to allow it to be
modified, manipulated and possibly combined with
other motifs while retaining its own identity.
Batman 5 Note Theme
9
Leitmotif A memorable fragment or musical idea
that Represents an emotion, place, idea, object
or person. E.g. Jaws Theme, Darth Vader theme,
Indiana Jones etc. etc.
Sequence The immediate repetition of a motif or
phrase of a melody in the same part but at a
different pitch.
10
Imitation When a melodic idea stated by one part
is copied by another part whilst the melody line
of the first part continues. Only the opening
notes of the original melody need be repeated
for this effect to be heard.
11
Ostinato A rhythmic, melodic or harmonic pattern
played many times in succession.
Boogie Woogie Ostinato
12
Pedal Note A sustained or repeated note sounded
against changing harmony.
Example
13
GCSE Music Areas of Study
  • Music for Film
  • Music for Dance
  • Orchestral Landmarks
  • Music for Special Events
  • Popular Song Since 1960

14
AREA OF STUDYMusic for Dance
15
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16
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17
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18
Other type of DanceThe Club Scene
  • Disco
  • Rap
  • Hip Hop
  • Techno
  • Jungle
  • Drum n bass
  • UK Garage
  • Trance
  • Ambient
  • All are on sheet provided and
  • in CGP Guide Pg. 19.

19
Music Technology Terms
  • You need to know and learn these terms
  • Mixing
  • Scratching
  • Sampling
  • Looping
  • Digital Effects Vocoder, Reverb, Echo
  • Quantising
  • Sequencing
  • Multitracking
  • Remixing - Examples Punjabi MC Billy Jean,
    Knight Rider Bhangra, Eminem vs Punjabi.
  • MIDI
  • See Page 19 of CGP Guide for Music Technology
    Terms.

20
GCSE Music Areas of Study
  • Music for Film
  • Music for Dance
  • Orchestral Landmarks
  • Music for Special Events
  • Popular Song Since 1960

21
AREA OF STUDYORCHESTRAL LANDMARKS
22
The Classical Period1750 - 1800
  • Composers are Haydn and Mozart.
  • Symphonies and Concertos are popular classical
    forms.

23
Symphony
A large scale piece of music for orchestra
consisting of 4 movements.
Concerto
A work for solo instrument accompanied by
orchestra usually in 3 movements.
24
The Classical Period1750 - 1800
  • Small-ish orchestra. Strings dominate sound.
  • Violins play most of the tunes.
  • Woodwind and brass support the strings.
  • Very structured, balanced phrase lengths
  • with cadences.
  • Clear tonality Major/Minor
  • Texture is mostly homphonic.
  • Diatonic - Simple, straightforward harmonies.
  • Clear rhythms, constant tempo and metre.
  • Light and elegant.

25
The Late Classical Period1800 - 1830
  • Beethoven
  • Instruments added to orchestra larger sections.
    Adds more woodwind in particular.
  • Also added trombones and some percussion
    (cymbals, bass drum and triangle).
  • Persistent rhythms sometimes used to
  • drive the music forward.
  • Powerful themes full of tension and drama.
  • Variations in dynamics.

26
The Romantic Period 1830 - 1900
  • Composers are Schubert, Tchaikovsky, Wagner and
    Liszt amongst others.
  • Emotional and dramatic.
  • Used tone colours to create varied moods and
    emotions.
  • Bigger orchestra New instruments added
    Piccolo, Contrabassoon, Bass Clarinet, Cor
    Anglais, Tuba and Harp.
  • More use of percussion Tubular Bells
  • Long melodies.
  • Melody passed around different instruments/section
    s advances in instruments.
  • Chromatic notes.
  • Frequent modulations.
  • Uses a large range of dynamics.
  • Expression markings.
  • Changes in texture and tempo.

27
The 20th Century Period1900-2000
  • Composers are Britten, Stravinsky, Schoenberg
  • Large orchestra. All sections are of equal
    importance.
  • Exploration of timbre - Composers
  • experimented with instruments/sounds in
  • new ways see page 34 of CGP guide.
  • Use of electronic instruments/ non-instruments
  • Wide range of dynamics.
  • Lack of tonality or changing tonality
  • Dissonance and Atonality
  • Lack of clear structure.
  • Fragmented/disjunct melodies.
  • Rhythm and metre changes syncopation,
    polyrhythms, ostinati.
  • Huge contrasts in texture.

28
Twentieth Century StylesPg. 35 CGP
29
Impressionism
  • The music is used to create the impression of a
    scene/title or picture
  • Dreamy, mystical floaty sounding music.
  • Uses whole tone scales and chords with added
    notes 7ths, 9ths and even 13ths.
  • Debussy Lapres midi dun faune.

30
Serialism or 12 note music
  • Treats all 12 semitone pitches as equal.
  • Therefore the music is not based in a particular
    key or scale
  • The composer creates a tone row using all 12
    pitches in a chosen order each pitch is used
    once only.
  • This row is then used as the basis for the piece.
  • Schoenberg Variations for orchestra Op. 31.
  • http//video.google.co.uk/videosearch?qschoenberg
    variationsfororchestraop31hlenemb0aqf
  • http//video.google.co.uk/videosearch?qserialism
    schoenbergwww_google_domainwww.google.co.ukhle
    nemb0aq0oqserialism
  • Particular techniques include
  • Note clusters
  • Inversions (upside down)
  • Retrograde (backwards)
  • Retrograde inversion (the backwards version
  • upside down)

31
Aleatoric music (Chance Music)
  • The final decision about what is to be played is
    made at the performance so the piece sounds
    different each time it is performed.
  • John Cage Music of Changes.
  • http//video.google.co.uk/videosearch?qjohncage
    musicofchangeshlenemb0aq-1oqjohncagemu
    sicofchange

32
Jazz Influenced
  • Lively rhythms syncopation
  • Blues notes
  • Brass often muted
  • Gershwin Rhapsody in Blue or American in Paris.

33
Minimalism
  • Less is More - The idea is to create music from
    as little as possible
  • http//video.google.co.uk/videosearch?qstevereic
    htrainshlenemb0aqf

34
GCSE Music Areas of Study
  • Music for Film
  • Music for Dance
  • Orchestral Landmarks
  • Music for Special Events
  • Popular Song Since 1960

35
For Music for Special Events you need to make
sure you are familiar with the following. Look
them up and listen to examples on the AQA CD
listening material which you all have on your
drives.
AOS Music for Special Event
36
Music for Popular SongSee word document link.
37
Plenary
  • Complete the following statement adding as many
    details as possible.

I can revise most effectively for my Music
listening exam by
38
To do
  • Complete Music for Special Events Table if you
    have not already completed it.
  • Revise using books, links and revision materials
    provided.
  • Complete definition list (as provided by Miss
    Longbottom). Look them up in your revision
    guides. If you are stuck then ask next lesson.
  • Check out links on Miss Longbottoms blog.
  • Use Sibelius instruments to listen to different
    instruments and familiarise yourself with their
    sounds..

39
Learning outcomes
  • To know the different areas of study for the GCSE
    Music listening exam.
  • To understand how to prepare well for the exam.
  • To evaluate what you need to do to succeed in
    the exams.
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