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Wind Farm Presentation Created By: Drew Russell


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Title: Wind Farm Presentation Created By: Drew Russell

Wind Farm Presentation Created By Drew Russell
  • (an outline of my full presentation has been
    pasted in the note section of this power point
    slide and should be used while viewing this
    version of the presentation in order to get the
    amount of maximum information)

Wind Farm Development in Rural Illinois The
Crescent Ridge Model

Wind Energy Boom in the US
  • Wind power generating capacity increased by 27
    in 2006 and is expected to increase an additional
    26 in 2007.
  • The wind industry invested 4 billion in 2006.
  • These wind energy facilities will produce an
    estimated 31 billion kilowatt-hours annually.
  • Despite the boom, wind energy only amounts to
    less than 1 of the total energy consumption in
    the U.S.

Why Is Wind Energy So Popular?
  • Wind is a clean/free energy source.
  • Wind energy can be produced free from foreign
  • Wind Farms are relatively cheap to build because
    of government incentives.

Wind Energy Development in Illinois
  • Illinois currently generates only .5 of its
    electricity from renewable sources.
  • Produces 107 MWs from wind energy which ranks
    Illinois 16th in wind energy production.

Sustainable Energy Plan
  • The ICC adopted Gov. Blagojevich's Sustainable
    Energy Plan in July, 2005.
  • Under the Plan, electric utilities will begin
    acquiring 2 of their electricity from
    alternative energy sources by the end of 2007.
  • A total of 75 of the renewable energy will come
    from wind energy.
  • Under the plan, renewable energy sources like
    wind could supply 8 of Illinois' electric supply
    by 2013

The Goals
  • Create jobs
  • Boost investment in rural communities
  • Protect the environment
  • Promote energy independence
  • Help stabilize energy prices

Current Operating Wind Farms in Illinois
  • Mendota Hills- Owned by Navitas Energy, 63
    turbines with a 50.4 MW capacity. Electricity
    Purchased by Com Ed.
  • Manlius- Owned by the Bureau Valley School
    District, 1 turbine with a .66 MW capacity.
    Electricity purchased by owner.
  • Pike County- Owned by Illinois Rural Electric
    Coop, 1 turbine with a 1.65 MW capacity.
    Electricity purchased by owner
  • Crescent Ridge- Owned by Eurus, 33 Turbines with
    a 54.5 MW capacity. Electricity purchased by Com

  • Located by Tiskilwa, Illinois approx. 110 miles
    from Chicago.
  • The Crescent Ridge project is inside a belt of
    2,200 acres of farmland with 13 participating
    land owners.
  • The Turbines only occupy 20 acres of that space.
  • Has an average wind speed of 16.7 mph.
  • Site has a 54.5 MW capacity
  • The pollution offsets are equivalent to taking
    10,000 cars of the road each year or planting
    10,000,000 trees.

  • Developed and Financed by Eurus Energy America
  • 75 million development.
  • Com Ed. is the wind farm's sole customer.

Crescent Ridge Equipment
  • Wind Turbines
  • Tower
  • Tensionless Pier Foundation
  • Pad Mount Transformer
  • Substations and Interconnection
  • Access Roads
  • Meteorological Tower
  • Control Monitoring Building
  • A Public Viewing Area. 

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The Positives of Rural Wind Farm Expansion
Crescent Ridge Example
  • Benefits the Rural Landowners
  • Increases the Local Tax Base
  • Benefits the Local Community

Benefits Rural Landowners
  • Rural landowners receive about 5,000 to 7,000
    annually for each turbine as rent.
  • Farmers can grow crops or raise cattle next to
    the towers.
  • Wind energy projects can save the family farm.

Increases Local Tax Base
  • Wind power projects bring new tax revenue to
    rural communities.
  • The wind farm will be one of the top five
    property tax payers in Bureau County.
  • Although unsettled presently, property tax
    payments will provide anywhere from 6,500 to
    26,000 for each turbine for Bureau County each

Real Estate Property or Personal Property?
  • Law in Illinois is unsettled as to how the wind
    turbine is to be valued for real estate tax

What is Process Machinery?
  • Crescent ridge argues that 1 million of the 1.5
    million dollar value of a wind turbine is
    considered personal property.
  • The Bureau County Tax Assessor has considered
    100 of the Wind Turbine as taxable real estate.
  • Lee County projects are only being taxed 26-27
    percent of the value.
  • Proposed LaSalle projects might be assessed
    somewhere around 45 percent of value.

Government, Help!
  • With no state assessment standard for wind farms
    in Illinois, proposed projects like Big Sky that
    cross Bureau and Lee counties could face two
    different tax assessments on the same turbines!
  • There is presently pending in the state
    legislature several proposed bills that would
    establish a method for the uniform taxation of
    wind farms though out the state.

Benefits the Local Community
  • Wind power projects create new jobs in rural
  • The Crescent Ridge Wind Farm has created 100
    construction jobs and five permanent jobs.
  • When new jobs and additional farming income are
    created, the paychecks are spent in local stores
    and restaurants, boosting the local economy.

Concerns/Problems of Rural Wind Farm Expansion
  • Aesthetic Concerns
  • Avian mortality
  • Road damage during construction
  • Noise Pollution
  • Inclement Weather
  • Availability of the Power grids
  • Intermittent Winds
  • Litigation from the locals
  • Unfounded concerns- electric fields causing
    health problems, car accidents, epileptic
    seizures, ice throws

The Requirements for a Wind Farm in Bureau County
  • Must obtain a lease from willing land owners.
  • Must be able to connect to the regional power
  • Facility equipment must conform to applicable
    industry standards.
  • Must obtain a conditional use permit.

Conditional Use Factors
Conditional Use Factors
  • The establishment, maintenance or operation of
    the conditional use will not be detrimental to or
    endanger the public health, safety, moral,
    comfort or general welfare.
  • The conditional use will not be injurious to the
    use and enjoyment of other property in the
    immediate vicinity for the purpose already
    permitted nor substantially diminish property
    values within the neighborhood.
  • The establishment of the conditional use will not
    impede the normal and orderly development and
    improvement of the surrounding property for uses
    permitted in the district.
  • Adequate utilities, access roads, drainage or
    necessary facilities have been or will be
  • Adequate measures have been or will be taken to
    minimize traffic congestion in the public

Conditional Use Permit
  • Bureau County Zoning Board Application

Description of the Project
  • A legal description for the location of the tower
    and/or substation
  • The location of property lines of adjoining
    property owners
  • Turbine information
  • Extra requirements include that the installed
    turbines must be new, certified, and have braking
    systems installed

Site Plan
  • Must detail the location of the project area
    boundaries, the turbines, roads, transformers,
    power lines, communication lines, interconnection
    points with transmission lines, and other
    ancillary facilities or structures.

  • The Site Plan must detail compliance with
    the following

Set Back Requirements
  • Residence750 ft.
  • Property Line1.10 x the windmills height
  • Public Roads1.10 x the windmills height
  • Other Structures1.25 x the windmills height

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Noise Standards
  • Compliance with performance standards developed
    by the Illinois Pollution Control Board.
  • The standards establishes daytime and nighttime
    noise limits.
  • Applicant must develop a worst-case scenario,
    noise contour map that shows the distance that
    noise may travel from the turbines.

Telecommunication Considerations
  • If Wind Farm is within a relative location of
    telecommunication facilities (i.e. antenna and
    communication towers), a microwave beam analysis
    must be undertaken around the area to detect
    possible radio frequency or microwave signal

Waste Management
  • Solid Waste- All solid waste generated from the
    site must be removed from the site immediately
    and disposed of in a manner consistent with all
    local, state, and federal regulations.
  • Hazardous wastes must be kept in compliance with
    applicable local, state, and federal regulations.

Aesthetic Considerations
  • Coatings and Coloring
  • Turbine consistency
  • Lighting

Road Agreement
  • A road agreement must be entered with the
    relevant township Road Commissioner and County
  • Must address issues related to construction
    traffic, safety, and post-construction road

Decommissioning Plan Agreement
  • Ensures that the facility is properly
    decommissioned upon end of project life or
    facility abandonment.

  • All signs must be consistent with AWEA and ANSI
    standards. Warnings of high voltage must be
    posted at least at the entrance of the facility
  • The following standards must be followed to
    reduce the risk of fire 1) Adherence to
    applicable electrical codes 2) Removal of fuel
    sources, like vegetation, from immediate vicinity
    of electrical gear and connections 3)
    Utilization of twistable cables on turbines
  • Sewer Water- Any facility must comply with
    existing septic and well regulations as required
    by county and state health departments.

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Other Governmental Requirements
  • Federal Aviation Administration Determination.
  • Illinois Department of Natural Resources
  • If applying for a state grant, an archeological
    survey must be done to ensure that there are no
    Indian burial grounds under the site.
  • The State of Illinois Environmental Protection
    Agency (IEPA) has developed a General Permit to
    Discharge Storm water in connection with
    Construction Site Activities

What Does the Future Hold?
  • Illinois has an additional 11 sites proposed as
    of Dec. 31st 2006
  • Two of those sites are currently under
  • If all sites are developed an additional 1,541 MW
    of electricity would be produced from wind energy
    in Illinois.