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Female Triad Syndrome


Female Triad Syndrome April 12, 2007 Erin Schlegel What is it? The female triad syndrome is a medical condition that usually occurs in female athletes who over ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Female Triad Syndrome

Female Triad Syndrome
April 12, 2007 Erin Schlegel
What is it? The female triad syndrome is a
medical condition that usually occurs in female
athletes who over exercise and push their body
beyond healthy limits. It is also called the
female athlete triad syndrome.The triad consists
of an eating disorder, osteoporosis, and
amenorrhea (the loss of ones menstrual cycle).
Who is more susceptible to the illness? Female
athletes who participate in either judged
athletics due to asthetics, a sport that has
weight restrictions, or a sport that emphasizes
low body weight. These sports/athletic events
include but are not limited to figure skating,
speed skating, ballet, gymnastics, distance
running, boxing, pole vaulting, and diving.
Female Triad Syndrome A combination of
disordered eating, amenorrhea, and
osteoporosis. Disordered Eting Amenorrhea Osteop
What classifies as an Eating Disorder? A person
that has an eating disorder may take part in a
wide range of dangerous activities including
starving themselves, binging (eating huge amounts
of food at once), and purging (getting rid of the
food before it is able to be digested). The most
common eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa,
(starving oneself) and Bulimia (Binging and
Purging on a regular basis). There are other
types of eating disorders but the two above are
the most prevalent and widely known. Sometimes an
eating disorder is very easy to notice and other
times the girl is able to conceal it for a while.
What an Eating Disorder may look
like http//www.youtube.com/watch?vMAdUPZ2G9ts
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and Symptoms of an Eating
Disorder Dramatic weight change Mood
changes Irritability Unusual interest in
food Lanugo Intolerance to the cold Scars and
scratches on knuckles Breaking down of teeth Etc.
Prevention and Treatment Prevention is quite
simply education. Educate the athletes about
eating disorders and what they can do to the
persons life. Treatment is a little tougher
some just need counseling, others need to be
hospitalized and put on a strict diet with
supplementation. This patient should be referred.
What is Osteoporosis? Osteoporosis can occur when
a persons diet does not keep up with the amount
of stress they are putting on their bones. It is
the loss of bone mineral density and can be
devastating to athletes who may suffer fractures
if their bones are not strong. Women should take
a calcium supplement if their diet is not high in
calcium and other minerals to aid in bone health.
Signs and Symptoms
What does Osteoporosis look like?
Prevention and Treatment Prevention methods
include taking calcium and making sure one has a
diet rich in calcium and minerals. Some studies
have actually shown that having a beer can be
more beneficial then taking a calcium pill,
however an excess of alcohol is not
healthy. Treatment methods include taking some
time off of athletics, getting a better diet,
taking calcium, or hormone replacement therapy.
Amenorrhea Amenorrhea is the loss of a girls
menstrual cycle. This can occur if the girl
exercises to an extreme amount or if a girl loses
too much of her body fat. The loss of a girls
period can be very unhealthy and is not
considered normal even if the female is an
excellent athlete contrary to some coaches
belief. When the body gets tired and can not keep
up it starts to shut down the systems that do not
have to function for life to continue and this
includes the female reproductive system.
Signs and symptoms
What happens? The girl will no longer get her
period and may seem fatigued or cold, she may
even have anemia. One should realize that
amenorrhea is diagnosed only after other things
have been ruled out. Amenorrhea is often the
fastest way to notice the female triad syndrome.
So how can I check to see if my athlete has this
or may be prone to have it? The easiest way to
check to see if an athlete may have this
condition is to go over all of the physical forms
and have each female fill out a separate female
medical history form. Lock Haven University
requires each female athlete to fill one out at
the beginning of each season. If the forms or
history seem to stand out as possibilities one
should talk to the athlete and discuss what to
do. These athletes should be watched all season
and should be seeking medical help.
The Triad Each component relies and promotes each
of the other components. If one is present the
other two may also be present. An easy give away
is the loss of the menstruation for a long time
or numerous stress fractures in the same areas.
Once a girl is involved in the triad it is very
difficult for her to break free and continue life
as it was.
Will I see this? Absolutely, a lot of people do
not believe they will see most injuries or
illnesses but this illness most everyone will or
has seen. The sports we will most likely find
this are diving, swimming, and distance running,
and yes this can occur in high school athletes.
So put it all together
References Anorexi Bulimi-Kontakt
American Academy of Family Physicians (Female
Triad Sydrome) http//www.aafp.org/afp/20000601/33
57.html Google Image Search Anorexia, Eating
Disorders, Female Triad Syndrome, Female
Athlete www.google.com American Academy of
Orthopedic Surgeons Female Triad
Syndrome http//orthoinfo.aaos.org/fact/thr_report
.cfm?Thread_ID320topcategoryWomen Beer and
health Preventive effects of beer components on
lifestyle-related diseases. Keiji Kondo.
Biofactors. 2004 Volume 22
How do we recognize it
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