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The Cold War: Early years Resource Unit

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Title: The Cold War: Early years Resource Unit


1
The Cold War Early years Resource Unit
  • Matt Rudy
  • ED639
  • Winter 2008

2
Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • General Summary
  • Objectives
  • Content/Concepts
  • People and Places
  • Vocabulary
  • ODE and NCSS Standards covered
  • Activities
  • Homework for Day Four
  • Evaluation
  • Multiple Choice
  • Short Answer
  • Resources
  • Teacher
  • Student
  • Media

3
Introduction
  • The theme for this unit is the early part of the
    Cold War. The idea behind this unit is to present
    facts that help students gather new factual
    information that ties in with their prior
    knowledge.
  • The lessons contained in this unit will guide the
    students to an understanding of the historical
    importance of the expansion of communism,
    McCarthyism, the Korean War, the Space race, and
    the Cuban Missile crisis
  • The end goal is to ensure that students have
    enough of a grasp on the time period to be
    successful on the OGT.

4
Introduction continued
  • This lesson is geared towards tenth grade
    students nearing the end of their preparation
    period before the OGT.
  • The lessons are intended to last two weeks, or
    ten class periods.
  • The unit aims at helping students with multiple
    learning styles and ability levels.

5
Standards Benchmarks covered
  • 8. Explain how the Cold War and related conflicts
    influenced U.S. foreign policy after 1945 with
    emphasis on
  • a. The Marshall Plan
  • b. Communist containment, including the Truman
    Doctrine, Berlin Blockade and Cuban Missile
    Crisis
  • The Korean War and the Vietnam War.
  • 12. Explain major domestic developments after
    1945 with emphasis on
  • a. Postwar prosperity in the United States
  • b. McCarthyism
  • c. The space race
  • d. Immigration patterns.

6
Standards benchmarks continued
  • 1. Thinking and Organizing
  • A. Determine the credibility of sources by
    considering the following
  • The qualifications and reputation of the writer
  • b. Agreement with other credible sources
  • c. Recognition of stereotypes
  • d. Accuracy and consistency of sources
  • e. The circumstances in which the author
    prepared the source.
  • B. Critique evidence used to support a thesis.
  • 2. Communicating Information
  • A. Analyze one or more issues and present a
    persuasive argument to defend a position.

7
Standards Benchmarks Continued
  • 1. Rights and Responsibilities
  • A. Analyze instances in which the rights of
    individuals were restricted including
  • B. Immigrants during the Red Scare
  • C. Intellectuals and artists during the McCarthy
    Era

8
Content
  • 1. Summary of subject matter
  • Expansion of Communism
  • McCarthyism
  • The Korean War
  • The Space Race
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis
  • 2. Concepts/Vocabulary
  • 3. 20 Audio/Video resources

9
Summary of subject matter
  • A. Expansion of Communism
  • This section will cover the American views on
    Europe following World War II. It will also cover
    the partitioning of Germany and the conflict it
    caused between communism and democracy.
  • B. McCarthyism
  • This section will cover the web of lies that
    senator Joseph McCarthy weaved in the early
    1950s. From the height of his popularity to what
    caused his downfall

10
Summary of Subject Matter continued
  • C. The Korean War
  • This section will cover the Korean War and the
    conflict between communism and democracy.
  • D. The Space Race
  • This section will detail the battle between the
    Soviet Union and the United States to be the
    first to explore space.
  • E. The Cuban Missile Crisis
  • This section will detail the Cuban Missile Crisis
    and the pressure on the United States.

11
Concepts Vocabulary
  • Yalta Conference
  • Satellite Nations
  • Containment
  • Iron Curtain
  • Truman Doctrine
  • Marshall Plan
  • Berlin Airlift
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • Chiang Kai-shek
  • Mao Zedong
  • 38th parallel
  • General George MacArthur
  • House Un-American Activities Commission
  • Hollywood Ten
  • Blacklist
  • Alger Hiss
  • Joseph McCarthy
  • McCarthyism
  • Sputnik
  • January 31, 1958
  • U-2 Incident
  • Fidel Castro
  • Bay of Pigs
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

12
Audio/Video Resources for early Cold War Unit
  • 19451952 Volume I Traces such events as Winston
    Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech, the postwar
    boom in America, the Rosenberg trial, the
    McCarthy hearings, and the Korean War. This
    volume features interviews with Sir Freddie ...
    moregtgtgt Video SV631V-WEB
  • 19531960 Volume II Beginning with a look at the
    signing of the armistice to end the Korean War,
    this program examines the invention of television
    and the discovery of the polio vaccine, Japan's
    commitment to technology, ... moregtgtgt Video
    SV632V-WEB
  • FALLOUT Election of 1948. Fair Deal revised. The
    Korean War. The crusade against subversion Alger
    Hiss, the Rosenberg Case, McCarthyism.
    moregtgtgt DVD IIC198DV-WEB
  • GOOD NIGHT, AND GOOD LUCK Directed by George
    Clooney. The effects of "McCarthyism"a climate
    of fear and reprisalbecome personal as
    television newsman Edward R. Murrow (David
    Strathairm) challenges the tactics ...
    moregtgtgt DVD WV177DV-WEB
  • BIG LIFT, The Valuable for its depiction of the
    194849 Berlin Airlift, this movieshot in
    war-ravaged Berlin in 1950follows the
    experiences of two airmen (Montgomery Clift and
    Paul Douglas) as they ... moregtgtgt DVD
    BDT101DV-WEB
  • CAUSES OF THE COLD WAR, PART 1
    19461960 Simulates the Cold War years as
    students pose as competing teams of presidential
    advisers who must choose options to submit to the
    president as actual historical events and crises
    occur. Revised. cop... moregtgtgt Simulations
    HSG123-WEB
  • JOSEPH McCARTHYAN AMERICAN INQUISITOR
    Biography What kind of man was Joe McCarthy, and
    what caused the rise and fall of McCarthyism?
    Using archival footage to show McCarthy in
    action, plus interviews ... moregtgtgt Video
    FE410V-WEB

13
Audio/Video Resources for early Cold War Unit
(continued)
  • COLD WAR Decisions, Decisions, The Designed to
    illuminate the foreign policy issues, ideological
    conflict, and military initiatives of the Cold
    War era, this simulation's plot incorporates
    actual historical incidents to teach students
    about ... moregtgtgt CD-ROM Software TY229CD-WEB,
    TY229LCD-WEB, TY229L10H-WEB
  • CRISIS MISSILES IN CUBA "Vividly brings history
    to life" (Booklist, March 1989). Developed
    specifically for classroom use, this
    award-winning documentary depicts the tensions,
    decision making, and diplomatic maneuvering ...
    moregtgtgt DVD, Books ZF228DV-WEB, NL277-WEB
  • ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR, The Extracts from the
    decision to drop the Bomb on Japan Stimson,
    Harriman, and Churchill reporting on Kremlin
    reaction attacks on U.S. policy by Henry A.
    Wallace and Andrei Vishinsky the Truman
    Doctrine ... moregtgtgt Reproducibles, eBook
    NH132-WEB, NH132E-WEB
  • POINT OF ORDER On April 22, 1954, the first
    session of the Army-McCarthy hearings was
    convened and broadcast to a transfixed nation.
    This landmark documentary was culled from the 188
    hours of television footage shot ...
    moregtgtgt Video, DVD ZP121V-WEB, ZP121DV-WEB
  • COLD WAR AND THE 1950s, The Lesson topics the
    Yalta conference, containment policies, the 1948
    presidential election, the Korean War, the
    overthrow of Mossadegh in Iran, the overthrow of
    the Guatemalan government, the Federal Highway
    ... moregtgtgt Reproducibles, eBook ZP346-WEB,
    ZP346E-WEB
  • COLD WAR, The Photographs the H-Bomb on Bikini
    Atoll, Berlin Blockade, the "Iron Curtain,"
    Reagan and Gorbachev, Alger Hiss and Whittaker
    Chambers, Greek guerilla fighters, the fall of
    the Berlin Wall, and Korean War ...
    moregtgtgt TCM138-WEB
  • MISSILES OF OCTOBER, The There could be no
    blinking at the truth of U-2 reconnaissance
    photos Soviet missile launchers were under
    construction in Cuba. This Emmy Award-winning
    program, based on historic fact, re-creates two
    nerve-shattering ... moregtgtgt DVD MJK240DV-WEB

14
Audio/Video Resources for early Cold War Unit
(continued)
  • MCCARTHY VS. COMMUNISM McCarthy, President
    Truman, Roy Cohn, McCarthy's fellow senators,
    primary source documents, a demonstration by his
    hard-core followers, a harsh exchange between
    McCarthy and Joseph L. Welch, and the
    Army-McCarthy ... moregtgtgt Charts Posters
    DPA60-WEB
  • MCCARTHY YEARS Edward R. Murrow Collection,
    The Introduced by Walter Cronkite. Recapturing
    the tense confrontation between Senator Joseph
    McCarthy and legendary journalist Edward R.
    Murrow, this fascinating program features four
    full-length See It ... moregtgtgt DVD NVG122DV-WEB
  • KOREAN WAR IN COLOR See "the first great
    confrontation of the Cold War" as the soldiers in
    Korea saw itin shocking color. The full
    chronological story of the war is told using
    declassified footage. Bonus ... moregtgtgt DVD
    GHM142DV-WEB
  • KOREA MacArthur's War With Truman How and why
    did the Korean War start? How did the U.S. and
    the UN get involved? Intended for classroom use,
    this award-winning documentary examines these key
    questions, focusing on the controversy which ...
    moregtgtgt Video, DVD ZF310V-WEB, ZF310DV-WEB
  • CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS Considering Its Place in
    Cold War History, The Going back to October 1962,
    this two-part unit plunges students into the
    midst of Cold War intrigue. Readings in part one
    review Castro's takeover in Cuba, discovery of
    Soviet missiles on the island, and ...
    moregtgtgt Reproducibles, eBook CFP155-WEB,
    CFP155E-WEB
  • THIRTEEN DAYS This suspenseful account of the
    behind-the-scenes maneuvering that resolved the
    Cuban Missile Crisis, focuses on a close circle
    of advisors who dodged politics, untangled
    Khrushchevs contradicting messages, ...
    moregtgtgt Video, DVD, Books WV106V-WEB,
    WV106DV-WEB, NL277-WEB
  • U.S. FOREIGN POLICY IN THE COLD WAR ERA Truman
    to Kennedy Delves into the major events in the
    Cold War period including the Truman Doctrine,
    Berlin Blockade, creation of NATO, the Korean and
    Vietnam Wars, the Bay of Pigs invasion, and the
    Cuban missile crisis. ... moregtgtgt Powerpoint
    HSG136P-WEB

15
Early Cold War Unit Lesson One
  • The first lesson in this unit is going to be an
    introduction to the post World War II World.
  • Describe the US and Soviet disagreements at the
    Yalta Conference and subsequent US reactions.
  • Describe the partitioning of Berlin and Germany,
    and the differences that developed between east
    and west.
  • Mention the revolution in China and the conflict
    between communists and nationalists. Also
    describe the foundation of Taiwan
  • Students will have a worksheet for homework that
    will have them read the notes and answer
    questions.

16
Early Cold War Unit Lesson two
  • Students will watch part of the DVD, 1945-1952
    Volume 1 describing the events of the time
    period. The DVD will be stopped prior to the
    Korean War and a group discussion will occur
    about the idea of the Berlin Wall and how such a
    wall would effect their city or town.
  • The students will not have homework, instead
    theyll have a larger project to work on later.

17
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Three
  • A PowerPoint presentation on the Korean War is
    showed to the students.
  • The PowerPoint will show a timeline of events.
  • A Map of Korea will have the 38th parallel
    identified showing where the war took place
  • An activity involving the world wide web will
    have students going home and finding a personal
    account of a Korean War veteran and bringing it
    in to class.

18
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Four
  • Students bring in their Korean War veteran
    experiences and share them with the rest of the
    class.
  • Then a actual verbal account by a veteran off of
    YouTube will be played for the students.
  • Men of Truth Courage The 17th infantry in
    Korean War. http//www.youtube.com/watch?vJEPSKfi
    G3Hc

19
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Five
  • In bring cultural relevance to the Korean War,
    the story of the all-black units of the 25th
    Infantry Division will be discussed.
  • Students will be asked also to think back to
    previous all-black infantry divisions in prior US
    Wars to prove prior knowledge before the lesson.
  • Students will then get an intro into the fears of
    the American people during the early fifties, as
    an introduction into McCarthyism.

20
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Six
  • McCarthy and his tactics will be the subject of
    the sixth lesson. A PowerPoint will be presented
    to the class about the different tactics of
    McCarthy and his eventual downfall.
  • The video, Joseph McCarthy An American
    Inquisitor , will be shown in class.
  • The students will receive a worksheet that asks
    them to answer questions based on what they have
    learned about McCarthy.

21
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Seven
  • Students will have a PowerPoint presentation on
    the Cuban Missile Crisis and the peril that it
    place the US in.
  • Have a map on the PowerPoint that shows the
    amount of time it would take a missile launched
    from Cuba to reach certain US cities to bring
    home the intensity of the problem.
  • Have students, for homework, do a worksheet on
    the calculation of minutes it would take a
    warhead launched from Cuba to reach certain US
    cities.

22
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Eight
  • Divide the room between two sides, label one side
    the US and then the other the Soviet Union.
    Explain to the students that the consequences
    that shooting warheads at each side would have
    and then have a simulation of the 13 day
    stand-still where the US and Soviet Union clashed
    over Cuba.

23
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Nine
  • This lesson will involve a student Jeopardy game
    over the terms that they have learned thus far in
    the unit.
  • The winning team to receive 5 more on their exam
    grade, the loser still gets 2.
  • Students for homework will have a unit review
    worksheet to finish to bring to class for
    tomorrow.

24
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Ten
  • Students watch the DVD, Crisis Missiles in Cuba
    to bring the Cuban Missile Crisis lesson to a
    conclusion.
  • Students will have time to finish working on
    their review sheet.

25
Early Cold War Unit Lesson Eleven
  • The class will have a review session where
    students congregate to make sure that their
    answers are right, and then have a guided session
    to explain some of the answers in more detail.

26
Early Cold War Unit Evaluation
  • The first method of evaluation in this unit will
    be a participation grade from the simulations
    and activities that were done in class.
  • The grade will be worth 50 points, roughly half
    of the test
  • This method is used because I feel that student
    participation in class is an enormously important
    method in getting students to understand the
    content.
  • Also, this will help engage the students because
    it will have such an impact on their grade if
    they do not participate.

27
Early Cold War Unit Evaluation 2
  • The final evaluation for the chapter will be a
    post-test, worth several points.
  • The questions will be multiple choice, objective
    based questions that are similar to those on the
    OGT
  • Also there will be a section of short-answer to
    ensure the students know the information and are
    not just guessing.
  • Finally, an essay question will be the last
    evaluative method used.

28
Examples of questions Multiple Choice
  • The US policy used following World War II with
    regards to the spread of communism was
  • Isolationism
  • Containment
  • Destruction
  • Abolishment
  • The United States effort to provide food and
    supplies to the people of West Berlin was known
    as the
  • German supply plan
  • Marshall Plan
  • Berlin Airlift
  • Gifts for Germans drive.

29
Examples of questions Short Answer
  • The line of latitude that divided North and South
    Korea into the democratic south and communist
    north was the _________________________________.
  • The failed invasion of Cuba by American forces in
    an attempt to overthrow the new communist regime
    was known as the ________________________________
    _____________________________________________.

30
Example of questions Essay
  • From the simulations that were done in class and
    the different lessons in this unit, answer the
    following question in two to three paragraphs.
  • 1. The Soviet Union has just provided Cuba, a
    country just 90 miles from your southernmost part
    of your country. As the United States, explain
    the methods used by our government and John
    Franklin Roosevelt in averting a potential
    disaster. Also, what would you have done
    differently?

31
Technologically Rich Unit
  • This unit contains several different
    technological advances that help students learn
    more effectively, and in a 21st century way.
  • DVD
  • World Wide Web usage
  • Video
  • YouTube
  • PowerPoint
  • Interactive lesson on PowerPoint
  • Online maps
  • Internet interview with veteran.

32
Intervention/Adaption for Special/Individual need
students
  • The lessons in this unit are made so that
    students with special needs will be able to
    interact with their peers and the educator to
    ensure understanding.
  • The lessons will be interactive, have several
    different learning styles throughout, and provide
    several instances where students can provide
    feedback.
  • The intervention specialist in these lessons will
    be used to work with the special/individual need
    students to ensure that their understanding is up
    to the level of the other students.
  • In review exercises and simulations, the
    intervention specialist will serve as another
    overseer of the student activities.

33
Instructional References Educator
  • Thirteen Days A Memoir of the Cuban Missile
    Crisis (Paperback) by Robert F. Kennedy (Author),
    Arthur Schlesinger Jr. (Foreword) "ON TUESDAY
    MORNING, October 1962, shortly after 900,
    President Kennedy called and asked me to come to
    the White House..." (more)
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis A Concise History
    (Paperback) by Don Munton (Author), David A.
    Welch (Author)
  • The Coldest Winter America and the Korean War
    (Hardcover) by David Halberstam (Author)
  • Korean War Stories (2001) DVD Starring Walter
    Cronkite, David H. Hackworth Director Robert Uth
  • Space Race, Vol. 1 Race to the Moon (2007)
    DVD Starring Space Race
  • Longines Chronoscope Interviews, 1952, v.11
    KENNETH B. KEATING, SEN. JOSEPH MCCARTHY. DVD

34
Instructional References Students
  • MCCARTHY VS. COMMUNISM McCarthy, President
    Truman, Roy Cohn, McCarthy's fellow senators,
    primary source documents, a demonstration by his
    hard-core followers, a harsh exchange between
    McCarthy and Joseph L. Welch, and the
    Army-McCarthy ... moregtgtgt Charts Posters
    DPA60-WEB
  • MCCARTHY YEARS Edward R. Murrow Collection,
    The Introduced by Walter Cronkite. Recapturing
    the tense confrontation between Senator Joseph
    McCarthy and legendary journalist Edward R.
    Murrow, this fascinating program features four
    full-length See It ... moregtgtgt DVD NVG122DV-WEB
  • KOREAN WAR IN COLOR See "the first great
    confrontation of the Cold War" as the soldiers in
    Korea saw itin shocking color. The full
    chronological story of the war is told using
    declassified footage. Bonus ... moregtgtgt DVD
    GHM142DV-WEB
  • KOREA MacArthur's War With Truman How and why
    did the Korean War start? How did the U.S. and
    the UN get involved? Intended for classroom use,
    this award-winning documentary examines these key
    questions, focusing on the controversy which ...
    moregtgtgt Video, DVD ZF310V-WEB, ZF310DV-WEB

35
Instructional References Students
  • COLD WAR Decisions, Decisions, The Designed to
    illuminate the foreign policy issues, ideological
    conflict, and military initiatives of the Cold
    War era, this simulation's plot incorporates
    actual historical incidents to teach students
    about ... moregtgtgt CD-ROM Software TY229CD-WEB,
    TY229LCD-WEB, TY229L10H-WEB
  • CRISIS MISSILES IN CUBA "Vividly brings history
    to life" (Booklist, March 1989). Developed
    specifically for classroom use, this
    award-winning documentary depicts the tensions,
    decision making, and diplomatic maneuvering ...
    moregtgtgt DVD, Books ZF228DV-WEB, NL277-WEB
  • ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR, The Extracts from the
    decision to drop the Bomb on Japan Stimson,
    Harriman, and Churchill reporting on Kremlin
    reaction attacks on U.S. policy by Henry A.
    Wallace and Andrei Vishinsky the Truman
    Doctrine ... moregtgtgt Reproducibles, eBook
    NH132-WEB, NH132E-WEB
  • POINT OF ORDER On April 22, 1954, the first
    session of the Army-McCarthy hearings was
    convened and broadcast to a transfixed nation.
    This landmark documentary was culled from the 188
    hours of television footage shot ...
    moregtgtgt Video, DVD ZP121V-WEB, ZP121DV-WEB
  • CRISIS MISSILES IN CUBA. Vividly brings history
    to life" (Booklist, March 1989). Developed
    specifically for classroom use, this
    award-winning documentary depicts the tensions,
    decision making, and diplomatic maneuvering of
    the Cuban Missile Crisis. Designed to be viewed
    straight through as a historical survey or
    stopped at key decision points, the three-part
    program re-creates the events as they unfolded so
    that students can explore policy options much as
    officials of the Kennedy administration did in
    October of 1962. A teacher's guide provides
    suggestions for presenting the program as well as
    reproducible worksheets and background
    information for a series of group decision-making
    activities keyed to the video. (The related
    paperback is Robert Kennedy's memoir of the
    crisis, Thirteen Days.) Grades 7 and up.
    Black-and-white and color. 28 minutes.

36
Instructional References Students
  • Remembering the Forgotten War Korea, 1950-1953.
    http//www.history.navy.mil/ac/korea/korea1.htm
  • Edwards, Paul M. Korean War Almanac (2006)
  • James I. Matray, ed., Historical Dictionary of
    the Korean War (Greenwood Press, 1991)
  • Korean War Documentary. http//www.rt66.com/korte
    ng/SmallArms/
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis, October 18-29, 1962.
    http//www.hpol.org/jfk/cuban/
  • The space race. http//www.thespacerace.com/
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