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Democracy 101

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Democracy 101 What is it good for? Overview Athenian Democracy The Virtues of Ruling Republic or Democracy? Overview Basic Definition Key Features/Questions Critiques ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Democracy 101


1
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2
Democracy 101
  • What is it good for?

3
Overview
  • Athenian Democracy
  • The Virtues of Ruling
  • Republic or Democracy?

4
Overview
  • Basic Definition
  • Key Features/Questions
  • Critiques

5
Ancient Greece
  • Greece is a loose collection of individual
    city/states
  • That is, the primary political affiliation for
    people is to the city in which they live
  • The main political rivalry driving politics
    within the city was that rivalry between the rich
    and poor

6
Ancient Greece
  • The main political rivalry within the Greek
    cities was that between Athens and Sparta
  • The other political threat they faced was that
    between the Greeks and the barbarians (anyone
    not Greek, particularly the Persians to the north)

7
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8
Definition
  • Democracy derives from the ancient Greek,
    demokratia
  • demos the people
  • kratien to rule

9
Definition
  • Meant to distinguish the idea that it is the
    people collectively, not any class, family, or
    group that rules

10
Definition
  • Other types of government derived from Greek
    base
  • Aristocracy Rule by the best
  • Monarchy Rule by one person
  • Oligarchy Rule by the wealthy
  • Timocracy Rule by the honorable
  • Tyranny Rule by the rulers, for the rulers

11
Democratic Rule
  • For The People to rule we need
  • Equality
  • how dow we define that?
  • Freedom
  • how dow we define that?
  • Engagement
  • what type? and how?

12
Questions of Democracy
  • Who are The People?

13
Questions of Democracy
  • How do the people rule?

14
Questions of Democracy
  • How do we know what the people want?

15
Questions Democracy
  • What areas should we allow the people to rule?

16
Questions of Democracy
  • Why do we think the People will make good
    political decisions?

17
Athenian Democracy
The last of the 3 great Athenian tragedians
Euripides c. 485-407 BCE
18
Athenian Democracy
Aeschylus
Sophocles
19
Athenian Democracy
  • The Suppliants the play from which we have the
    extract in our book, deals with a war resolution
    issue set near the very beginning of Athens
    founding
  • Thebes was invaded by the Argives, but the
    invasion was repulsed
  • In the wake of the invasion Creon seizes power as
    dictator and decrees that the dead invaders were
    not to be buried

20
Athenian Democracy
  • The mothers of the fallen then implore Theseus,
    the Athenian King, to aid in the recovery of the
    fallen
  • When Creon refuses to release the fallen, Theseus
    asks for the Athenian people to approve the use
    of the army, and with the consent of the people
    Athens invades to retrieve the bodies
  • This rescue effort was successful and the fallen
    were laid to rest

21
Pericles
  • Pericles (c. 485-429 BCE)
  • Legendary Athenian leader
  • Champion of the arts and sciences, and renowned
    military/political leader
  • Led Athens into the Peloponnesian War

22
Pericles
  • Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) pits Sparta and
    its allies against Athens

23
Peloponnesian War
24
Peloponnesian War
  • In 415, Athens attacks Syracuse in Sicily, in
    move to gain control over the whole island
  • Resounding defeat, democracy collapses in Athens
    (411)
  • Sparta, with aid from Persia, builds its navy
  • 405 surprise attack from Sparta on docked
    Athenian navy all but 9 ships destroyed,
    thousands killed

25
Peloponnesian War
  • Spring 404, Athens surrenders
  • Sparta forces it to tear down walls
  • Remove fortress around Pireaus (its main port)
  • Navy reduced to 12 ships

26
The Funeral Oration
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