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Later middle ages

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Title: Later middle ages


1
Christian and Medieval Society
  • By Hannah Fulks

2
The church shapes politics and society
  • Clergy-church official
  • They were important because they lead they led
    the church and the government was shaped around
    the church.
  • Society-Everything took place at the church
  • Politics- Church officials often became
    political advisors to local rulers

3
Monks and Friars
4
The Monks Of Cluny
  • Religious order-The monks of Cluny, France
    established a new religious order. They dedicated
    their lives to a religion with common rules
    .Other new orders followed.
  • Living apart from society-Most monks lived apart
    from society, but two new religious orders
    developed for those who wanted to live and teach
    among people

5
Friars
  • Francis of Assisi - These were the Dominicans,
    started by Dominic de Guzman , and the
    Franciscans , started by Francis of Assisi.
  • Friars The members of Dominicans were called
    Friars
  • Living within society-they lived and worked
    within society and built everything upon the
    church

6
Universities are built
  • Thomas Aquinas- Natural law
  • Europes first Universities were built by the
    church
  • Students took tests then and now

7
Universities
  • During the middle ages they began to start
    education and begin christian education

8
The church and arts
9
CHURCH
  • The church was everything
  • They shaped society around the church

10
arts
  • The churchs spires and high ceilings and
    colorful strained glass windows are all designed
    to bring people closer to God Everything inside
    the church, from the walls to the clergys robes
    to the books used, were also a work of art.

11
Religious architecture
  • Was inspired by religious architecture
  • The great gothic cathedrals of late medieval
    Europe are among the most beautiful of
    architectural achievements.

12
Summary
  • Besides its religious role, the church played an
    important part in politics, education, and the,
    arts.

13
Magna Carta Causes Change in England
  • The Magna Carta is a document written by English
    nobles and signed by King John listing rights
    the king could not ignore
  • The nobles demanded this agreement

14
Effects of the Magna Carta
  • The Magna carta led to more changes. Faced with
    war and financial troubles the king turned to a
    council of nobles for advice and money , which
    led to a parliament
  • No one could be kept in jail without reason
    this is important because the king could send
    people to jail for no reason and that was
    unjust/unfair

15
Changes after the Magna Carta
  • The magna carta inspired the nobles to create a
    parliament, the lawmaking body that governs
    England, even to this day
  • A parliament is a lawmaking body that governs
    england
  • The king limited the magna carta by only applying
    the rights to the nobles

16
Student Magna Carta
  • Three rights I would pick are
  • 1.) Freedom of Religion
  • 2.)Freedom of speech
  • 3.) Right to bear arms

17
Black Death
  • A deadly plague that swept through Europe
    between 1347 and 11351 It was caused be fleas
    that lived on infected rats.

18
What happened to it
  • The people who survived the black death realized
    that the disease came from infected rats that the
    fleas (that had been on the rats) had spread it
    to the people and so the people cleaned up the
    streets and got rid of the trash and sewage in
    the roads so the rats would not be atracted to
    the cities

19
Where did the Plague come from
  • The plague originated from central and eastern
    Asia

20
How did the plague spread
  • It spread because traders unknowingly brought
    rats carrying the disease to Mediterranian ports

21
What disease was it
  • The disease was the Bubonic plague. That came
    from fleas on infected rats

22
Effect on manor/How many died
  • The old manor system already collapses. Plague
    survivors found their skills in demand, and
    charged more for their labor
  • Twenty five million people died from this plague(
    2/3 of the population)
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