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later middle ages

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later middle ages – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Updated: 25 April 2013
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Title: later middle ages


1
The later middle ages
2
Christianity and medieval society
3
The church shapes politics and society
  • The clergy were highly influential in medieval
  • European culter and politics
  • For many people life evolved around the local
    church

4
Monks and friars
5
Monks of Cluny
  • They dedicated their lives to religion with
    common rules. Most monks lived apart from society

6
New orders and friars
  • Started by Francis of Assisi
  • Friars wanted to live with in society and teach
  • In order to spread the word of god

7
Universities are built
  • Universities were created church leaders so
    people could get a Christian education

8
Thomas Aquinas
  • Thomas Aquinas was a philosopher who showed that
    religion and reason could co exist
  • Laws god created to govern the world are natural
    law

9
The church and the arts
10
Religious arts
  • Churches were filled with artifacts to show
    respect for god
  • Paintings and tapestries covered the walls and
    priests wore highly decorated robes during
    services

11
Religious architecture
  • Many of Europe's churches were works of art the
    most beautiful were cathedrals

12
Magna carta changes England
13
Magna carta
  • A document listing rights the kings could not
    ignore was called magna carta
  • In 1215 a group of nobles demanded the to respect
    their rights and give them liberties

14
Effects of magna carta
15
Rights of magna carta
  • Required kings to honor certain rights
  • Three of these rights were habeas corpus
    ,parliament, indepent judicial system .

16
Changes of magna carta
17
  • Magna carta inspired the nobles to limit the king
    even more
  • It forced the king to obey laws himself

18
100 years war
19
Reasons for the war
  • In 1328 the king of France died with no sons
  • He had two cousins which fought for the throne
    for one hundred years















20
English take the lead
21
Joan of arch
  • A peasant girl named Joan rallied the French and
    was eventually captured and killed which
    inspired the French to win the war

22
Results of the war
23
How the war changed Europe
  • The war changed the government in England and
    France. England's parliament grew stronger. in
    France the kings power grew
  • Since England did not win the war democracy did
    not spread to France.

24
The Black Death
25
Where it came from
  • The black death came from central and eastern
    Asia
  • Trade ships packed with rats came into
    Mediterranean
  • Ports and the rats went into Europe spreading the
    black death .

26
How it spread
  • The plague spread through Europe on rats that
    came in through ports fleas from the rats were
    carriers there were millions of rats in each city
    which caused many of the weak to die

27
How the plague effected manor life
  • Europe lost two thirds of its population due to
    the black death.
  • This drop in population caused the manor system
    to fall apart
  • Killing most serfs and peasants made their
    services highly valuable

28
What happened to the plague
  • People in Europe found that the plague was coming
    from the fleas on the rats they started to clean
    the streets towns and cites getting rid of the
    garbage which decreased the rats

29
The end
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