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Safety for Frontline Supervisors


Safety for Frontline Supervisors August 9, 2011 * * * * * * Table of Contents OSHA Required Written and Training Programs Personal Protective Equipment Walking ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Safety for Frontline Supervisors

Safety for Frontline Supervisors
  • August 9, 2011

Table of Contents
  • OSHA
  • Required Written and Training Programs
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Walking/Working Surfaces
  • Machine Guarding
  • Lockout/Tagout
  • Electrical
  • Hazard Communication
  • Emergency Egress
  • Powered Industrial Trucks
  • Industrial Hygiene
  • Ergonomics

  • Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
  • To assure so far as possible every working man
    and woman in the nation safe and healthful
    working conditions
  • Everyone must comply with OSHA Standards.
  • OSHA can be enforced by either the Federal or
    State Government depending on the state
    Arkansas is a Federal State for OSHA.
  • The Federal OSHA website is
  • OSHA Inspection Priorities are as follows
  • Imminent danger
  • Catastrophes and fatal accidents
  • Employee complaints
  • High hazard industries

Reason for OSHA
  • Annual Statistics
  • About 6,000 deaths from workplace injuries
  • An estimated 50,000 deaths from illnesses cause
    by workplace exposures
  • 6 million non-fatal workplace injuries
  • Injuries alone cost U.S. businesses more than
    125 billion

Impact of OSHA Since 1970
  • Cut the work-related fatality rate in half
  • Reduced overall injury and illness rates in
    industries where OSHA concentrated its attention
  • Virtually eliminated brown lung disease in the
    textile industry, and
  • Reduced trenching and excavation fatalities by 35

Functions of OSHA
  • Encourages employers and employees to reduce
    workplace hazards and implement new or improve
    existing safety and health programs
  • Develops and enforces mandatory job safety and
    health standards
  • Maintains a reporting and recordkeeping system to
    monitor job-related injuries and illnesses
  • Provides assistance, training and other support
    programs to help employers and workers

OSHA Standards
  • OSHA is responsible for writing and enforcing
    standards that employers must follow
  • Where OSHA has not issued specific standards,
    employers are responsible for following the OSH
    Act's General Duty Clause
  • States with OSHA-approved programs must set
    standards at least as effective as federal

OSHA Workers Page
OSHA Inspection Process
  • CSHO displays official credentials
  • Opening conference
  • Walk around inspection
  • Closing conference

OSHA Emergency Hot-Line 1-800-321-OSHA
  • Hot-line for reporting workplace safety or health
  • Provides a 24-hour point of contact to report
    imminent dangers on the job

Sources of Assistance for Small Businesses
  • OSHA Office of Small Business Assistance
  • http//
  • OSHA Compliance Assistance Quick Start
  • http//
  • OSHA Small Business Handbook
  • http//
  • Safety Health Achievement Recognition Program
  • Arkansas Department of Labor OSHA Consultation
  • http//
  • Workers Compensation Carrier

Required Written and Training Programs
  • All Workplaces
  • General Safety
  • Hazard Abatement
  • Hazard Communication
  • Emergency Action Plans
  • Fire Protection
  • Recordkeeping
  • Hospital/Clinical
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Industrial Environments
  • Powered Industrial Trucks
  • Cranes
  • Hot Works
  • Lockout/Tagout
  • Electrical
  • Confined Space
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Personal Protective Equipment

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • PPE is the last line of defense
  • Engineering controls are preferable
  • Initial design specifications
  • Substitute less harmful material
  • Change process
  • Enclose process
  • Isolate process
  • Ventilation
  • Work practice controls are also preferable
  • Use of wet methods to suppress dust
  • Personal hygiene
  • Housekeeping and maintenance
  • Job rotation of workers

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Establish a PPE Program by
  • Sets out procedures for selecting, providing and
    using PPE as part of an employers routine
  • Assess the workplace to determine if hazards are
  • Once the proper PPE has been selected, the
    employer must provide training
  • Training must include
  • When PPE is necessary
  • What type of PPE is necessary
  • How to properly put on, take off, adjust, and
  • Limitations of the PPE
  • Proper care, maintenance, useful life and

Walking/Working Surfaces
  • Housekeeping
  • Workroom floors must be maintained as clean and
    dry as possible
  • Workplaces must be kept clean, orderly, and
  • Aisles
  • Keep clear and move obstructions that could
    create a hazard
  • Mark permanent aisles and passageways
  • Aisles must be sufficiently wide where mechanical
    handling equipment is used

Walking/Working Surfaces
  • Open-sided floors or platforms 4 feet or more
    above adjacent floor or ground level must be
    guarded by a standard railing on all open sides
  • A toeboard is required when, beneath the open
  • persons can pass,
  • there is moving machinery, or
  • there is equipment with which falling materials
    could create a hazard
  • Standard railing. Consists of top rail, mid
    rail, and posts. Height from the upper surface
    of top rail to floor level is 42 inches. Mid
    rail height is 21 inches.
  • Standard toeboard. 4 inches high, with not more
    than ¼-inch clearance above the floor.

Machine Guarding
  • Any machine part, function, or process which may
    cause injury must be safeguarded
  • Point of operation
  • All parts of the machine which move, such as
  • flywheels, pulleys, belts, couplings, chains,
    cranks, gears, etc.
  • feed mechanisms and auxiliary parts of the
  • In-running nip points
  • Point-of-Operation is defined as where the work
    is performed on the material, such as cutting,
    shaping, boring, or forming of stock

Machine Guarding
  • Requirements for Machine Guards
  • Prevent contact - prevent workers body or
    clothing from contacting hazardous moving parts
  • Secure - firmly secured to machine and not easily
  • Protect from falling objects - ensure that no
    objects can fall into moving parts
  • Create no new hazards - must not have shear
    points, jagged edges or unfinished surfaces
  • Create no interference - must not prevent worker
    from performing the job quickly and comfortably
  • Allow safe lubrication - if possible, be able to
    lubricate the machine without removing the

Types of Machine Guards
  • Guards
  • fixed
  • interlocked
  • adjustable
  • self-adjusting
  • Devices
  • presence sensing
  • pullback
  • restraint
  • safety controls (tripwire cable, two-hand
    control, etc.)
  • gates
  • Location/distance
  • Feeding and ejection methods
  • automatic and/or semi-automatic feed and ejection
  • robots
  • Miscellaneous aids
  • awareness barriers
  • protective shields
  • hand-feeding tools

Machine Guarding
  • Holding Tools
  • Used to place and remove stock in the danger area
  • Not to be used instead of other machine
    safeguards, but as a supplement

  • Lockout/Tagout is a technique used to prevent the
    release of hazardous energy, or to prevent the
    hazardous energy from escaping while machinery or
    equipment is being maintained
  • Five main causes of injuries with Lockout/Tagout
  • Failure to stop equipment
  • Failure to disconnect from power source
  • Failure to dissipate (bleed, neutralize) residual
  • Accidental restarting of equipment
  • Failure to clear work areas before restarting

  • Sources of Energy to Control
  • Electrical
  • Generated
  • Static
  • Mechanical
  • Transitional
  • Rotational
  • Thermal
  • Machines or Equipment
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Potential
  • Pressure
  • Hydraulic
  • Pneumatic
  • Vacuum
  • Springs
  • Gravity
  • Energy Control Devices
  • Plug Locks
  • Ball Valve Lockout
  • Gate Valve Lockout
  • Group Lockout Hasp
  • Electrical
  • Hydraulic, pneumatic, and other pressurized

  • There are four main types of electrical injuries
  • Electrocution (death due to electrical shock)
  • Electrical shock
  • Burns
  • Falls
  • Severity of the shock depends on
  • Path of current through the body
  • Amount of current flowing through the body
  • Length of time the body is in the circuit

Electrical Hazards
  • Hazards
  • Inadequate wiring
  • Exposed electrical parts
  • Wires with bad insulation
  • Ungrounded electrical systems and tools
  • Overloaded circuits
  • Damaged power tools and equipment
  • Using the wrong PPE and tools
  • Overhead powerlines
  • All hazards are made worse in wet conditions

Countermeasures to Electrical Hazards
  • Proper grounding
  • Using GFCIs
  • Using fuses and circuit breakers
  • Guarding live parts
  • Proper use of flexible cords
  • Training

Hazard Communication
  • Written Program Requirements
  • Describes container labeling, MSDSs, and employee
    training for each workplace
  • List of the hazardous chemicals
  • Make information regarding hazards and protective
    measures available to other employers onsite
  • Chemical Labels Must Include
  • Identity of the chemical
  • Appropriate hazard warnings
  • Name and address of the responsible party

Emergency Egress
  • A continuous and unobstructed way of exit travel
    from any point in a building or structure to a
    public way (a street, yard, court or other open
    space leading to the street)
  • Three parts to an escape route
  • the way of exit access
  • the exit and
  • the way of exit discharge.

Powered Industrial Trucks
  • Written certification program
  • Classroom training
  • Hands-on training
  • Written evaluation
  • Operations evaluation
  • Inspection of equipment
  • Refueling/recharging
  • Proper storage
  • Ventilation
  • PPE

Industrial Hygiene
  • Ventilation
  • Direct
  • General
  • Air sampling
  • Dusts
  • Fumes
  • Vapors
  • Gases

  • Workstation Design
  • Neutral position
  • Lighting
  • Adjustable heights
  • Seats versus standing
  • Anti-fatigue mats
  • Tools/Equipment
  • In-line tools
  • Padding
  • Pallet lift tables
  • Job rotation
  • Stretching exercises

  • The information contained herein is confidential
    information to and is the exclusive property of
    Staffmark, its parent company, CBS Personnel
    Holdings, Inc., (and its subsidiaries Staffmark
    Investment LLC, CBS Personnel Services, LLC, CBS
    Personnel Services, LLC dba Venturi Staffing,
    and Kilgore Group, Inc.) and is only to be used
    by Recipient in evaluating the services of such
    entities. Neither the documents nor the contents
    of the documents are to be used, reproduced or
    disclosed, in whole or in part, by Recipient
    without the expressed written permission of
    Staffmark or CBS Personnel Holdings, Inc. The
    information should be destroyed or returned to
    Discloser when no longer needed.