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Guide to Decision-Making Tutorial Decisions! Decisions

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Title: Guide to Decision-Making Tutorial Decisions! Decisions


1
Guide to Decision-Making
  • Tutorial

2
Decisions! Decisions! Decisions!
  • Youve come to the point where you have to make
    some choices.
  • Youve learned more about yourself what you
    like, what youre good at, and what your values
    are.
  • Youve found some occupations that seem to match
    your personality.
  • Youve done the research and learned more about
    these occupations.
  • The next step is to evaluate your options and
    make a choice.

3
Your Goal.
  • Your goal should be to find the most appropriate
    occupation, not the right one.

4
  • This tutorial will introduce you to a five step
  • decision-making module and guide you in
  • applying the principles as you make career
  • decisions.

5
Laying the Groundwork
  • Making a decision can be very easy or difficult,
    depending
  • on the amount of information you have about your
    choices.
  • In choosing a career path, it is important to
    think about
  • many factors, like the kind of decision-maker you
    are, what
  • decision-making style you use, and things that
    can interfere
  • with the decision-making process.

6
What Kind of Decision Maker Are You?
  • Decided
  • people who independently integrate knowledge
  • about self and options that enable them to
    develop
  • a satisfying and beneficial career plan
  • Undecided
  • people who have not made a commitment to an
    occupational choice
  • Indecisive
  • people who are unable to make a career decision
    and often find it difficult to make plans in all
    areas of life, and generally focus on outside
    events or people when making decisions

7
Decision-Making Styles
  • Which style do you use when making decisions?
  • Planning You weigh all the facts first, then
    decide.
  • Impulsive You dont look before you leap. You
    just decide.
  • Intuitive Your decision is based on what feels
    right.
  • Compliant Anything you say. Whatever someone
    else says or thinksyou do it.

8
Decision-Making Styles
  • Which style do you use when making decisions?
  • Fatalistic You leave it up to fate. Whatever
    happens just happens.
  • Agonizing You cant decide because you keep
    thinkingWhat if? I dont know what to do
  • Paralytic Cant face up to it so you dont
    decide.
  • Delaying You put off making a decision and say,
    Ill cross that bridge later.

9
Things that Interfere with Decision Making
  • Family (e.g., parents, spouses, children.)
  • People who are highly interconnected with
    another family member can have difficulty
    separating themselves emotionally and
    psychologically in decision making. They may lack
    a distinction between what they want and what the
    family member thinks they should have. A lack of
    agreement among family members also present
    problems.

10
Things that Interfere with Decision Making
  • Personal
  • Being tired, run down, stressed, anxious, and
    unable to focus and concentrate on the
    decision-making activity will not ensure good
    performance.
  • Society
  • Age, gender, ethnic prejudice and discrimination
    are factors that can affect your decisions, as
    well as, economic recessions (i.e., job demand
    for a particular occupation is low) and job
    growth.

11
The CASVE Cycle
  • A cycle can be used to show the steps in making a
    career choice
  • Pronounced ca-sa-vee
  • Adapted from
  • Sampson, J.P., Jr., Peterson, G.W., Lenz, J.G.,
    Reardon, R.C. (1992). A cognitive approach to
    career services Translating concepts into
    practice. Career Development Quarterly, 41. 67-74
  • Common Difficulties in Decision Making
    developed by Ontario Womens Directorate and
    Times Change and from www.langara.bc.ca/counseling
    /career/decision.html

12
CASVE Cycle
C
E
A
V
S
13
CASVE Cycle
Communication
Execution
Analysis
Valuing
Synthesis
14
CASVE CycleStep 1 Communication
  • Knowing I need to make a choice
  • Before you begin to gather
  • information, you will need to
  • define what it is you are trying
  • to decide.

15
CASVE CycleStep 2 Analysis
  • Understanding myself and my options
  • To make an informed career decision and prior to
    any exploration of the world of work, it is
    important to have a good understanding of your
    own personal attributes.
  • Take steps to improve self knowledge (e.g.,
    skills, interests, values) via career
    assessments.
  • Take steps to improve knowledge about options
    with regards to occupations, college majors, work
    organizations and job industries.
  • Ask yourself
  • What motivates me? What do I enjoy doing?
  • What are my skills and values? Where do I
    envision myself working?

16
CASVE CycleStep 3 Synthesis
  • Expanding and narrowing my list of options
  • Identify occupations, majors, or jobs that match
    your values, interests, and skills.
  • Read books, search the Internet, and talk to
    individuals in the field to learn more about the
    occupation.
  • Explore issues such as salary, duties and
    responsibilities, job outlook, and educational
    requirements.
  • Obtain internship or cooperative education
    positions.
  • Seek additional assistance from a career
    counselor or through the career services website.
  • Narrow your list of options to three or five.

17
CASVE CycleStep 4 Valuing
  • Choosing an occupation, major or job
  • Consider each alternative in terms of costs
    (consequences) and benefits to yourself, your
    family, your community, and your cultural group.
  • Rank or Prioritize your options from the
    Synthesis stage.
  • Make a choice.
  • Make back-up choice (s) in case you have a
    problem with your first choice.

18
CASVE CycleStep 5 Execution
  • Implementing my choice
  • Design a plan of action and implement the
    decision.
  • Reframe your 1st alternative as a goal and then
    focus on the concrete, active
  • things that will lead you to accomplishing
    the goal.
  • Identify when to begin and end each step in the
    action plan.
  • Be realistic
  • Consider life circumstances (family, work,
    etc.)
  • Consider potential obstacles and how you can
    handle them.
  • Determine what resources and information are
    needed to complete each step in the action
    plan.
  • Evaluate your progress from time to time. Change
    your decision if necessary.

19
Remember!
  • Career problems are continuousthey tend to build
    upon one another.
  • Using the CASVE cycle to solve one problem will
    lead to using it again to solve the next problem.
  • e.g. choosing a college leads to how to pay for
    it, which leads to when to start.
  • Where are you in the CASVE cycle?

20
Need More Help?
  • For additional
  • information, visit Career
  • Services in Smith House.
  • To schedule an appointment
  • with a career counselor,
  • complete the Talk to a Career
  • Counselor form on our
  • Website http//www.mcdanielcareers.org
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