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Black Psychology

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Black Psychology A Mind Is A Terrible Thing to Waste Traditional Psychology Perspectives Euro-American Value Culturally Biased Afriphobic Dismissive of Africa ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Black Psychology


1
Black Psychology
  • A Mind Is A Terrible Thing to Waste

2
Traditional Psychology
  • Perspectives
  • Euro-American Value
  • Culturally Biased
  • Afriphobic
  • Dismissive of Africa
  • Scientifically racist

3
Black Psychology
  • African American experience is quite different.
  • Black psychologist look to worldviews or social
    realities as an explanation of the disparities
    among the ethnicities.

4
  • Black psychology and the psychology of Blackness
    reflect an attempt to build a conceptual model
    that organizes, explains, and leads to
    understanding the psychological behavior of
    African-Americans based on the primary dimensions
    of an African-American world view.

5
Types of Black Psychologyaccording to Maulena
Karenga
  • Traditional apply European norms in analyzing
    Black behavior.
  • Reformist adapt conventional thought to conform
    to African American experience with little
    regard for African foundations.
  • Radical African ethos is the way to analyze
    Black behavior independent of European theory.
    It includes African religion, philosophy,
    spiritualism, ritualism, concept of time, and
    worldview as the foundation of Black psychology.

6
The Differences
  • Africans
  • Nature seek harmony and unity
  • Person seek collectivism
  • Relationships seek to work with others in an
    egalitarian way
  • Religion spiritual
  • Transformation -- rituals
  • Europeans
  • Nature dominance and control
  • Person seek individualism
  • Relationships seek to dominate others through
    hierarchy
  • Religion rational
  • Transformation -- aggression

7
Key words
  • Rhythm
  • Oral tradition
  • Soul
  • Extended self
  • Natural
  • Survival of the group

8
Psychological Dimensions of Oppression
  • Slavery and Racism

9
Slavery on Black Psychology
  • Slavery lasted for more than 300 years
  • Emancipation was proclaimed about 140 years ago.
  • Legalized segregation ended only about 50 years
    ago.
  • Attitudes and feelings still persist.

10
The Torture of Slavery
  • Slavery was an enduring form of torture of the
    minds, bodies and souls of Africans.

11
The Effects of Slavery
  • The effects of slavery on the African was
    pervasive. The enslaved were
  • Brainwashed
  • Afflicted with self rejection and alienation
  • Made to fear their captors
  • Developed a dependency

12
Making Slaves
  • The House Negro and the Field Negro

13
Kenneth M Stampp
  • He says that there were three five steps to
    controlling the enslaved used by the planters
  • Establish and maintain strict discipline
  • Convince the African that he was inferior
  • Awe them with the slave holders sense of power
  • Persuade the bondsman to take an active interest
    in the slave holders well-being
  • Imbue a sense of helplessness within

14
Akbar and Wright
  • Naim Akbar and Bobby Wright contend that slavery
    continues to have a influence on the psychology
    of African Americans.
  • Akbar contends that certain individual behaviors
    are influenced by collective factors which are
    historically remote.

15
Attitudes related towere affected by
slavery
  • Property
  • Work
  • Leadership
  • Clowning
  • Personal inferiority
  • Community division
  • Family instability
  • Color consciousness

16
  • Property mixed feelings. On one hand slaves
    would get pleasure in destroying the slaveholders
    property. On the other hand blacks were
    attracted to these material things.
  • Work because of inadequate compensation work
    was punishment and therefore avoided.

17
  • Leadership leaders were eliminated, downplayed
    or co-opted to serve the interest of the slave
    holders. Consequently blacks became hesitant
    toward strong Black leaders.
  • Unity unity was affected by the social
    stratification of the field slave versus the
    house slave. The semi free and mulatto slaves
    were used to divide the community.

18
  • Family life families were split
    indiscriminately and strong family ties were
    discouraged. Slaves were used as studs,
    multiplicity of partners was encouraged.
  • Clowning blacks were allowed to entertain
    whites as jester, clown or fool. This accounts
    for the over representation of blacks in the
    entertainment industry.

19
Akbar and Fanon
  • Both slavery and colonialism causes the victims
    to internalize certain destructive behavioral
    traits or characteristics which contribute to
    their continued oppression long after freedom or
    decolonization has been achieved.

20
  • Most Black psychologist support the idea the
    racism is the source of social dysfunction,
    aberrant behavior and cultural alienation and
    continue to impact the mental health of African
    Americans.
  • Racism is the abstract component of physical
    racial slavery.

21
The Effects of Racism
  • The Mental Health Dilemma

22
Black and White Approaches
  • Most Black psychologist argue that the European
    model for psychology is not adaptable to Black
    behavior, personality, and mental functions.

23
Racism affects
  • Worldview
  • Self Perception
  • Perception of others
  • Vocation
  • Education
  • Religious Preference
  • Outlook on life
  • Perspective on
  • Money
  • Material
  • Relationships
  • Self potential
  • Government
  • Authority

24
and . . . . . . Mental Health
25
  • . . . racism and racial antagonism cause African
    Americans to an undue amount of depression,
    stress, anger and hypertension.
  • Improper coping mechanisms can lead to social and
    biological problems.
  • Although there may be many factors which lead to
    depression, including some biological ones, it is
    logical to think that racism and discrimination
    may play a role in it.

26
  • Race and color more than any other factors,
    determines the collective quality of life,
    achievement potential, health and life-chances of
    African Americans.
  • Even in the face of this African Americans manage
    to develop positive coping mechanisms and very
    often push themselves to achieve to disprove the
    stereotype.

27
  • However the tremendous drive to succeed may
    itself contribute to depression, anger,
    alienation, etc.

28
Telos
  • The goal of Black psychologist is to understand
    Blacks and provide means by which they can
    develop healthy psychological functioning.

29
W.E. Cross stages
  • Cross outline five stages of Blacks from weak
    Negro to strong positive self image.
  • Pre-encounter
  • Encounter
  • Immersion-Emersion
  • Internalization
  • Internalization-Commitment

30
The Stages of Healthy Development
  • Pre-encounter Devoid of any black frame of
    reference. Embraces all things European and is
    Afriphobic
  • Encounter The person encounters a racial
    incident which moves that person to explore her
    Blackness.
  • Immersion/emersion The person become immersed
    in anything and everything black. She adopts
    black clothes, hairstyle, speech and mannerisms.

31
  • Internalization She becomes comfortable with
    her new Black identity. She thinks and acts
    Black.
  • Internalization/commitment At this stage she
    has committed herself to being Black consciously.
    She is not only culturally sure but politically
    committed towards the eradication of racial
    injustice and irresponsibility.

32
African Characteristics
  • A Proposed Remedy for the Black Psyche Overly
    Exposed to Racism

33
Wade Nobles
  • Noted African American scholar puts forth a Black
    Psychology that uses African Philosophy as its
    model.

http//pzacad.pitzer.edu/hfairchi/phoabpsi.html
34
African Ethos
  • People are part of nature the natural rhythm of
    life
  • Collective effort is the survival of the tribe

35
Five Features
http//www.welltempered.net/adinkra/htmls/adinkra/
gyen.htm
  • Philosophy and Religion
  • Notion of Unity
  • Concept of Time
  • Death and Immortality
  • Kinship and Collective Unity

36
Philosophy and Religion
  • There exists a strong relationship between
    philosophy and religion.
  • Collective consciousness
  • Oral traditions

http//dickinsg.intrasun.tcnj.edu/diaspora/religio
n_photos.html
http//home.concepts-ict.nl/kimmerle/ceabaluyamas
k.jpg
37
Notion of Unity
http//www.welltempered.net/adinkra/htmls/adinkra/
nkon.htm
  • Human beings are part of nature. Humans are the
    center but not apart from others (animals, plants
    and natural phenomena).

http//www.balibamboofurniture.com/african/africa-
unity.htm
38
Concept of Time
  • Time is present and past. Time is also event
    conscious as opposed to number conscious. Two
    Swahili words
  • Sasa present
  • Zamani past

http//www.welltempered.net/adinkra/htmls/adinkra/
sank.htm
http//www.africanbeatsart.com/Danny_page4.htm
39
Death and Immortality
http//www.welltempered.net/adinkra/htmls/adinkra/
owuo-atwedee.htm
  • Death was part of the rhythm of life. After one
    died one lived as long as one was remembered and
    recognized by those who knew the person.

http//www.overberginfo.com/marusa_mason/glimpse_o
f_life_and_death.htm
http//www.welltempered.net/adinkra/htmls/adinkra/
nyawu.htm
40
Kinship and Collective Unity
  • Kinship controlled all relations in the community
    and included animals, plants and non-living
    objects.

http//dpicg.com/joan_beech/chapters/chapter_14.ht
ml
http//www.welltempered.net/adinkra/htmls/adinkra/
esen.htm
41
  • African American community is Experiential
    community
  • Africans do not go for the mind/body split where
    the body is bad and the mind is good.
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