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Title: Successful Stories Of Great Personalities ..


1
Successful Stories Of Great Personalities ..
1.Amitabh Bachchan
2.Thomas Edison
3.Wright Brothers
4.William Shakespeare
2
1.Amitabh Bachchan
Biography Of Amitabh Bachchan
  • Amitabh Harivansh Bachchan was born on 11th
    oct,1942.He is an Indian film actor and
    producer. He first gained popularity in the early
    1970s as the "angry young man" of Bollywood
    cinema, and has since become one of the most
    prominent figures in the history of Indian
    cinema.
  • Bachchan has won numerous major awards in his
    career, including four National Film Awards,
    three of which are in the Best Actor category,
    and thirteen Filmfare Awards. He holds the record
    for most number of Best Actor and Best Supporting
    Actor nominations at the Filmfare Awards. In
    addition to acting, Bachchan has worked as a
    playback singer, film producer and television
    presenter, and was an elected member of the
    Indian Parliament from 1984 to 1987.

3
Early Life Of Amitabh Bachchan ..
Born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, Amitabh
Bachchan hails from a Hindu-Sikh family. His
father, Dr. Harivansh Rai Bachchan was a
well-known Hindi poet, while his mother, Teji
Bachchan was a Sikh-Punjabi from Faisalabad.
Bachchan was initially named Inquilaab, inspired
from the famous phrase Inquilab Zindabad, during
the Indian independence struggle. However, at the
suggestion of fellow poet Sumitranandan Pant,
Harivansh Rai changed the name to Amitabh which
means, "the light that would never go off."
Though his surname was Shrivastava, his father
had adopted the pen-name Bachchan, under which he
published all his works. It is with this last
name that Amitabh debuted in films, and, for all
public purposes, it has become the surname of all
members of his current family. Amitabh is the
eldest of Harivansh Rai Bachchan's two sons, the
second being Ajitabh. His mother had a keen
interest in theatre and had been offered a role
in a film, but preferred her domestic duties. She
had some degree of influence in Bachchan's choice
of career because she always insisted that he
should take the centre stage.He attended
Allahabad's Jnana Prabodhini and Boys' High
School, followed by Nainital's Sherwood College,
where he majored in the art stream. He later went
on to study at Kirori Mal College of the
University of Delhi and completed a Bachelor of
Science degree. In his twenties, Bachchan gave up
a job as freight broker for the shipping firm,
Bird and Co., based in Calcutta now known as
Kolkata, to pursue a career in acting.
4
Television Career Of Amitabh Bachchan ..
In the year 2000, Bachchan stepped up to host
India's adaptation of the British television game
show, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? entitled,
Kaun Banega Crorepati. As it did in most other
countries where it was adopted, the program found
immediate success. Canara Bank withdrew its law
suit against Bachchan in November 2000. Bachchan
hosted KBC till November 2005, and its success
set the stage for his return to film popularity.
In 2009 Oscar winning movie Slumdog Millionaire
in the first question of Who Wants to be a
Millionaire? contest "Amitabh Bachchan" was the
correct answer to the question "Who was the star
of Zanjeer? Feroz Abbas Khan performed as Amitabh
Bachchan in a scene in the movie while Anil
Kapoor performed as the host of the contest.
Bachchan hosted the third season of the reality
show Bigg Boss in 2009.
5
Awards For Amitabh Bachchan ..
  • Apart from National Film Awards, Filmfare Awards
    and other competitive awards which Bachchan won
    for his performances throughout the years, he has
    been awarded several honours for his achievements
    in the Indian film industry. In 1991, he became
    the first artist to receive the Filmfare Lifetime
    Achievement Award, which was established in the
    name of Raj Kapoor. Bachchan was crowned as
    Superstar of the Millennium in 2000 at the
    Filmfare Awards. The Government of India awarded
    him with the Padma Shri in 1984 and the Padma
    Bhushan in 2001. France's highest civilian
    honour, the Knight of the Legion of Honour, was
    conferred upon him by the French Government in
    2007, for his "exceptional career in the world of
    cinema and beyond".

6
Honours Recognitions ..
In 1999, Bachchan was voted the Greatest Star of
stage or screen of the Millennium by BBC online
poll where he defeated many Hollywood legends.In
2001, he was honoured with the Actor of the
Century award at the Alexandria International
Film Festival in Egypt in recognition of his
contribution to the world of cinema. Many other
honours for his achievements were conferred upon
him at several International Film Festivals,
including the Lifetime Achievement Award at the
2010 Asian Film Awards. In June 2000, he became
the first living Asian to have been immortalised
in wax at London's prestigious Madame Tussauds
Wax Museum. Another statue was installed at New
York and Hong Kong in 2009. In 2003, he was
conferred with the Honorary Citizenship of the
French town of Deauville. He was honoured with an
Honorary Doctorate by the Jhansi University in
2004,the Delhi University in 2006, the De
Montfort University in Leicester, UK in 2006, the
University Brandan Foster by the Leeds
Metropolitan University in Yorkshire in 2007.
Another an Honorary Doctorate was conferred by
the Queensland University of Technology in
Australia in 2009. But he turns down the honour
as mark of protest to racial attacks on Indian
students.
7
2.Thomas Edison ..
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 October
18, 1931) was an American inventor, scientist,
and businessman who developed many devices that
greatly influenced life around the world,
including the phonograph, the motion picture
camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric
light
bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park" (now
Edison, New Jersey) by a newspaper reporter, he
was one of the first inventors to apply the
principles of mass production and large teamwork
to the process of invention, and therefore is
often credited with the creation of the first
industrial research laboratory. Edison is
considered one of the most prolific inventors in
history, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as
well as many patents in the United Kingdom,
France, and Germany. He is credited with numerous
inventions that contributed to mass communication
and, in particular, telecommunications. These
included a stock ticker, a mechanical vote
recorder, a battery for an electric car,
electrical power, recorded music and motion
pictures. His advanced work in these fields was
an outgrowth of his early career as a telegraph
operator. Edison originated the concept and
implementation of electric-power generation and
distribution to homes, businesses, and factories.
8
Early Life Of Thomas Edison ..
Thomas Edison was born in Milan, Ohio and grew up
in Port Huron, Michigan. He was the seventh and
last child of Samuel Ogden Edison,(180496,) and
Nancy Matthews Elliott (18101871).His father had
to escape from Canada because he took part in the
unsuccessful Mackenzie Rebellion of 1837.Edison
considered himself to be of Dutch ancestry.In
school, the young Edison's mind often wandered,
and his teacher, the Reverend Engle, was
overheard calling him "addled".Edison recalled
later, "My mother was the making of me. She was
so true, so sure of me and I felt I had
something to live for, someone I must not
disappoint." His mother home schooled him.Much of
his education came from reading R.G. Parker's
School of Natural Philosophy and The Cooper
Union. Edison developed hearing problems at an
early age. The cause of his deafness has been
attributed to a bout of scarlet fever during
childhood and recurring untreated middle-ear
infections. Around the middle of his career
Edison attributed the hearing impairment to being
struck on the ears by a train conductor when his
chemical laboratory in a boxcar caught fire and
he was thrown off the train in Smiths Creek,
Michigan, along with his apparatus and chemicals.
In his later years he modified the story to say
the injury occurred when the conductor, in
helping him onto a moving train, lifted him by
the ears.Edison's family was forced to move to
Port Huron, Michigan, when the railroad bypassed
Milan in 1854,but his life there was bittersweet.
He sold candy and newspapers on trains running
from Port Huron to Detroit.This began Edison's
long streak of entrepreneurial ventures as he
discovered his talents as a businessman. These
talents eventually led him to found 14 companies,
including General Electric, which is still in
existence and is one of the largest publicly
traded companies in the world.
9
Marriages Children Of Thomas Edison
On December 25, 1871, Edison married 16-year-old
Mary Stilwell, whom he had met two months earlier
as she was an employee at one of his shops. They
had three children Marion Estelle Edison
(18731965), nicknamed "Dot Thomas Alva
Edison(18761935),nicknamed "Dash, William
Leslie Edison (18781937) Inventor, graduate of
the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale, 1900.
Mary Edison died on August 9, 1884, possibly
from a brain tumor. On February 24, 1886, at the
age of thirty nine, Edison married 20-year-old
Mina Miller in Akron, Ohio. She was the daughter
of inventor Lewis Miller, co-founder of the
Chautauqua Institution and a benefactor of
Methodist charities. They also had three
children Madeleine Edison (18881979), who
married John Eyre Sloane. Charles Edison
(18901969), who took over the company upon his
father's death and who later was elected Governor
of New Jersey.He also took charge of his father's
experimental laboratories in West Orange.
Theodore Edison (18981992), (MIT Physics 1923),
had over 80 patents to his credit. Mina outlived
Thomas Edison, dying on August 24, 1947.
10
Awards Named In Honor Of Edison ..
The Edison Medal was created on February 11,
1904, by a group of Edison's friends and
associates. Four years later the American
Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE), later
IEEE, entered into an agreement with the group to
present the medal as its highest award. The first
medal was presented in 1909 to Elihu Thomson and,
in a twist of fate, was awarded to Nikola Tesla
in 1917. It is the oldest award in the area of
electrical and electronics engineering, and is
presented annually "for a career of meritorious
achievement in electrical science, electrical
engineering or the electrical arts." In the
Netherlands, the major music awards are named the
Edison Award after him. The American Society of
Mechanical Engineers concedes the to individual
patents since 2000.
11
Honors Awards Given To Edison ..
The President of the Third French Republic, Jules
Grévy, on the recommendation of his Minister of
Foreign Affairs Jules Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire
and with the presentations of the Minister of
Posts and Telegraphs Louis Cochery, designated
Edison with the distinction of an 'Officer of the
Legion of Honour' by decree on November 10,
1881. In 1983, the United States Congress,
pursuant to Senate Joint Resolution 140 (Public
Law 97198), designated February 11, Edison's
birthday, as National Inventor's Day. In 1887,
Edison won the Matteucci Medal. In 1890, he was
elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of
Sciences. In 1889, Edison was awarded the John
Scott Medal. In 1899, Edison was awarded the
Edward Longstreth Medal. Edison was awarded
Franklin Medal of The Franklin Institute in 1915
for discoveries contributing to the foundation of
industries and the well-being of the human
race. Edison was ranked thirty-fifth on Michael
H. Hart's 1978 book The 100, a list of the most
influential figures in history. Life magazine
(USA), in a special double issue in 1997, placed
Edison first in the list of the "100 Most
Important People in the Last 1000 Years", noting
that the light bulb he promoted "lit up the
world". In the 2005 television series The
Greatest American, he was voted by viewers as the
fifteenth-greatest. In 2008, Edison was inducted
in the New Jersey Hall of Fame.
12
3.Wright Brothers
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871
January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867
May 30, 1912), were two Americans who are
generally credited with inventing and building
the world's first successful airplane and making
the first controlled, powered and sustained
heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17,
1903. In the two years afterward, the brothers
developed their flying machine into the first
practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the
first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the
Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft
controls that made fixed-wing powered flight
possible.
Orville Wright
Wilbur Wright
13
Childhood Of Wright Brothers ..
The Wright brothers were two of seven children
born to Milton Wright (18281917) of English and
Dutch descent and Susan Catherine Koerner
(18311889) of German-Swiss descent. Wilbur
Wright was born near Millville, Indiana in 1867
Orville in Dayton, Ohio in 1871. The brothers
never married. The other Wright siblings were
named Reuchlin (18611920), Lorin (18621939),
Katharine (18741929), and twins Otis and Ida
(born 1870, died in infancy). In elementary
school, Orville was given to mischief and was
once expelled. In 1878 their father, who traveled
often as a bishop in the Church of the United
Brethren in Christ, brought home a toy
"helicopter" for his two younger sons. The device
was based on an invention of French aeronautical
pioneer Alphonse Pénaud. Made of paper, bamboo
and cork with a rubber band to twirl its rotor,
it was about a foot long. Wilbur and Orville
played with it until it broke, and then built
their own. In later years, they pointed to their
experience with the toy as the initial spark of
their interest in flying.
Wilbur
Orville
14
Freindship Ends ..
The lawsuits damaged the public image of the
Wright brothers, who were generally regarded
before this as heroes. Critics said the brothers
were greedy and unfair and compared their actions
unfavorably to European inventors, who worked
more openly. Supporters said the brothers were
protecting their interests and were justified in
expecting fair compensation for the years of work
leading to their successful invention. Their
10-year friendship with Octave Chanute, already
strained by tension over how much credit, if any,
he might deserve for their success, collapsed
after he publicly criticized their actions.
15
Last Years Of The Two Brothers ..
(A)Wilbur Wright
Neither brother married. Wilbur once quipped that
he "did not have time for both a wife and an
airplane." He became ill on a trip to Boston in
April 1912. After returning to Dayton, he was
diagnosed with typhoid fever. He died, at age 45,
in the Wright family home on May 30.His father
Milton wrote about Wilbur in his diary "A short
life, full of consequences. An unfailing
intellect, imperturbable temper, great
self-reliance and as great modesty, seeing the
right clearly, pursuing it steadfastly, he lived
and died."
16
(B)Orville Wright
Orville succeeded to the presidency of the Wright
company upon Wilbur's death. Sharing Wilbur's
distaste for business but not his brother's
executive skills, Orville sold the company in
1915. He, Katharine and their father Milton moved
to a mansion, Hawthorn Hill, Oakwood, Ohio, which
the newly wealthy family built. Milton died in
his sleep in 1917. Orville made his last flight
as a pilot in 1918 in a 1911 Model B. He retired
from business and became an elder statesman of
aviation, serving on various official boards and
committees, including the National Advisory
Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), predecessor
agency to the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA) and Aeronautical Chamber of
Commerce (ACCA), predecessor to the Aerospace
Industries Association (AIA).
17
4.William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was the son of John
Shakespeare, a successful glover and alderman
originally from Snitterfield, and Mary Arden, the
daughter of an affluent landowning farmer. He was
born in Stratford-upon-Avon and baptised there on
26 April 1564. His actual birthdate remains
unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23
April, St George's Day. This date, which can be
traced back to an 18th-century scholar's mistake,
has proved appealing to biographers, since
Shakespeare died 23 April 1616.He was the third
child of eight and the eldest surviving son.
18
Performances ..
It is not clear for which companies Shakespeare
wrote his early plays. The title page of the 1594
edition of Titus Andronicus reveals that the play
had been acted by three different troupes. After
the plagues of 15923, Shakespeare's plays were
performed by his own company at The Theatre and
the Curtain in Shoreditch, north of the Thames.
Londoners flocked there to see the first part of
Henry IV, Leonard Digges recording, "Let but
Falstaff come, Hal, Poins, the rest...and you
scarce shall have a room". When the company found
themselves in dispute with their landlord, they
pulled The Theatre down and used the timbers to
construct the Globe Theatre, the first playhouse
built by actors for actors, on the south bank of
the Thames at Southwark. The Globe opened in
autumn 1599, with Julius Caesar one of the first
plays staged. Most of Shakespeare's greatest
post-1599 plays were written for the Globe,
including Hamlet, Othello and King Lear.
19
Poems By Shakespeare ..
In 1593 and 1594, when the theatres were closed
because of plague, Shakespeare published two
narrative poems on erotic themes, Venus and
Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece. He dedicated them
to Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton. In
Venus and Adonis, an innocent Adonis rejects the
sexual advances of Venus while in The Rape of
Lucrece, the virtuous wife Lucrece is raped by
the lustful Tarquin. Influenced by Ovid's
Metamorphoses, the poems show the guilt and moral
confusion that result from uncontrolled lust.
Both proved popular and were often reprinted
during Shakespeare's lifetime. A third narrative
poem, A Lover's Complaint, in which a young woman
laments her seduction by a persuasive suitor, was
printed in the first edition of the Sonnets in
1609. Most scholars now accept that Shakespeare
wrote A Lover's Complaint. Critics consider that
its fine qualities are marred by leaden effects.
The Phoenix and the Turtle, printed in Robert
Chester's 1601 Love's Martyr, mourns the deaths
of the legendary phoenix and his lover, the
faithful turtle dove. In 1599, two early drafts
of sonnets 138 and 144 appeared in The Passionate
Pilgrim, published under Shakespeare's name but
without his permission.
20
Critical Reputation Of Shakespeare ..
Shakespeare was never revered in his lifetime,
but he received his share of praise. In 1598, the
cleric and author Francis Meres singled him out
from a group of English writers as "the most
excellent" in both comedy and tragedy. And the
authors of the Parnassus plays at St John's
College, Cambridge, numbered him with Chaucer,
Gower and Spenser. In the First Folio, Ben Jonson
called Shakespeare the "Soul of the age, the
applause, delight, the wonder of our stage",
though he had remarked elsewhere that
"Shakespeare wanted art". He was also recognised
highly by James I by making them his 'Kings Men'.
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