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PowerPoint using Animation or Video—A How To

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PowerPoint using Animation or Video A How To The old days: Static overheads, bad handwriting, scribbles for drawings, students waiting impatiently while you take ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PowerPoint using Animation or Video—A How To


1
PowerPoint using Animation or VideoA How To
  • The old days Static overheads, bad
    handwriting, scribbles for drawings, students
    waiting impatiently while you take forever to
    carefully thread the projector.
  • Then the initial PowerPoint breakthrough- and the
    the students waiting impatiently while you take
    forever to minimize PPT and carefully open a
    separate program to show a digital video.
  • Today now it is more seemless one click and the
    video starts playingWHAT A RELIEF!
  • AND WE CAN MAKE OUR OWN ANIMATIONS to replace
    static overheads or slides

2
My FCQs scores have increased in part due to
incorporating animations video in PowerPoint
lectures. Clarity and increased student
comprehension see data in, more
details http//www.lifescied.org/cgi/content/full
/3/3/181?maxtoshowHITS10hits10RESULTFORMAT
author1Stith2CBJandorexactfulltextandsearchi
d1FIRSTINDEX0sortspecrelevanceresourcetypeH
WCIT
3
Animation and PowerPoint
  • PowerPoint itself can animate
  • Animated Gif- simple, easy
  • FLASH- complicated, the standard
  • Movie/video
  • 3-D animation (like Pixar/Disney films)-forget it
  • To insert animation into PPT 2003 go to the
    Insert menu, Point to Movies and Sounds, and then
    click Movie from File.
  • Latest version of PPT is 2003 (2002, 2000 have
    fewer abilities)

4
  • WATCH OUT!!
  • In front of very famous people, or faculty-eating
    students, you find that the talk you made on your
    office desktop will not play the video when you
    use a laptop in the lecture hall.
  • Animation/movie files are automatically linked to
    your presentation but they are not embedded
    inside it like pictures or drawings.
  • To embed animation files Use Package for CD
    under File menu to include all linked files.
    Also, a PowerPoint Viewer is included by default
    on the CD and will run the packaged presentations
    on another computer even if PowerPoint is not
    installed.
  • Note  This feature was called Pack and Go in
    previous versions of PowerPoint.

5
1. Use of PowerPoint Animation
  • Tutorial
  • http//office.microsoft.com/training/training.aspx
    ?AssetIDRC060786731033
  • To insert a link to the webgo to web site, copy
    (Ctl-C) and then paste (Ctl-V) into slide. Then
    highlight link and go to Insert, and then
    Hyperlink
  • Need wifi for your laptop (dont trust classroom
    cable)

6
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7
2. Animated GIF-
  • Though not technically movies, animated GIFs
    contain multiple images which stream to create an
    animation effect.
  • An animated GIF can loop endlessly
  • are not scalable, and can produce very large
    files.
  • However, gif animations are much easier to
    develop than those with FLASH
  • To view them, you have to use Internet Explorer
    not a picture viewer (right click on gif file and
    choose use of Int Explorer).

8
Examples
  • Dr. Donald Slish of State University of New
    YorkPlattsburgh has discussed their use (Slish,
    2000) and provides many useful examples
    (http//faculty.plattsburgh.edu/donald.slish/anima
    tions.html).
  • In addition, Dr. Steve Berg of Winona State
    University maintains a large number of gif
    animations for cell biology (http//bio.winona.msu
    s.edu/berg/ANIMTNS/Directry.htm).

9
Because of the value of the animation, the ease
of development of gif animation, and the skills
developed while teaching other students, some
biology instructors have made development of a
simple gif animation into a required
exercise. Free trial of Gif animator by Ulead
  • http//www.ulead.com/download/download.htm

10
3. The Standard Macromedia's FLASH
(http//www.macromedia.com/software/flash/)
examples http//carbon.cudenver.edu/bstith/c
ellcrawling.swf http//carbon.cudenver.edu/bsti
th/fert20wave.swf
11
  • Post FLASH animation to web site, then put a link
    to the web site in your PPT slide
  • OR if animation file on your hard drive
  • Right click on animation file and select Create
    Shortcut
  • Right click on Shortcut, click Properties, and
    copy the address line (highlighted in blue)
    (Ctl-C)
  • Add link to PPT slide and remove quotation
    marks- click on it to show animation-
  • Highlight and click Insert, then Hyperlink
    then insert copied address (removing any )
  • C\Documents and Settings\Owner\Desktop\BRAD\endo
    exocytosis.swf
  • See also http//office.microsoft.com/en-us/assist
    ance/HA010348071033.aspx

12
  • You make a starting figure and and ending figure,
    and the program makes all in between animation
    shapes ("tweening)
  • FLASH can rapidly import a series of
    photomicrographs to produce a time-lapse movie
    (see the FLASH swf movie embedded in the
    following Web site http//carbon.cudenver.edu/bs
    tith/waverot.htm (right click on video to
    control it).
  • TAKES LOT OF TIME (tough to learn, 10 hours
    effort per one minute animation) students from
    Coll Arts Media can help
  • To play FLASH animations, you need a plug in the
    Shockwave player, and it is free
    (http//sdc.shockwave.com/shockwave/download/downl
    oad.cgi?P5_LanguageEnglish).

13
PowerPoint and Movies
  • "Movies" are desktop video files with formats
    such as AVI, QuickTime, and MPEG, and file
    extensions such as .avi, .mov, .qt, .mpg, and
    .mpeg.
  • You cannot add a clip from a DVD to your PPT show
    unless you use another program such as PFCMedia

14
Video of lab procedure, clip from popular movie,
or science film
  • Tape movie from TV on VHS or directly by digital
    movie camera (copy from DVD.)
  • Transfer to computer through iLINK
  • Edit on computer add title, cuts, dissolves,
    etc. Movie Maker software for Windows XP is
    available free from Microsoft.
  • Transfer to laptop for classroom burn onto CD
    (choose file type- mpeg) or DVD (stand alone- not
    linked to PPT)
  • If a mpeg file on hard drive, use a Link in a PPT
    slide

15
Dont expect Hollywood quality files are huge
see Lorenzos Oil clip You can test a movie
to see if it will play in PPT- test with Windows
Media Player. If the movie doesn't play,
Windows Media Player gives you detailed error
messages and a Help link that can help you
troubleshoot the problem.
16
1. Clutch Model for Cell Crawling -tough for
students to follow
17
FLASH Animation shows motion. (developed after
taking a couple of FLASH coursesbut like a
foreign language, if you dont use it daily, the
animation takes forever.)
  • http//carbon.cudenver.edu/bstith/cellcrawling.sw
    f

18
2. Method Freeze Fracture (what is E face and P
face? From same cell?
19
FLASH Animation showing two cells are shown in
Freeze Fracture (developed with Coll Arts
Media Student Arthur Lam)
  • http//carbon.cudenver.edu/bstith/cell.swf

20
3. From Devel. Biol The Wnt Pathway 1.Extracellu
lar ligand Wnt binding to its membrane receptor
(frizzled) followed by activation of the
receptor. 2. The receptor in turn activates
(shown by ?) the intracellular protein disheveled
3. which then inhibits () glycogen synthase
kinase 3 (GSK-3). 4. Once GSK-3 is inhibited, it
can no longer induce the destruction of
beta-catenin. OR (wow! I am using visual
aid!!)- From Developmental Biology by
Gilbert Wnt ? Frizzled ? Disheveled GSK-3
Beta-catenin. Students this Wnt leads to
inhibition of beta-catenin
21
FLASH animation of Wnt Path (from Dr. Randy Moon,
Univ Wash)
  • http//faculty.washington.edu/rtmoon/movies/cell.s
    wf
  • Not perfect, but emphasizes that Wnt leads to
    increased Beta Catenin
  • This is one FLASH animation that you can steal
    and put on your hard drive (note the URL has a
    .swf ending this is a flash file that is not
    embedded in a htm file if the flash file IS
    embedded, it is tough to steal it). Rt click on
    link to save the animation.
  • Note that the FLASH file is small only 42kB.

22
4. Apoptosis too much in one figure so cover
part (use Draw toolbar, alter transparency) but
still too complicated
23
An .avi animation file on Apoptosis path
involving Trophic Factors
  • http//carbon.cudenver.edu/bstith/apoptosis.avi

24
5. How the Resting Membrane Potential develops
  • K is high inside the cell (due to the NaK pump)
  • K channels are a bit more open than channels of
    other ions (e.g., Na and Cl- channels are mostly
    closed)
  • K moves out of the cell from high to low
    concentration movement of the ion out makes
    the cytoplasm NEGATIVE (and NOW THE TOUGH PART)
  • K EFFLUX STOPS WHEN ELECTRICAL AND CONCENTRATION
    GRADIENTS ARE EQUAL AND OPPOSITE

25
Fig. 13-4 Figure from Text (World of the Cell)
26
Animation of Development of Resting (Equilibrium)
Membrane Potential
  • K Channels open, K moves due to DIFFUSION FORCE
    (see arrow).
  • Then the developing membrane potential FIGHTS
    further K movement. THIS IS THE ELECTRICAL FORCE.
  • At the end of the animation, K is in equilibrium
    (diffusion and electrical forces are equal and
    opposite).
  • THE ANIMATION SHOWS THE SHRINKING OF THE
    DIFFUSION FORCE (arrow shrinks in size) AND
    GROWTH OF THE ELECTRICAL FORCE (arrow grows)
    UNTIL THE TWO ARROWS ARE EQUAL and OPPOSITE.
  • Click here for the animated gif (100 KB).

27
Animations are not needed for all static
illustrations Animations do not produce
miracles but studies suggest an increase of
15-20 in correct answers on certain questions
when animation was used (questions on topics
involving motion, location within cell, multiple
steps, etc) Are we all (in part) visual learners?
28
Remember that you can often take animations off
the web
  • Google search with key word and animation
  • Right click on the animation link and select Save
    Target As or Save Picture As to put on your hard
    drive.
  • http//faculty.plattsburgh.edu/donald.slish/animat
    ions.html
  • Does not work if you save htm file not original
    swf or gif file (try using MS Front Page)

29
  • Vocabulary
  • AVI- Windows AVI provides the capability to
    develop animation files that can be included in
    multimedia presentations and as part of WWW
    pages. The files (which end with an .avi
    extension) require a special player.
  • compression- method for making file size smaller
    and therefore easier/quicker to transfer
  • GIF- (Graphics Interchange Format) developed by
    Compuserve. standard image format (along with
    JPEG) for the WWW.Technically, a GIF uses the 2D
    raster data type, is encoded in binary, and uses
    LZW compression. There are two versions of the
    format, 87a and 89a. Version 89a (July, 1989)
    allows for the possibility of an animated GIF,
    which is a short sequence of images within a
    single GIF file. A GIF89a can also be specified
    for interlaced presentation.
  • JPEG- is a graphic image created by choosing from
    a range of compression qualities. When you create
    a JPEG or convert an image from another format to
    a JPEG, you are asked to specify the quality of
    image you want. Since the highest quality results
    in the largest file, you can make a trade-off
    between image quality and file size. Formally,
    the JPEG file format is ISO standard 10918.
  • Kb- kilobyte a measure of computer memory or
    storage, a kilobyte (KB or Kbyte) is
    approximately a thousand bytes (actually, 2 to
    the 10th power, or decimal 1,024 bytes).
  • Mb- megabyte as a measure of computer processor
    storage and real and virtual memory, a megabyte
    (abbreviated MB) is 2 to the 20th power bytes, or
    1,048,576 bytes in decimal notation.
  • morph- artificial animation by running a sequence
    of images together.
  • MPEG- (Moving Picture Experts Group) a movie
    format.MPEG (pronounced EHM-pehg), the Moving
    Picture Experts Group, develops standards for
    digital video and digital audio compression. It
    operates under the auspices of the International
    Organization for Standardization (ISO). The MPEG
    standards are an evolving series, each designed
    for a different purpose. (Note that .mp3 file
    suffixes indicate MP3 (MPEG-1 audio layer-3)
    files, not MPEG-3 standard files.) You can
    download shareware or commercial MPEG players
    from a number of sites on the Web.For additional
    information, see About MPEG on the official MPEG
    Committee Web site. An illustrated Overview of
    the MPEG-4 Version 1 Standard is available.
  • Plug-in- applications are programs that can
    easily be installed and used as part of your Web
    browser. A plug-in application is recognized
    automatically by the browser and its function is
    integrated into the main HTML file that is being
    presented.
  • PNG-A patent-free replacement for the GIF, the
    PNG format, has been developed by an Internet
    committee and major browsers will soon be
    supporting it.
  • Quicktime- is a multimedia development, storage,
    and playback technology from Apple for all
    platforms that combine sound, text, animation,
    and video in a single file. Using a Quicktime
    player that either comes with a WWW browser or
    can be downloaded from Apple or the browser
    company, you can view and control brief
    multimedia sequences. Quicktime files can be
    recognized by their file name extensions qt,
    mov, and moov.
  • Shockwave- developed by Macromedia, is a family
    of multimedia players. WWW users can download the
    Shockwave players (Windows and Mac) from the
    Macromedia site and use it to display and hear
    Shockwave files.
  • streaming- means that movies or sounds play as
    they arrive and you do not have to wait until the
    complete file downloads to view of hear.

30
End
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