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IPM Training Webinar

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U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of Affordable Housing Preservation IPM Training Webinar For Owners & Managers October 8, 2009 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: IPM Training Webinar


1
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Office of Affordable Housing Preservation
  • IPM Training Webinar
  • For Owners Managers
  • October 8, 2009
  • 1100am 1230pm Eastern

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of
Pesticide Programs National Center for Healthy
Housing
2
Presenters
  • Donna Rosen
  • Director, Washington Preservation Office
  • HUD Office of Affordable Housing Preservation
  • Kathy Seikel
  • Director of Communications, Office of Childrens
    Health and Environmental Education
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Tom Neltner
  • Director of Training and Education
  • National Center for Healthy Housing

3
Training Objectives
  • What to expect in the HUD M2M Green Initiative
    and HUD Green Retrofit Program
  • How to find a pest management professional (PMP)
    to help implement an integrated pest management
    (IPM) program
  • What are the basic approaches to cockroaches,
    rodents, and bedbugs
  • Why identifying roles and responsibilities for
    all stakeholders is key to an effective program
    and
  • Where to go for more information.

4
Todays Agenda
  • 1100 Welcome, Introductions, Agenda (Donna)
  • 1105 IPM Concepts and HUD Guidance (Kathy)
  • 1115 Cockroaches (Tom)
  • 1140 IPM in HUDs Green Programs (Donna)
  • 1200 Rodents, Bed Bugs (Tom)
  • 1220 Questions Answers
  • 1230 Adjourn

5
IPM Concepts HUD Guidance
  • Kathy Seikel
  • Director of Communications
  • Office of Childrens Health and Environmental
    Education
  • Environmental Protection Agency

6
Pests Cause Problems
  • Trigger/cause asthma and allergies
  • Bite
  • Contaminate food
  • Lead people to overreact and ignore pesticide
    labels
  • Transmit disease
  • Hitchhike in belongings
  • Violate housing codes

IPM makes homes healthier!
7
Priority Pests
  • Cockroaches cause asthma in infants, trigger
    asthma attacks, and contaminate food.
  • Rodents such as mice and rats carry diseases,
    bite, destroy property, may cause fires, and may
    trigger asthma attacks.
  • Bed Bugs and their bites are a nuisance and are
    expensive to eliminate.

8
What All Pests Need
  • Food
  • Water
  • Shelter

9
Fighting Pests with IPM
  • Exterminator is now a
  • Pest Management Professional (PMP)

10
What You Will Gain
  • IPM will give you
  • A healthier building Fewer asthma attacks, less
    exposure to pesticides, and less of a chance you
    will take pests home.
  • Fewer complaints A Boston Housing Authority
    development reduced cockroach work orders by 68
    after one year of IPM.
  • Fewer pests You can stop infestations from
    growing and spreading disease.

11
We do IPM because it is the right thing to do
and because it works. Allowing our residents to
live in a pest-free home is a basic service as
well as a huge quality of life issue. Gail
Livingston Director of Operations and Property
Management Boston Housing Authority
12
IPM and Healthy Homes
  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a key part of
    a nationwide Healthy Homes movement to reduce
    housing-based health hazards.
  • A healthy home is
  • Dry
  • Clean
  • Ventilated
  • Safe
  • Contaminant-free
  • Maintained
  • Pest-free

13
HUDs Voluntary Guidance
  • Offers the potential efficacy of pest
    elimination while protecting the health of
    residents and staff.
  • Will extend the useful life of property and,
    thereby, generate significant savings that offset
    costs of the pest control operations.
  • Effective in preventing moisture intrusion and
    accumulation.

14
HUDs 10 Elements to a Successful IPM Program
  • Communicate Policies
  • Identify Problem Pests
  • Monitor and Track
  • Set Thresholds for Action
  • Improve Non-Pesticide Methods
  • Prevent Pest Entry and Movement
  • Educate Residents and Update Leases
  • Enforce Lease
  • Use Pesticides Only When Necessary
  • Post Signs

15
Another View of IPM
  • Invest
  • time and materials for repair and education.
  • Protect
  • through exclusion, sanitation, and careful
    product choice based on least risk to human
    health and the environment and compatibility with
    other management practices.
  • Maintain
  • with monitoring, communication, and
    documentation so that infestations do not grow.

16
Concerns with Pesticides
  • Pests can become tolerant of or avoid pesticides.
  • Risk from exposure may outweigh the benefit of
    killing pests.
  • Possible harm to pets and wildlife.
  • Certain populations may be especially vulnerable
    or sensitive to some pesticides
  • Elderly children pregnant women
  • People with breathing or lung disorders such as
    asthma
  • People with multiple chemical sensitivities

17
  • Questions
  • Answers

18
Cockroaches
  • Tom Neltner
  • Director of Training and Education
  • National Center for Healthy Housing

19
Cockroaches are Health Hazards
  • Cockroaches and their frass
  • Make asthma worse in sensitive people
  • Cause asthma in preschool-aged children
  • Cause or aggravate allergies
  • Contaminate food, dishes, and counters
  • Are unwelcome in guests

20
Common Indoor Cockroaches
hot
cool
high dry
  • most common

sewers basements
21
German Cockroach
  • Medium size (3/4''), bronze, with racing
    stripes behind the head
  • Found everywhere, but likes warmth, moisture, and
    darkness
  • Reproduces quickly
  • Mother carries eggs to term even if she is dead
  • Eats almost anything

22
One German Cockroach After 6 Months
23
Live Cockroaches
American Cockroaches
German Cockroaches
24
Dead Cockroaches
Dead
German cockroaches on a sticky trap
Brown banded cockroachesby a door hinge
25
Frass
Door
Wall clock
Under a cabinet shelf
26
Where Cockroaches Live
  • Anywhere in a building
  • Prefer spots near water but also need food and
    warmth
  • In cracks and crevices where their bodies touch
    surfaces above and below

27
What Cockroaches Eat
  • Crumbs
  • Grease
  • Trash
  • Cardboard glue
  • Just about anything

Under the bag in a trash can
28
Think Like a Cockroach
29
Think Like a Cockroach
30
IPM in Practice
  • Cockroaches
  • Need food and water.
  • Are most active at night.

31
Inspect
  • Look for evidence where cockroaches would find
    food, water, or a hiding spot up, down, behind,
    and under.
  • Think like a cockroach look in hidden areas.

32
Monitor
Monitor by placing sticky traps near areas where
cockroaches might travelat corners and near
warmth, food, and water.
33
Sanitation
  • Good sanitation makes pest control work.
  • Eliminate hiding spots, food, and water available
    at night by- reducing clutter- throwing away
    dead cockroaches- cleaning frass and areas
    where there were cockroaches with simple
    soap and water.

34
Exclusion
  • Seal or fix cracks, peeled wallpaper, or holes
    that cockroaches could get through with
  • caulk
  • copper mesh
  • screens or
  • door sweeps on boiler rooms and exterior
    doors.

35
Targeted Chemical Use
  • Sanitation first!
  • Maintenance staff and residents should not spray.
    Spraying should be a last resort and done only
    by a PMP.
  • Read the ENTIRE pesticide label before buying,
    using, storing, or disposing of a product.
  • The label is the law!
  • Follow the label directions closely.

36
Baits
  • The most effective pesticide option.
  • Wont work if contaminated by strong- smelling
    cleaners or other chemicals, pesticide sprays or
    foggers, or nicotine from cigarette smoke.
  • Use in every room.

Bait Station
Gel Bait
37
Baits
  • The bait needs to be the only food in the
    areasanitation first!
  • Slow to kill Cockroaches feed on the bait, take
    it back to their hiding spots, feed their
    friends, and THEN theyll drop dead.

38
Insecticidal Dusts
  • Active ingredients may be boric acid or
    diatomaceous earth
  • How they kill cockroaches
  • Scratch their outer layers
  • Dry them out
  • Plug their breathing holes
  • Long-lasting

39
Insecticidal Dusts
  • Effective if used correctly.
  • Light dusting instead of piles.
  • Use in walls before fixing them.
  • Under and behind cabinets at turnover or when
    making large repairsbut clean first!

40
Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs)
  • Interfere with cockroach growth and reproduction
    when they shed to grow up, the new exoskeleton
    doesnt fit
  • In baits, sprays, aerosols, and powders
  • Take a month to work
  • Stay effective for a long time
  • Compatible with other IPM methods may enhance
    baits

41
Routine Spraying Not Only Option
Weve learned a better way.
Routine baseboard spraying is not part of IPM.
42
Total Release Foggers
43
  • Questions
  • Answers

44
IPM in HUD Green PRograms
  • Donna Rosen
  • Director, Washington Preservation Office
  • HUD Office of Affordable Housing Preservation

45
Two Multi-Family Programs
  • HUD Multifamily has two green multifamily
    programs that require owners adopt an IPM Plan
  • Mark to Market Green Initiative
  • Green Retrofit Program
  • IPM requirements are the same in both programs.

46
Green Operations Maintenance Plan
47
IPM Plan Details
  • Adopt IPM policies and practices (NCHH has a good
    model to follow)
  • Incorporate the IPM policies and practices in the
    contract with the pest management professional
  • Implement the Plan promptly after closing the HUD
    transaction

48
IPM Plan Details
  • (continued)
  • Identify roles and responsibilities of all
    property stakeholders
  • Residents
  • Maintenance/Custodial Staff
  • Property Management
  • Pest Management Professional
  • Vendors/ contractors onsite

49
Incentive Performance Fee
  • Successful Plan
  • Property Performance

50
  • Questions
  • Answers

51
Rats, MICE and Bed bugs
  • Tom Neltner
  • Director of Training and Education
  • National Center for Healthy Housing

52
Rodents are Health Hazards
  • Carry infectious diseases
  • May cause asthma attacks
  • Bite
  • Damage food and property
  • Can attract other pests
  • Are repulsive

53
What is a Rodent?
  • Rodents are gnawing animals. They
  • gnaw to wear down their teeth and get where they
    want to go (can cut anything softer than steel)
  • are most active at night
  • make lots of babies fast
  • travel the same paths nightly, staying close to
    walls.

54
Rats
  • Will travel 150 feet from their nest
  • Usually live outside and come inside for food and
    water

Norway rat burrow
55
Rats
  • Need ½-inch opening to enter
  • Are very smart, cautious, and afraid of new
    things
  • Need water every day

56
Mice
  • Breed rapidly
  • A single pair can become an infestation quickly!
  • Take action when evidence of ONE mouse is seen or
    heard.
  • Dont travel farjust 10 feet from their nest

One day old mouse pups
57
Mice
  • Mice need a ¼ inch opening to enter
  • Mice are curious
  • Dont need to drink water daily

58
Droppings and Urine Stains
Rodent urine stain in drop ceiling
Mouse droppings by a power strip
59
Holes and Rub Marks
60
Where Rodents Live
  • Rats Outside, but will come in if the place is
    hospitable.
  • Mice Nest in walls, stored fabric, cars, boxes,
    or the ceiling.

Rat burrow by a wall
Mouse nest in a hat
61
Dumpsters
  • Dumpsters should be
  • free of holes
  • covered
  • placed on cement
  • Screen drain holes
  • Empty dumpsters regularly they should never
    overflow

62
Sanitation
Clutter in a corner
63
Exclusion
  • For a hole, crack, or gap

Stuff it
Seal it
Check it often
64
Traps
  • Effective and reusable
  • More ARE better
  • Check often
  • Placement is key

65
Targeted Chemical Use
  • The label is the law.
  • All rodenticide labels require tamper-resistant
    stations.
  • Read the label on both the station and the bait.
  • The bait station should be secured, locked, and
    labeled.
  • If the rodents areinside, considerusing traps.

An opened bait station
66
What is a Bed Bug?
  • A blood-sucking insect
  • Most active at night
  • Usually feeds at night

Adult bed bug feeding on a human
67
Bed Bugs are Health Hazards
  • Bed bugs do not transmit disease, but they
  • cause secondary infections after people scratch
    their bed bug bites
  • result in stress, loss of work, loss of sleep,
    and financial burden
  • are unwelcome in our homes and workplaces and
  • drive people to do dangerous things with
    pesticides

68
Bed Bug Behavior
  • Hide in cracks and crevices, often in groups.
  • Cannot fly, jump, or burrow into skinthey crawl.
  • Hitchhike on bags, furniture, wires, or pipes.

Bed bug crawling into a screw hole to hide.
69
Signs of Bed Bugs
  • Bites
  • Blood spots
  • Shed skins
  • Dead bed bugs
  • Live bed bugs

70
Blood Spots
  • Blood spots are bed bug droppings.
  • Bed bugs cannot be confirmed by blood spots
    alone.
  • Live bed bugs must be found.

The start of an infestation
A bad infestation
71
Got Bed Bugs? Now What?
  • If found and controlled early in the infestation,
    the spread of bed bugs can be stopped. The first
    responses should be to
  • Report the problem
  • Not throw the mattress outcover it
  • Not sprayleave this to the PMP
  • Prevent carrying the bed bugs to other places
  • Prepare the unit for the PMP

72
Use a Mattress Encasement
  • Trap live bed bugs inside.
  • Zip, seal, and check for rips.
  • Leave it on for 1-1/2 years (dont let it rip).

Mattresses and furniture dont have to be thrown
out!
73
Teach People How to Prevent
  • Keep coats, backpacks, purses, and bags off beds,
    recliners, and sofas.
  • Dont bring home used furniture.
  • Look for signs before sleeping.

74
PMP Might
  • Inspect
  • Take apart furniture
  • Put infested items in sealed plastic bags or
    discard heavily infested items
  • Use
  • A vacuum
  • Heat or steam
  • Pesticides

75
Management's Role
  • Find out the PMPs requirements for unit prep and
    plan ahead! Example Who takes apart and
    reassembles furniture?
  • Have the professional inspect and treat units
    adjacent to the infested one.
  • Communicate the situations/populations in units
    to the professional (respiratory problems,
    chemical sensitivities, pregnant women, the
    elderly, or children present).

76
PMP's role
  • ALWAYS thoroughly inspects the unit and the
    adjacent walls.
  • Provides preparation and follow-up instructions
    in multiple languages.
  • Follows the labelespecially when treating
    mattresses!
  • Returns in three weeks to look for and treat
    hatched nymphs.

77
Facilities, Maintenance, and Support Services
role
  • Empty dumpsters weekly
  • Damage furniture left out for the trash so it
    cant be reused
  • Inspect the laundry room weekly
  • Help residents prepareeducate and provide
    physical or financial support
  • Be very cautious when working in unitsnever set
    items on or under beds, recliners, or sofas!

78
The Resident's Role
  • Inspect regularly
  • Launder bedding regularly
  • Report bed bug sightings immediately and seek
    help from staff
  • Use plastic bags when transporting infested items
  • Dont bring home furniture found on the street
  • Follow preparation instructions from the PMP

79
  • Questions
  • Answers

80
Contacts Resources
  • Donna Rosen
  • donna.l.rosen_at_hud.gov
  • www.hud.gov/offices/hsg/omhar/paes/green/owner.cfm
  • Kathy Seikel
  • seikel.kathy_at_epamail.epa.gov
  • www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/ipm.htm
  • Tom Neltner
  • tneltner_at_nchh.info
  • www.healthyhomestraining.org/ipm
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