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Attracting Wildlife

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Food Fruit Bearing Nectar Plants Larval Plants Cover Water Puddling Station Birdbaths Managing For Wildlife Weeds Nuisance Animals More Information Attracting Wildlife – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Attracting Wildlife


1
Attracting Wildlife
Food Fruit Bearing Nectar Plants Larval
Plants Cover Water Puddling Station
Birdbaths Managing For Wildlife Weeds Nuisance
Animals More Information
Author Rebecca McNair
2
All Animals Need
  • Food
  • Cover
  • Water
  • Space
  • Animals will only reside or forage in an area
    that contains enough of these four essential
    elements to maintain daily activities.

Habitat
3
Food
  • Fruit
  • Seeds
  • Insects
  • Nectar
  • Larval
  • Meat
  • Remember to provide food year-round, especially
    in winter.

Attract a variety of birds, reptiles, bats,
butterflies and other insects
4
Fruit Bearing Plants for North Florida
Tupelo Nyssa ogeche
Wild grape Vitis sp.
Beautyberry Calicarpa americana
5
Mulberry Morus rubra
(USDA Zone 5-9)
  • Large native tree 40 ft
  • Full sun
  • Throughout Florida
  • Edible fruit in spring
  • Brittle bark, messy

6
Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia
(USDA Zone 8-10)
  • Native tree
    10 ft
  • Full to
    partial sun
  • Blooms
    early spring
  • Edible fruit
  • Suckers tend to form thickets

7
Holly Ilex spp.
(USDA Zone 6-9)
  • Native shrubs
    and trees
  • Sun to partial shade
  • Range varies
  • Fruit remains through
    winter, attracting birds
  • Salt, drought and
    shade tolerant
  • Suckers

Gallberry Ilex glabra
Dahoon Holly Ilex cassine
8
Virginia Willow Itea virginica (USDA Zone 6-10A)
  • Native shrub 7 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms spring
  • Drought and flood tolerant
  • Suckers tend to form thickets

9
Fruit Bearing Plants for South Florida
Photo by Joe Schaefer
Bluestem Palm Sabal minor
Southern Red Cedar Juniperus silicicola
Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera
McCabe
Bryan
10
Elderberry Sambucus canadensis (USDA
Zone 3-7)
  • Native shrub 15 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Throughout Florida
  • Fragrant flowers year-round
  • Edible fruit

11
Florida Privet Forestiera segregata (USDA Zone
9-11)
  • Native shrub
    10 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Throughout Florida
  • Fast grower
  • Drought and salt tolerant
  • Dense cover and fruits attract birds

12
Wild Coffee Psychotria nervosa (USDA Zone 11)
  • Native shrub 8 ft
  • Partial to full shade tolerant
  • Blooms spring- summer
  • Attracts butterflies and birds

13
Nectar Plants for North Florida
Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis
Coneflower Echinacea purpurea
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis
14
Golden Dew DropDuranta repens (USDA Zone 8-11)
  • Shrub 14 feet
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year- round
  • Throughout Florida
  • High drought tolerance
  • Attracts butterflies

15
Porterweed Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (USDA Zone
8-11)
  • Native and non-native perennial 4 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Medium salt and drought tolerance

Red variety is non-native
16
Coral HoneysuckleLonicera sempervirens (USDA
Zone 6-9A)
  • Native vine
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms spring- fall
  • Throughout Florida
  • Attract butterflies and hummingbirds

17
Nectar Plants for South Florida
Mexican Flame Vine Senecio confusis
Firebush Hamelia patens
Yellow Shrimp Plant Pachystachys lutea
Red Shrimp Justicia spicigera
18
Necklace PodSophora tomentosa (USDA Zone 10B-11)
  • Native shrub 8 ft
  • Full sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • High salt and drought tolerance
  • Attracts humming-birds and butterflies
  • Poisonous to humans

19
Jatropha Jatropha integerrima (USDA
Zone 10B-11)
  • Shrub 8 feet
  • Full sun
  • Blooms year- round
  • Drought tolerance
  • Fruit is poisonous to humans

20
Larval Plants for North Florida
Matchweed, Phyla nodiflora is the larval host of
the Buckeye.
  • Willow, Salix caroliniana is
    a larval host of the Viceroy.

21
Red Bay Persia borbonia (USDA Zone
7-10B)
  • Native tree
    40 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Throughout Florida
  • Drought and salt tolerant
  • Blooms in spring attract butterflies
  • Purple fruit attract birds

Bays are larval food for the spicebush
swallowtail.
22
Milkweed Asclepias spp. (USDA Zone 8-10A)
  • Shrub 4 ft
  • Natives available
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Throughout Florida
  • Drought tolerant
  • Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies

Larval host of Monarch and Queen
23
Passion flower Passiflora spp.
(USDA Zone 6-11)
  • Vine
  • Native varieties available
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Throughout Florida

Larval host of Gulf Fritillary
24
Coontie Zamia pumila(USDA Zone 9-11)
  • Native shrub 3
    ft
  • Full-partial sun
  • Salt and drought tolerant
  • Throughout Florida
  • Insignificant bloom

Larval host of Atala butterfly, found only in
southeast Florida.
25
Larval Plants for South Florida
Wild Tamarind Lysiloma latisiliquum larval
host of Cloudless Sulphurs
Green Shrimp Blechum
brownei Larval host of the Malachites
26
Wild LimeZanthozylum fagara (USDA Zone 11)
  • Native tree 25 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Salt and drought tolerant

Larval host of Giant Swallowtail
27
Dutchmans PipeAristolochia spp. (USDA Zone
8-11)
  • Vine
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms summer-fall
  • Medium drought tolerance
  • Larval host of Pipevine swallowtail

28
Senna (syn. Cassia) Senna spp. (USDA Zone 10-11)
Chapmans Senna Senna mexicana
var. chapmanii
  • Native and non-native shrubs 6-10 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms fall- spring
  • Fast growing, short-lived

Larval host of Sulphurs
(non-native) Desert Cassia Senna polyphylla
29
Cover
  • Vertical layers
  • Evergreen species for winter
    cover
  • Standing dead trees, or snags
  • Brush pile

30
Water
  • Permanent water feature
  • Sound of running water attracts many animals

Puddling-Butterflies obtain water and minerals
from liquid in pore spaces.
Puddling station
Sandra Granson
31
Design a Puddling Station
  • Layer sand in saucer
  • Add layer of compost
  • Place pebbles on top
  • Add water slowly (to pebble layer)
  • Place saucer on upside down pot

32
Birdbath
  • Shallow with mildly sloping sides
  • Rough surface
  • Keep clean
  • Rinse off any soap residue

Audubon Society recommends changing the water and
cleaning bird baths weekly to avoid spreading
avian diseases.
33
Managing for Wildlife
  • Vertical layers of vegetation
  • Plant natives
  • No pesticides!
  • Stop mowing- Weeds add wildlife value
    to your yard!

Long-tailed skipper feeding on Spanish needle.
Bidens alba
34
Wild Wonderful Weeds
Coreopsis Coreopsis spp.
Horsemint Monarda punctata
Pokeweed Phytolacca americana
Blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella
35
Tolerance of Nuisance Animals
  • Diggers (moles, gophers,
    squirrels, armadillos, tortoises)
  • Bring nutrient to surface
  • Loosen aerate soil
  • Feed on turf and landscape pests
  • Trapping and deterrents
  • Herbivores
  • (deer, rabbits, ducks)
  • Contribute to food web, circle of life
  • Nets and fencing may protect fruits
  • Harassment or nest removal for non-natives

Armadillo
Pocket Gopher
Marsh rabbit
36
More Wild Information
  • Florida Cooperative Extension Service - Wildlife
    Program
  • www.wec.ufl.edu/extension
  • Print on demand
  • Links and information
  • Educational programs
  • Florida Wildlife Habitat Program
  • Local Audubon Society

37
Further ReadingHttp//edis.ifas.ufl.edu
  • WEC-20 Dealing with Unwanted Wildlife in an
    Urban Environment
  • SS-WEC-70 Threats to Florida's Biodiversity
  • WEC-72 Saving Endangered Species How You Can
    Help
  • WEC-44 Water for Wildlife
  • SS-WIS-09 Native Plants that Attract Wildlife
    Central Florida
  • SS-WIS-22 Butterfly Gardening in Florida
  • SS-WIS-21 Hummingbirds of Florida

38
Thanks for your attention!
  • The following presentation was made possible
    through a grant from FL DEP and EPA. Special
    thanks to the following reviewers for their
    valued contributions
  • FL114 ELM Design Team and the FYN Subcommittee
  • Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, UF
  • Agriculture Education and Communication
    Department
  • Environmental Horticulture Department
  • Entomology and Nematology Department
  • Soil and Water Sciences Department
  • Florida Cooperative Extension Service in
    Alachua, Broward, Clay,
    Hillsborough, Lake, Miami-Dade, Orange,
    Pinellas Sarasota, and Volusia Counties
  • Florida Organics Recycling Center for Excellence
  • The Center For Wetlands, UF
  • United States Department of Agriculture
  • Division of Plant Industry
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