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Sydney Sydney is the largest city in Australia, and the state capital of New South Wales. Sydney has a metropolitan area population of approximately 4.4 million. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sydney

  • Sydney is the largest city in Australia, and the
    state capital of New South Wales. Sydney has a
    metropolitan area population of approximately 4.4
  • Its inhabitants are called Sydneysiders, and
    Sydney is often called "the Harbour City". It is
    one of the most multicultural cities in the
    world, reflecting its role as a major destination
    for immigrants to Australia.

  • The site of the first British colony in
    Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at
    Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the
    First Fleet. The city is built on hills
    surrounding Sydney Harbour an inlet of the
    Tasman Sea on Australia's south-east coast.
  • Sydney is considered an alpha world city, and is
    an international centre for commerce, arts,
    fashion, culture, entertainment, education and
    tourism. According to the Mercer cost of living
    survey, Sydney is Australias most expensive
    city, and the 66th most expensive in the world.

  • Sydney has a temperate climate with warm summers
    and cool winters, and rainfall spread throughout
    the year. The weather is moderated by proximity
    to the ocean, and more extreme temperatures are
    recorded in the inland western suburbs. The
    warmest month is January.
  • Snowfall was last reported in the Sydney City
    area in 1836.
  • The city is prone to flash flooding from rain
    caused by East Coast Lows.

Buildings and architecture
  • The Buildings and architecture of Sydney are not
    characterised by any one architectural style,
    having accumulated and developed over its 200
    year history.
  • With the lifting of height restrictions in the
    post-World War II years, much of central Sydney's
    older stock of architecture was demolished to
    make way for modernist high rise buildings a
    number of the most notable new buildings were
    designed by Harry Seidler.

  • The cultural life of Sydney, Australia is very
    vibrant, diverse and multicultural. Many of the
    individual cultures that make up the Sydney
    mosaic are centred on the ethnic, linguistic and
    religious communities formed by waves of
    immigration. In addition, as a major
    international city, Sydney boasts a dynamic scene
    of musical, theatrical, visual and other artistic
    activity. There is an longstanding friendly
    rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne for the
    title of 'Australia's arts capital'.

  • Sydney hosts many different festivals and some of
    Australia's largest social and cultural events.
    These include the Sydney Festival.
  • Australia's premier prize for portraiture, the
    Archibald Prize is organised by the Art Gallery
    of New South Wales. The Sydney Royal Easter Show
    is held every year at Sydney Olympic Park, the
    final of Australian Idol takes place on the steps
    of the Opera House, and Australian Fashion Week
    takes place in April/May and September. Sydney's
    New Year's Eve and Australia Day celebrations are
    the largest in Australia.

Entertainment and performing arts
  • Sydney has a wide variety of cultural
    institutions. Sydney's iconic Opera House has
    five halls, including a large concert hall and
    opera and drama theatres it is the home of Opera
    Australiathe third-busiest opera company in the
    world, and the Sydney Symphony. Other venues
    include the Sydney Town Hall, City Recital Hall,
    the State Theatre, the Theatre Royal, Sydney, the
    Sydney Theatre and the Wharf Theatre.

Entertainment and performing arts
  • The National Institute of Dramatic Art, based in
    Kensington, boasts internationally famous alumni
    such as Mel Gibson, Judy Davis, Baz Luhrmann and
    Cate Blanchett. Sydney's role in the film
    industry has increased since the opening of Fox
    Studios Australia in 1998.
  • Sydney's most popular nightspots include Kings
    Cross, Oxford Street, Darling Harbour, Circular
    Quay and The Rocks, which all contain various
    bars, nightclubs and restaurants. Star City
    Casino, is Sydney's only casino and is situated
    around Darling Harbour.

  • In the year ending March 2008, Sydney received
    2.7 million international visitors. The most
    well-known attractions include the Sydney Opera
    House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Other
    attractions include Royal Botanical Gardens, Luna
    Park, some 40 beaches and Sydney Tower.
  • Sydney also has several popular museums such as,
    the Australian Museum (natural history and
    anthropology), the Powerhouse Museum (science,
    technology and design), the Art Gallery of New
    South Wales, the Museum of Contemporary Art and
    the Australian National Maritime Museum.

Sport and outdoor activities
  • Sydney is well-endowed with open spaces and
    access to waterways, and has many natural areas,
    even in the city centre.
  • Sport is an important part of Sydney's culture.
    The most popular sport in Sydney is rugby league.
    Cricket is the most popular summer sport in
  • The Sydney 2000 Summer Olympic Games or the
    Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium-It
    was the second time that the Summer Olympics were
    held in the Southern Hemisphere

  • Sydney is home to some of Australia's most
    prominent educational institutions.
  • There are four multi-campus government-funded
    Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institutes
    in Sydney.
  • Sydney has public, denominational and independent
    schools. There are four state-administered
    education areas in Sydney, that together
    co-ordinate 919 schools.

The University of Sydney, established in 1850, is
the oldest university in Australia
  • Most Sydney residents travel by car through the
    system of roads and motorways. The most important
    trunk routes in the urban area are the nine
    Metroads, which include the 110 km (68 mi) Sydney
    Orbital Network. Sydney is also served by train,
    taxi, bus and ferry networks.
  • Sydney Airport, in the suburb of Mascot, is
    Sydney's main airport, and is one of the oldest
    continually operated airports in the world.

What to do
  • If you are visiting Sydney anyone will have an
    activity to their liking there.
  • Surfing at Bondi Beach.
  • Shopping at the over 500 shopping centers and
  • Sydney Aquarium .At the Sydney Aquarium walk
    underwater and discover the world's largest
    collection of all-Australian aquatic life - over
    12,000 marine animals!
  • Sydney Tower Restaurant .Sydney - Sydney Tower
    Restaurant is one of the most spectacular
    showcases of Sydney and its cuisine. A favourite
    amongst locals and a must do for anyone
  • And a lot more!