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INDUSTRIAL OILS AND GREASES

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Title: INDUSTRIAL OILS AND GREASES


1
INDUSTRIAL OILS AND GREASES
2
GENERAL CATEGORIES
  • AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS
  • INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS
  • GREASES
  • SPECIALITY PRODUCTS

SPECIFIC APPLICATION
  • TURBINE OILS
  • HYDRAULIC OILS
  • COMPRESSOR OILS
  • REFRIGERATION OILS
  • SPINDLE OILS
  • CYLINDER OILS
  • GEAR OILS
  • TEXTILE OILS etc
  • CUTTING FLUIDS
  • METAL ROLLING OILS
  • RUBBER PROCESS OILS
  • RUST PREVENTIVES
  • HEAT TRANFER FLUIDS
  • METAL DRAWING COMPOUNDS
  • QUENCHING OILS etc
  • ENGINE OILS
  • TRANSMISSION
  • OILS
  • WHEEL BEARING
  • CHASSIS
  • INDUSTRIAL

3
Fundamentals
Approximate Lubricant Film Thickness, Inches
Streibeck Curve
10-6 - 10-4
10-5
10-7
10-7 - 10-6
.150
Coefficient of Friction, ?
Elasto- hydrodynamic
Boundary
Mixed
.001
Hydrodynamic
(Viscosity) (Velocity) Load
ZN P
,
GO2 7
1-13-99
4
JOURNAL BEARING
ANTIFRICTION BEARING
5
What is a Lubricant?
LUBRICANT BASE OIL ADDITIVE
6
MUMBAI REFINERY
7
(No Transcript)
8
Distillation is defined as a process in
which a liquid or vapour mixture of two or
more substances is separated into its
components fractions of desired purity by
application and removal of heat This
process of separating components of liquid
mixture is based on their difference in
boiling points.
9
SIMPLE DISTILLATION
WATER
Thermometer
Cooler / condenser
WATER
Mixture
Distillate
Heat
10
Lube Refinery Process
LP GAS
LAN
HAN
SKO
LVGO
HVGO
CRUDE OIL INPUT ALAH
REDUCED CRUDE OIL TO HPLR
11
Lube Refinery Operation
75 SM
75 SS/ SPINDLE
150 N
150 SS
DEWAXING UNIT
500 SS
500 N
NMP EXTRACTION
HYDROFINER
VACUUM TOWER
1300 SS
1300 N
BRIGHT STOCK
150 BS
PROPANE DEASPHALTING
REDUCED CRUDE OIL
RPO (AROMATIC EXTRACTS)
WAX
BITUMEN
12
Integration of Hydroprocessing and Solvent
Extraction
Hydroprocessing can be Integrated with Solvent
Extraction plants to improve product
Quality/Yield flexibility to make Group II/III
Oils
SEU
SDW
HF
Group I
Slack Wax/Soft Wax
Raffinate
Group III
HDT
Hydro ISOM
HDF
Group II
13
What is a Lubricant?
LUBRICANT BASE OIL ADDITIVE
14
POOR FORMULATION WITH GRP II CAN GIVE SUCH A
RESULT
Dispersants Aid in Preventing Sludge
Acceptable
Unacceptable
CHEM3 52
15
BLENDING
BASE OIL
ADDITIVE
TESTING
FILLING
16
INDUSTRIAL LUBRICATING OILS
  • THESE ARE THE LUBRICANTS WHICH CARRY OUT
    LUBRICATION IN MACHINERIES EFFECTIVELY AND
    ECONOMICALLY IN A GIVEN OPERATING CONDITIONS.
  • IT HAS TO TAKE CARE OF THE EXTREME CONDITIONS OF
    THE MODERN MACHINERIES LIKE
  • HIGH SPEED
  • HEAVY LOADS
  • WIDE RANGE OF TEMPERATURE
  • CONTINUOUS OPERATION

17
ISO VG SYSTEM
18
STANDARDS SET FOR INDUSTRIAL OILS
  • INDIAN STANDARD (IS)
  • BRITISH STANDARD (BS)
  • U.S.STEEL STANDARD (USS)
  • STEEL INDUSTRY STANDARD (IPSS)
  • GERMAN STANDARD (DIN)
  • AGMA STANDARD (AGMA)
  • DEFENCE STANDARD (DEF STAN)
  • BHEL STANDARD
  • SIEMENS STANDARD (TLV)
  • ABB STANDARD (HTGD)
  • L T STANDARD (INDEX E / F)

19
INDUSTRIAL OILS
  • TURBINE OILS
    - TURBINOL
  • COMPRESSOR OILS
    - HYCOM
  • HYDRAULIC OILS
    - ENKLO
  • MACHINE TOOL WAY OILS -
    WAY LUBE
  • GEAR OILS
    - PARTHAN EP
  • SPINDLE OILS
    - SPINTEK
  • MACHINERY OILS
    - YANTROL
  • STEAM CYLINDER OILS
    - CYNDOL
  • REFRIGERATION COMPRESSOR OILS - SEETUL
  • PNEUMATIC TOOL OILS
    - NU-MATIC
  • SUGAR MILL ROLL BEARING OILS -
    CRUSHWELL
  • OPEN GEAR OILS
    - HYTAK
  • SPECIAL PURPOSE HYDRAULIC OILS - POWER
    FLUID

  • LTP / TH

20
EQUIVALENT GRADES
  • HPC GRADES IOC GRADES BPC
    GRADES
  • TURBINOL SERVOPRIME TURBOL
  • HYCOM SERVOPRESS COMPRESSOR OIL
  • ENKLO SERVOSYSTEM HYDROL
  • PARTHAN SERVOMESH AMOCAM
  • WAYLUBE SERVOWAY METAMOL
  • SEETUL SERVOFRIZ FREEZOL

21
TURBINE OILS
22
TURBINE
  • A TURBINE IS AN EQ UIPMENT THAT
    CONVERTS FLUID
  • ENERGY TO MECHANICAL ENERGY.
  • A TURBINE IS BASICALLY USED AS A PRIME
    MOVER
  • FOR DRIVING
  • - ALTERNATORS OR GENERATORS
  • FOR GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY
  • - BLOWERS , PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS

23
TYPES OF TURBINES
  • GAS TURBINES
  • STEAM TURBINES
  • HYDRAULIC TURBINES

24
LUBRICATION POINTS OF A TURBINE
  • BEARI NGS OF THE TURBINE
  • GOVERNOR OF THE TURBINE
  • DRIVEN UNITS OF THE TURBINE
  • - GENERATOR BEARINGS

  • - GEAR BOX


25
TURBINE OIL PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS
  • OXIDATION STABILITY
  • ANTI RUST QUALITY
  • GOOD AIR RELEASE CAPACITY
  • LOW FOAMING TENDENCY
  • THERMAL STABILITY
  • DEMULSIBILITY FACTOR

26
DIFFERENT TURBINE OIL SPECIFICATIONS
  • IS 1012 - 1993
  • DIN 51515
  • SIEMENS TLV 9013 04
  • BS 489/1983
  • GEK - 27070 / 32568 A / 28143
  • BROWN BOVERI HTGD 90117

27
VARIOUS TURBINE OILS
  • TURBINOL GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32 ,46 , 57 , 68 ,
    77
  • - MEETS I S1012 - 1993 , BS 489 - 1983
  • AND SIEMENS TLV 9013 04
  • - USED IN GAS , STEAM HYDRAULIC
  • TURBINES WITHOUT GEAR BOXES AND

  • EXPRESSORS / EXHAUSTORS / GOVERNORS IN
  • LOCOMOTIVES

28
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29
VARIOUS TURBINE OILS
  • TURBINOL XT GRADES
  • -AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32 , 46 , 68
  • - MEETS I S 1012 - 1993 , SIEMENS
  • TLV 9013 04 BROWN BOVERI HTGD 90117
  • - USED IN GAS ,STEAM , HYDRAULIC TURBINES
  • WITH GEAR BOXES

30
HYDRAULIC OILS
31
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32
(No Transcript)
33
(No Transcript)
34
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
  • A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM IS ONE IN WHICH A LIQUID IS
    USED TO TRANSMIT POWER AND FORCE AND ALSO PRODUCE
    ANY CHANGE IN THE DIRECTION AND MAGNITUDE OF
    FORCE.
  • LIQUIDS POSSESS UNIQUE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES WHICH
    GIVE THEM THE ABILITY TO PERFORM THESE FUNCTIONS
    IN AN EXTREMELY SATISFACTORY MANNER .
  • ORIGINALLY WATER WAS USED FOR THIS APPLICATION
    BUT DUE TO ITS CORROSIVE TENDENCIES , HIGH
    FREEZING POINT AND ALMOST COMPLETE LACK OF
    LUBRICATING PROPERTIES , IT HAS BEEN REPLACED
    LARGELY BY OIL.

35
ADVANTAGES OF HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
  • PERMITS SPEED VARIATIONS
  • POSITIVE AND REVERSIBLE
  • GIVES PRECISE CONTROL OVER TRANSMITTED POWER
  • OFFERS A HIGH WEIGHT TO POWER RATIO
  • HIGHLY SUITED TO AUTOMATION/ CONTROL SYSTEM
  • OFFERS FLEXIBLE INSTALLATION POSSIBILITIES

36
ELEMENTS OF HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS
  • RESERVOIR - FOR HOLDING ADEQUATE QUANTITY OF
  • OIL REQUIRED.
  • PUMP - FOR TAKING OIL FROM THE RESERVOIR AND
  • DISCHARGING UNDER PRESSURE TO
    A CYLINDER
  • OR MOTOR.
  • VALVES - FOR CONTROLLING THE FLOW OF FLUID IN
  • THE SYSTEM

37
ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS
  • PROPER VISCOSITY
  • ADEQUATE FILM STRENGTH
  • HIGH OXIDATION AND THERMAL STABILITY
  • MAXIMUM DEMULSIBILITY
  • GOOD RESISTANCE TO FOAM FORMATION
  • NON - COMPRESSIBLE

38
VARIOUS HYDRAULIC OILS
  • ENKLO HL GRADES
  • -
    AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32 , 46 , 68 , 100
  • - MEETS IS 3098 - 1993, DIN
    51524 PART 1,
  • AND US STEEL NO.135
  • -
    R O TYPE
  • ENKLO GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32 , 46 ,57 , 68
  • -
    MEETS IS 10522 - 1993 AND US STEEL
  • NO.127
  • - ANTIWEAR TYPE

39
VARIOUS HYDRAULIC OILS
  • ENKLO HLP / HLP T GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32 , 46 , 68 , 100
  • -
    MEETS IS11656 - 1993 ,DIN 51524 PART 2,
  • AND US STEEL NO.127
  • - SPECIAL PURPOSE ANTIWEAR TYPE

40
Cleanliness NAS / ISO
41
COMPRESSOR OILS
42
COMPRESSOR
  • A COMPRESSOR IS A MACHINE WHICH RAISES
    PRESSURE OF A FLUID BY COMPRESSING ITS VOLUME.
  • A VACCUM PUMP IS A COMPRESSOR WHICH
  • TAKES IN GAS AT A LOW PRESSURE AND
  • COMPRESSES IT TO ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE.

43
TYPES OF COMPRESSORS
  • RECIPROCATING
  • CENTRIFUGAL
  • AXIAL FLOW
  • ROTARY

44
LUBRICATION POINTS OF COMPRESSORS
  • CYLINDERS FORCE FEED LUBRICATION
  • A)
    HORIZONTAL
  • B) VERTICAL DOUBLE ACTING
  • SPLASH LUBRICATION
    FOR VERTICAL
  • SINGLE
    ACTING
  • BEARINGS FORCE FEED
  • CIRCULATORY LUBRICATION
  • PRESSURE LUBRICATION
  • VALVES FORCE FEED WHERE GREAT AMOUNT
  • OF MOISTURE IS PRESENT

45
REQUIREMENTS OF COMPRESSOR LUBRICANTS
  • CORRECT VISCOSITY AT OPERATING TEMPERATURES.
  • ABILITY TO WITHSTAND MOISTURE OR WATER-WASHING.
  • OXIDATION STABILITY.
  • ANTI-RUST PROTECTION.
  • MINIMUM CARBON DEPOSITS.
  • COMPATIBILITY WITH THE TYPE OF GAS COMPRESSED.
  • HIGH AUTO-IGNITION TEMPERATURE

46
VARIOUS COMPRESSOR OILS
  • HYCOM C GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG
    100 , 150 , 220 , 320

  • - MEETS DIN 51506
  • - LUBRICATION OF SINGLE
    AND

  • MULTISTAGE AIR COMPRESSORS
  • HYCOM GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO
    VG 32 , 46 , 68 , 100 , 150
  • - MEETS DIN 51506 VC-L
  • - LUBRICATION OF RECIPROCATING
  • ROTARY AND SCREW COMPRESSORS
  • UP TO DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE OF
  • 220 0C

47
VARIOUS COMPRESSOR OILS
  • HYCOM VDL T GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32 , 46 , 68 ,
    100 , 150
  • - MEETS DIN
    51506 VD-L
  • - LUBRICATION OF SCREW
    COMPRESSORS
  • AND VACUUM PUMPS UP TO
    DISCHARGE
  • TEMPERATURE
    OF 2500C

48
INDUSTRIAL GEAR OILS
49
Applications
Replacement Gearfor 4 Roughing Standof the
Plate Mill atBethlehem Steel, Sparrows Point, MD
GI5 25
9-3-96
50
WHAT IS A GEAR ?
  • A GEAR IS A MECHANICAL DEVICE THAT
    TRANSFERS ROTATING MOTION AND POWER FROM ONE
    PART OF A MACHINE TO ANOTHER PART.
  • GEARS ARE USED TO CHANGE
  • SHAFT SPEED
  • SHAFT TORQUE
  • DIRECTION OF SHAFT ROTATION

51
TYPES OF GEARS
  • PARALLEL SHAFTS

  • - SPUR GEARS
  • - HELICAL GEARS
  • - HERRING BONE GEARS
  • INTERSECTING SHAFTS
  • - BEVEL GEARS
  • - SPIRAL BEVEL GEARS
  • CROSSING SHAFTS
  • - WORM GEARS
  • - HYPOID GEARS

52
FUNCTIONS OF THE GEAR LUBRICANT
  • REDUCE FRICTION
  • REDUCE WEAR
  • DISSIPATE HEAT
  • REDUCE VIBRATION, SHOCK, AND NOISE
  • REMOVE CONTAMINANTS
  • PREVENT CORROSION

53
VARIOUS GRADES OF GEAR OILS
  • PARTHAN EP GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 68 , 100 , 150 , 220
    ,
  • 257
    , 320 , 460 , 680, 1000
  • - MEETS IS 8406 - 1993 , US STEEL
    NO. 224 ,

  • AGMA 250.04 , DIN 51517 - PART 3 AND
  • IPSS 1 - 09 - 003 - 82 .
  • - CONTAINS PHOSPHORUS AND SULFUR
  • TYPE EP - ADDITIVES .
  • - USED IN ALL HEAVY DUTY ENCLOSED
  • GEAR BOXES IN BOTH SPLASH AND

  • CIRCULATION LUBRICATION .

54
SPINDLE MACHINERY OILS
55
SPINDLE OILS
  • THIS OIL IS USED IN THE LUBRICATION OF
    HIGH
  • SPEED SPINDLE WHICH REQUIRE A VERY LOW
  • VISCOSITY OIL .
  • THIS OIL IS APPLIED IN VARIOUS METHODS
    OF
  • APPLICATIONS AS PER THE MACHINARIES AND THE
  • CRITICALITY OF APPLICATION .

56
VARIOUS SPINDLE OILS
  • SPINTEK GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 5 , 12 , 22, EE12
  • - CONTAINS OXIDATION AND RUST
  • INHIBITORS , ANTI WEAR AND
  • ANTI FOAM ADDITIVES .
  • - USED IN HIGH SPEED MACHINE
  • TOOL AND TEXTILE SPINDLES ,
  • TIMING GEARS , CENTRIFUGAL
  • SEPARATORS , BLOWERS AND IN
  • HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OF SOME
  • HIGH PRECISION MACHINES .

57
TYPES OF MACHINERY OILS
  • MACHINE TOOLWAY OILS
  • TEXTILE MACHINERY OILS
  • GENERAL PURPOSE MACHINERY OILS

58
MACHINE TOOLWAY OILS
  • BASICALLY USED IN THE TOOLWAY OR
    SLIDEWAY OF DIFFERENT MACHINERIES LIKE
  • PLANERS , GRINDERS , HORIZONTAL BORING
  • MACHINES , SHAPERS , JIG BORERS , ETC.
  • ALL THESE INVOLVES HIGH PRECISION
  • WORK UNDER HEAVY LOAD CONDITIONS.

59
VARIOUS TOOLWAY LUBRICANTS
  • WAYLUBE GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 68 , N68 , 220
  • - CONTAINS EP , ANTI - RUST , ANTI -
  • FOAM ADDITIVES AND TACKINESS
  • AGENT .
  • - USED IN THE TOOLWAY OF ALL
  • HEAVY MACHINERIES.
    N-GRADE CAN
  • ALSO BE USED AS A HYDRAULIC OIL .

60
TEXTILE MACHINERY OILS
  • TEXTILE MACHINERY OILS ARE SUITABLE FOR
  • LUBRICATION FOR LOOMS , RINGS , KNITTING
  • MACHINES , SEWING MACHINES AND OTHER
    TYPES OF
  • TEXTILE MACHINERIES.

61
VARIOUS TEXTILE MACHINERY LUBRICANTS
  • YANTROL TS GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32 , 68
    , 100 ,
  • 220.
  • - CONTAINS ANTI WEAR , ANTI
    RUST
  • AND ANTI FOAM ADDITIVES.
  • - USEFUL FOR LOOMS AND OTHER
  • TEXTILE MACHINERY.
  • YANTROL C GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32.
  • - USEFUL FOR WICKFED TWISTER
  • RINGS , CIRCULAR KNITTING

  • MACHINES , SEWING MACHINES ,

  • LEATHER APRONS AND TAPE

  • SEWING MACHINES .

62
VARIOUS TEXTILE MACHINERY LUBRICANTS
  • STANTROL GRADES 1 3
  • - HIGH TEMPERATURE SYNTHETIC
    OILS FOR TEXTILE STENTORS.

63
GENERAL PURPOSE MACHINERY OILS
  • THESE ARE MEANT FOR LUBRICATION OF ALL
    TYPES
  • OF GENERAL MACHINERIES EVEN UNDER BOUNDARY
  • LUBRICATION CONDITIONS . USUALLY THESE OIL
  • SYSTEMS ARE ONCE THROUGH SYSTEMS .
  • THIS RESULTS IN REDUCED POWER CONSUMPTION
    ,
  • WEAR TEAR AND LESS MAINTENANCE COST .

64
VARIOUS GENERAL PURPOSE MACHINERY OILS
  • YANTROL / YANTROL N GRADES
  • - AVAILABLE IN ISO VG 32 , 68 , 100 ,
  • 150 , 220 , 320.
  • - CONTAINS ANTI WEAR , ANTI RUST ,
  • AND ANTI RUST ADDITIVES .
  • - USED IN VARIOUS MACHINE TOOLS ,
  • SUGAR MILLS , PAPER MILLS AND
  • RAILWAY MACHINARIES .

65
INDUSTRIAL GREASES
66
GREASES
  • BASE OIL THICKENER
    ADDITIVES
  • MINERAL SOAP ANTI-OXIDANT
  • SYNTHETIC NON-SOAP ANTI-CORROSION
  • VEGETABLE EP/ANTI-WEAR
  • TACKINESS AGENT
  • SOLID FILLER

67
GREASES
  • GREASE IS DEFINED AS A SOLID OR SEMI-
  • FLUID PRODUCT MADE OUT OF A THICKENING
  • AGENT IN A LIQUID LUBRICANT . OTHER
  • COMPONENTS ARE ADDED TO IMPART SPECIAL
  • PROPERTIES.
  • THE BASIC PROPERTIES OF A GREASE ARE
  • DEFINED BY
  • - BASE OIL USED
  • -
    THICKNER TYPE
  • - ADDITIVES PRESENT
  • - MANUFACTURING PROCESS

68
FUNCTIONS OF LUBRICATING GREASES
  • PREVENT WEAR
  • ACT AS A SEALANT
  • PROVIDE RUST AND CORROSION PROTECTION
  • INHIBIT OXIDATION
  • PROTECT ELASTOMER SEALS
  • NOISE AND VIBRATION REDUCTION
  • MINIMIZE LEAKAGE

69
SALIENT FEATURES OF GREASES
  • REMAINS AT APPLICATION POINT
  • ADHERE TO THE SURFACE
  • LESS FREQUENT APPLICATION NEEDED
  • SEALS OUT CONTAMINANTS
  • LESS EXPENSIVE SEALS NEEDED
  • REDUCE NOISE AND VIBRATION
  • MAINTENANCE COST REDUCED
  • OPERATES OVER WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE
  • EASY TO HANDLE
  • WATER RESISTANT
  • REDUCES OIL VAPOUR PROBLEMS

70
NATIONAL LUBRICATING GREASE
INSTITUTECASSIFICATION OF GREASES
  • NLGI NO. ASTM PENETRATION _at_ 25OC
  • 000
    445 - 475
  • 00
    400 - 430
  • 0
    355 - 385
  • 1 310 - 340
  • 2 265 - 295
  • 3 220 - 250
  • 4 175 - 205
  • 5 130 - 260
  • 6 85 - 115
  • AFTER WORKING 60 STROKES

71
Grease Selection
DN RPM X Bore Diamter
72
TYPES OF THICKENERS
  • SOAP
  • SIMPLE - LITHIUM , CALCIUM , SODIUM ,
  • ALUMINIUM , BARIUM , TITANIUM
  • MIXED - CALCIUM LITHIUM
  • COMPLEX - LITHIUM , CALCIUM , SODIUM
  • ALUMINIUM , TITANIUM
  • NON - SOAP
  • INORGANIC - CLAY
    , SILICA
  • ORGANIC - POLYUREA , POLYMERS

73
VARIOUS INDUSTRIAL GREASES
  • LITHIUM SOAP GREASES
  • - LITHON 2 , 3 , EP 1 , EP 2 , M 2
  • - LITHOPLEX 1 , 2 , 3
  • CALCIUM SOAP GREASES
  • - PLUTEK 1 , 2
  • - LIMAPLEX 0 , 1 , 2
  • NON SOAP GREASES
  • - TISONA 2 , M 2, M3

74
INDUSTRIAL GREASES
  • LITHON 2 , 3
  • - LITHIUM SOAP BASED
    MULTIPURPOSE
  • GREASE , EXCELLENT WATER
    RESISTANCE,
  • HIGH OXIDATION STABILITY ,
    MAXM.
  • STRUCTURAL STABILITY AND
    SUPERIOR
  • ANTI
    RUST ANTI CORROSION PROPERTIES
  • - DROP POINT 180C
  • - USEFUL FOR APPLICATION IN ALL
    PLAIN
  • AND ANTI - FRICTION BEARINGS
  • - MEETS IS 7623 - 1985 IPSS
    1-09-006
  • LITHON EP 0,1 , 2, LITHON RR3T
  • - HAVE ADDITIONAL PROPER TIES
    LIKE
  • HIGH LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY AND
  • GOOD
    SHEAR STABILITY.
  • - MEETS IS 7623 - 1985 IPSS
    1-09-005

75
INDUSTRIAL GREASES
  • LITHON M 2
  • - THIS IS LITHIUM BASED GREASE WITH
  • MOLYBDENUM
    DISULPHIDE
  • - SUITABLE FOR APPLICATION IN SPLINED
  • SHAFTS
  • LITHOPLEX 1 , 2 , 3
  • - LITHIUM BASE COMPLEX GREASES ,
  • WITH OUTSTANDING OXIDATION AND
  • MECHANICAL STABILITY , RESISTANCE
  • TO WATER WASHOUT AND RUST .
  • - SUITABLE FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE
  • APPLICATIONS AS HIGH AS 190C AS THE
  • DROP POINT IS
    OVER 260C

76
INDUSTRIAL GREASES
  • PLUTEK 1 , 2
  • - CALCIUM SOAP BASED GREASE WITH
  • EP ADDITIVES
  • - DESIGNED FOR HEAVILY LOADED
  • BEARINGS , BOTH OF PLAIN AND ANTI -
  • FRICTION TYPE , LIKE ANTI - FRICTION
  • WORK ROLL AND BACK UP ROLL
  • BEARINGS IN
    ROLLING MILLS .
  • LIMAPLEX 0 , 1 , 2
  • - CALCIUM COMPLEX GREASES WITH
  • ANTI - WEAR , ANTI - FRETTING , AND
  • LUBRICITY PROPERTIES .
  • - SUITABLE FOR BOTH DRY AND WET
  • CONDITIONS .HAVE DROP POINT OF
  • 260 C .

77
INDUSTRIAL GREASES
  • TISONA 2
  • - CLAY THICKENED GREASE HAVING GOOD
  • OXI DATION RESISTANCE AND THERMAL
  • STABILITY .
  • - LUBRICATES
    SATISFACTORILY UP TO 230C
  • TISONA M 2 / M3
  • - CLAY THICKENED GREASE WITH
  • MOLYBDENUM
    DISULPHIDE.
  • - SUITABLE FOR USE UP TO TEMPERATURE
  • AS HIGH AS 250C.
  • - MEETS IS 12790 - 1989 IPSS 1 - 09 - 008

78
OTHER INDUSTRIAL GRADES
79
REFRIGERATION COMPRESSOR OILS
  • CONTAIN SELECTED LUBE BASE STOCKS TO PROVIDE LOW
    POUR POINT , LOW FLOC POINT , DRYNESS , GOOD
    CHEMICAL STABILITY AND READY SOLUBILITY IN
    LIQUIFIED REFRIGERANTS
  • RECOMMENDED FOR WIDE RANGE OF REFRIGERATION
    COMPRESSORS , BOTH RECIPROCATING AND ROTARY
    TYPE, USING ALL CONVENTIONAL REFRIGERANTS EXCEPT
    SULFUR DIOXIDE
  • VARIOUS HPC GRADES ARE SEETUL SEETUL N GRADES
    . SEETUL N GRADES ARE RECOMMENDED FOR THE
    LUBRICATION OF THE HERMATICALLY SEALED
    COMPRESSORS

80
STEAM CYLINDER OILS
  • CONTAIN HIGH VI HIGH VISCOSITY BASE STOCKSWITH
    GOOD LUBRICATING PROPERTIES AND THERMAL STABILITY
    . CONTAIN GOOD FILM STRENGTH, RESISTANCE TO WASH
    OUT AND GOOD LOAD CARRYING ABILITY.
  • VARIOUS TYPES OF HPC STEAM CYLINDER OILS ARE
    CYNDOL AND CYNDOL TC GRADES . CYNDOL TC GRADES
    ARE USED FOR THE LUBRICATION OF STEAM ENGINES IN
    WET SATURATED CONDITIONS. CYNDOL GRADES ARE USED
    FOR THE LUBRICATION OF CYLINDERS OF STEAM ENGINES
    USING HIGHLY SUPER HEATED STEAM.

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PNEUMATIC TOOL OILS
  • CONTAIN EXTREME PRESSURE, TACKINESS, ANTI RUST
    ADDITIVES ALONG WITH THE BASE OILS.
  • HAS LOAD BEARING ABILITY, GOOD ADHESIVE
    CHARACTERISTICS, DEMULSIBILITY PROPERTY AND
    EFFECTIVE PROTECTION TO METALLIC SURFACES AGAINST
    ACIDIC CORROSION .
  • RECOMMENDED FOR THE LUBRICATION OF PNEUMATIC
    EQUIPMENTS LIKE ROCK DRILLS, WAGON DRILLS, JACK
    HAMMERS, CHIPPERS, ETC.
  • THE HPC GRADES USED FOR THIS PURPOSE ARE THE
  • NU-MATIC

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  • HYTAK GRADES
  • RECOMMENDED FOR THE LUBRICATION OF CONVENTIONAL
    OPEN GEARS, CABLES AND WIRE ROPES .
  • CONTAIN HEAVY VISCOUS PETROLEUM PRODUCTS WITH
    SPECIAL TACKINESS AGENTS .
  • CRUSHWELL GRADES
  • MEET THE IDEAL LUBRICATION OF HEAVILY LOADED
    MILL ROLL BEARINS IN SUGAR MILLS.
  • CONTAIN HIGH VISCOSITY LUBRICATING BASE STOCKS
    WITH NON-TOXIC EP AND SPECIAL COMPOUNDING AGENTS.

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NEW INDUSTRIAL GRADES
84
  • MORGAN BEARING OILS
  • THIS IS MEANT FOR THE LUBRICATION OF
    OIL FILM BEARINGS IN ROLL - NECK BEARINGS OF
    STEEL PLANTS THE BEARINGS IN THE
    FINISHING ROLLER STANDS OF NO - TWIST ROD
    MILLS .
  • HP STEEL GRADES IT HAS BEEN DEVELOPED
    LAUNCHED FOR USE IN THE OIL FILM
    BEARINGS IN NO-TWIST ROD MILLS WHERE IT
    SHOULD HAVE HIGH LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY IN
    ADITION TO GOOD DEMULSIBILITY PROPERTIES .
  • AMMONIA COMPRESSOR OILS
  • THIS OIL IS MEANT FOR USE IN THE AMMONIA
    SYNTHETIC GAS COMPRESSORS.
  • HYCOM NH GRADES THIS GRADE MEETS THE
    REQUIREMENTS OF AMMONIA OXIDATION AND AIR BLOW
    TEST MAKING IT SUITABLE FOR THE ABOVE USE
    .

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  • FIRE RESISTANT HYDRAULIC FLUIDS
  • THESE ARE HYDRAULIC FLUIDS WHICH
  • - RESIST IGNITION
  • - DO NOT PROPAGATE FLAME OR SUPPORT
  • COMBUSTION WHEN A SOURCE OF IGNITION
  • IS PRESENT
  • - SHOULD SELF - EXTINGUISH WHEN THE
  • SOURCE OF IGNITION IS REMOVED
  • ENKLO FRDE / FRIE / FRWG / FRPS / FRPL/FRDU
    GRADES

  • THESE HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED AND ARE TO BE
    LAUNCHED SHORTLY . THESE ARE APPROVED FROM
    DGMS , DHANBAD .

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STORAGE HANDLING
87
Fluid Storage, Handling, and Dispensing
HOT AIR OUT
COLD AIR IN
DAY TIME
NIGHT TIME
CONCEPT OF BREATHING IN BARRELS
88
Fluid Storage, Handling, and Dispensing
CORRECT STORAGE OF BARRELS - 3 9 POSITION
89
Fluid Storage, Handling, and Dispensing
Handling of Barrels
  • Manual
  • Free droppings
  • Unprotected rolling
  • Mechanized preferred

90
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