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Gothic literature

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Gothic literature The History Traced to early folklore 17th century works like Macbeth served as precursors to the 18th and 19th century Gothic novel and drama ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gothic literature


1
Gothic literature
2
The History
  • Traced to early folklore
  • 17th century workslike Macbethserved as
    precursors to the 18th and 19th century Gothic
    novel and drama
  • Edmund Burkes A Philosophical Enquiry into the
    Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful
    (1757)
  • Gothic literature reflects the social and
    political climate of the time

3
Its called Gothic because gothic-style
settingslike castles, mansions, and
monasteriesserved well as backdrops for such
dark literature.
4
The run-down
  • Genre deals with emotional extremes and very dark
    themes it examines our deepest, darkest
    fearsboth real and imaginary.
  • Gothic lit often incorporates supernatural
    elements, demons, and apparitions.
  • Meant to terrorize the readerbut also draw them
    in

5
Common characteristics
  • Victim is helpless against his torturer
  • Torturer has immense power, sometimes
    supernatural
  • Victim is often trapped by impenetrable
    wallsphysical or psychological
  • Atmosphere of mystery, darkness, oppressiveness
  • Mysterious disappearances and reappearances
  • Melodramatically violent and psychologically
    abnormal

6
Famous (to some) Authors
  • Horace Walpole's novel The Castle of Otranto
    (1764) is considered to be the first gothic novel
  • Perce Bysshe Shelley
  • Mary ShelleyFrankenstein
  • Edgar Allen Poe
  • Bram StokerDracula

7
Gothic Character Archetypes
  • Tyrants
  • Maniacs
  • Persecuted Maidens
  • Vampires
  • Werewolves
  • Monsters
  • Ghosts
  • Femmes Fatale
  • Magicians

8
  • SoTo Kill a Mockingbird?

9
Southern Gothic
  • Developed out of the 19th Century Gothic novel
  • Gothic lit examines a world different than our
    own the South held values and attributes not
    necessarily welcome in the rest of the country
    Southern Gothic
  • It uses supernatural and unusual events not to
    terrorize, but to address social and class issues

10
Characteristics
  • Issues of race, alienation, and otherness are
    central to Southern Gothic
  • Freakishness character is set aside by
    disability or viewpoint of the world
  • Uses a spin on gothic archetypes
  • Archetypes become American Southerners
  • Monster becomes an uneducated drunk
  • Use of the grotesque
  • Characters negative qualities allows author to
    examine unsavory aspects of society
  • Something in the town, house, or farm is bizarre
    and often falling apart

11
  • Violence
  • often the result of racial or social tension
  • Sense of place
  • Southern Gothic settings feel Southern
  • Old, run-down towns porches with rocking chairs,
    etc.
  • Broken bodies and broken souls
  • Problems created by social norm
  • Questions establishments ethics and
    justification
  • Morality is in question what is the innocents
    place in the world?
  • Often asked to be the redeemer
  • Purity of heart rarely overpowers desperation

12
Famous Authors
  • William Faulkner
  • Tennessee Williams
  • Flannery OConnor
  • Eudora Welty
  • Carson McCullers
  • Truman Capote
  • Harper Lee

13
Sources
  • http//www.enotes.com/gothic-literature/gothic-lit
    erature-an-overview
  • http//www.scepticthomas.com/gothic/gothic.htm
  • http//www.sfu.ca/english/Gillies/Engl20701/mockin
    gbird1.htm
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