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SUPER REALIST ARTISTS Richard Estes, Audrey Flack, Duane

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SUPER REALIST ARTISTS Richard Estes, Audrey Flack, Duane Hanson Richard Estes, Paris Street Scene Recap: artists studied under Realism & Superrealism Realist Painter ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SUPER REALIST ARTISTS Richard Estes, Audrey Flack, Duane


1
SUPER REALIST ARTISTS
  • Richard Estes, Audrey Flack, Duane Hanson

Richard Estes, Paris Street Scene
2
Recap artists studied under Realism
Superrealism
  • Realist Painter
  • Edward Hopper
  • Realist Sculptor
  • George Segal
  • Super realist Photorealist painters
  • Richard Estes
  • Audrey Flack
  • Super realist sculptor
  • Duane Hanson

Richard Estes, Grants, 1972, National Gallery of
Australia
3
Realism Super realism
  • REALISM
  • Like pop art, Realist artists aimed to bring the
    real world into art ? more accessible
  • Non-idealised view of world
  • Suggests psychological states often loneliness
    / isolation
  • Sense of detachment
  • Use traditional painting media (oil, watercolour,
    plaster)
  • SUPER REALISM / PHOTOREALISM /HYPERREALISM
  • Based on the cameras vision ? so works often
    cropped, or show a shallow depth of field
  • Interest in reflections, signs
  • Illusion v. reality
  • Everyday, Real-life subjects
  • Often use modern methods (photography,
    airbrushing, polychrome)

REACTION TO the messy Ab-Ex works, and the loss
of subject matter brought about by abstraction
and minimalism
4
Richard Estes Supreme Hardware1974
  • Comment on Estess choice of subject
  • How does this work differ from Edward Hoppers
    Gas above?
  • Use 4 adjectives to describe Estess style
  • To what extent does this capture reality?

5
Richard Estes, Telephone Booths 1967
  • What is the subject / setting?
  • Style Comment on the composition
  • Use of light
  • Use of signage?
  • Form how does he create a play between the real
    / illusion of real?
  • Effect of whole on mood?
  • To what extent does this show reality?

6
Summary Richard Estes
  • Method
  • Uses several photographs as source
  • Oil / brush does not blend edges, works quickly
    brushstrokes are visible
  • Closest viewing distance is 1m from canvas
    (unusual)
  • Subjects
  • Unpopulated City scenes
  • Gleaming reflective surfaces
  • Works have a timeless quality not a specific
    time of day
  • Style
  • Modern trompe loeil
  • No single vanishing point invites eye to scan
    the image
  • Blurs reality with illusion
  • Ordered compositions
  • Geometric, abstract quality to forms
  • Painting is not done with ones emotions, it is
    done with the head.

7
AUDREY FLACK
  • PHOTO REALIST PAINTER

Wheel of Fortune ,vanitas, 1974-76. 2.4mx2.4m
Art is for people. I mean, if art isnt for
people, who is it for? And that is what is
important about Super realism -A Flack.
8
Genre used by Flack Vanitas
  • Symbolic Still Life ptgs 17th C Dutch artists
  • Theme Transience. Life is brief death is
    coming soon. Nothing lasts.
  • Vanitas vanities of life, e.g. things that
    give us pleasure now will eventually wither away.

ICONOGRAPHY What objects can you see? What
symbolism may they have?
ABOVE Hendrik Andrieszen, Vanitas Quiet Life,
1635
9
Audrey Flack, Marilyn Vanitas 1977 2.43 m x
2.43 m
  • How does the SIZE of the work make a statement?
  • Media - What effect does the airbrushing in this
    image have?
  • Composition - Are the objects randomly arranged
    or carefully composed?
  • Analyse the iconography in this work discuss
    the meanings of at least 3 motifs
  • What do you think the theme of this work is?
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vzIJIBo9bJk0

10
Flacks Marilyn Vanitas 1977
  • Colours of rose, fruit more vivid than real
    life. Super real.
  • Forms Pear relates to the ultra- feminine
    body shape pear like. Narrow waist, large
    hips. Idealised, air brushed like advertising.
  • Iconography Conventional Vanitas elements show
    passing of time and aging (candle, hour glass,
    watch, fruit). Ie. A womans beauty does not
    last forever and Marilyns life was over too
    soon. (a candle in the wind!) Her smiling
    face/candle- emotive effect of her tragic death.
  • Mirror image and make up also suggests the
    performance of femininity. Tools women use to
    become glamourous.
  • Theme - suggests glamour and beauty is
    artificial, impermanent superficial.

Composition is shrine-like. Marilyn is the
goddess worshipped. Colour Marilyns
black/white image not real. Shows
representations have made her into a symbol of
ultimate femininity / all American girl
11
Audrey Flacks Kennedy Motorcade 1964
  • This work is much earlier than the Marilyn
    Vanitas paintings.
  • What is SIMILAR about the subject matter / theme?
  • What is DIFFERENT about the style?

12
Audrey Flack Queen , 1976 (2m x 2m)
  • Identify and explain the iconography in this work
  • How would you describe Flacks style its
    effect?
  • To what extent could this be considered a
    Feminist work?

13
Iconography in Queen
  • Shows Queen of Hearts card and Chess Queen
    although a powerful piece, in Chess, the womans
    destiny is controlled by the male King
  • Double portrait of Flack mother shows
    relationship / aging. Inclusion of personal
    elements is a feature of feminist art. Emotive.
  • Lipsticks, cosmetics masquerade of femininity
  • Mirror in background the surface nature of
    make-up. Our obsession with creating an image
    for the world.
  • Fruit / orange fertility, womens cycle but
    also things that die.

14
Summary Audrey Flack
  • Method
  • Organises objects to make modern still lifes
  • Photographs 100s and then chooses one
  • Projects slide onto canvas and paints using
    airbrush, masking tape around each object
  • Use of airbrush commmercial medium a challenge
    to high art
  • Style
  • Exploits photographic vision contrast between
    sharp / soft focus. Often no single focal point.
  • Very large scale
  • Vibrant colours
  • Complex symbolism from everyday objects
  • Emotionally charged unlike other Realists who
    are cool / detached
  • Some works have feminist subject matter, some
    personal, others political

15
Audrey Flacks interests From your American Art
Reader page 73
  • Her works often deal with human desire for luxury
    and adornment Flack says whether youre
    putting on a mudcake or lipstick from
    Bloomingdales, its all part of a very human
    instinct, and its important that its seen.
  • Her Vanitas paintings chose images that relate
    to human tragedy e.g. Marilyn, fate, war. Flack
    says I think all three paintings are a protest.
    They are saying fight back
  • The objects all suggest the ephemerality of
    living things. She does so because she seeks to
    make the subject matter as well as the style of
    her work accessible to all.

16
DUANE HANSON SUPER REALIST SCULPTOR
"I'm not duplicating life, I'm making a statement
about human values," Hanson said. "I show the
empty-headedness, the fatigue, the aging, the
frustration. These people can't keep up with the
competition. They're left out, psychologically
handicapped."
Self-Portrait with Model, 1979, polyvinyl
 
Over the course of his life, Duane Hanson
produced over 114 sculptures from life. He
died, prematurely in 1996, from a cancer possibly
related to the carcinogenic properties of the
plastics he used.
17
An early work Bowery Derelicts 1969
  • Hansons work began as a form of strong social
    protest.
  • Bowery Derelicts shows homeless people lying in a
    rubbish scattered alley of New Yorks infamous
    Bowery district.
  • Vietnam Scene 1969 showed Vietnamese war dead
  • Riot 1967 - white policemen beating up black
    protesters during race riots in Georgia.

Duane Hanson, Bowery Derelicts, 1969-1970 .
polyester and fiberglass.
18
Queenie II 1988 Supermarket Shopper 1970
Sculptures constructed from fiberglass, textiles,
shopping/cleaning cart, packaging /cleaning
products, polyester resin 66 x 130 x 65 cm
Choice of subject / figure? Iconography? Mood?
Viewer reponse? What is the effect of the
superrealism?
19
  • Supermarket Shopper is a humourous embodiment of
    conspicuous consumption.
  • Hanson She began my satiric period. She is a
    symbol of the over consuming housewife.
  • Instead of living, Hansons shopper is just
    existing, Rich enough to afford all the products
    television commercials have sold her as symbols
    of the good life, she remains a spiritual
    pauper.
  • Which POP ARTIST does Hanson resemble in his
    ideas?
  • (William Fleming, Arts Ideas. American Art
    Reader p116)

I prefer to stay away from unusual looking
people and try to produce a figure people can be
confronted with in their everyday lives.
20
Ordinary people with great dignity
  • Comment on Hansons choice of subjects, poses.
  • What mood is conveyed?
  • Is Hanson successful in terms of his quote?
  • How would a viewer respond to these in a gallery
    setting?

LEFT TO RIGHT Tourists, 1988. Museum Guard
1975, Drug Addict Louisiana 1975
21
Hansons method
  • He first perfected his working method in 1965
  • Each was originally cast from living models who
    were shaved greased with vaseline
  • He made silicone rubber moulds of each section of
    the body after another
  • Plaster moulds then applied over that
  • Then vinyl casts made from this
  • Soldering irons used to melt vinyl together
  • Each body part was reassembled, coloured by hand
    using air brush and oil paint
  • Human or synthetic hair was attached strand by
    strand by sewing into the scalp
  • Figures were clothed usually polyester or other
    typical chain-store clothing used.

Photographer 1978
See p 181-182 Modern American Art Reader for more
information.
22
Summary Duane Hanson
  • SUBJECTS
  • Real, ordinary people made to look totally life
    like blurs illusion and reality
  • Viewer becomes a voyeur
  • Blue collar Americans, e.g. cleaners, shoppers
  • Mood jaded, disillusioned, bored, alienated
  • Some scenes set in galleries raise questions on
    how we relate to art, and how art comments on
    society
  • POINTS OF DIFFERENCE
  • Not as detached as other super realists
    interested in the subjects emotion
  • Some works convey social comment on the consumer
    driven society, poverty, vulgarity of middle
    class life, capitalism
  • Sense of compassion / involvement in lives of
    subjects
  • Shows a love-hate relationship with American
    culture / life

23
QUIZ on Realism Super realism Write down the
names of
  • Two ARTISTS / WORKS whose work often shows
    loneliness or isolation of Modern day American
    life
  • Two WORKS that show a blurring between illusion
    and reality
  • Two ARTISTS/WORKS that comment on political or
    social issues
  • Two ARTISTS who use commercial or modern methods
    to create their works
  • TWO ARTISTS who do NOT paint landscapes
  • TWO WORKS that show a celebration of everyday
    American life
  • TWO WORKS which contain complex iconography

24
References / image sources
  • http//www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/1998/
    close
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Close
  • www.audreyflack.com
  • http//www.saatchi-gallery.co.uk/artists/duane_han
    son.htm
  • http//www.answers.com/topic/duane-hanson
  • http//www.tfaoi.com/aa/6aa/6aa368.htm
  • www.andrewgrahamdixon.com/archive/readArticle/333
  • http//www.nrw-museum.de/output/controller.aspx?ci
    d123detail2detail27
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