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Young Goodman Brown Nathaniel Hawthorne

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Young Goodman Brown Nathaniel Hawthorne Think-Aloud Predictions for Young Goodman Brown Young Goodman Brown came forth, at sunset, into the street of Salem Village ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Young Goodman Brown Nathaniel Hawthorne


1
Young Goodman BrownNathaniel Hawthorne
2
(No Transcript)
3
Think-Aloud Predictions for Young Goodman Brown
  • Young Goodman Brown came forth, at sunset, into
    the street of Salem Village, but put his head
    back, after crossing the threshold, to exchange a
    parting kiss with his young wife.

4
allegory
  • A poem, play, picture, etc, in which the
    apparent meaning of the characters and events is
    used to symbolize a deeper moral or spiritual
    meaning

A story that has a deeper or more general meaning
in addition to its surface meaning. Allegories
are composed of several symbols or metaphors. For
example, in The Pilgrim's Progress, by John
Bunyan, the character named Christian struggles
to escape from a bog or swamp. The story of his
difficulty is a symbol of the difficulty of
leading a good life in the bog of this world.
The bog is a metaphor or symbol of life's
hardships and distractions. Similarly, when
Christian loses a heavy pack that he has been
carrying on his back, this symbolizes his freedom
from the weight of sin that he has been carrying.
5
  • Symbol Word/object that stands for another
    word/object. Obvious examples are flags, which
    symbolize a nation the cross is a symbol for
    Christianity Uncle Sam a symbol for the United
    States. In literature, a symbol is expected to
    have significance.

6
  • Primordial Symbols
  • Psychologist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961)
    theorized that all humans share certain inborn
    impulses and concepts residing in the mind at the
    unconscious level. For example, all humans react
    to sunlight in the same way, perceiving it as a
    symbol of  joy, happiness, glory, optimism,
    truth, a new beginning, or God. Likewise, humans
    associate dark forests (like the one in "Young
    Goodman Brown") with danger, obscurity,
    confusion, and the unknown or with evil, sin, and
    death. Jung termed external stimuli (such as dark
    forests) primordial symbolsprimordial meaning
    existing from the beginning of time. 

7
Themes
  • How the Puritans strict moral code and
    overemphasis on the sinfulness of humankind
    foster undue suspicion and distrust.
  • The realization that evil can infect people who
    seem upright.
  • One mans virtue is another mans sin, and vice
    versa.

8
  • Puritanism and the Witch Trials
  • Puritanism began in England in the late
    Sixteenth Century when Protestant reformers
    attempted to purge the Church of England (or
    Anglican Church) of the elaborate ceremonies,
    rituals, and hierarchical structure it retained
    from the Roman Catholic Church. For the Puritans,
    the pure word of the Bible, presented in part
    through inspired preaching, took precedence over
    rituals while direct revelation from the Holy
    Spirit superseded reason. After Queen Elizabeth I
    died in 1603, the Puritans petitioned the new
    monarch, King James I, to adopt their reforms. In
    January 1604 at a special conference at Hampton
    Court Palace near London, the king rejected most
    of the proposed Puritan reforms but he did grant
    a Puritan request for a new translation of the
    Bible, which resulted in publication of the King
    James Version in 1611.  Many disenchanted
    puritans left the country. Many Puritans
    emigrated to America and established their brand
    of religion in Massachusetts and other colonies. 
    Puritan ministers were generally well educated,
    and Puritan congregations promoted ideals that
    helped lay the foundation for American
    democracy.  However, because of their strict
    moral code, the Puritans were ever on the lookout
    for satanic influence and, unfortunately,
    sometimes saw evil where none existed. In Salem,
    Massachusetts in 1692, more than 150 people were
    accused of witchcraft and jailed. Twenty of them
    were executed. Nineteen were hanged and one was
    pressed to death. In a pressing, the executioners
    secured the condemned person, facing upward, on a
    bed of nails. Then they loaded weights onto his
    or her body. American dramatist Arthur Miller
    wrote a play, The Crucible, about these trials.
    Belief in evil forces such as witches, warlocks,
    and diabolical spirits was widespread in America
    and Europe during and before the 17th Century.
    Although "Young Goodman Brown" is a fictional
    tale, it is based on the atmosphere prevailing in
    Salem, Mass., during the time of the witch
    trials. .
  • ..

9
Allusions, Historical References, and Vocabulary
  • anathema  (paragraph 32) thing or person deemed
    to be damned or cursed. cinque-foil (paragraph
    32) Cinquefoil, a flowering plant of the rose
    family that has white, red, or yellow petals.
    Egyptian Magi (paragraph 36) See staff. e'en
    go thy ways (paragraph 25) Just (righteous) be
    thy ways. Goodman Husband or master of a
    household. Goody (1) Housewife, especially an
    elderly one, of a lower class (2) any
    lower-class woman (3) housewife or mistress of a
    household. King William (paragraph 13) William
    III, king of England from 1689 to 1702. King
    Philip (paragraph 18) Nickname of the Wampanoag
    Indian chief Metacom (or Metacomet). Maltreatment
    of Indians by whites provoked him into waging
    what came to be known as King Philip's War
    against New Englanders in 1675-1676. His defiance
    instilled fear in the white inhabitants of New
    England.  lecture-day (paragraph 21) Weekday on
    which a sermon was given. proselyte (paragraph
    60) person who converted from one belief or
    religion to another. staff (paragraph 36) The
    narrator says, "So saying, he threw it the
    staff down at her feet, where, perhaps, it
    assumed life, being one of the rods which its
    owner had formerly lent to the Egyptian magi."
    This passage alludes to verses 8-12 in Chapter 7
    of the Bible's Book of Exodus. According to these
    verses, God directs Moses to tell Aaron, his
    brother, to cast down his staff before the throne
    of the pharaoh of Egypt. When he does so, it
    transforms itself into a serpent. The pharaoh's
    magicians (magi) then cast down their staffs,
    which in like manner turned into serpents.
    However, Aaron's staff consumes the staffs of the
    magicians.  wolf's-bane (paragraph 32)
    Wolfsbane, a poisonous plant. wot'st (paragraph
    15) Know. zenith The point of the celestial
    sphere (what appears to be the surface of the sky
    or heavens) that is directly above an observer's
    head.

10
Figures of Speech
  • Alliteration Repetition of a consonant sound
  • It was now deep dusk in the forest, and deepest
    in that part of it where these two were
    journeying.  
  • Anaphora Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause
    in successive groups of words
  • A stern, a sad, a darkly meditative, a
    distrustful, if not a desperate man, did he
    become, from the night of that fearful dream. 
  • Metaphor Comparison a thing to an unlike thing
    without using like, as, or than
  • "Then Goody Cloyse knows her old friend?"
    observed the traveller, confronting her, and
    leaning on his writhing stick.
  • Onomatopoeia Using a Word to Imitate a Sound
  • the creaking of the trees, the howling of wild
    beasts
  • Simile Comparison a thing to an unlike thing
    without using like, as, or than
  • sometimes the wind tolled like a distant
    church-bell Comparison of the sound of the wind
    to the sound of a church bell

11
Discussion Questions
  • 1.Discuss situations and circumstances that cause
    people in todays society to enter a dark
    forest, as Goodman Brown did. 2.Does Goodman
    Brown really attend a witches' sabbath or does he
    dream about it? 5.Why does Goodman Brown become
    "a stern, a sad, a darkly meditative, a
    distrustful, if not a desperate man" after his
    experience in the forest?  5.Why are people
    today fascinated with stories about witchcraft,
    sorcery, and magic?  6.After Goodman Brown
    returns from the forest, he becomes a cynical
    man. Does he see evil where there is goodness?
    Identify witch hunts that are occurring today
    in your community or your country? For example,
    are people on one side of an issue attempting to
    discredit people on the other side of the issue
    by using unfair tactics that impugn the latter's
    reputation?
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