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Millennium Development Goals: Country Report


Millennium Development Goals: Country Report Presentation To Commission for Gender Equality Pali Lehohla Statistician-General South Africa 06 September 2010 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Millennium Development Goals: Country Report

Millennium Development Goals Country
Report Presentation To Commission for Gender
Equality Pali Lehohla Statistician-General
South Africa 06 September 2010
  • Process of MDGs
  • Outcomes on each of the goals

  • Introduction
  • The Role of Statistics South Africa
  • Approach to 2010 MDG process
  • Planned MDG Process
  • Essential Preliminaries
  • MDG Design (Methodology Workshop)
  • Data Quality Assessment
  • Sector Reports
  • Production of the MDGR
  • MDGR Validation
  • MDGR Ratification
  • MDGR Dissemination

Millennium Declaration
  • In September 2000, the worlds leaders signed the
    Millennium Declaration at the Millennium Summit
  • The Millennium Declaration promotes basic human
    rights such as the right to education, health,
    water, security, and shelter

  • Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), act as
    guidelines and indicators for measuring levels of
  • Reference period for MDGs 1990 - 2015
  • For South Africa, start of reference period is

  • Characteristics of MDGs
  • Time-bound goals
  • Quantifiable targets
  • Internationally agreed upon indicators

The Millennium Development Goals
Goal 3 Promote gender equity and empower women
Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2 Achieve universal primary education
Goal 4 Reduce child mortality
  • Up to January 2008 there were 8 goals, 18
    targets and 48 indicators
  • There are now 8 goals, 20 targets and 60

Goal 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other
Goal 5 Improve maternal health
Goal 8 Develop a global partnership for
MDG Process
First MDG Country Report
Department of Foreign Affairs
Statistics South Africa
Focal Point
Production Coordinator
Submitted Baseline Report
Document finalized by The Presidency
MDGR 2005 Shadow Report
  • MDG Updates
  • Credibility (2007, 2008)
  • CSO participation
  • Complaints raised

Role of Stats SA
  • The coordination of the MDG process
  • Ensure access to data needed to populate
  • Ensure coordination of international partners
  • The coordinator of the National Statistics System
  • To counter perception of MDGR being government
  • Stats SA to be apolitical ? neutrality ensured
  • Transparency in choice of data sources
  • Coordinate suppliers of data
  • Quality assess data sources, produce Quality
    Statement on each
  • Engage civil society organisations (CSOs)
  • Managing the MDG project
  • Serving as the secretariat to the MDGR 2010

Approach to 2010 MDG process
  • Stats SA to ensure that the following are
  • Communication of MDGR activities to all
  • Make MDG relevant to South Africa via
  • National Methodology Workshop
  • Domesticating indicators and setting targets
  • Provincial MDG workshops
  • Establishment of MDG Working Committees
  • Sectoral Working Groups
  • National Coordinating Committee
  • ToRs for the committees to guide their function
    and responsibilities
  • Appointment of service providers to serve as the
    Report Drafting Team)

Perspectives on Strategy and Progress
Essential Preliminaries
  • Drafting Terms of Reference that will constitute
    the operational strategy for the MDGR
  • Establishment of the committees
  • Drafted memorandum to the Minister of Planning in
    the Presidency (Minister Trevor Manuel)
  • Drafted a concept paper on the MDGs

Essential Preliminaries
The committees are as follows
The National Coordinating Committee (NCC)
  • Steer the MDGs preparation process at a national
  • Provide the overall policy direction on the
    2009-2010 MDGs progress report

Sectoral Working Groups (SWG)
  • ensure the credibility of the data
  • facilitate the domestication of the targets and
    indicators to the South African context
  • prepare the various drafts and final sector
  • ensure that stakeholder views are integrated into
    a final sector draft(s)

Memorandum to the Minister
The Memorandum consists of
  • Background to the MDGR
  • Informing the Minister of Stats SAs role as lead
    department in the coordination of the MDGR 2010
  • The Structure of the MDGR 2010 process i.e. the
    constitution and responsibilities of the various
  • Timeframes and key deliverables

Concept Paper
The MDG Concept Paper provides a pragmatic
tangible substance to the MDGR process.
  • The concept paper outlines the following
    fundamentals such as
  • The Governance Structure of the MDGs
  • The Goals and Objectives of the MDGR for 2010
  • High level MDG processes
  • MDGR process map and timeframes
  • Examples of reporting templates for indicators

National Coordinating Committee
  • Terms of Reference for the NCC provides a
    critical arm in the Governance process of the
  • The NCC will constitute the following
  • NCC to be chaired by the Statistician General
  • UN Resident Coordinator
  • Three top level representatives of Government
    (DDG) from the
  • Department of Health,
  • Department of Social Development, and
  • Stats SA and Civil Society

Sectoral Working Groups
  • The SWGs will be responsible for the preparation
    of the Sectoral Reports in line with the MDG
    grouping of goals and processes.
  • The membership of the SWG will be as follows
  • Chair of each sectoral group to be a member of
    the TWC
  • Representatives from the public sector
  • Representatives from the CSO/academia
  • Representatives from Private and Development

Sectoral Working Groups
  • The sectoral working groups will consist of
  • Group 1 Poverty and Hunger
  • Group 2 Education and Gender
  • Group 3 Child and Maternal Health
  • Group 4 HIV/AIDS. Malaria and other Diseases
  • Group 5 Environmental sustainability
  • Group 6 Global Partnership for Development
  • Group 7 Data Harmonisation Group

Communication Strategy
A communication strategy provides a vehicle for
all stakeholders to take ownership of the 2010
MDGR country report.
  • Internal strategy
  • inform internal stakeholders
  • Strategy for the broader stakeholder base
  • Inform external stakeholders viz.
  • government,
  • non-governmental,
  • academia, and
  • private citizens of the country to provide their
    inputs and support

Methodology Workshop
A forum that intends to assemble a broad spectrum
of stakeholders on MDGs in the country. Satisfy
international requirements that MDGs is an
inclusive process.
  • Purpose
  • To build on lessons of past efforts on MDGs
  • Make the MDGR 2010 more robust and inclusive
  • Serve the issues around capacity building
    initiative and awareness
  • Objective
  • To acquaint participants with the processes and
    issues involved in the preparation of MDGs
    progress reports in South Africa with a view to
    empowering them with the methodology and tools of
    MDGR preparation

Specific objectives goal of methodology
  • The specific objectives of this workshop will
    allow participants to
  • Have a clear understanding of the MDGs targets
    and indicators
  • Explain the processes and principles involved in
    the preparation of the national MDGR
  • Discuss human right based approach to the MDGs
  • Explain what it takes to localize MDGs targets
    and indicators in the country
  • Relate MDG targets and indicators to national
  • Identification of data sources that will be used
    to populate the indicators
  • Explain the relevance and significance of DevInfo
    to the MDGs preparation process and
  • Discuss quality assurance and controls in the
    preparation of a national MDGR
  • The goal
  • Is to promote participatory approach in the
    preparation of the MDGR in the country

Who are the targeted Groups/Participants
  • Expected 100 participants at the National
    Methodology Workshop ( 140 turned up)
  • CSOs
  • National Departments
  • Private sector
  • Academia
  • Development partners
  • Provincial Methodological Workshop(s)
  • Provincial focus
  • Provincial CSOs
  • Provincial departments
  • Research Councils
  • Local universities

Who are the targeted Groups/Participants (1)
  • CSOs
  • Human Science Research Council, South African NGO
    Coalition (SANGOCO), Trialogue, and five (5)
    other representation from the CSO (with not more
    than one covering one MDG)
  • Private Sector
  • The Business Unity South Africa (BUSA), The
    Chambers of Commerce and Industry South Africa
    (CHANSA), and The South African Chamber of
    Business (SACOB)
  • Academia
  • Universities, Research Councils etc.
  • Development partners
    DFID, USAID, French Embassy and CIDA

National MDG Methodology Workshop
  • Held on 19-20 November 2009
  • St. Georges Hotel, Pretoria
  • Key deliverables
  • An agreed template for the domestication/localizat
    ion of the MDGs in South Africa
  • Commitment from participating institutions to
    facilitate access to credible alternative data
    and information and
  • Outcome document detailing out key lessons, role
    of stakeholders and way forward on the
    preparation of 2009/2010 MDGR

MDG Methodology Workshop (2)
  • Workshop breakdown
  • Overview of MDGs Targets / Indicators and MDGs
    Preparation Process
  • Highlight of MDGs Progress Reporting in RSA
  • Cross Countries Experiences in MDGs Progress
  • Human Right Based Approach to MDGs
  • Domestication of MDGs Targets and Indicators in
  • Syndicate and Plenary Sessions on domestication
  • Traditional MDGs Data Sources
  • Complementary MDGs Data Sources
  • Quality Assurance and Control
  • Relevance and use of DevInfo to MDGR 2010
  • MDGR Format and Roadmap

Data Acquisition
  • Requests for data will be sent to all data
  • Data as well as indicator values will be
  • Indicators which Stats SA can provide data for
    will be populated in the interim
  • Data quality assessment strategy being developed
  • Data sources to be subjected to SASQAF Lite
    quality assessment
  • Data quality concerns to be flagged in MDGR

  • The data will be analysed and draft sectoral
    reports will be written by Report Drafting Team
    (RDT) with inputs from the SWG
  • The draft sectoral reports will be sent to the
    NCC for review
  • The Review process will continue until the NCC is
    satisfied with the report

  • Put out a RFP to serve as the RDT
  • institution
  • institution to monitor
  • coordination sector
  • reports
  • Integrate 8 sector reports ? First draft of MDGR
  • The MDGR 2010 will be sent to the NCC for review
  • The review process will take place until the NCC
    is satisfied with the report
  • After adoption of the edited report the final
    draft report will be produced

  • Prior to finalizing the MDG Country Report, the
    draft report needs to be validated by all
  • Draft report to be placed on NSS website, with
    necessary disclaimers
  • Validation workshop to be held for stakeholders
    to comment on final draft report
  • Workshop to include all stakeholders (business,
    CSO, government)
  • Aim to validate report mitigate against a
    government report

  • From language editing the draft MDGR is forwarded
    to the NCC for ratification
  • Once the NCC has ratified the report no further
    changes can be made to it

  • Once the country report is finalised the cover
    page design process will take place with the
    coordination of UNRC and Stats SA
  • The finalised report will then be printed for the
    media briefing and launch

Thank You
  • Introduction
  • Goal 1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
  • Goal 2 Achieve Universal Primary Education
  • Goal 3 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
  • Goal 4 Reduce Child Mortality
  • Goal 5 Improve Maternal Health
  • Goal 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other
  • Goal 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability
  • Goal 8 Develop a Global Partnership for

  • No Data for reporting on
  • 10 MDG indicators
  • 1 Domesticated indicator
  • There are a variety of challenges towards meeting
    the MDGs
  • High levels of income disparity
  • Structural unemployment
  • The impact of HIV and AIDS
  • The recent global economic recession

Goal 1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty
  • Proportion of population living below the
    poverty line has declined
  • Gini coefficient has increased (inequality)
  • Employment to population ratio remained static
  • Access to free basic services by indigents on
    the increase

Goal 1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty
Percent living below poverty lines and poverty
gap 2000 and 2006
Goal 2 Achieve Universal Primary Education
  • Adjusted Net Enrolment for females has increased
    from 97.0 in 2002 to 98.8 in 2009
  • Functional Literacy rate of 15 to 24 year olds
    increased from 88 in 2002 to 91 in 2009
  • Completion rate of primary education by those
    aged 18 has risen from 89.6 in 2002 to 93.8 in
  • It appears that South African government
    initiatives of no fees, free transport and
    feeding schemes in selected schools have
    benefited poor learners

Goal 2 Achieve Universal Primary Education
Enrolment ratios (adjusted) for 7-13 age group
by sex 2002 2009
Goal 3 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
  • There are more girls than boys in both
    secondary and tertiary education
  • Women share of non-agricultural wage employment
    remains below half
  • Proportion of seats held by women in the
    national parliament increased from 25 in 1994 to
    39 in 2009

Goal 3 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
Gross enrolment ratios gender parity index at
tertiary level, selected years
Goal 4 Reduce Child Mortality
  • Infant mortality rate remained stable at 53
    (2007) deaths per 1000 live births
  • Under-five mortality rate has risen from 59
    (1998) to 104 (2007)per 1000 live births
  • Proportion of 1-year old children immunised
    against measles has risen from 68.5 (2001) to
    98.3 (2009)
  • Life expectancy at birth is has dropped

Goal 4 Reduce Child Mortality
Under-Five Mortality Rate, South Africa 1998,
and the 2015 MDG
Goal 5 Improve Maternal Mortality
  • Maternal Mortality rate is high and is
  • Proportion of births attended by skilled health
    personnel increased from 684 766 in 2001 to 935
    473 in 2009
  • Use of modern contraceptive methods by sexually
    active women has increased from 61.2 (1998) to
    64 (2003)
  • Antenatal care coverage has increased from 76.6
    (2001) to above 100

Goal 5 Improve Maternal Mortality
Maternal mortality rate in South Africa since
1998, and 2015 MDG
Goal 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other
  • The spread of HIV prevalence in South Africa
    may have stabilised amongst persons 2 years and
  • Marked increase in all provinces from 2005
    (13.9) to 2009 (41.6) in the proportion of
    people with HIV who had access to ART
  • In 2006 17 of men had been tested and in 2009
    the figure had risen to 31.8. Amongst women the
    figure rose from 38 in 2006 to 71.2 in 2009
  • Death rates associated with TB has risen from
    168 per 100 000 population (2004) to 181 (2007)
    per 100 000

Goal 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other
HIV Prevalence Among Population Aged 15-24
Years, South Africa, 2002, 2005 and 2008
Goal 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability
  • Number of species threatened with extinction
    has increased from 676 (1990) to 2458 (2010)
  • Carbon dioxide emissions have increased from 358
    930 Gigagrams in 1994 to 433 527 Gigagrams in
  • Proportion of population living in slums have
    remained static
  • The target for the proportion of population
    using water from an improved drinking source has
    been achieved

Goal 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Access to services by households
Goal 8 Develop a global partnership for
  • GDP per capita has increased from R22758 (2001)
    to R49134 (2009)
  • Foreign Direct Investment as percentage of GDP
    has dropped from 8.4 in 2001 to 1.4 in 2009
  • Gross expenditure on RD as a percentage of GDP
    has risen to just over 0.9 in 2007
  • There were 86 cellular subscribers per 100
    population in 2007 compared to 18.5 per 100
    population in 2001

Goal 8 Develop a global partnership for
Debt as a percentage of GNI
Source South African Reserve Bank Quarterly
MDG Reporting Problems
  • MDG process has highlighted the following
    deficiencies in our distributed statistical
  • Administrative records systems for producing
    statistics are still weak
  • To Illustrate
  • Death Registration (coverage and completeness)
  • Environmental indicators dependent on
    international agencies data
  • MMR Maternal Mortality registration systems
    plagued by
  • Plethora of competing sources
  • Sources use competing definitions
  • Producing contradictory estimates
  • NER and GER
  • EMIS data still has quality concerns
  • Age specific population estimates still called
    into question
  • Assign blame where the numerator denominator
    come from differing sources

MDG Reporting Opportunities
  • MDGR 2010 affords South Africa an opportunity
  • To institutionalise MDG reporting as part of the
    countrys National Statistics System, and
  • Place MDGs firmly on the countrys development
  • Adage What gets measured, gets done (.gets
    done right)
  • Are we measuring what matters?
  • Many things are not being done!
  • Since MDGR 2010 is data intensive, use the
    process to strengthen (re-engineer) the
    information systems that underpin the statistical
  • This can be done by institutionalising the NCC
    and SWGs.
  • What is required?
  • Commitment to measuring and reporting on the MDGs
  • Commitment to build the requisite information
    infrastructure that allows for reporting on MDGs
  • Build sufficient critical mass (human resources)
    to achieve the objectives of the Millennium

What is required?
(part I)
  • Address three issues namely,
  • incorporation of MDGs in policy programmes,
  • data gaps, and
  • data discrepancies.
  • How do we address data gaps and discrepancies?
  • Audit departmental information systems for
  • What is collected?
  • For what purpose?
  • How does it contribute towards informed
  • Implement systems (in the responsible line
    ministries) to ensure that they produce to a
    defined set of information requirements (i.e. CPI
    monetary policy, GDP economic growth, GHS
    among others, access to services)
  • Rationalise competing production systems that add
    to the confusion
  • Reallocate resources

What is required?
(part II)
  • In the final analysis
  • It will require that the various stakeholders in
    the NSS form closer relationships among
    themselves and improve the level of
  • statistical organisation,
  • coordination, and
  • standardisation
  • for the purpose of reporting accurately on
    matters that serve the nations
  • interests.

Thank You