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Installing Windows XP and Windows 2000

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... window opens displaying available partitions and unused space on the hard drive. ... ensure boot priority in the BIOS is reset to boot from the hard drive. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Installing Windows XP and Windows 2000


1
Installing Windows XP and Windows 2000
2
Installing two different versions of Windows on
the same machine. In this example, Windows 2000
and Windows XP will be installed.
  • SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
  • A hard disk with at least 20G total capacity
    (with up to 1.5 G for use during installation)
  • Processor with minimum 400 MHz clock speed
  • At least 128 MB RAM
  • Super VGA (800 x 600) video adapter and monitor
  • CD-ROM/DVD drive
  • Keyboard and compatible pointing device

3
PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS
  • Install the most recent OS last. In this case,
    install Windows 2000 and then install Windows XP.
    This prevents overwriting newer information by
    older information, which may lead to a failed
    installation.
  • Install each operating system on its own
    partition (along with required applications).
  • Though not strictly required for installing Win
    2o00/XP as the installation provides this option
    during installation, partitioning the hard disk
    using fdisk is another option that could be used
    this, however is much more complicated.
    Nonetheless, the next slide introduces this
    concept.

4
USING FDISK
  • To partition a drive using fdisk
  • Step 1
  • Have the boot disk available
  • Change the BIOS to boot from floppy
  • Insert the boot disk into the floppy drive and
    restart the computer.
  • When the system finishes the startup or boot
    process, the MS-DOS prompt appears on the screen
    (A\gt )
  • At this prompt, type and enter
  • fdisk
  • At the resulting screen (asking about large hard
    disk support), type Y since we want to format
    this partition FAT32 for later conversion to NTFS
  • Step 2
  • The following website has an excellent procedure
    that is easy to follow
  • http//www.onecomputerguy.com/install/fdisk.htm
  • It is VERY IMPORTANT to backup any files on the
    hard drive if this hard drive is not completely
    blank. Fdisk will permanently erase any
    information on that disk.
  • Using fdisk also requires a decision as to the
    type of file system it will be. That is, fdisk
    only partitions systems as FAT16, or FAT32.
  • Because this installation is for Windows 2000 and
    XP, which are based on the NTFS, it is necessary
    to choose FAT32. It may, however, be a good idea
    to keep a third partition and format this FAT16.

5
INSTALLING WINDOWS 2000
  • Change boot priority settings in the BIOS to boot
    from the CD drive
  • Insert the Windows 2000 installation CD in the
    drive and exit the BIOS
  • When the computer restarts, the Setup program
    from the CD loads installation files and the
    "Welcome to Setup" screen opens, press Enter to
    begin installation
  • Press F8 to accept the License Agreement screen
  • The Disk Partitions window opens displaying
    available partitions and unused space on the hard
    drive. Assuming the hard disk is completely
    blank, select C to create a new partition and
    specify its size according to the minimum
    requirements of this OS.
  • After selecting a partition, the Disk Formatting
    window opens, accept the default of NTFS format.
  • The next stages of the installation are GUI
    interfaced and will require following the
    onscreen instructions. Ensure the product key is
    nearby as it will be requested during this phase
    of installation.

6
INSTALLING WINDOWS 2000
  • After installation is complete, click Finish and
    remove the CD. The computer restarts
    automatically.
  • Test the installation by logging on with the
    password created during installation and then
    shutting down.
  • Note Do not change the BIOS as the next step is
    to install Windows XP, and the first step is to
    boot from the CD.
  • Installing Windows XP follow the same steps and
    these will not be repeated. The only difference
    is to ensure to install the OS on either the
    unused partition or to specify a size and create
    a new one.
  • In addition, upon completion of that
    installation, ensure boot priority in the BIOS is
    reset to boot from the hard drive.
  • The next step is to specify boot order and
    testing that the installations were successful is
    indicated by
  • Both OSs appearing in the boot loader menu
  • Successful log in to either OS

7
SPECIFYING THE DEFAULT OPERATING SYSTEM FOR
STARTUP
  • Navigate to Control Panel, click System.
  • On the Advanced tab, under Startup and Recovery,
    click Settings.
  • Under System startup, in the Default operating
    system list, click the operating system that you
    want to start when you turn on or restart your
    computer.
  • Select the Display list of operating systems for
    check box, and then type the number of seconds
    for which you want the list displayed before the
    default operating system starts automatically.
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