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Body Language and Performance Psychology


Body Language and Performance Psychology Learning how to read people and perform better. What unconscious action happens when someone views something they like? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Body Language and Performance Psychology

Body Language and Performance Psychology
  • Learning how to read people and perform better.

What unconscious action happens when someone
views something they like? How can this be used?
  • -Pupils dilate
  • Advertising
  • Detect lying on deception
  • Detecting interest from a possible mate/date

List some non-verbal cues for the following
  • Someone interested
  • Someone not interested
  • exposure of elbow crease
  • long eye contact
  • Angled stance
  • Relaxed posture
  • Touching of the hand, leg, shoulder or face
  • Arms fold across chest
  • Rigid stance
  • Continuing to square up to you
  • Glancing past you
  • Fidgeting

Translate these non-verbal cues
  • Disbelief
  • Puzzlement
  • Protecting ourselves
  • Seeking intimacy
  • impatience
  • -Lifting an eyebrow
  • -rubbing your nose
  • -clasping your arms
  • -wink one eye
  • -tap finger

Are facial displays of emotion universal among
  • Yes. Theorized by Darwin proven by Ekman,
    Friesen, and Sorenson.
  • Some of the displays are joy, surprise, fear,
    anger, disgust, contempt, and shame.

Summarize each of Dr. Halls concepts Intimate
  • -Acceptable for family, friends, lovers, and
    parent/child (touching 18 inches)
  • -In confined to indicate w/strangers body must
    remain rigid to indicate apology for touching
  • -Glances are ok but long gazes are seen as
    completely inappropriate

Personal Distance
  • Close (18-30 inches) -wives and husbands, when
    others move in it portrays them as interested ,
    can hold hands
  • Far (30-48 inches) called limit of physical
    domination, acceptable for meeting someone on
    the street

Social Distance
  • Close (4-7 feet) transact interpersonal business,
    house wife/repairman, meeting someone new, boss
    greeting an employee
  • Far (7-12 feet) Formal social or business
    relationships, Big boss and employee. This
    distance means steady eye contact during
    conversation, failure to do so is disrespectful.
    Can allow you to keep working w/out seeming rude.

Public Distance
  • Close (12-25 feet) teacher addressing student
  • Far (25 or more) Politicians (for safety)
  • There are harsh sanctions for invading these

In what way do we use body language to indicate
dominance? How is this done?
  • Your position in relation to someone else is
    judged by your height
  • Bowing
  • Seated while they stand
  • Sitting at the head of the table

In dealing with space, what is the 1st thing you
can do to break down someone's self assurance?
Where is this seen and used?
  • Intruding upon someone's person and space makes
    them uncomfortable and uneasy
  • Police officers
  • Integration
  • People trying to start a fight
  • Men hitting on women
  • Boss with employees
  • Makes the person that is being intruded on feel
    as if they are a non-person. They feel disrespect
    by the other person, as if they do not care.

T/F Smiling is the most common mask we wear, and
it is one that is over used.
  • True. Most masking techniques are taught through
    culture and are considered manners or

When do we drop our masks?
  • When we are intimately comfortable w/ the person
    or when we see them as a non-person
  • Extreme ends of the spectrum/usually worn
    to protect someone's feelings or our own

In order to develop a relationship, of any kind,
what must first happen?
  • Both must unmask and show their true selves, for
    if not they can not become close

How do our emotions manifest themselves w/out us
being aware? Give examples.
  • Crossing arms in front of chest for protection
  • Curled upper lip - disgust
  • Corners of mouth up turned enjoyment
  • Looking away or fighting -embarrassment

Besides your clothes, what is the 1st thing
people notice about you? How can this help you
obtain a date?
  • Guys
  • Girls
  • Stance or Walk
  • Provides messages as to your intentions
  • Hips forward w/ legs spread
  • Thumbs locked on belt with fingers pointed inward
  • Stance
  • Uninterested or Defensive
  • Arms crossed
  • Tight Face
  • Rigid Posture
  • Interested
  • Expose neck, elbow crease, open stance

Counter these by offering up complimentary
opposing body language. If trying to show
interest hold your gaze or glance longer than
appropriate (just a little/ dont be a creeper) .
What things can be done after gaining someones
attention to progress to a more intimate
  • After flirting as commenced
  • Invade body space minimally enough for obvious
    objection. Stay till they become comfortable
  • Let eyes linger in areas where short glances
    would be neccassary
  • Stare into her/him while drawing attention to
    places like mouth, neck, chest groin.
  • Attention must be narrowed to that one person,
    not spread around to others

What are some ways you can tell if he/she is
  • Look for a ring or pale skin on the ring finger
  • Stance while sitting
  • Knees apart/ holding gaze/ loose posture
  • Gestures
  • Draws attention to mouth, neck, thighs, chest,
    hips, butt
  • Walk
  • Hips forward or loose/ sway or swagger of hips/
    shoulders back 7 head up

When on the make what rules are different for a
man and woman? How are they different?
  • Touching?Men can not touch, while women can.
  • when a man touches a woman will be seen as
    being uncomfortable, while a womans touch is
    seen as showing a sign of great interest.
  • A woman may also adjust her skirt, uncross her
    legs, draw attention to her chest, or pout her

According to Dr. Scheflen, what happens to both
men women upon meeting someone they are
interested in breeding with?
  • -Step 1? Posture Changes
  • Muscles Tense
  • Body sagging disappears
  • Posture becomes erect
  • Stomach tightens
  • Face Blushes or glows
  • Preening begins
  • Adjusting of clothes/ hair/ makeup

According to Dr. Scheflen, what happens to both
men women upon meeting someone they are
interested in breeding with?
  • Step two- Positioning
  • Couples will sit together
  • Face each other
  • Lean into one another
  • Use arms to make a circle
  • Cross their legs towards each other

What are some things a less aggressive woman
might do to convey interest to a man?
  • Flirting glances
  • Holding his eye
  • Turning her head to one side (expose neck)
  • Rolling her lips
  • Revealing the top of her thigh by crossing her
  • Putting her hand on her hip
  • Exposing her wrist or palm

T/F 93 of communication is understood through
the spoken word.
  • The answer is FALSE
  • 7 spoken 93 body language

What can posture be used to transmit?
  • Question
  • Statement
  • Interest
  • Non- Interest
  • Protection
  • Inclusion
  • Exclusion

What are the rules of thumb for looking at a
person in the following situations
  • Passing someone on the street
  • Must look away when within 8 feet
  • People with unusual hair, clothes, facial hair,
    hair or piercings
  • Stare then look away
  • Putting a person down
  • Stare and continue
  • Make sure to follow these rules as not to be
    socially awkward!!!

True/False When studying kinesics, one must take
all of the following into account
  • 1. Situation
  • 2. All body movements at the time
  • 3. Any physiological patterns
  • True- No single motion stands alone, there is
    always a pattern

Its the MOUTH, dude! Thats right its your pie
  • In a sequence of Kines, what body part needs to
    change in order to change the meaning of the

Using the example of Bob, what is a common trait
among successful leaders?
  • Listening to what followers have to say want,
    then leading them in the that direction.
  • Imitate body language to denote interest while
    subduing signs of disinterest
  • Not making to many movements without real meaning

What are some ways an athlete can prepare for
competition in order to perform at a higher
level? Rank these in their order of importance.
1. Intense Practice of both Physical and Mental
skills. 2. Rest 3. Relaxation 4. Healthy Diet
What must be done prior to performance to
stimulate enhancement of performance?
  • The participant must go through their physical
    warm up, and then needs to become calm and
    relaxed, almost in a state of meditation, and
    start to visualize their performance. This
    visualization should be as if the participant is
    watching a movie, they should be able to rewind,
    fast forward, and put it in slow motion.

Explain how visualization helps to better
  • Visualization will allow the participant to focus
    and concentrate on how they want/need for their
    body to react and function in order to perform to
    their optimal level.
  • Visualization also allows the participant to
    continue to perform reguardless of what happens
    around them during competition, due to the fact
    that they are still focused on performing the way
    they saw in their mind.
  • Visualization allows for relaxation of the body
    to stimulate recovery, and also allows the
    muscles to react to the situation the way it was

Outline the proper way to visualize prior to
  • Quite Relaxed
  • Slow Down Breathing Heart Rate
  • Become introspective
  • Start to begin playing movie
  • Check to make sure you can use all of your senses
    in the movie
  • Begin to slowly move back to your normal state

What is key to performing well?
  • Having the right mind set and having confidence
    in yourself!!