Edible Legumes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Edible Legumes PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 3bde98-Mzc4N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Edible Legumes

Description:

Edible Legumes Introduction Legume Refers to plants that produce _____ seeds in pods Members of Family Fabaceae Are in more than 600 genus and 13,000 species – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:208
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: coursesNr
Category:
Tags: edible | legumes

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Edible Legumes


1
Edible Legumes
  • Introduction
  • Legume
  • Refers to plants that produce ___________ seeds
    in pods
  • Members of Family Fabaceae
  • Are in more than 600 genus and 13,000 species
  • Many also have a symbiotic relationship with
    ___________________ bacteria
  • Form nodules on their roots that can convert
    atmospheric ______________________ into a form
    that plants can use

2
Root nodules
________ root nodules
________ nodules
3
Legumes
  • Only 22 species are widely grown for human
    consumption
  • Includes
  • Lentils (Lens)
  • Beans (Phaseolus)
  • Broad beans (Vicia)
  • Soybeans (Glycine)
  • Peanuts (Arachis)

4
Legumes
  • Important part of human diet
  • Excellent source of _______________ when meat is
    not available, preferred, or allowed
  • Characteristics
  • Annual plants
  • _________________are contained in pods
  • Fix nitrogen
  • Some species are cool season, others are warm
    season plants

5
Peas (Pisum sativum var. sativum)
  • Native to eastern _______________ from Turkey
    eastwards to Syria, Iraq, Iran
  • Probably first cultivated in Turkey
  • Were grown as early as ____________ BC
  • One of the most ancient crops
  • Fresh peas first consumed in ________

6
Pea Plant characteristics
  • Cool season
  • Cold hardy
  • Plant when temperatures are above __________ F
  • Annual
  • Soil
  • Well-drained
  • Moderately fertile because excess _____________
    causes large vines and few pods
  • Also poor nodulation

7
Peas
  • Have ____________ emergence
  • when the shoot breaks through the soil and the
    _______________ stay below ground

8
Types of peas
  • Dried peas
  • Not commonly grown in gardens
  • English pea (garden pea or sweet pea)
  • Grown for fresh (non-dry) seed
  • ___________ harvested when seeds fully form but
    before they ____________ and fade in color

9
Types of peas
  • Edible-pod pea (snow peas, sugar peas, Chinese
    peas)
  • Grown for _________ instead of _________ Pods
    are
  • Brittle, succulent, tender, fiber-free
  • Picked when pods are __________ and peas just
    developing

10
Types of Peas
  • Snap pea
  • Both the seed and pod are __________
  • Pick when seed and pods fully developed but seed
    not hard or pod not __________

11
Haricot Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)
  • History
  • Plant native to Central and South
    __________________
  • Were cultivated over 7,000 years ago
  • Spread throughout the Americas by time Columbus
    arrived
  • __________________ and _________________
    explorers spread throughout the world
  • Both pod and seed can be consumed

12
Haricot Beans
  • Have epigeal emergence
  • Emerges in the form of a hook with cotyledons
    pulled above the soil surface

13
Emergence Strategies
14
Haricot Beans
  • Characteristics
  • Most ____________ of all legumes in respect to
    shape of plant, _____ and ______ of pod, and
    color and shape of bean
  • Can be classified according to use

15
Haricot Beans
  • Fresh (snap) beans
  • Pods of most varieties can be eaten fresh before
    they reach ________________
  • Also called ______________ beans or waxed beans
  • When buying fresh pods, look for
  • Firm, crisp pods
  • Healthy green or yellow color
  • Free of blemishes
  • __________________ from around the break when pod
    is snapped in two

16
Haricot Beans
  • Fresh (snap) beans
  • Temperature
  • Love warmth
  • Weeding
  • Need to keep weeds down because snap beans have
    ______ root systems
  • Two types
  • Bush
  • Pole or climbing
  • Must be trellised

17
Haricot Beans
  • Fresh (Snap) beans
  • Soil and fertility
  • Respond to well-drained, friable ________ soils
  • Loam is a very balanced soil texture class
  • Respond to fertile soils
  • Are not efficient at _________ fixation
  • Harvesting
  • Pick when pods and their seeds are
    ________________

18
Haricot Beans
  • Mature (Dry bean)
  • Are harvested after the pods are mature and dried
  • They are __________ and the dry seed are cooked
    and consumed

19
Haricot Beans
  • Mature (dry beans)
  • Are a wide range of different types
  • Examples white beans, _____________ beans,
    kidney beans, black beans, __________ beans
  • Harvesting
  • Harvest seed when fully mature and hard
  • __________ test to determine proper hardness
  • Should barely be able to dent the seed

20
Fava Beans
  • Broad bean or fava bean (Vicia faba)
  • Only ______ in diet of old world until 16th
    century
  • Characteristics
  • Named because of its broad, ____________ shape
  • Pods 7 inches long
  • Contain 5 or 6 large beans

21
Fava Beans
  • Culture
  • Conditions favoring growth
  • _________ weather
  • ______ _____ growing tips when first pods form
    for higher yield
  • Harvesting
  • Harvested as ______ shell or dry beans

22
Lima Beans (Phaseolus limensis)
  • Native to Americas
  • Name came from the seed of the large type found
    by a sea captain in Lima Peru
  • Hard to ___________
  • Types
  • Large seeded
  • called ____________ types
  • Originated in Peru
  • Small seeded
  • Called _______ limas
  • Cultivated by Native Americans in North America

23
Lima Beans
  • Environmental conditions
  • ____________-season crop
  • Requires 3 to 4 months of warm days and nights
  • Baby limas mature more rapidly and are better
    grown in Illinois
  • Soils
  • Avoid soils too rich in ______________
  • Can cause lima beans to shed their blooms without
    setting pods
  • Include both bush and pole types
About PowerShow.com